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Full-Text Articles in Religion

Who Is A Muslim?: Orientalism And Literary Populisms [Toc], Maryam Wasif Khan Jan 2021

Who Is A Muslim?: Orientalism And Literary Populisms [Toc], Maryam Wasif Khan

Literature

Who is a Muslim? Orientalism and Literary Populisms argues that modern Urdu literature, from its inception in colonial institutions such as Fort William College, Calcutta to its dominant forms in contemporary Pakistan—popular novels, short stories, television serials—is formed around a question that is and historically has been at the core of early modern and modern Western literatures. The question—who is a Muslim—is predominant in eighteenth-century literary and scholarly orientalist texts, the English oriental tale chief amongst them, but takes on new and dangerous meanings once it travels to the North-Indian colony, and later to Pakistan. A ...


Shock And Awe, Sectarianism, And Violence In Iraq Post-2003, Sarim Al-Rawi Jun 2020

Shock And Awe, Sectarianism, And Violence In Iraq Post-2003, Sarim Al-Rawi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The violence systematically deployed upon the prosperous nation of Iraq in 2003 was directly influenced by the Shock and Awe doctrine set forth by Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade in their 1996 book Shock and Awe: Achieving Rapid Dominance. The experimental methods of warfare and violence outlined in the text describe methods for the systematic destruction of every major aspect of a nation and society, militarily, economically, and socially. In the wake of the US Invasion of Iraq, we saw the direct implementation of these methods by the occupation forces, setting off a brutal cycle of violence that ...


Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella Jun 2020

Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis offers a new reading of William Shakespeare’s late play The Winter’s Tale (1623), positing that in order to understand this complex and eccentric work, we must read it with a complex and eccentric eye. In The Winter’s Tale, planets strike without warning, pulling at hearts, wombs, and blood, impacting the health and emotional experience of characters in the play. This work is renowned for its inconsistent formal structure; the first half is a tragedy set in winter, but abruptly shifts to a comedy set in spring/summer in its latter half. What’s more, is ...


Devotional Literature Of The Prophet Muhammad In South Asia, Zahra F. Syed Jun 2020

Devotional Literature Of The Prophet Muhammad In South Asia, Zahra F. Syed

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Many Sufi poets are known for their literary masterpieces that combine the tropes of love, religion, and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). In a thorough analysis of these works, readers find that not only were these prominent authors drawing from Sufi ideals to venerate the Prophet, but also outputting significant propositions and arguments that helped maintain the preservation of Islamic values, and rebuild Muslim culture in a South Asian subcontinent that had been in a state of colonization for centuries. The continued practice of both ritualistic and literary veneration of the Prophet became a key factor in this preservation and rejuvenation ...


False Prophets/Profits: The Effects Of Post-Wwii Consumerism On Religious Values In Flannery O'Connor's Fiction, Cody Turner May 2020

False Prophets/Profits: The Effects Of Post-Wwii Consumerism On Religious Values In Flannery O'Connor's Fiction, Cody Turner

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Flannery O'Connor's Wise Blood and "The River" suggest the rise in consumerism, especially since WWII, has become an "alternative religion," eroding traditional religious values such as compassion, humility, and authenticity. The false prophets of consumerism--such as tent revivalists, televangelists, and salesmen--value the material more so than human connection and community. This transition to a "post-Christian" world has previously been examined by cultural critics such as Quentin Schultze and John Collins. Collins argues that the "religionless religion" of consumerism threatens to destroy the Christian religion and its institutions. While O'Connor's prose (Mystery and Manners) appears to support ...


A Missionary On A Mission: David Zeisberger And His Work With The Lenape People, Kate Dobbs May 2020

A Missionary On A Mission: David Zeisberger And His Work With The Lenape People, Kate Dobbs

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

I will present at the symposium my research paper on a forgotten missionary from the mid 1700s named, David Zeisberger and his work with the Delaware/Lenape people. Zeisbeger was a Moravian missionary who was vastly different from that of the other missionaries during the period. My work begins by explaining briefly who he was and where he and his Christian and conversion beliefs originate from. I then dive into his actions during his time as a missionary. Modern day perception of conversion is cruel and heinous, however, the way that Zeisberger performed his conversion during the period was incredibly ...


