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Towards A Renewed Mysticism: Epistemic Standards In Theory And Practice, John Cooney Apr 2019

Towards A Renewed Mysticism: Epistemic Standards In Theory And Practice, John Cooney

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This paper seeks to contribute to an important debate in philosophy of religion that asks whether a subject is epistemically justified in forming beliefs about God based on a mystical experience. In this paper, I survey the most prominent standards used to secure epistemic justification and consider their respective strengths and shortcomings. I then compose my own set of criteria to use in evaluating the veridicality of putative mystical experiences which draws upon the subject’s religious tradition, rationality, and affectivity. I defend the utility and efficacy of my criteria by showing how they better capture the well-known and contextually-distinct ...


Being And Action: A Metaphysical-Ethical Analysis Of St. Thomas And Friedrich Nietzsche, John Cooney Apr 2019

Being And Action: A Metaphysical-Ethical Analysis Of St. Thomas And Friedrich Nietzsche, John Cooney

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

In this paper, I seek to identify the applicability of the theorem that we only ever act in accord with how we perceive things to be—generally viewed as self-evident until the advent of modernity—to Saint Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica and to Friedrich Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals. More specifically, I seek to determine the relationship between these author’s metaphysical presuppositions (or lack thereof) and their respective ethical theories which differ in both content and aim. More generally, I ask: what can the differences in these authors’ metaphysical and ethical beliefs teach us about what we ...


Power Versus Authority: Sacrifice Lied Or Applied?, Conor Coutts Jan 2018

Power Versus Authority: Sacrifice Lied Or Applied?, Conor Coutts

Power, Voice, Mandate: Moral Authority in the Contemporary Age

We live in an age that is both desperate for moral authority while simultaneously not knowing what genuine moral authority is. Authority from merely a standard of wealth and political office is not morally legitimate but instead merely powerful. I seek to differentiate between power and authority, asserting that it is through a sense of sacrifice and a disregard for popularity that moral authority is attained. Looking to the Abrahamic faiths that assert such a sacrifice and humility, the life of Christ and subsequent Christian tradition serve as an ideal practice of this. Such a practice of authority and how ...


Stem Cells: Scientific Progress And Its Ethical Implications, Robert Scanlon Apr 2014

Stem Cells: Scientific Progress And Its Ethical Implications, Robert Scanlon

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

It is maintained by many scientists that stem cell research is an important resource for new discoveries and understanding, especially in the newly developing field of regenerative medicine. However, research involving embryonic and fetal stem cells remains a highly controversial undertaking in today’s world, due to both ethical concerns and skepticism regarding the effectiveness of the treatments obtained through this research. In this thesis, I examine the differing arguments for the continuation of stem cell research, as well as their counter arguments, in an effort to find a compromise between the two positions. Additionally, I examine alternatives to the ...


Replacement Of The 'Augustinian' Theodicy With An 'Irenaean' Theodicy And The Need For A New Metaphysical Foundation, Cole Mannix Apr 2007

Replacement Of The 'Augustinian' Theodicy With An 'Irenaean' Theodicy And The Need For A New Metaphysical Foundation, Cole Mannix

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The basic questions with which this essay is concerned have confronted me throughout the course of my study as a student at Carroll. My studies in the sciences and liberal arts have taken place in conjunction with and often in a certain amount of healthy tension with my journey of faith as a Catholic. This essay concerns many of the issues with which I have struggled. My main question involves why our scientific view of the universe and its inhabitants, as well as certain religious and philosophical considerations, seem for many to be in conflict with the traditional Christian explanation ...


The Ethics Of Pain, Rodrik Pitstick Apr 1998

The Ethics Of Pain, Rodrik Pitstick

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Pain is a part of everyone’s life; it is inescapable. There is not one person who has ever lived who has not experienced some sort of pain. Over the millennia, philosophers have tried different approaches to deal with it. Zeno just accepted it as the way of the universe; the Buddha tried to transcend it by relieving himself of all cravings. Christian philosophers try to explain pain in relation to the ultimate plan of the Christian God, a God of complete goodness, Who is Love Itself. However, whatever their approach, each Christian philosopher must eventually come up with an ...


