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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Images Outside The Mirror?: Mozambique And Portugal In World History, Maria Paula Meneses Jan 2012

Images Outside The Mirror?: Mozambique And Portugal In World History, Maria Paula Meneses

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The author, speaking as a Mozambican researcher living and working in Portugal, examines the different types of knowledge about the history of the colonial relationship and the independence movement produced in the two countries. The colonial project entailed the construction of (at least) two divergent narratives on the meanings of the Portuguese presence in Mozambique, narratives that render difficult any possibility of mutual recognition. Colonialism involved much forgetting and silencing; the dominant Eurocentric perspective on colonial history needs to be questioned and problematized. This is not contradictory with a critical questioning of the official post-colonial narrative of the independent Mozambican ...


“Indépendance!”: The Belgo-Congolese Dispute In The Tervuren Museum, Véronique Bragard Jan 2011

“Indépendance!”: The Belgo-Congolese Dispute In The Tervuren Museum, Véronique Bragard

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

50 years after Congolese Independence was declared on June 30th 1960 with Joseph Kasa-Vubu as President and Patrice Lumumba as Prime Minister, the Tervuren Museum of Central Africa (Brussels), originally built as the “Musée du Congo” by Léopold II, inaugurated the exhibition “Indépendance! Congolese Tell Their Stories of 50 Years of Independence.” This article examines how this event offers a sharp contrast to many Belgian museographic approaches to Belgium’s colonial past and emerges as a groundbreaking step for Belgium in recognizing the devastating effects of its colonial past. The study first analyzes the past of denial experienced by the ...


Representation Of Africa And The African Diaspora In European Museums, Artwell Cain Jan 2011

Representation Of Africa And The African Diaspora In European Museums, Artwell Cain

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Museums in Europe have a tradition of marginalizing the image and narrative of persons from the African Diaspora. This is often evident in the frequency of appearances and the quality of these scarce productions. Another point of interest is the manner in which these productions are presented. On the one hand, several questions arise regarding the representation of the African after the abolishment of chattel slavery right up to this present age of emancipation. Who gathers and presents these cultural artifacts? Which criteria are applied during the gathering and production of these presentations? Which sorts of museums are inclined to ...


Slavery, Colonialism And Museums Representations In Great Britain: Old And New Circuits Of Migration, Stephen Small Jan 2011

Slavery, Colonialism And Museums Representations In Great Britain: Old And New Circuits Of Migration, Stephen Small

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

One of the consequences of British colonialism across the world was the appropriation of cultural artifacts, sacred and precious objects; and one of the legacies is their display in British museums. For more than one hundred years the museums of Great Britain have functioned to bolster national (white) pride and glorify British culture by showcasing a wide array of artifacts plundered and looted during European slavery and colonialism. One of the most significant legacies of British colonialism is the migration of minorities to the metropolis, their permanent settlement there and the growth of local-born populations. These groups have mobilized successful ...


Framing Cultural Diversity Courses Post U.S. 2008 Presidential Elections, Marjorie Jones Jan 2010

Framing Cultural Diversity Courses Post U.S. 2008 Presidential Elections, Marjorie Jones

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Historical events are often used both as descriptors and ‘projections’ of the tenor of a nation. The election of Barak Obama as the 44th president of the United States was seen as a turning point in U.S. history. How should this historical event inform the framing and teaching of higher education courses which focus on race and cultural issues in the U.S.? This question was asked of adult learners enrolled in a course examining the African American experience in the U.S. Since the higher education classroom provides a unique opportunity to present, explore and understand many controversial ...


Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier Jan 2010

Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper argues that France is not more Islamophobic than other European countries. An ‘institutional Islamophobia’ or ‘State Islamophobia’ doesn’t really exist. However, the relation toward Islam is complex and determined by the “missionary mind” which persists by wishing to emancipate Muslims from their religion, perceived as an archaic, obscurantist and despotic phenomenon. French society specificity expresses itself in the tendency to ‘ideologize’ Islam. In front of the ‘danger’ of the political Islam (fundamentalism, radical Islam, Islamoterrorism…), French institutions would like to promote their own conception of a ‘regenerated Islam’ (comparable to the ‘regenerated Judaism’ during the Third Republic ...