Absurdity And Veracity: Religion In Warhol's Paintings, Yuchen Wang May 2020

Absurdity And Veracity: Religion In Warhol's Paintings, Yuchen Wang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Besides the most famous works like Marilyn and soup cans, Andy Warhol left us with a lot of works and questions together due to his public image. We know Warhol's LGBTQ + and Byzantine Catholic identities, but these seemed peripheral to an understanding of his art, which is segregated at the public and private levels. This binary oppositional divergence and contradiction constitute Warhol's Life. Warhol's life as a Byzantine Catholic does not seem to fit our impression of the conservative tradition of Orthodox Christians. But for Warhol scholars, what they obtained through the surface did not explain all ...


The Seventy-Weeks Prophecy Of Daniel 9:24–27 And First-Century Ad Jewish Messianic Expectation, David J. Hamstra May 2020

The Seventy-Weeks Prophecy Of Daniel 9:24–27 And First-Century Ad Jewish Messianic Expectation, David J. Hamstra

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

For Christians who interpret the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24–27 by correlating the coming of the messiah with the arrival of Jesus Christ, the question of whether Jesus could have been identified as the predicted messiah at the time of fulfillment is theologically significant given biblical claims of prophetic intelligibility. There is a consensus among scholars affirming the view that interpretation of the seventy-weeks prophecy led to a climate of messianic expectation among certain sectors of first-century Jewish society. This position is supported by the explicit connection of the seventy weeks to the anticipated arrival of a messiah ...


Eucharist As Sacrifice: A Study Into The Development Of The Eucharist As A Sacrifice Of The Believer In The First And Second Centuries, David Williams May 2020

Eucharist As Sacrifice: A Study Into The Development Of The Eucharist As A Sacrifice Of The Believer In The First And Second Centuries, David Williams

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

The sacrifice of the believer at the Eucharist can nowhere be found in the Adventist understanding of the Lord’s Supper. However, Adventists may find value in reexamining the early church’s teachings on sacrifice. While the early church deviated from Scripture in its primary teachings on the Eucharist, they maintained the scriptural notion of the spiritual sacrifice of the worshiper— something Adventists would do well to practice. This article examines the liturgical orders and teachings of the apostolic fathers, apologists, and early liturgical orders of the first and second centuries. The author considers four major issues relating to the ...


Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga May 2020

Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA) is one of the fastest-growing Christian denominations in the world. Studies show that the SDA Church in Africa in general and East Africa, in particular, has recorded tremendous growth since it was introduced in the region in the early 1900s. This article surveys the first fifty years of the beginning and development of the SDA Church in East African (1903–1953). It focuses on the three initial mission strategies employed by early Adventist missionaries to East Africa, including education, medical care, and publishing work. Early Adventist missionaries to East Africa established educational and medical institutions ...


Snc Fights Covid-19 Pandemic May 2020

Snc Fights Covid-19 Pandemic

St. Norbert Times

  • News
    • SNC Fights COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Dining Services Donate Meals
    • A Night of Hope
    • Athletes React to Abrupt Season End
    • SNC’s New Hire: Title IX Coordinator
  • Opinion
    • Through the Eyes of a Knight
    • The Podomoro Technique
    • The Unanswerable Question
    • Do We Need All of This?
    • Successful Business during a Pandemic
  • Features
    • Absence and Essence
    • Adventures from Home
    • SNC Students Adopt Animals
  • Entertainment
    • Student Spotlight
    • Word Search
    • Did You Know???
    • How Disney Hurts the Film Industry
    • Best Non-Disney Animated Movies
    • Five Book Recommendations for Quarantine
    • The Future of the Film Industry
    • New on Netflix
    • Junk Drawer: Catch-up During Quarantine
    • “Parks and ...


Evangelizing A Nation: Catholic Priests In America, Christopher J. Wild May 2020

Evangelizing A Nation: Catholic Priests In America, Christopher J. Wild

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

According to the most recent statistics provided by the American bishops, there are an astonishing seventy million Catholics who call the United States home. Five hundred years ago, there was not a single Roman Catholic to be found anywhere in this vast expanse of forests, prairies, and mountains. (Moreover, presumably no one living at that time in what is now the United States had any knowledge of Jesus Christ, for the episcopacy of Erik Gnupsson in twelfth century Greenland hardly resulted in any evangelization of the Christian faith in the western hemisphere.) As the European authorities competed to establish colonies ...


The Transition Of Guanyin: Reinterpreting Queerness And Buddha Nature In Medieval East Asia, Robert Wilf May 2020

The Transition Of Guanyin: Reinterpreting Queerness And Buddha Nature In Medieval East Asia, Robert Wilf

Religious Studies Honors Papers

Avalokitesvara, better known by the Chinese name of Guanyin, is perhaps the second most pervasive figure in all of Buddhism after the historical Buddha himself. Part of this popularity comes from his adaptability and willingness to change to order to save everyone, no matter what part of society they might be from. It is thanks to this adaptability that Guanyin’s iconography varies wildly by region, with much of Theravada and tantric Buddhism depicting him as a man, while Mahayana Buddhism tends to revere her as the patron of women. From their earliest description, Guanyin was known to transcend boundaries ...


