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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Juntos: Vivieron, Trabajaron Y Aprendieron (Together: They Lived, Worked And Learned); The History Of Latinos In Valley Junction, Iowa, Andrea Kay Tucker Jan 2008

Juntos: Vivieron, Trabajaron Y Aprendieron (Together: They Lived, Worked And Learned); The History Of Latinos In Valley Junction, Iowa, Andrea Kay Tucker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Prediction of colloidal nanoparticle aggregation is an important problem which needs to be solved in an accurate and efficient manner. In ideal case model which is chosen to predict colloidal nanoparticle aggregation should accurately describe physico-chemical interactions of relatively large physical systems, and at the same time, simulate at low computational cost. In this research, two simulation approaches, molecular dynamics (MD) and Brownian dynamics (BD), are analyzed and compared with a view to accurately predicting ggregation of colloidal nanoparticles. Because the BD technique is essentially a reduction of the MD method the accuracy requirements for BD simulations have been established ...


Ethnic-Identity Intensity As A Moderator Of The Technology Acceptance Model And Its Antecedents, Marcus Anthony Alexander Jan 2008

Ethnic-Identity Intensity As A Moderator Of The Technology Acceptance Model And Its Antecedents, Marcus Anthony Alexander

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this dissertation is oriented to study the motivation of minorities to adopt and learn new, innovative technologies. The primary research question: is there some reason the African-American experience is driving certain sub-groups of the population to the wrong side of the digital divide? To examine this, I introduce ethnic identity as a moderating variable to a leftward extended technology acceptance model (TAM). Additionally, both components of the classic TAM (ease of use and usefulness) are divided into two antecedents: (1) ease of use - (a) trait efficacy and (b) state efficacy and (2) usefulness (completely replaced by) - (a ...


Connecting To Cuban National Identity Through Literature: An Examination Of Memory, Nostalgia, Trauma And Exile In Oscar Hijuelos's Our House In The Last World And A Simple Habana Melody, Lauren Cerretti Jan 2008

Connecting To Cuban National Identity Through Literature: An Examination Of Memory, Nostalgia, Trauma And Exile In Oscar Hijuelos's Our House In The Last World And A Simple Habana Melody, Lauren Cerretti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, I argue that in Hijuelos's Our House in the Last World and A Simple Habana Melody Cuban national identity is shaped by trauma, exile, and remembering. These traits define what it means to be Cuban---and it is more varied and complicated than perhaps it initially seems. National identity can be defined in many ways, through racial identification, cultural practices, language, traditions, or politics. Certainly there is evidence that Cuban national identity is shaped by these factors inside Cuba, but my emphasis within Hijuelos's two novels is that these factors shape Cubans outside of Cuba. Hijuelos ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


Healing The Borders: Pueblo Medicine And Cultural Hybrids In Frank Waters' The Man Who Killed The Deer And Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony, Matthew Lorn Abbott Jan 2008

Healing The Borders: Pueblo Medicine And Cultural Hybrids In Frank Waters' The Man Who Killed The Deer And Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony, Matthew Lorn Abbott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work will explore the concept of "native medicine" and how its various definitions and implications present themselves in two major works of Pueblo Indian literature. First, we will look at sickness as presented in Frank Waters' The Man Who Killed the Deer. Next, we will examine a cure in Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony. Finally, we will examine recovery through the lenses of a number of critical works. I will show how cultural hybrids use medicine in these works to improve their knowledge of the Earth and its people, and how they heal themselves and strengthen their bonds with ...


Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins Jan 2008

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the Family and Community Health Study, the present study analyzed the social relationships, attitudes, and behaviors of 766 Black and Biracial adolescents residing in Georgia and Iowa to note any significant differences as a function of racial identification. One factor involving social relationships showed a significant difference between the Black and Biracial girls: Biracial girls reported less ability to make and keep friends. Results indicate that attitudes regarding Black Pride and the perceptions of others who may engage in specific behaviors associated with masculine stereotypes were not statistically different between Black and Biracial adolescents. The behaviors included ...


Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar Jan 2008

Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Being a student of color at a predominantly White institution can be extremely challenging, yet rewarding. For the select students in this mixed methods study, overcoming academic and social hurdles was paramount to their success in science, technology and engineering based disciplines at this large research intensive Midwestern institution. Some of the themes that arose from their academic and social challenges were: feelings of isolation and alienation, demystification of stereotypes, minimal relationships with faculty and staff, inadequate academic advising, and a lack of academic and social preparation and skills. Students of color in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz Jan 2008

Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

National data suggest that Latina immigrant women fare better educationally than their nonimmigrant counterparts in bachelor degree attainment, but does not account for how immigration status impacts college persistence. Using a borderlands theoretical framework, this study examines factors associated with college persistence among a sample of undocumented Mexican immigrant women from a small rural community in the Rocky Mountain region. Chicana feminist epistemological techniques are used to analyze data collected from in-depth interviews from participants and community informants. In addition, a trenzas de identidades multiples (braids of multiple identities) perspective was used helped conceptualize and categorize persistence factors surrounding and ...


"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen Jan 2008

"Some Friends And I Started Talking...": A Participatory Action Research Project To Deconstruct White Privilege Among Student Affairs Practitioners, Jeffrey Edward Cullen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this participatory action research (PAR) project was to investigate and deconstruct white racial privilege as one step toward developing an anti-racist professional identity for white students in a student affairs graduate preparation program at a predominantly white university.;This qualitative study used the approach of PAR, influenced by a critical, emancipatory perspective. Five participants came together for a 30-hour group process that was both dialogical and experiential. Each group member was interviewed before and after the group process, and the transcripts of the interviews and group process formed the core of the data that was generated. Participants ...


Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle Jan 2008

Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Overweight among preschool age children has increased at a rapid rate and is becoming a worldwide epidemic. Previous research suggests that overweight children are less active and have poorer motor skills than children of normal weight. The objective of this study was to assess motor skill and physical activity in low-income overweight and normal weight preschool children (ages 3--5 years) and determine the influence, if any, preschool activity policy had on children's activity levels.;Data were collected at low-income preschool centers (n = 5) in the state of Iowa. Children (n = 77) ages three to four years were included in ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


The Tradition Of Meskwaki Ribbonwork: Cultural Meanings, Continuity, And Change, Brenda Papakee Ackerman Jan 2008

The Tradition Of Meskwaki Ribbonwork: Cultural Meanings, Continuity, And Change, Brenda Papakee Ackerman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Applied decoration of garments is common practice for the majority of Native American tribes in North America. Ribbonwork, a textile art form, is a method of applied decoration to dress prevalent in Indian tribes originating from the Great Lakes Region. This study examines the tradition of ribbonwork from the perspectives of those who make it and wear it. Participants are from the Meskwaki Nation of Iowa where the tradition of ribbonwork has been in existence for over 175 years. Though the materials used are not native in origin, the traditional method of applied decoration to garments continues as a form ...


Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez Jan 2007

Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As more Latino/as become employers, their economic vitality will grow further, and assume a stronger position in the U.S. economy. In this study I have focused on the city of Ames, Iowa, and the personal stories of its Latino/a business owners. From their individual stories, insight can be gained into what if any common themes they have in starting, and maintaining their businesses, how much family plays a role, and how connected the owners are to the business community. In sum, the purpose of this study is to document the story of each Latino/a owner. Each ...


Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni Jan 2007

Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the relationship between the indigenous peoples and the electoral success of Evo Morales in the 2002 and 2005 Bolivian presidential elections. Morales earned a surprising 20% of the vote in 2002 enough for second place. In 2005, Morales earned over 50% of the presidential vote. He is the first indigenous president of Bolivia and is the first to receive over 50% of the vote since the re-transition to democracy. The electoral success of Morales has been framed in the context of the indigenousness in Bolivia, the country with the highest proportions of indigenous peoples in South America ...


Immigrant Identities In The Rural Midwest, 1830-1925, Knut Oyangen Jan 2007

Immigrant Identities In The Rural Midwest, 1830-1925, Knut Oyangen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about the dislocation and estrangement of transatlantic migrants to the rural Midwest, and the ways in which they both resisted and participated in their own sociocultural displacement by formulating new identities in unfamiliar contexts.