But There Are No Longer Any Anti-Semites! Vicious Circles, Jewish Destinies, And A Complementary Framework To Read De-Colonial Discourses, Santiago E. Slabodsky Mar 2009

But There Are No Longer Any Anti-Semites! Vicious Circles, Jewish Destinies, And A Complementary Framework To Read De-Colonial Discourses, Santiago E. Slabodsky

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In this article I attempt to find in the post-1945/8 renewal of the imperial role of the Jew a complementary framework to understand the supposed de-colonial anti-Semitism. Departing from the analysis of anti-Semitism by the Frankfurt School, I will demonstrate the need to go beyond the vicious circles of the current debate and include the interplay between the centre and periphery regarding the imperial role of the Jew. Tracing the latter through a five-hundred year period, I will re-evaluate typologies of anti-Semitism and point out the need to read post-1945/8 de-colonial anti-Semitism as a confrontation with the colonial ...


Role And Impact Of Intellectual Factor In The 18th-20th Centuries' European Conception Of 'Jews As Jews': A Revisitation, Rabson Wuriga Mar 2009

Role And Impact Of Intellectual Factor In The 18th-20th Centuries' European Conception Of 'Jews As Jews': A Revisitation, Rabson Wuriga

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The paper advances an argument that European intellectual community played a role that influenced attitudes and policies of anti-Semitic conception of Jews as Jews. It goes on to explore various ideas propounded by some famous thinkers and scientists that dominated the 18th-20th centuries Europe: such as classification of races, systematic and mathematical order of things, rights of man, categorization of races, autonomous reason, metaphysics of eating, etc. The paper also argues that European conception of Jews exerted pressure intended to cause assimilation of Jews into host-nations. Consequently, European Jewry conceded to this pressure and was imbibed into European racial fantasies ...


Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo Mar 2009

Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Walter Mignolo discusses how racial formations in colonialism and imperialism have to be understood in the context of the simultaneous transformation of Christianity and the emergence of the capitalist world economy. In his contribution he focuses on how Christian theology prepared the terrain for two complementary articulations of racism. One was founded on Christian epistemic privilege over the two major competing religions (Jews and Muslims), the other on a secularization of theological detachment culminating in the "purity of blood" that became the biological and natural marker (Indians, Blacks, Mestizos, Mulatos) of what used to be the marker of religious belief ...


Olaudah Equiano: Facts About His People And Place Of Birth, Friday Onyeoziri Sep 2008

Olaudah Equiano: Facts About His People And Place Of Birth, Friday Onyeoziri

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Olaudah Equiano, an African-American born in 1745 in Essaka, a town in modern eastern Nigeria, is reputed as the first African-born former slave to write his autobiography without the help or direction of white writers of his time like his predecessors. His work is recognized "not only as one of the first works written in English by a former slave, but perhaps more important as the paradigm of the slave narrative, a new literary genre" (Olaudah). Equiano's Narratives lately became the focus of some controversies by his critics who question the authenticity of his claims, which they see as ...


New Orleans Unveiled: Fanon And A Reconceptualization Of The Performative, Lynnell Thomas Jun 2007

New Orleans Unveiled: Fanon And A Reconceptualization Of The Performative, Lynnell Thomas

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article examines Frantz Fanon's "Algeria Unveiled" as a reconceptualization of J. L. Austin's theory of the performative. Austin, whose examples of the performative all assume an equal, if not harmonious, relationship, overlooks instances of incompatibility and inequality. Fanon's post-colonial framework, in contrast, illustrates the markedly different types of intentions, uptake, and conventions which inform the speech act in cases of extreme inequality. In these cases, the powerless and seemingly voiceless use tacitly agreed upon conventions inappropriately to attain what they would not be able to have otherwise. Fanon's notion of the performative is used to ...