The Heart Of Community: Marriage, Friendship, And Sexual Love An Argument Against In Vitro Fertilization And Artificial Contraception, Allison Angelo Apr 1994

The Heart Of Community: Marriage, Friendship, And Sexual Love An Argument Against In Vitro Fertilization And Artificial Contraception, Allison Angelo

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

In the spring of 1993,1 decided to write an honors thesis concerning the issues of z'« vitro fertilization (hereafter, IVF) and artificial contraception. At that point, I was sure that I, as a Catholic, would employ natural law ethics to support my arguments against IVF and artificial birth control. However, as I began my research, I discovered that friendship has played an essential role in the understanding of marriage and sexual intercourse throughout the history of the Church. An adherence to the language of 'nature' seemingly oversimplified both the role of sexual intercourse in marriage, and the problems presented ...


Whitehead's Metaphysics Of God, Christopher Cornish Apr 1983

Whitehead's Metaphysics Of God, Christopher Cornish

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Alfred North Whitehead had three careers, two in England and one in America. Bom in the village of Kent in 1861, he was educated at Sherbom School and at Trinity College in Cambridge. For twentyfive years he taught mathematics at Trinity. It was here, boo, that Whitehead collaborated with Bertrand Russell on their famed Principia Mathematica, which went to press in 1910. From Trinity he moved to London, eventually becoming associated with the University of London as a member of its faculty of science and later as the dean of this faculty. During these thirteen years at London, he also ...


A Coherentist Epistemology And Its Theological Relevance, William Langenfus Apr 1980

A Coherentist Epistemology And Its Theological Relevance, William Langenfus

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

In any discussion of the bases and possibility of human knowledge there is an inevitable problem that arises, which concerns the variety of the ways the verb "to know" can be used. For instance, one can speak of knowledge in the sense of "knowing" how to play a musical instrument. Also, we "know" our friends in a way that is certainly different from "knowing" that two plus two equals four. These various usages of the verb "to know" provide important areas of inquiry within the philosophical theory of knowledge. Philosophers have, and must continue to study the various aspects of ...


The Traditional Approach To God And The Modern Approach: A Comparison And Synthesis, C. Edward Robins Apr 1965

The Traditional Approach To God And The Modern Approach: A Comparison And Synthesis, C. Edward Robins

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The problem to be reviewed herein is of concern both to the philosopher and to anyone seeking to discover the meaning of human existence. The question "Does God exist?" is a subject of debate as old as rational man himself. History attests to the fact that man has violently discussed and has been vastly influenced by the problem of the existence of God. Some men claim that they can finally solve this problem. These men are the philosophers, concerned with certain knowledge of ultimate causes and principles, who set out to show that the ultimate principle of the universe, God ...


Pierre Teilhard De Chardin: Evolutionary Interiorism And Synthesis; And A Comparison With Henri Bergson, Robert Jean Dussault Apr 1965

Pierre Teilhard De Chardin: Evolutionary Interiorism And Synthesis; And A Comparison With Henri Bergson, Robert Jean Dussault

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

At various times during the history of mankind, the intellectual atmosphere seems to have expanded upon itself or reached a critical point— a threshold— a membrane bulging with accumulated thought and waiting for, or even demanding, a man, a mind of brilliant sight, to pierce to the depths of its hidden secret and to lay bare its cherished truth. Such was the case with man’s development of the theory of evolution at the outset of the Twentieth Century, and such was the man— Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.

As a renowned paleontologist, world traveler, mystic, and priest, Pierre Teilhard developed ...