Hacia El Ranchito: Mexican Immigrants, Farming And Sustainable Rural Livelihoods In Iowa, Hannah Kathryn Lewis Jan 2007

Hacia El Ranchito: Mexican Immigrants, Farming And Sustainable Rural Livelihoods In Iowa, Hannah Kathryn Lewis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Latinos are the fastest growing ethnicity of farmers in Iowa and across the U.S., and 3.7 percent of Iowa's total population. This case study of four Mexican immigrant farmers explores why and how they farm in Iowa, and how agricultural institutions can support them. I conducted in-depth interviews and observation, using the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods framework in analysis. These farmers learned as children to tend livestock and butcher animals for home consumption. Each bought a small Iowa farmstead by assembling social, human and limited financial capital. They work off-farm fulltime, while on-farm producing meat, dairy, and/or ...


Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd Jan 2007

Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of my thesis was to research the preservation of African Heritage in the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro and the subsequent modernization of these Samba Schools and their entry into the world scene through globalization. Through these processes, Samba Schools are being recognized as a cultural product for export, and are receiving national and transnational sponsorships for whoever wants to display their image around the world. The paper also presents Carnaval as a festival related to religion, ethnicity and politics. In addition, this research shows the persistence of black Brazilians in preserving their heritage in their music ...


Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham Jan 2007

Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a trait-like disposition, optimism has received a wealth of research attention in connection with areas of physical and psychological well-being. However, less research attention has focused explicitly on the stability of optimism during adulthood. As such, we currently know very little about the long-term stability of optimism during middle adulthood, the developmental changes in optimism that occur across adulthood, or whether optimism changes in relation to specific life event experiences. The present research addressed these gaps in the optimism literature by examining stability and changes in optimism and pessimism over approximately nine years using longitudinal data from a sample ...


Effectiveness Evaluation Of The Hispanic Workforce Research Project (Hwrp), Fernando Aveiga Jan 2007

Effectiveness Evaluation Of The Hispanic Workforce Research Project (Hwrp), Fernando Aveiga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hispanics are a large and growing part of the United States workforce. Official projection state that by the year 2050 Hispanics will account for 25 percent of the population. For the Midwest in particular, the Hispanic population is expected to increase 35 percent by the year 2025. The construction industry is expected to experience greater percentage increase of its Hispanic population due to the labor intensive nature of the industry.;This study addresses the expected increase of Hispanic workers in the construction industry by investigating the best approaches for delivering training to construction crews with Hispanic workers as well as ...


A Mixed Method Study Of Rural Iowa Latino High School Students To Determine Barriers To Access, Laurie A. Wolf Jan 2007

A Mixed Method Study Of Rural Iowa Latino High School Students To Determine Barriers To Access, Laurie A. Wolf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this mixed method study were (a) to gain an understanding of how background and educational experiences affect the college decision-making process of rural high school students, and (b) to identify barriers rural Latinos encounter when formulating their post-high school plans. A survey was used to collect data concerning high school experiences. A purposive sample of rural Latino high-school graduates was interviewed to gather perceptions of their educational and background experiences.;The researcher employed a hypothetical logic model based on the college choice literature. The hypothesized model was used to examine how selected variables: background (mothers' educational attainment ...


Achieving Success In Engineering: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Latina/O Student Persistence In Engineering Fields Of Study, Philip L. Vasquez Jan 2007

Achieving Success In Engineering: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Latina/O Student Persistence In Engineering Fields Of Study, Philip L. Vasquez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the factors that precluded or enhanced Latina/o student persistence in engineering fields of study at Iowa State University (ISU). The study employed a phenomenological methodology. Nora's (2003) Model of Student Engagement and Rendon's (1994) model of validation were used as the theoretical framework. Focus group interviews were employed to explore the pre-college, academic, and social experiences of Latina/o engineering majors while enrolled at ISU. A Model of Latina/o Student Success in Engineering (Figure 5.1) was developed and characterized the three main determinants that facilitated student success in engineering fields of study ...


Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace Jan 2006

Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines neighborhood characteristics as predictors of parenting quality among African-American mothers. Drawing upon Wilson's (1996) ideas of how community conditions affect the urban poor, I examined protective qualities of community life including residential stability and social capital. I examined social capital in two separate social fields based on Wilkinson's (1970) field theory approach to community development. These two separate fields, community and organizational social capital were tested as predictors of African-American mothers' psychological well-being and parenting quality;Among the 759 African-American mothers who participated in this study, high residential stability significantly predicted community social capital but ...


Rising To The Top: The Personal And Professional Journeys Of Four Hispanic Women Leaders In Higher Education , Lyvier Leffler Aschenbrenner Jan 2006

Rising To The Top: The Personal And Professional Journeys Of Four Hispanic Women Leaders In Higher Education , Lyvier Leffler Aschenbrenner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine, through interviews, what educational and socio-cultural characteristics Hispanic women leaders in higher education possess. This study also provides an outlet for four Hispanic women leaders to share their unique experiences and journeys during their rise to administration. They were able to share their perceptions of their own career paths. The results offer advice for other Hispanic women aspiring to ascend into leadership positions. The in-depth descriptions of their personal experiences provides an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the types of barriers associated with access to higher educational leadership positions ...


The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo Jan 2006

The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the increasing population of Latino students in the Iowa secondary agricultural education program and the need for minority leaders in agriculture, the goal of this study was to survey a group of students in agricultural classes to understand their perspectives towards the learning components of the program. This study found that Latino students in Iowa secondary schools were supportive of the agricultural education program and interested in participating in experiential programs. Recommendations from this study are to encourage Latino students to actively participate in secondary agricultural classes. A greater effort from educators to recruit and research minority students ...


Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill Jan 2006

Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the event of family breakdown, removing the child from the home is one of the most common forms of state intervention, and is one of the primary interventions provided when a parent experiences severe problems related to caring for their children. This investigation examined predictors and consequences of the transition from one primary caregiver to another among African American youth. The sample consisted of African American children being raised by various members of their families including biological parents, relatives, and non-relatives. Respondents were participants in a large-scale study of African American children and their families, the Family and Community ...


Nuestra Identidad Y Experiencias (Our Identity And Experiences): Ethnic Identity Development Of Latino Fraternity Members At A Hispanic-Serving Institution , Juan Ricardo Guardia Jan 2006

Nuestra Identidad Y Experiencias (Our Identity And Experiences): Ethnic Identity Development Of Latino Fraternity Members At A Hispanic-Serving Institution , Juan Ricardo Guardia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Higher education scholars have examined Latino/a student experiences and ethnic identity, yet there is no research describing the ethnic identity development of members of a Latino fraternity at a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI). The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand how membership in a Latino fraternity at a HSI enhanced members' ethnic identity development. Utilizing Bronfenbrenner's (2005) bioecological theory of human development as the guiding framework for this study, six themes emerged which enhanced members' ethnic identity development: family, the HSI campus, language, involvement, other Greeks and Greeks affairs policies, and gender. Implications for student affairs ...


Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne Jan 2006

Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For too long the universal leadership map for those interested in learning about leadership has drawn from the leadership values and beliefs of individuals whose life experiences do not fully represent the demographical changes that have occurred within the larger community (Parker, 2005). Consequently, African American women with intentions of using extant literature on leadership as a means or directional tool to gaining higher levels of personal and professional understanding of their own leadership approaches, inevitably confront a discourse shaped by the perceptions and experiences of White men and White women (Parker, 2005). To this end, exploration of leadership issues ...


The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins Jan 2004

Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects that social capital has on racializing business networks. Racializing business networks refers to business networks in which all or the majority of its members are from one ethnic group or the goals of the networks are specifically designed for economic development/success for a particular ethnic group. I examine the differences between White-dominated and African American business networks in four mid-Western states (Iowa, Ohio, Minnesota, and Nebraska) using Portes and Sensenbrenner four components of economic social capital. The four components of economic social capital are value introjection, reciprocity transaction, bounded ...