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Grassroots_Grassroots Grassroots Rs 15 August 15, 2012 - Volume 4 Issue 8 I N S I D E A Journal Of The Press Institute Of India Promoting Reportage On The Human Condition, Professor Vibhuti Patel Aug 2013

Grassroots_Grassroots Grassroots Rs 15 August 15, 2012 - Volume 4 Issue 8 I N S I D E A Journal Of The Press Institute Of India Promoting Reportage On The Human Condition, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

During the past 15 years, Women’s Grievance Redressal Cells set up by the Mohalla Committee Movement in Maharashtra have played an important role in cementing the bonds between communities, spouses, neighbours and enlightened the youth. Meaningful relationships between individuals in the family have been forged as a result


State Of The Urban Youth, India 2012, Professor Vibhuti Patel Apr 2013

State Of The Urban Youth, India 2012, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

State of the Urban Youth India 2012: Employment, Livelihoods, Skills Executive Summary Every third person in urban India is a youth. In less than a decade from now, India, with a median age of 29 years will be the youngest nation in the world. India’s demographic transformation is creating an opportunity for the demographic burden of the past to be converted to a dividend for the future. For this to happen the country needs to adopt a three-pronged policy that will address the issues of employment, livelihoods and the skill status of youth. The State of the Urban Youth ...


Vidura, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2013

Vidura, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Shift to e-journal Dear Reader, With increasing printing costs, the Press Institute of India, a non-profit trust, is compelled to stop publication of the printed edition of Vidura with effect from the October-December 2013 issue. Vidura will, however, be published as an e-journal from the October-December 2013 issue, and select content will be hosted on our website (www.pressinstitute.in). The annual subscription to the e-journal will be Rs 200 and payment (in the form of DD favouring Press Institute of India) can be sent to the Director, PII-RIND, RIND Premises, Second Main Road, Taramani CPT Campus, Chennai 600 113 ...


Socio-Economic Profile Of Muslims: A State Profile Of Maharashtra, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2013

Socio-Economic Profile Of Muslims: A State Profile Of Maharashtra, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Chapter 1: Pages 4-18 An Overview Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Head, Department of Economics SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai Chapter 2: Pages 19-69 Socio Economic Status of Muslims in Maharashtra Shri. Prakash Chandra Mishra, Research Scholar, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai Ms. Amruta Bavadekar, Independent Researcher Dr. Ruby Ojha, Associate Professor, Department of Economics SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai Chapter 3: Pages 70-87 Case Study I: Gilber Hill, Andheri (W) Mumbai Smt. Lalitha Dhara, Vice Principal, Ambedkar College of Arts and Commerce, Wadala, Mumbai Chapter 4: Pages 88-100 Case Study 2: Parbhani, Maharashtra Shri. Sanjay Phad, Assistant Professor, Department of ...


Janata Weekly: Union Budget 2012-13, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2013

Janata Weekly: Union Budget 2012-13, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

It is important to understand political context in which, the Union budget 2012-13 has shaped the financial allocations in the social sector, especially gender budgeting and flagship centrally sponsored schemes for anti-poverty programmes.


Womenpowerconnect, Delhi Publication Connect, Professor Vibhuti Patel Feb 2013

Womenpowerconnect, Delhi Publication Connect, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

It is important to understand the context in which gender budgeting has acquired great attention in the Union Budget 2013-14. India’s record for achieving the Millennium Development Goals has been extremely poor as compared to several African, Latin American and Asian Counties. In international for a “Shining India” India has been named and shamed continuously for not being able to reduce maternal mortality rate and child mortality rate, wide spread anaemia and malnutrition among women and children, starvation deaths in certain pockets, sky rocketing prices of essential goods for the poor, namely food, water and cooking fuel.


Indian Association Of Women's Studies Newsletter, January, 2013, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2012

Indian Association Of Women's Studies Newsletter, January, 2013, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The Indian Association for Women’s Studies was established in 1982 by a resolution adopted by the rst National Conference of Women’s Studies held in Mumbai in April 1981. IAWS is registered under the Registrar of Societies (No.S/12936 New Delhi) and under FCRA. The Association provides a forum for interaction among institutions and individuals engaged in teaching, research or action. The membership includes educational and social welfare organisations, and individual academics, researchers, students, activists, social workers, media persons and others concerned with women’s issues, and with women’s development and em powerment. One of the major ...


Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2012

Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender equity has been a prominent aspect of equity concerns in public policy. The gender dimension has led to widespread advocacy and focused attention on equity in other than economic areas, such as education, health, decision-making, violence against women and political participation. The human development approach offers a capability-based approach to gender equity in development that is a departure from traditions focused on income and growth. Gender concerns have given the approach the power and flexibility to encompass aspects of inequality that would otherwise go unremarked. Its sensitivity to gender in turn has made it sensitive to a range of ...


Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Nov 2012

Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

On 17th July 2012, Mrinal Gore passed away. With her demise, an era of women freedom fighters with feminist sensitivities in praxis is over. Inspired by Quit India Movement under leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, 14 year old young girl Mrinal became active in the freedom movement. Drawn to political and social causes, she gave up a promising career in medicine in order to organise the poorest and most powerless. She married her comrade, Shri Keshav Gore and when he died at a young age in 1958, she founded Keshav Gore Smarak Bhavan which provided democratic platform to progressive forces for ...


Challenges For Development In 21st Century (B.R. Publications, Delhi, 2011), A Book Authored By Dr. Ruby Ojha & Book Review By Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Aug 2012

Challenges For Development In 21st Century (B.R. Publications, Delhi, 2011), A Book Authored By Dr. Ruby Ojha & Book Review By Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

This book makes a path-breaking contribution to encourage discourse on some of the most neglected areas in the mainstream economics. This scholarly contribution towards understanding of the macro-economic parameters affecting development economics goes beyond economic history and examines wide range of contemporary development problems. The provides up-to-date reference material for development economics, gender economics, International Trade and Economics of infrastructure. The scholar has examined wide range of contemporary concerns in development studies using prism of economics. She has touched specialized areas such as gender economics, environmental economics and inter-disciplinary work on social sector of the economy. International Trade and Economics ...


Indian Asociation Of Women's Studies Newsletter, Professor Vibhuti Patel Jun 2012

Indian Asociation Of Women's Studies Newsletter, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Mrinaltai was born on 24th June, 1928 in an educated patriotic family and influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India movement as a young medical student. She gave up her a promising career in medicine to plunge full time into organizing the poor and the marginalised. For more than half a century and till her death, she had been involved with a series of organizations and leading protests both on the streets and in the corridors of power, focusing on women’s rights, dalit rights, civil rights such as water, housing, sanitation, education and health services, environmental concerns communal harmony ...


Grassroots, Professor Vibhuti Patel Feb 2012

Grassroots, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Self-help groups, milk cooperatives, the increasing participating of women in political activity, agitation against deforestation and alcoholism by selfhelp groups, the educational status of women and their children, accessibility to infrastructural activity, improved decision-making capacity, and the knowledge and use of contraceptives show positive changes in the socioeconomic status of tribal women in Valod. The improvement has not taken place overnight. Gandhian ideology defi nitely played a very important role. So, too, did self-help goups who are emerging on a large scale in Valod Taluka. Development from the grassroots, a dream of Gandhiji, is now becoming a reality. It noteworthy ...


Gender And Inclusive Growth, Professor Vibhuti Patel Nov 2011

Gender And Inclusive Growth, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

In spite of claim of ‘gender inclusive growth’ by the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012), the mass of Indian women have not only been bypassed but also marginalised in the growth process. Real wages of mass of women have declined. Due to withdrawal of the state from social sector, women’s work burden in unpaid care economy (cooking, cleaning, nursing, collecting fuel-fodder-water, etc.) has increased manyfold. Subordinate status of women manifests in declining child sex ratio i.e., ‘missing girls phenomenon’, deteriorating reproductive and child health, feminisation of poverty, increased violence against women, enhanced mortality and morbidity among girls and ...