Normalizing New Religious Movements: A Deeper Look Into The Effects Of Social Opinion On New Religious Movements In The Southeastern United States, Erica Marie Bennett May 2020

Normalizing New Religious Movements: A Deeper Look Into The Effects Of Social Opinion On New Religious Movements In The Southeastern United States, Erica Marie Bennett

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The early 1960s brought a rise in new religious thought and expression in the United States, along with an increase in fear and rejection of new religious movements (NRMs). There have been many organizations, using fear, outlandish claims, and scare tactics in the media, aimed at stopping new religious movements from gaining new members, credibility, and acceptance. The campaign against new religious movements has in part been successful, because the very term "cult" has become an intensely negative term, and it is often used this way against new religions. Thus, anyone associated with an NRM is often seen as ethically ...


In Controversy Oft: James David Bales And The Sharp Decline Of The Apocalyptic Worldview At Harding University, Cory Spruiell May 2020

In Controversy Oft: James David Bales And The Sharp Decline Of The Apocalyptic Worldview At Harding University, Cory Spruiell

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


The Mexican Ex-Voto Tradition As A Potential Subversion Of Authority, Samantha Ros May 2020

The Mexican Ex-Voto Tradition As A Potential Subversion Of Authority, Samantha Ros

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Ex-votos are small devotional paintings, typically painted on tin using oil paint. The format of these works follows a recognizable formula, organized into three registers: an inscription, a central register dedicated to the earthly realm, and an uppermost register where the image of a holy figure is depicted. Ex-votos are commissioned in gratitude for divine intervention, or, less commonly, as a petition for miraculous intercession. This thesis examines Mexican ex-votos from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and considers how their production, display, and content may undermine political dictates.


David Hume, "The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion," And Religious Tolerance, Jarrett Delozier May 2020

David Hume, "The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion," And Religious Tolerance, Jarrett Delozier

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Fighting For Religious Freedom; Muhammad Ali And His Battle Against The U.S. Supreme Court, Jessica Wakelin May 2020

Fighting For Religious Freedom; Muhammad Ali And His Battle Against The U.S. Supreme Court, Jessica Wakelin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores Muhammad Ali's 1971 draft evasion court case and the implications that his religion, race/views on racial issues, and surveillance by the FBI had on judicial proceedings. The Supreme Court was tasked with determining the sincerity of Ali's religious convictions and therefore if his claim to conscientiously object to war was valid. The combination of the different facets of Ali's identity tested the court's ability to be objective and thus, this thesis argues, his access to constitutionally granted religious freedoms were restricted.


Modern Yoga In America, Emily Parkinson Perry May 2020

Modern Yoga In America, Emily Parkinson Perry

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Yoga’s immense growth and popularity during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, along with its proliferation into countless varieties and styles, presents teachers, students, and scholars with the question: “What is yoga?” Answering this question requires the investigation of a number of cultural, historical and philosophical tensions at play in modern expressions of this ancient tradition: (1) Is modern postural yoga (MPY)—the yoga widely practiced in studios across the country today—an authentic expression of yoga or is it simply another form of physical fitness? (2) Does the modern focus on the physical dimension of yoga forsake its original ...


French Exceptionalism: The Impact Of Laïcité, Rachel Culp May 2020

French Exceptionalism: The Impact Of Laïcité, Rachel Culp

Honors Theses

This thesis explores the impact of citizens’ attitudes toward religious freedom on their attitudes toward four socio-political issues: abortion, same-sex marriage, importance of Christianity to nationality and whether Islam is viewed as incompatible with nationality in a Western European context. I focused specifically on France, Germany and the UK as these countries represent three distinct approaches to the separation of religion and government. I aim to isolate and investigate the impact of the concept of laïcité, the French interpretation of secularism, and see if laïcité and attitudes toward laïcité impact citizens’ attitudes differently toward socio-political issues. My research found that ...