Aquinas And Ideogenesis: The Process Of The Formation Of Ideas According To The Psychology Of St. Thomas Aquinas, O.P., As Based On The Psychology Of Aristotle, J. Eugene Peoples Apr 1962

Aquinas And Ideogenesis: The Process Of The Formation Of Ideas According To The Psychology Of St. Thomas Aquinas, O.P., As Based On The Psychology Of Aristotle, J. Eugene Peoples

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The problem of the origin of ideas has puzzled philosophers from the beginning. The theories advanced range all the way from extreme idealism to extreme sensism. The purpose of this paper is not to trace the history of the different theories, but rather to explain the theory of one philosopher, namely, St. Thomas Aquinas. This is, by no means, a physiological study of the various powers which play a role in this process, and I have limited myself considerably on this point. I have limited myself also, as far as I was able, to what St. Thomas himself said, not ...


The Philosophical Implications Of The Thomistic Notion Of Creation, Maurice Medina Apr 1960

The Philosophical Implications Of The Thomistic Notion Of Creation, Maurice Medina

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

In this work it is our purpose to show whether or not the notion of creation is a philosophical concept; to what degree it lays such claim; and precisely where it ceases to be a philosophical notion. This we shall consider from the Thomistic viewpoint.

In Greek philosophy up until Aristotle, creation out of nothing was excluded from the universe as well as from God. The maxim: "nothing comes from nothing," and the fact that these philosophers were so close to matter prevent any such concept from being formulated. Individual beings were certainly contingent but not the universe as a ...


Marxian Communism: Theory Of Knowledge, James Roach Apr 1960

Marxian Communism: Theory Of Knowledge, James Roach

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Perhaps the commonest mistake made by men and women of the free world today is to judge Communism strictly as an economic system, Many people see Communism only as a representative of the proletariat in opposition to the bourgeoisie represented by Capitalism. According to their reasoning. Communism can only be crushed by building Capitalism into a huge and powerful machine which will render Communism helpless, thereby, leading to its ruination and fall. Atlas missiles and hydrogen bombs are our only protection and salvation against the onslaughts of Russia and China.

To judge Communism only in the light of the above ...


The Superiority Of Thomistic Prudence, James Hickey Apr 1959

The Superiority Of Thomistic Prudence, James Hickey

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The title of this thesis indicates that the proof attempted herein is of the superiority of Thomistic prudence over the prudence of Aristotle. To understand the discussion of the second and third chapters, we have felt it necessary to include by way of background the Thomistic and Aristotelian concepts of man's ultimate end and virtue. Lest criticism arise in regard to our handling of the teaching of St. Thomas on these matters and on prudence itself, a few points must be made clear from the start.

First, we are speaking only of the natural virtue of prudence. Therefore, we ...


A Critique Of The Moral Doctrine Of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche In The Light Of The Teachings Of The Christian Philosophers, Jeremiah Sullivan Apr 1959

A Critique Of The Moral Doctrine Of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche In The Light Of The Teachings Of The Christian Philosophers, Jeremiah Sullivan

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The first half of the twentieth century has been a period of world tension and strife in nearly every realm of human activity. Men search for an answer to the problems confronting them at the present time. They ask themselves, "What is wrong with the world today?" "Here, at least, is one thing wrong: supermen, supercorporations, supergovernments, considering themselves "beyond good and evil", immune to criticism and independent of moral codes." Few men today realize that this state of affairs is but a culmination in the social order at present of the philosophy of a man who called himself, ' the ...


The Position Of The Scholastic In The Twentieth Century, Edward Stupca Apr 1957

The Position Of The Scholastic In The Twentieth Century, Edward Stupca

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Scholastic Philosophy has ’’emerged once more into the philosophical arena and it has forced recognition from its adversaries." It is no longer studied as a system of thought that "was", but a system of thought that "is". The modern mind, after groping about for truth in the materialism of Locke and Hume, in the idealism of Hegel, in the agnosticism of Kant and Spenser, is n o w ready to investigate the tenets of Aristotle and Thomas, provided the latter are presented to it intelligibly.

Two external reasons are given for this emergence of the philosophy of the Schoolmen, and ...


An Economic Theory Of Scholastic Philosophy, Thomas O'Donnell Apr 1957

An Economic Theory Of Scholastic Philosophy, Thomas O'Donnell

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Two contrary schools of economic thought have dominated the modern scene, each of which, in its own way, has occasioned the need for a program of social reform. One considers the ownership of private property as an absolute right, founded ultimately in prescriptions in positive law, to be exercised on behalf of the individual self-interest.

