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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

(In)Human Anatomies: Constructions Of Whiteness And Otherness In The Fiction Of H.P. Lovecraft, Katherine Avery May 2019

(In)Human Anatomies: Constructions Of Whiteness And Otherness In The Fiction Of H.P. Lovecraft, Katherine Avery

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the fiction of H.P. Lovecraft - one of the most significant horror writers of the twentieth century, and an acknowledged white supremacist - racialized configurations Otherness are used to construct and inspire horror. At the same time, these racist and racializing narratives function to destabilize the privileged category whiteness, transgressing its boundaries, revealing its vulnerabilities, and disrupting its coherent self-construction.


Remembering The River: Traditional Fishery Practices, Environmental Change And Sovereignty On The Pamunkey Indian Reservation, Alexis Jenkins May 2019

Remembering The River: Traditional Fishery Practices, Environmental Change And Sovereignty On The Pamunkey Indian Reservation, Alexis Jenkins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Pamunkey Indian Tribe has engaged in riverine-oriented subsistence practices for centuries and has a long history of local natural resource management. However, tribal participation and interest in the traditional practice of fishing on the Pamunkey Indian Reservation have declined significantly in the past few decades. This thesis combines contemporary ethnographic fieldwork with historical literature research to explore socio-economic, cultural and environmental change on the Reservation through the window of the tribe's declining shad fishery. The research addressed three questions: 1) How have the history of colonial expansion and shifts in the global political economy affected traditional natural resource ...


How Classifications Shape Asylum Seeker And Italian Interactions And Experiences In Siena, Italy, Erin Kitchens Apr 2019

How Classifications Shape Asylum Seeker And Italian Interactions And Experiences In Siena, Italy, Erin Kitchens

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years mass migration has taken place across the Mediterranean Sea, with individuals attempting to arrive in Europe from many countries in Africa and the Middle East. Italy is one of the primary countries that people arrive at, because of its vicinity to North Africa where many people cross the Sea. Italians have not had to deal with this kind of mass migration in the past and are thus struggling to define what assimilation will look like. Earlier works tend to focus on the crossing of transnational barriers, or migrants in the first stages of applying for documents. There ...


“Deceived By Misrepresentations”: An Examination Of Nicolino Calyo’S "Servants At A Pump", Rachel Ciampoli Apr 2019

“Deceived By Misrepresentations”: An Examination Of Nicolino Calyo’S "Servants At A Pump", Rachel Ciampoli

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the negotiation of visual culture and public space by African Americans in antebellum New York through the nineteenth-century painting Servants at a Pump by Italian-American artist Nicolino Calyo. During the nineteenth century, artistic modes of expression and social codes regarding the use of public green space sought to limit the representation and visibility of racial minorities. In visual culture, the mode of genre painting attempted to order and confine certain groups of people. At the same time, mandated and informal laws excluded African Americans and people of low socioeconomic classes from participating in the growing trend of ...


White Plague, White City: Landscape And The Racialization Of Tuberculosis In Washington, D.C. From 1846 To 1960, Ivie Orobaton Apr 2019

White Plague, White City: Landscape And The Racialization Of Tuberculosis In Washington, D.C. From 1846 To 1960, Ivie Orobaton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the relationship between health and racism in Washington D.C. during the 20th century with a particular focus on pulmonary tuberculosis in the African American community. Tuberculosis was a leading cause of death in the United States, but African Americans had even greater incidence of the disease than the white population. Contemporary commentators debated whether this was due to a difference in “racial fitness” or a difference in environmental conditions connected to housing. This thesis explores the evolution of theoretical approaches regarding racial disparity in the rates of tuberculosis in the United States, with particular attention to ...


Le Ventre De La Femme Sénégalaise: Control And Reclamation Of The Senegalese Female Body, From French Colonialism To Modern Healthcare, Leah Roemer Apr 2019

Le Ventre De La Femme Sénégalaise: Control And Reclamation Of The Senegalese Female Body, From French Colonialism To Modern Healthcare, Leah Roemer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In analyzing patriarchal structures and oppression of women, feminist theorists have long argued that society seeks to control women’s bodies and their sexualities. For women of color, this attempted control is intersectional; it overlaps with racial oppression. Accordingly, Patricia Hill Collins argued that Black women in America suffer under a matrix of domination that combines oppression based on gender and race. However, the United States is widely regarded as the most powerful country in the world. How do women in less powerful countries, subject to international intervention and laws, fare under the matrix of domination? I consider this question ...


From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim Apr 2019

From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the Asian-American population growing at exponential rates, Asian-Americans are forced to face the reality of their place in society. As this processing of identity continues, more become passionate in their search, with some becoming empowered, others seek representation. But in the end, all the interviewees and those in my research sought a collective level movement. Though people were from all different walks to life, there was a sense of commonality and a recognition of the reality of the situation. While people recognized that the Asian-American identity was a socially constructed, there is also a strong sense of commonality that ...


