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1993

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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Dec 1993

Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 1, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., James D. Mcmahon Jr., Gary M. Johnston, Monica Mutzbauer, Robert P. Stevenson Oct 1993

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 43, No. 1, Thomas E. Gallagher Jr., James D. Mcmahon Jr., Gary M. Johnston, Monica Mutzbauer, Robert P. Stevenson

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Causes of Diversity Between Old Order Amish Settlements
• Daniel Danner, Woodturner: An Early 19th-Century Rural Craftsman in Central Pennsylvania
• "Truth Somewhere in the Telling": The Legend of the Wigton Massacre
• The Connections Between Pennsylvania and the Palatinate in Popular 20th-Century German Literature
• The Story of One Old-Time Country Store


Noticias De Naccs, Vol. 1, No. 1, (New Series) Fall 1993, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Oct 1993

Noticias De Naccs, Vol. 1, No. 1, (New Series) Fall 1993, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

Noticias de NACCS Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Matriarchs, Doves, And Nymphos: Prevalent Images Of Black, Indian, And White Women In Caribbean Literature, Daryl Cumber Dance Oct 1993

Matriarchs, Doves, And Nymphos: Prevalent Images Of Black, Indian, And White Women In Caribbean Literature, Daryl Cumber Dance

English Faculty Publications

Universally, male writers have tended to create images of women which reveal the familiar male tendency to view women merely as functionaries whose role basically is determined by male needs, male motivations, male fears, and male fantasies. When woman is submissive, docile and pure, she is to be protected and revered; then, she is the virgin/goddess. When she is assertive and strong, she is to be avoided and despised; then, she is the bitch/shrew. When she is passionate and active, she is to be resisted and feared; she is the whore/temptress. While this genera] categorizing of women ...


Ua3/8/1 Memo Re: Implementation Of Minority Recruitment & Retention Goals, Jerry Wilder, Wku President's Office Oct 1993

Ua3/8/1 Memo Re: Implementation Of Minority Recruitment & Retention Goals, Jerry Wilder, Wku President's Office

WKU Archives Records

Memo from Vice President for Student Affairs Jerry Wilder to President Thomas Meredith regarding lack of enthusiasm for the minority recruitment and retention goals.


The Changing Significance Of Race For People Of Color, Juanita Tamayo Lott Sep 1993

The Changing Significance Of Race For People Of Color, Juanita Tamayo Lott

Trotter Review

For more than two hundred years, race in the United States has been viewed as a black/white issue. Blacks have been defined not as a people unto themselves, but only in relationship to whites. This relationship is one of power with blacks as a “minority subordinate” group and whites as a “majority dominant” group. Other people of color—whether indigenous to the Americas, settlers who predated Western Europeans, nonwhite settlers with several generations of U.S.-born residents, or newly arrived immigrants and refugees—have been primarily defined as nonexistent. When other people of color have been recognized, it ...


Korean And African-American Relations: Integrating The Symbolic With The Structural, Karen Umemoto Sep 1993

Korean And African-American Relations: Integrating The Symbolic With The Structural, Karen Umemoto

Trotter Review

LaTasha Harlins and Soon Ja Du: These two individuals became symbolic figures for the plight of African Americans and Koreans. One a merchant, the other a customer, their fatal confrontation has helped shape the state of relations between the Korean and African-American communities of South Central Los Angeles for some time to come. Their relationship is a metaphor for the unequal class positions of the two communities. But. why is it that these symbols take on meaning for others outside the physical boundaries of the particular geographic region or across the class boundaries within the communities they represent?


Puerto Rican And African-American Males: Current Challenges, Promising Strategies, Sonia M. Pérez Sep 1993

Puerto Rican And African-American Males: Current Challenges, Promising Strategies, Sonia M. Pérez

Trotter Review

Before the beginning of the next century, the Hispanic, African-American, and other “minority” populations in the United States are expected to increase at a faster rate than the white population. In fact, the Census Bureau projects that Latinos will become the largest minority and, together with African Americans, will constitute one-fourth (25.5 percent) of the U.S. labor force by the year 2010. However, despite some gains, increases in population have not been proportionate to increases in voting and buying power—or to comparable increases in economic success or socioeconomic stability—for a significant proportion of either Latinos or ...