The other condemns any ownership of private property as injurious to the inevitable advance toward the property-less, classless utopia. Its metaphysics is the basis for the official policy of a large part of the world. The object of this work is to briefly sketch the ...


The Thomistic And Augustinian Doctrines Of Man's Final Causality, Elmer Albery Apr 1955

The Thomistic And Augustinian Doctrines Of Man's Final Causality, Elmer Albery

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

In this thesis I have sought to develop the concept of final causality from the writings of Saint Augustine. In the first chapter the Scholastic concept of causality, and more specifically the idea of the final cause has been treated. Chapter two develops the Augustinian concept for final causality from the major writings of Saint Augustine, i.e., The Confessions and The City Of God. Chapter three is devoted to the comparison of the Thomistic with the Augustinian teaching and particular reference is given to the desire of man for his final end, as the Highest Good.

I have hoped ...


Saint Anselm And His Proofs For The Existence Of God, Jacob Klessens Apr 1953

Saint Anselm And His Proofs For The Existence Of God, Jacob Klessens

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

"Credo ut intelligam." This was the motto of Saint Anselm of Canterbury. In respect to Anselm himself, it may be added "Intelligo ut amem," for truly, to know Saint Anselm is to love him. A humble, studious monk, his life and his work are manifestations of one who carried his love for Christ and for His Church into every phase of his busy life. Living in an age which historians have erroneously labeled the "Dark Ages," Anselm, along with many other great sons of the Church, is a complete refutation of this charge. Intelligent historians are in accord with the ...


A Resume Of The De Potentia Dei Of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Maynard Loeb Apr 1950

A Resume Of The De Potentia Dei Of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Maynard Loeb

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

In the realm of philosophy, or to be more exact, in the realm of Christian philosophy, St. Thomas Aquinas is undoubtedly the most notable figure. Born in Rocca Sicca, Italy in A.D. 1225, St. Thomas occupied himself at an early age with the question, Quid est Deus? This may be called a beginning of his theological and philosophical career. In 1274, after a religious and fruitful life, he die having synthesized most successfully the philosophical inquiries and doctrines of Aristotle with Christian teachings. St. Thomas defined the notion of moderate realism, a theory of universals, and showed the true ...


Some Points Regarding The Concept Of The Soul In The History Of Philosophy, George Burns Apr 1950

Some Points Regarding The Concept Of The Soul In The History Of Philosophy, George Burns

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The problem of the soul is and has been of the greatest importance in philosophy. Man does not want to face death with the thought that his body placed in a tomb will become a feast for worms, or that after a short time the bare skull which was once borne so proudly or that the dismembered limbs which once obeyed the orders of his will are now just matter and the end. Man rather thinks in terms of immortality knowing that he must die, but knowing that death is only the beginning of a higher life for him. This ...


References To St. Augustine In The Prima Pars Of The Summa Theologica Of St. Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Walton Apr 1950

References To St. Augustine In The Prima Pars Of The Summa Theologica Of St. Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Walton

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

St. Augustine was born November 13, 354 A.D. at Thagaste, an episcopal city of Numidia, North Africa. He was reared in an age of formidable heresies and in a place that they were rampant. In this age he stood out as a bulwark for the Church against the inroads of heresies and as a defender of the Church. He stood out, no merely as the Church's great defender, but as the keen discriminator between Christianity and all the cunning similations of heresy. Willfully he would never go wrong. He was the first great Christian philosopher. That there were ...


Some Points Regarding The History And Nature Of The Henological Argument For The Existence Of God, William Garrity Jr. Apr 1950

Some Points Regarding The History And Nature Of The Henological Argument For The Existence Of God, William Garrity Jr.