Satyagraha As A Peaceful Method Of Conflict Resolution By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Oct 2011

Satyagraha As A Peaceful Method Of Conflict Resolution By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Conflict resolution discourse of modern problem solving and win-win [as opposed to power-based and zero sum] approaches leading to integrative conflict resolution [as opposed to mere compromise and distributive outcomes] strongly echoes Gandhi's own writings and the analyses of some Gandhian scholars. The Twenty-First Century radical thinkers of environment, human rights and women's movement advocate conflict resolution techniques as potentially being about more than the solution of immediate problems that see a broader personal and societal transformation as the ultimate goal. Gandhian Satyagraha should be squarely located within conflict resolution discourse. In this principle of non-violence, Mahatma Gandhi ...


A Long Battle For The Girl Child By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel May 2011

A Long Battle For The Girl Child By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The Forum against Sex Determination and Sex Preselection began its campaign in Mumbai against discriminatory abortions of female foetuses in April 1986. In the 25 years since then, laws have been enacted against the practice but female foeticide continues. It is a major challenge to fight the use of pre-selection techniques for sonpreference without jeopardising women’s right to safe abortion.


Gender Violence In India Prajnya Report 2010, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2010

Gender Violence In India Prajnya Report 2010, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender violence in personal lives as well as the systems and structures perpetuating it need serious examination. Indian women experience all kinds of gendered violence at different stages of their lives, from womb to tomb, as a result of modernisation and commercialisation of subsistence economies, family ties becoming less supportive, increasing migration, demanding work, inhuman labour processes in informal economies, sectarian vested interests manifesting through identity politics, trafficking of women and girls as cheap labour, forced marriage and various forms of misogyny in print and electronic media. Honour killing of young lovers and married couples by their relatives brings to ...


Dynamics Of Women’S Studies And Women’S Movement By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Aug 2010

Dynamics Of Women’S Studies And Women’S Movement By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Women’s Studies and Women’s Movement in India since the 1970s: An Overview by Kusum Datta (Kolkata: Asiatic Society), 2007; pp xxiv + 342, Rs 320. This book by Kusum Datta is a result of extensive research at the Asiatic Society, Kolkata in order to showcase the important pedagogical status attained by women’s studies (WS) in the mainstream academia. Jasodhara Bagchi sets the tone with an overview of the state of art in women’s studies and the women’s movement.


Book Review, Professor Vibhuti Patel Jul 2010

Book Review, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The most mind-boggling issue of the 21st century has been identity politics linked with caste, ethnicity, race, religious and gender identities. It has played havoc in innumerable life situations: in personal lives, in the community, in national politics and in the global scenario. Whether is it communal violence in India, ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, apartheid in South Africa, Crisis in Afghanistan or war on Iraq, genocide in Rwanda or civil war in Sri Lanka, it is these grave socio-political and cultural contexts that makes this seminal contribution by Bhikhu Parekh worthy of debate and discussion.


Getting Foothold In Politics, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2010

Getting Foothold In Politics, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The 73rd and 74th Amendments in the Constitution of India made one million Indian women “elected representatives” in the rural and urban local self government bodies by granting 33% reserved seats in Panchayati Raj Institutions in 1992. During last 16 years, many grassroots activists of the women’s movement have plunged in electoral politics for empowerment of women in their constituency. But when it comes to women’s reservation in legislature and parliament of India, we witness tremendous resistance from the patriarchs. For the first time, the Bill providing 33% reservation to women was introduced on 4 September 1996 known ...


Sex Determination And Sex Pre-Selection Tests In India By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2010

Sex Determination And Sex Pre-Selection Tests In India By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

countries are undergoing a demographic transition resulting from a combination of low death and birth rates in their populations. This could be partly due to the vigorous promotion of small families by governments in South Asia and Southeast Asia. India adopted the two-child policy in 2004 while China, since 1978, has strictly implemented the “one child per family” policy. Historically, most Asian countries have had a strong preference for sons. This essay examines the gender, sociocultural and demographic implications of the deficit of women and the role of new reproductive technologies, with a focus on sex determination (SD) and sex ...