"We're Here Because You Were There": Britain's Black Population, Louis Kushnick Sep 1993

"We're Here Because You Were There": Britain's Black Population, Louis Kushnick

Trotter Review

The existence of a black population in Britain is the result of Britain’s imperialist history. The conquest of large parts of the world and their incorporation into a new world system dominated by Britain and other European nations not only created the economic basis of the capitalist system, but also set in motion massive movements of—and, indeed, constructions of—peoples. The creation of the African-American and African-Caribbean peoples are examples of this phenomenon: “We’re here because you were there.”


The Chinese In Mississippi: A Race In-Between, Vivian Wu Wong Sep 1993

The Chinese In Mississippi: A Race In-Between, Vivian Wu Wong

Trotter Review

There is this shot in the opening scene of the movie, Mississippi Burning, where you see two water fountains. One is broken, and chipped, and water is dripping from it. The other is modern, and shining. A white guy goes up to the nice one, and the black kid goes up to the old one. I remember saying to myself "If I was in the scene, where would I drink?”

As a kid, I remember going to the theater and not knowing where I was supposed to sit. Blacks were segregated then. Colored people had to sit upstairs, and white ...


The Hypocrisy Of The "Pigmentocracy", Lucas Rivera Sep 1993

The Hypocrisy Of The "Pigmentocracy", Lucas Rivera

Trotter Review

The following article is excerpted and reprinted with permission of the author and was originally published in two parts in the May 12—18 and 19—25 issues of The City Sun.

The question of race and skin color has haunted both the Latino and black communities, with far too many denying any ties to African ancestry—despite darker skin tones. But the choice many Latinos face—as to whether they should call themselves black or white—may be feeding into the hands of strategists, who may be making economic determinations based on the number of people of color.


Women Of Color Reclaiming Power, Cheng Imm Tan Sep 1993

Women Of Color Reclaiming Power, Cheng Imm Tan

Trotter Review

The following is the address that was given at the Sixth Annual Women of Color Day Celebration at the University of Massachusetts at Boston on March 5, 1993.

In a racist and sexist world, our realities are hardly ever alluded to, let alone affirmed; the way we see ourselves and the way we experience the world is hardly ever reflected in the images we see around us or in the stories we read. We constantly have to translate information in order to make it relevant and applicable to our lives. Our realities, experiences are often discounted, overlooked and ignored. Both ...


Rappin', Writin', & Breakin', Juan Flores Sep 1993

Rappin', Writin', & Breakin', Juan Flores

Trotter Review

The following article is reprinted with permission from the spring 1988 issue of CENTRO, the bulletin of the Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, New York. It was previously published in the fall 1987 issue of Dissent.

Word has it that Machito, the father of Latin jazz who died in early 1984 at seventy-five, was learning how to breakdance. The great Cuban bandleader, who since the 1940s had performed with the likes of Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker and stood at the juncture of Caribbean and Afro-American musical traditions, must surely have recognized an exciting new stage in the dual ...


Communities Of Color Unite For Places At The Welcome Table, Harold Horton Sep 1993

Communities Of Color Unite For Places At The Welcome Table, Harold Horton

Trotter Review

The “vote” is often referred to as the political equalizer in a democratic society, because when citizens enter the voting booth they express an inalienable right that belongs to all, regardless of education, income, gender, national origin, religious preference, or color. And, as we recall from history, on many occasions one vote has made the difference between winning or losing a crucial decision or political contest.


"No Justice, No Peace!": The Politics Of Black-Korean Conflict, Claire Jean Kim Sep 1993

"No Justice, No Peace!": The Politics Of Black-Korean Conflict, Claire Jean Kim

Trotter Review

In the opening scene of the recently released film, Menace II Society, the protagonists, two young African-American men, make a routine beer run to a convenience store owned by a Korean-American couple. The merchants’ manifest suspiciousness toward them triggers an exchange of hostilities that concludes when one of the men kills and robs the couple. For audiences of all colors. this depiction of black-Korean conflict appears starkly familiar. Ranging from verbal altercations to killings, to retail boycotts and picketing campaigns, conflicts between Korean-American merchants and black customers, including African Caribbeans, have become commonplace in many major American cities over the ...