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

It is the purpose of this dissertation to acquaint the reader with the Henological Argument for the Existence of God. The word henological is derived from the Greek words hen and logos, and has the meaning of one thought or thoughts toward oneness, unity. The name is one thing, the argument is another. Actually, the argument has been proposed or accepted by several philosophers, who formulated or explained the argument in the general setting of their own philosophies. We shall mention these and pay particular attention to the use which St. Thomas Aquinas made of the argument. In its Thomistic ...


The Consolation Of Philosophy, Thomas Burke Apr 1950

The Consolation Of Philosophy, Thomas Burke

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius was born at Rome about 480 A.D. He descended from a consular family and was left an orphan at an early age. He received his education from his guardian and later father-in-law, Symmachus. (1) Other than what has been said we know very little of his early life. At the age of twenty he began his laborious translations from Greek into Latin. (2)

"He also, following the advice of Plato, entered into public service, won the favor of Theodoric, and was made patrician and consul.” (3) Boethius’s political relations with Theodoric start at least ...


The "Locus" Of The Soul In The Body, Frank Blake Apr 1949

The "Locus" Of The Soul In The Body, Frank Blake

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

Many philosophers from the earliest times to the present have attempted to define the rea in the body where the soul resides. Science and further reasoning have proven them wrong in their explanation. But the most obvious approach to this problem will be from the teaching of the nature of the soul. The term soul comes from the Latin word anima which means "breath", life. An interesting question is where in the body is the most sign of evidence of life? In the brain? the heart? the pineal gland? The point being stressed here is the importance of the question ...


The Concept Of Truth As Contained In The Summa Theologica Of St. Thomas Aquinas, Francis Domitrovich Apr 1949

The Concept Of Truth As Contained In The Summa Theologica Of St. Thomas Aquinas, Francis Domitrovich

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

"All men, says Aristotle, have a natural desire for knowledge. The need for knowledge is a law of our mind. Just as hunger and thirst urge upon man the necessity of satisfying his desire for nourishment so as to safeguard the conversation and development of his physical being, in the same way a nobler appetite unceasingly stimulates his intellect and prevents it from ever forgetting that he needs the food of truth if he wants to attain to the perfection of his human nature. Thus the desire for knowledge is innate in the human mind. It manifests itself in the ...


Virtue In The Philosophy Of St. Thomas Aquinas As Contained In The Summa Theologica, Terrence Caulfield Apr 1948

Virtue In The Philosophy Of St. Thomas Aquinas As Contained In The Summa Theologica, Terrence Caulfield

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

For a man to live means that he must act. His life is truly a complex pattern of actions, which may be grouped into two classes: first, those actions for which he is responsible, and secondly, those for which he is not responsible. Those actions for which he is the agent but for which he is not responsible are called non-voluntary acts. Man causes them, but he is not their rationally responsible cause. These acts are properly called acts of man. But the second class of acts, those actions which are performed under man's control and for which he ...


The Concept Of Christian Philosophy, Wayne Lutz Apr 1947

The Concept Of Christian Philosophy, Wayne Lutz

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The Catholic Church has been accused of not being sufficiently interested in the things of this world. It is sometimes alleged that the natural is made slave to the supernatural, that the natural is denied its own rights. This is a mistaken notion. The Church has always recognized the natural; she has defended it against both those who have over emphasized it, and those who have proclaimed it corrupt or bankrupt. She has preserved the natural with the supernatural. Although the first purpose of her existence is to confer upon men a supernatural life in God and bring them to ...


Leo Xiii And Philosophy, James Aylward Apr 1942

Leo Xiii And Philosophy, James Aylward

Philosophy Undergraduate Theses

The eighteenth century "philosopher” was a determined fighter, but a fighter with a malicious, destructive turn of mind. This iconoclast, not merely holding before himself the banner of philosophy but hiding behind its disarming folds, attacked religion whose very spirit, faith, he was determined to destroy in the name of reason. And the rationalist was confident that he held a powerful influence over society. For example, had his doctrines not transcended the speculative and brought about the French Revolution of 1789? Then his plea had been received by a deluded people: "Enlightenment, Progress, Reason.” How well did Leo XIII recognise ...