"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett Jan 2019

"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation discusses themes of racial identity, meaning of space, and class through an exploration of the intersection of gentrification and public education in Washington, D.C. Through analysis of middle-class responses to gentrification I argue, 1) that the public education system is a site of gentrification, as it has become a site of capitalistic development and Black displacement; 2) that the American concept of race, including race relations, is not an aberration of typical American society, but a defining cultural feature; and 3) the best way to understand race and class in America is to use theory constructed from ...


A Song Of Arms And Of The Woman: Confronting Cleopatra In The Augustan Era Through The Carmen De Bello Actiaco, Rachel Dubit May 2018

A Song Of Arms And Of The Woman: Confronting Cleopatra In The Augustan Era Through The Carmen De Bello Actiaco, Rachel Dubit

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project consists of a translation and literary analysis of the Carmen de Bello Actiaco, a fragmentary Latin epic from the Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum. The epic describes the events surrounding the battle of Actium and Octavian's conquest of Egypt. This analysis explores the importance of the Carmen as a product of a distinctly Augustan ideology, regardless of the exact date of its writing. The first chapter addresses the character of Cleopatra VII and how her portrayal is indicative of the contemporary Roman imperialistic conceptualization of Egypt and other foreign territories. The second chapter explores the theme of ...


An Analysis Of The Life And Work Of Alice Fletcher And Frances Densmore, Lauren Hoak May 2018

An Analysis Of The Life And Work Of Alice Fletcher And Frances Densmore, Lauren Hoak

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work is an analysis of the life and work of Alice Fletcher and Frances Densmore. Through the examination of The Study of Omaha Indian Music and Chippewa Music, the influences of settler-colonialism, music, gender, and religion are taken into account. It also summarizes contemporary opinions of Fletcher and Densmore and discusses the lasting effect that their research had.


"Istwa Sa A Pa Senp": Body, Land, And Family In Haitian Afrofuturist Fiction, Sora Edwards-Thro May 2018

"Istwa Sa A Pa Senp": Body, Land, And Family In Haitian Afrofuturist Fiction, Sora Edwards-Thro

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project is primarily a collaboration with eleven Haitian and Haitian-American authors on a collection of short Afrofuturist fiction stories. In analyzing and interpreting their works, I focus especially on the figures of zonbi and lougawou. Empathizing with these multifaceted, sometimes-monstrous beings emphasizes the importance of becoming comfortable and familiar with fragmented selves. In addition to the stories themselves, I discuss the writing and genre-defining processes that shaped them. We began with two workshops, one in Miami and Port-au-Prince, kept in touch with each other via groupchat and social media while writing, and peer-edited and reviewed each other’s submissions ...


"It's All About The Food:" Food, Land, And Sovereignty On The White Earth Reservation, Minnesota, Colleen M. Truskey May 2017

"It's All About The Food:" Food, Land, And Sovereignty On The White Earth Reservation, Minnesota, Colleen M. Truskey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project explores the ties between food and indigenous land claims, treaty rights, and issues of sovereignty, utilizing the White Earth Indian Reservation (located in northwestern Minnesota) as a case study. Based off of fieldwork conducted during the summer of 2016 and March of 2017, this research aims to draw a direct link between foodways and notions of Native American sovereignty, both as they are conceptualized and actually practiced.


A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg May 2017

A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis will examine the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to anthropology, archaeology and history in both academic and museum settings. Using the “Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon” exhibit as a case study, the necessity of teaching from an interdisciplinary perspective at an undergraduate level, if not before is stressed. Specific attention is given to the subfield of archaeology, the role of oral histories and descendant communities in creating museum exhibitions and the ways in which the museum presents a historical narrative about a complex and emotionally charged topic to visitors who arrive with diverse ...


Natural Debts, Natural Dangers: An Ideology Of Nation-State And Subject In An Immunology Text, Quinn Monette May 2017

Natural Debts, Natural Dangers: An Ideology Of Nation-State And Subject In An Immunology Text, Quinn Monette

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In an inquiry into the systems of metaphor used in an immunology text, I argue that the conceptualization of science is ideological, non-neutral, and has important consequences in the formation of subjects.


Fandom, Racism, And The Myth Of Diversity In The Marvel Cinematic Universe, Ashley S. Richardson Apr 2017

Fandom, Racism, And The Myth Of Diversity In The Marvel Cinematic Universe, Ashley S. Richardson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Marvel Cinematic Universe is currently one of the most commercially successful entertainment brands in American popular culture, with a range of film franchises and television series under its banner. Although the brand maintains its popularity with various demographics, the casting choices in Doctor Strange (2017) generated controversy among Marvel fans and critics alike for excluding people of color or reducing them to villains and sidekicks. This thesis examines the online commentary surrounding the casting and marketing of Doctor Strange to evaluate how social media users on Reddit, Tumblr, and Twitter come to understand race and gender through the Marvel ...