The Dual-State Character Of U.S. Coloniality: Notes Toward Decolonization, Steve Martinot Jun 2007

The Dual-State Character Of U.S. Coloniality: Notes Toward Decolonization, Steve Martinot

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

I begin with the story of Jack Johnson, the black prizefighter of the early 20th century who won the heavyweight championship against huge hostility. This introduces the operation of the color line in the U.S., not just as a boundary surrounding white supremacist society, but as the structure of obsessive anti-black populism, whose violence perpetrated against the black community in the U.S. reveals the operation of white racialized identity and its sense of social sanctity and impunity. I examine this white populism as representing a "state" that stands alternate to the Constitutional state. I call a "byelocolonial" state ...


Discovery, Fulfillment, And/Or Betrayal: Frantz Fanon And The Role Of The Intellectual In The Struggle For Freedom, Gary Hicks Jun 2007

Discovery, Fulfillment, And/Or Betrayal: Frantz Fanon And The Role Of The Intellectual In The Struggle For Freedom, Gary Hicks

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

And so welcome to the year 2007, 46 years after Fanon's demise. And welcome to the confusion, I would say a rich and positive confusion, that remains about the expectations of us from those who have given us so much in knowledge of all kinds. And this rich confusion flows largely from a certain fuzziness about "what time it is" historically. A world very different from that of Fanon's post-World War II globe of cold war, mutually assured atomic destruction, and all sorts of national liberation and anti colonial struggles. But let me hastily add, also a world ...


A Dying Hegemony: Resisting Anti-Arab Racism In The U.S., Adam Spanos Jun 2007

A Dying Hegemony: Resisting Anti-Arab Racism In The U.S., Adam Spanos

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

What analytics does Frantz Fanon contribute to the study of racisms? Although political ideologies constitute racism, the latter takes on a life of its own and comes to exist in a reciprocally constitutive relationship with political ideologies. I elaborate on the theory of hegemony developed by Laclau and Mouffe and relate it to the present American context in order to analyze what I take to be a distinct break in American perceptions of Arabs, Middle Easterners, and Muslims and the crystallization of racism against them. Having demonstrated the intimate link between American international power, its supporting ideologies, and the Othering ...


On The Dialectics Of Domestic Colonialism & The Role Of Violence In Liberation: From Fratricide To Suicide, Jemadari Kamara, Tony Menelik Van Der Meer Jun 2007

On The Dialectics Of Domestic Colonialism & The Role Of Violence In Liberation: From Fratricide To Suicide, Jemadari Kamara, Tony Menelik Van Der Meer

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In the development of imperialism unique circumstances occur when colonial-like, structural relationships occur with domestic populations. These circumstances produce internal tensions which become manifest in various forms. Among them are mis-education, crime, and violence. This essay will explore the particular characteristics of these manifestations as they developed within the United States. It will discuss the unique role racism plays in enhancing the contradictions in this society. It will also discuss conceptions of violence in these relationships, how they developed and their implications for twenty first century America.


Fanon And Duboisian Double Consciousness, Marc Black Jun 2007

Fanon And Duboisian Double Consciousness, Marc Black

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Within an American context, W.E.B. DuBois defines double consciousness as blacks being forced to view themselves through white perspectives while maintaining their own selfdefinitions. Works of Frantz Fanon, and other classic writers on colonialism, show evidence that colonized peoples also experience the condition of double consciousness. This similarity of double consciousness between people of color in the U.S. and colonized people historically supports the claim of close connections between racism in the U.S. and colonialism internationally. When double consciousness is unilateral, when it is experienced only by the oppressed, double consciousness is unhealthy. However, when whites ...


Islamophobia/Hispanophobia: The (Re) Configuration Of The Racial Imperial/Colonial Matrix, Walter D. Mignolo Sep 2006

Islamophobia/Hispanophobia: The (Re) Configuration Of The Racial Imperial/Colonial Matrix, Walter D. Mignolo

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

There are enormous historical and social differences in the imperial making of Islamophobia--the fear and the hatred toward a powerful and widespread religion--and Hispanophobia--the fear and hatred toward secular subaltern forces with mixed religious beliefs that emerged in the seventies in the U.S. without the extended political connections or support from "Latin America." We need to understand how the imperial imaginary constructs phobias in the mind of civil society, but at the same time be aware that on the other side of the imperial/colonial phobias potent de-colonial forces are at work, among Moslems and within Hispanics in the ...