Introduction, James Jennings Sep 1993

Introduction, James Jennings

Trotter Review

The particular relationships between communities of color in the United States could very well be the political issue for urban America in the next century, with profound racial, cultural, and economic implications for all Americans. This issue of the Trotter Review focused on various aspects of relations between communities of color.

Communication and collaboration between communities of color are vitally important today for the maintenance and expansion of democracy and social justice in the United States. We hope this issue of the Trotter Review will contribute to improving relations between communities of color.


Newspaper Obituaries; Book 2 (E-H), Afro-American Historical Association Of The Niagara Frontier Aug 1993

Newspaper Obituaries; Book 2 (E-H), Afro-American Historical Association Of The Niagara Frontier

Newspaper Obituaries, African Americans from WNY

No abstract provided.


Ua3/8/1 Memo Re: Implementation Of Minority Recruitment & Retention Goals, Jerry Wilder, Wku President's Office Jul 1993

Ua3/8/1 Memo Re: Implementation Of Minority Recruitment & Retention Goals, Jerry Wilder, Wku President's Office

WKU Archives Records

Memo written by Vice President for Student Affairs Jerry Wilder to President Thomas Meredith reporting on implementation of minority recruitment and retention goals.


Ua68/13/4 Limited Edition, Wku Journalism Jul 1993

Ua68/13/4 Limited Edition, Wku Journalism

WKU Archives Records

Newspaper created by students participating in the Minority Journalism Workshop hosted by the WKU Journalism Department.

  • Jackson, Azar. Corvette Plant Gearing Up for Saturn
  • Medina. Ideisha. Progress on New Center Relieves Some Concerns - High Street Community Center
  • Harris, John. With Budget Cut, Human Rights Commission May Close
  • Ellis, Torey. For Bill Wimbley, Hard Work Paves Road to Position in Hospital
  • Diggs, Christy. Cheryl Freeman is One-of-a-Kind Dentist in Bowling Green
  • Huggins, Tequilla & Andrea Matthews. Western Takes Steps to Encourage Black Faculty, Recruit Minorities
  • Hudson, Tamica. Smiths Grove Man Made a Grade A Choice - Curtis Sullivan
  • McCutcheon, Shenita. Gifted and Talented ...


23rd Chicano Commencement, 1993, San Jose State University, Associated Students May 1993

23rd Chicano Commencement, 1993, San Jose State University, Associated Students

Chicano Commencement

23rd Annual Chicano Commencement

"Reflecting on the Past, to Enhance our Future."


Genocide And The Indians Of California, 1769-1873, Margaret A. Field May 1993

Genocide And The Indians Of California, 1769-1873, Margaret A. Field

Graduate Masters Theses

This study is an effort to determine whether the phenomenon of genocide, as defined in the UN Convention on Genocide of 1948, played a distinguishable role in the sharp decline of the California Indian population during the period 1769 to 1873. Through examination of such resources as memoirs, newspaper accounts of the time, anthropological and demographic studies, government documents, and works on genocide theory, it considers key issues of intent and action on the part of the Spanish, Mexicans, and Americans who arrived in California during the period.

The evidence indicates that genocide of indigenous peoples occurred in California in ...


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 3, Margaret Clark Reynolds, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Lee C. Hopple Apr 1993

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 42, No. 3, Margaret Clark Reynolds, Mary Lou Robson Fleming, Lee C. Hopple

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Assimilation and Acculturation in a Pennsylvania-German Landscape: The Nisley Family and its Architecture in the Lower Swatara Creek Basin
• Charles-Alexandre Lesueur of Paris, Philadelphia, and New Harmony, Indiana
• Religious-Geographical History of the Hutterian Brethren in Europe and Russia, 1523-1879


The African Presence In The Novels Of Paule Marshall, Angela Harrington Rice Apr 1993

The African Presence In The Novels Of Paule Marshall, Angela Harrington Rice

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The novels written by Paule Marshall are examined chronologically to demonstrate how Africa functions and is represented in her works. Published interviews and essays by Marshall are also examined, as well as critical analysis of her works by scholars.