Neera Desai (1925-2009): Pioneer Of Women’S Studies In India, Professor Vibhuti Patel Jul 2009

Neera Desai (1925-2009): Pioneer Of Women’S Studies In India, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The front runner of Women’s Studies in India and the creator of a model women’s studies centre that combined the ethos of women’s studies and women’s movement at the SNDT University, Mumbai, Neera Desai passed away on 25 June, 2009.


Gender Mainstreaming In Social Protection By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Apr 2009

Gender Mainstreaming In Social Protection By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender mainstreaming has become a buzzword in development discourse in the 21st century. The volume under review is a timely publication in the context of the ever increasing pauperisation and immiserisation of millions of people, especially women and children. Naila Kabeer has performed a daunting task in examining the effect of economic globalisation on gender relations for a large majority of the poor around the world and the affirmative actions taken by the nation states.


Gender Audits As An Input To Engender Governance: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Jan 2008

Gender Audits As An Input To Engender Governance: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

‘gender audit’ is referred to as ‘mainstreaming’ public policy, including legislation, regulations, allocations, taxation and social projects, from the point of view of their effect on the status of women in a given society. Gender audits also analyse the income and expenditures of the government from a gender perspective. The basic assumption of a gender audits is that public policy impacts differently on men and women. The variance stems from the different roles of women and men in the family and from the lower economic status of women. The purpose of gender audits is to lead to changes in public ...


Economics: Labor And Health In South Asia By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2006

Economics: Labor And Health In South Asia By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

In Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, inferior terms of women’s employment perpetuate their subordination in family and society and impact their health adversely. How women are paid and valued in the fields, factories, and offices has direct bearing on women workers’ status within and outside the workplace. The statistical profile of women’s work in South Asia reveals ahigh maternal mortality rate, adverse sex ratios, low levels of literacy, the highest work participation of women in agriculture, and women’s estimated earned income as less than half that of men, signifying the undervaluation and unpaid nature of ...


Sex Selection & Pre Birth Elimination Of Girl Child, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2005

Sex Selection & Pre Birth Elimination Of Girl Child, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act was enacted in 1994 as a result of pressure created by Forum Against Sex-determination and Sex –preselection. But it was not implemented. After another decade of campaigning by women’s rights organisations and public interest litigation filed by CEHAT, MASUM and Dr. Sabu George, The Pre-natal Diagnostics Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Amendment Act, 2002 received the assent of the President of India on 17-1-2003. The Act provides “for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception, and for regulation of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purposes of detecting genetic abnormalities or metabolic disorders ...


Obituary Thakor Shah By Amar Jesani & Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel May 2004

Obituary Thakor Shah By Amar Jesani & Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

At a time when the nation needs people who could keep alive the secular conscience of Gujarat, the passing away of Thakor Shah on April 10, 2004 in Vadodara due to massive heart attack has come as a big jolt. He died while participating in the meeting of the network of social movements in Gujarat. Of the 76 years he lived, he spent over 60 years in public life, making personal sacrifices, fearlessly withstanding all attacks – physical and political – in his incessant struggle for organising working masses for their rights and justice. His life was a political journey in search ...


Adverse Juvenile Sex Ratio In Kerala By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel May 2002

Adverse Juvenile Sex Ratio In Kerala By Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Census 2001 has revealed a deterioration in the juvenile malefemale sex ratio in Kerala. Hospital birth records can help establish sex ratios at birth and thus the prevalence of female foeticide. However, civil society and the state will need to pitch in to check the misuse of technology for female foeticide in Kerala


Campaigns Against Gender Violence (1977-1993), Professor Vibhuti Patel Jan 1998

Campaigns Against Gender Violence (1977-1993), Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

The women's movement in India launched campaigns against rape, domestic violence, sexism in advertisements as well as against state repression during caste and communal riots in the early eighties. Before that, during the postemergency period of 1977-1980, small groups of women's rights activists in Hyderabad, Bombay, Delhi and Madras had started taking up individual cases of custodial rape, deaths of-housewives under mysterious circumstances and excesses by the state enforcement machinery during caste/communal riots which had increased in number and intensity of violence. The mass of poor women involved in the struggles of the tribal people, the industrial ...