In Between And Nowhere At All: How An Autobiography Reveals Hybridity, Francesca H. Maestas Apr 2017

In Between And Nowhere At All: How An Autobiography Reveals Hybridity, Francesca H. Maestas

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fadhma Amrouche’s autobiography, Histoire de ma vie, sheds light on the complex life of an Algerian Berber woman from a Muslim village who was born under the French colonial regime. Due to the unusual circumstances of her birth, that is, being the illegitimate daughter of a mourning widow, she was able to receive a French colonial education, through which she learned how to read and write in which case she was eventually allowed to obtain a job. Also because of the events surrounding her birth, she was forced to have to live amongst, and be raised by, Christians, which ...


When The World Becomes Flesh: The International Day Of Remembrance As Spatially Redressing Hampton, Virginia's Buckroe Beach, Amirio Freeman Apr 2017

When The World Becomes Flesh: The International Day Of Remembrance As Spatially Redressing Hampton, Virginia's Buckroe Beach, Amirio Freeman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Since the birth of the United States, the Black body has functioned as a depository of Black pain (via subjection to slavery, police brutality, etc.). However, rather than passively submit to the infliction of pain, Black persons have historically engaged in several practices to undergird the acceptance of violence, such as escaping plantations, marching to achieve civil rights, and even practicing, in the language of scholar and author Saidiya Hartman, “redress.” The term “redress” refers to any embodied act that enslaved Blacks utilized to remember the humanness of their bodies, even while objectified and dehumanized via enslavement. Beyond embodied Black ...


Understanding North Korea In The Korean Diaspora: Teaching North Korea To American Students, So Dam Hong May 2016

Understanding North Korea In The Korean Diaspora: Teaching North Korea To American Students, So Dam Hong

Undergraduate Honors Theses

My honors thesis is a teaching project on the topic of “Understanding North Korea in the Korean Diaspora,” which is designed to be part of Korean American Diaspora Studies (KADS), a class taught in spring 2016 at the College of William and Mary, or as a short individual class for Korean American and non-Korean American college students. I designed and developed this course and honors thesis to provide teachers and students with the opportunity to teach and learn about North Korea beyond preconceptions and stereotypes, which are constructed and maintained by the mainstream culture, by digging out the buried and ...


Lieux De Memoire, Lieux D'Amnesie: La Tension Identitaire En Guadeloupe, Kristin Ritchey May 2016

Lieux De Memoire, Lieux D'Amnesie: La Tension Identitaire En Guadeloupe, Kristin Ritchey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines representations of slavery in Guadeloupe and how they challenge and shape French collective memory.


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


Arthur Matsu's College Years: Historicizing His 1920s Experiences, Benming Zhang May 2016

Arthur Matsu's College Years: Historicizing His 1920s Experiences, Benming Zhang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Art Matsu, who graduated from The College of William and Mary in 1927, was its first Asian American student. But in recognizing that significance, we also need to examine the moments and circumstances that make him unique. This project further historicizes his experiences as a student, by attending to historical norms, trends, and attitudes that may still reflect upon Asian Americans today. By referring to relevant historical documents and scholarly works, as well as primary sources, I speculate on how attitudes and norms affected perceptions of Matsu in his day and how that historical moment continues to be of impact ...


Black Genocide, Reproductive Control, And The Crisis Pregnancy Center Movement: A Conspiracy Narrative Of Racial Hegemonic Order, Jordan Taffet Apr 2016

Black Genocide, Reproductive Control, And The Crisis Pregnancy Center Movement: A Conspiracy Narrative Of Racial Hegemonic Order, Jordan Taffet

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Over the past several decades, many individuals, organizations, and movements have brought attention to the role of race within the setting of reproduction by highlighting the possibility of black genocide. In particular, the crisis pregnancy center movement has appropriated this narrative in order to fulfill a pro-life agenda. By tracing and comparing the histories of the black genocide narrative and the crisis pregnancy center movement, I underline the various vulnerabilities within the crisis pregnancy center movement's use of the black genocide narrative.


"Yeah, But You Rape Women": Hannibal Buress And The Comedy Community's Role In Shaping Public Opinion Of The Bill Cosby Sexual Assault Allegations, Alexandra Granato Apr 2016

"Yeah, But You Rape Women": Hannibal Buress And The Comedy Community's Role In Shaping Public Opinion Of The Bill Cosby Sexual Assault Allegations, Alexandra Granato

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Comedy, specifically comedy shared via social media, has provided an outlet to encourage public discussion of the Bill Cosby sexual assault allegations, when such a dialogue had long been culturally repressed and ignored in mainstream media.