Africa is present in Paule Marshall's novels through ritual, history, language, and myth. Paule Marshall's work demonstrates how Africanisms operate in the United States and in the Caribbean. She articulates the need for people throughout the African diaspora to confront and use the past as a vehicle for empowerment. Marshall's protagonists are women who find that when they ...


Clark Memorandum: Spring 1993, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School Apr 1993

Clark Memorandum: Spring 1993, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School

The Clark Memorandum


Nacs 21th Annual Conference Program, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Mar 1993

Nacs 21th Annual Conference Program, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

NACCS Conference Programs

Redefining Chicano and Chicana Studies
March 24-27, 1993
Fairmont-Club Regent


Acknowledgements, Kevin Bowen, David Hunt Mar 1993

Acknowledgements, Kevin Bowen, David Hunt

Trotter Review

All of us at the William Joiner Center for the Study of War and Social Consequences are extremely grateful to our friends at the Trotter Institute for the opportunity to collaborate on this issue of the Trotter Review. It seems especially appropriate that this issue is being published at the time of the tenth anniversary of the founding of the center, named after William Joiner, Jr., an African-American veteran of the Vietnam War and the university's first director of Veterans' Affairs who died of cancer in 1981.


Introduction, William King Mar 1993

Introduction, William King

Trotter Review

Bloods. Brothers. The Griot. Vietnam Blues. Black Bitches Dancing With Charlie. These titles, and numerous articles, essays, poems, government reports, films, and related items, describe and detail various aspects of the black experience of the American war in Vietnam, the situation on the homefront during that conflict, and some of the things that happened to black veterans upon their return to the "world" in the postwar years. That only selected aspects of that experience are covered arises from the fact that blacks were not nearly as prolific inrecapitulating their tours of duty, forcing us to get at that information indirectly ...


Fragments From A Work In Progress, Elizabeth Allen Mar 1993

Fragments From A Work In Progress, Elizabeth Allen

Trotter Review

A long time ago in a place far away, a place called Vietnam, I had to come to grips with the monkey. The monkey was not war. As a colored woman born in the forties, the monkey was life. Vietnam just forced me to look at it. Maybe it allowed me the opportunity. Who knows. Looking back at it has been almost impossible. You see, growing up my grandmother would always say when I wanted to explain something, "Baby-darling, will talking about something that has already happened change it?" Of course it wouldn't change anything. Any fool knows that ...


Tough Eloquence, Yusef Komunyakaa Mar 1993

Tough Eloquence, Yusef Komunyakaa

Trotter Review

I began reading Etheridge Knight's poetry in the early 1970s, and what immediately caught my attention was his ability to balance an eloquence and toughness, exhibiting a complex man behind the words. His technique and content were one—the profane alongside the sacred—accomplished without disturbing the poem's tonal congruity and imagistic exactitude. Here was a streetwise poet who loved and revered language. Gwendolyn Brooks, Sterling Brown, and Langston Hughes seem to have been his mentors, but Knight appeared to have sprung into the literary world almost fully formed. He had so much control and authority; he was ...


Black Veterans: Organizing And Strategizing For Community Development, Ron E. Armstead Mar 1993

Black Veterans: Organizing And Strategizing For Community Development, Ron E. Armstead

Trotter Review

The following article summarizes the findings and conclusions of a case study that was undertaken as part of the author's master's thesis at MIT. Ford Foundation Professor Frank Jones served as advisor. The study is part of an overall strategy to develop a National Black Veterans Network in conjunction with the Veterans Benefits Clearinghouse, Inc., and the Congressional Black Caucus Veterans Braintrust. It is hoped that the study will provide a planning, research, and educational tool to enhance organizing and affordable housing development efforts on behalf of black veterans across the country. Future research is being proposed on ...