Anti-Semitism In Slovakia After The Velvet Revolution Of 1989, Peter Salner May 2020

Anti-Semitism In Slovakia After The Velvet Revolution Of 1989, Peter Salner

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

This study discusses anti-Semitism in Slovakia after the Velvet Revolution of 1989. The introductory section presents an overview of the most destructive manifestations of anti-Semitism during 1918-1920, the Holocaust, and the Communist era (1948-1989). Anti-Semitism in Slovakia is less aggressive than in many other countries of the European Union. Physical violence is especially rare, and even the defacement of Jewish sites (particularly cemeteries) is typically motivated by vandalism, rather than by anti-Semitism. The most frequent expression of prejudice against Jews takes the form of verbal insults. These are predominantly used by children, who hear them from their families. Children (and ...


Nature And The Spirit: Tri Hita Karana, Sacred Artistic Practices, And Musical Ecology In Bali, Hao Huang, Joti Rockwell May 2020

Nature And The Spirit: Tri Hita Karana, Sacred Artistic Practices, And Musical Ecology In Bali, Hao Huang, Joti Rockwell

EnviroLab Asia

Bali is notable for the degree to which music, dance, and visual art permeate everyday life--a result of historically rooted and continuously evolving religious philosophies and rituals. With this context in mind, we wondered what role the arts play, and can play, in addressing environmental concerns.


The Legacy Of Jesse Mercer: His Influence On Journalism And Education As Components Of Religious Journalism, Madilyn Grace Harrell May 2020

The Legacy Of Jesse Mercer: His Influence On Journalism And Education As Components Of Religious Journalism, Madilyn Grace Harrell

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

By analyzing religious journalism under the influence of Jesse Mercer as a defender of religious liberty and looking at how his impact on religious journalism provoked journalism and education, the future of the topic can be discussed and better understood. Based on evidence of religious journalism in Georgia from Mercer to today, there are positives and negatives that will affect religious journalism in the future. The goal of the project is to report on Jesse Mercer as a pioneer of religious journalism and to give a history of his legacy. I will present the findings of my research in order ...


Hypatia's Life And Death From Ancient To Modern Centuries, Kaitlyn Morrison May 2020

Hypatia's Life And Death From Ancient To Modern Centuries, Kaitlyn Morrison

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Hypatia, an educator and philosopher in 4th-century Alexandria, has lived many lives and died many deaths since she reportedly took her last breath before the Caesarum's altar. She emerges in fifth-century texts as virtuous pagan philosopher murdered in the streets by a crowd of monks, with St. Cyril, bishop of Alexandria at the time, to blame. Contemporarily, a Greek text written for a pagan audience describes Hypatia as a beautiful martyr who unfairly reaped the destruction of true philosophy at the behest of Roman Christianization. Three centuries later, she would be called a witch who tricked men to turn ...


Spiders In A Window: How Dangerous Stories Lead To Dangerous Women, Mattie Mae Motl May 2020

Spiders In A Window: How Dangerous Stories Lead To Dangerous Women, Mattie Mae Motl

Scholars Day Conference

Christian women have been marginalized, suppressed, and forgotten by Christian men for centuries. In many cases, these actions are polite when compared to the horrors which self-proclaimed Christ-followers have afflicted on women. Countless sexual abuse cases have been discovered within the walls of the Southern Baptist Church, and the headlines have not stopped printing. Articles from major news outlets such as the Houston Chronicle and San Antonio Express-News have revealed that Southern Baptist pastors, youth leaders, and deacons have assaulted hundreds of women over the past twenty years—and those numbers only include the women who are confident enough to ...


The Quaker Paradox: A Case Study Of David Barclay As A Malevolent Slave Trading Banker And A Benevolent Abolitionist, Anny Lu Apr 2020

The Quaker Paradox: A Case Study Of David Barclay As A Malevolent Slave Trading Banker And A Benevolent Abolitionist, Anny Lu

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the eighteenth century, the British Quaker community faced a dilemma regarding their morals to pioneer the abolition movement and their economic interests to facilitate the slave trade. Members of the Society of Friends were expected to be established bankers, and many of them lent out loans to slave traders. At the same time, they were pacifist pioneers of the abolition movement in Britain. The research analyzes how British Quakers of this time upheld both positions of this paradox through a case study of David Barclay, founder of Barclays Bank as well as a well-respected member of the Society of ...


Editor's Preface, Samuel Mitchell Apr 2020

Editor's Preface, Samuel Mitchell

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Apr 2020

Front Matter

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Full Issue Apr 2020

Full Issue

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Synthetic Ignatius: Recovering Pagan And Johannine Influences In The Ignatian Epistles, Samuel Mitchell Apr 2020

Synthetic Ignatius: Recovering Pagan And Johannine Influences In The Ignatian Epistles, Samuel Mitchell

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.