Civil Patrols, Race, And Repression In Guatemala, 1982-1996, Jeremy Ross Apr 2016

Civil Patrols, Race, And Repression In Guatemala, 1982-1996, Jeremy Ross

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Between 1981 and 1996, the Guatemalan military maintained a paramilitary system of “civil patrols” throughout rural Guatemala. During the years of 1982-1983, the period of most intense state violence during the Guatemalan civil war, the military systematically committed massacres in hundreds of rural communities, at times committing acts of genocide against the Maya populations of the affected areas. Following this violence, the military forced nearly every rural community to form a civil patrol composed of the community’s adult men, in turn forcing each patrols’ members to augment military operations and personally fight leftist guerrillas. The creation of civil patrols ...


Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond Apr 2016

Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The following paper details an analysis of archaeological materials recovered from a Native site in Tidewater Virginia. The project builds on and contributes to an ongoing effort to investigate the historical ecology of Virginia Algonquian communities who dwelled at Kiskiak, a town located along the York River that was once a political center in the Powhatan chiefdom. The primary goals of this research are twofold: to develop a tool for constructing chronology for the Kiskiak locale and to use this method as the basis for examining the interplay between settlement intensity and changing environmental conditions during the Woodland Period.


"We Made You": The Contrived And Contested Nature Of Authenticity In American Folk And Hip Hop Subcultures, Kathryn E. Plunkett May 2015

"We Made You": The Contrived And Contested Nature Of Authenticity In American Folk And Hip Hop Subcultures, Kathryn E. Plunkett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The pursuit and preservation of authenticity has been of key importance to artists and musicologists throughout history. However, the emergence of a booming capitalist culture in the early twentieth century complicated the concept of authenticity and thus heightened intellectual interest. In particular, the American folk revival generated conflict over the term by demonstrating its dynamism — while some artists adhered to the strict, traditionalist, Old-Leftist canon of folk purists, younger artists increasingly commodified themselves and their music to fit in with a more commercial environment. More recently, the emergence of hip hop and its perpetually shifting parameters of “realness” have prompted ...


Thrown Into America: Existentialism In The New World, William Toler Marsh May 2015

Thrown Into America: Existentialism In The New World, William Toler Marsh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thrown Into America examines the social, cultural, philosophical phenomenon known as Existentialism—a product of 19th and early 20th century European intellectualism—and its influence on the literary landscape of the United States. I propose that Ralph Ellison, Jack Kerouac, and Walker Percy, are central figures in American existentialism. While dealing primarily with their work and lives, I understand them as but a vibrant few, among many, representatives of the existential tradition. This is, in part, a genealogical investigation. Rather than studying single texts, isolated from their own place and time, I explore their specific historical conditions. The ...


Being An "Extraterrestrial:" The Need For Academic Emphasis On The Intersection Of Race And Sexuality, Marvin D. Shelton Jr. May 2015

Being An "Extraterrestrial:" The Need For Academic Emphasis On The Intersection Of Race And Sexuality, Marvin D. Shelton Jr.

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I investigate the ways in which collegiate humanities curriculum and instruction can include more literature, scholarship, and discussion around the intersection of race and sexuality. My goal is to help turn college humanities classrooms into intellectual safe spaces for GBTQ Black males. An intellectual safe space, for the focus of this thesis, is one where GBTQ Black males (and perhaps other marginalized identities as well) feel that both of their identities are equally valuable parts in the curriculum and that these dual identities (or multiple in some cases) are fully represented and affirmed in the books and articles that they ...


Performativity Of Abject Identity: Jonathon Hsu’S Coming Out Asian American, Jonathon I. Hsu Apr 2015

Performativity Of Abject Identity: Jonathon Hsu’S Coming Out Asian American, Jonathon I. Hsu

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In my one-person performance Coming Out Asian American, the racialized body is placed in deracinated space and time where identity is fluidly navigated as history moves and is exchanged. I contend that Asian American identity is ambiguous, schizophrenic, and complex, and the medium of staged performance allows for the exploration of the affective body as a site for cultural/historical memory, exchange, and re-imagination. In the play, Coming Out Asian American, theater and performance are used to create a counter-monument that challenges the dominant Western mainstream discourse. At the same time, I utilize performance to find agency and liberation in ...


"The Pretended Riot Explained": Citizen Sovereignty And The Mashpee Revolt, Michaela Kleber Jan 2015

"The Pretended Riot Explained": Citizen Sovereignty And The Mashpee Revolt, Michaela Kleber

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.