Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Deconstructing Cultural Food Borders: The Creation Of New Latinidades In Latina Literature Through Consumption, Elizabeth Vigil Feb 2019

Deconstructing Cultural Food Borders: The Creation Of New Latinidades In Latina Literature Through Consumption, Elizabeth Vigil

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

This research explores contemporary Latinx literature to examine the way discourse about food is presented as a form of socio-cultural control through the demand for culturally regulated forms of consumption. Judgmental discourse in what is said about food, how it is said, and expected behaviors of consumption are tied to the creation of a collective Latinx cultural identity. This cultural identity and its expected authenticity revolve around eating foods that are considered static segments of Puerto Rican cultural tradition. It works to assess expectations of identity which are forced upon individuals. This investigation looks at how the refusal of cultural ...


Gendering Of Home And Homelessness In Latinx Literature, Maria P. Ahumada Feb 2019

Gendering Of Home And Homelessness In Latinx Literature, Maria P. Ahumada

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

This research interrogates the gendering of notions of home and homelessness using the theoretical framing of Anzaldúa in a critical analysis of the works of Sandra Cisneros in The House on Mango Street, and Helena Maria Viramontes' The Moths and Other Stories. The women in these narrative struggle with the societal expectations that are imposed on them through patriarchal ideals, which invade the spaces of their home. This framework can lead to a sense of outsiderness and feelings of homelessness within the home for women when they realize that they are being oppressed by a dominant culture.


On Being As Passage And Plurality Of Self: Postcolonial Caribbean Identity In Merle Hodge's Crick Crack, Monkey, Amanda González Izquierdo Feb 2019

On Being As Passage And Plurality Of Self: Postcolonial Caribbean Identity In Merle Hodge's Crick Crack, Monkey, Amanda González Izquierdo

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

This essay examines questions of home and identity in a postcolonial Caribbean context. Situating itself in the dialogue between continental philosophy and postcolonial theory, this research explores how identity formations are processes which negotiate fragmentary demands of being as well as the various ruptures and dislocations that are resultants of colonization. This paper proposes that in thinking of postcolonial identities, we must explicitly and necessarily consider multiplicity, alterity, diaspora, and interstitial spaces. Focusing on Merle Hodge's novel Crick Crack, Monkey, this essay thinks through protagonist Tee's process of becoming, a process which is fluid, dynamic, and never complete ...


Just War Theory: A Shift In Perspective, Hermes Rocha Feb 2019

Just War Theory: A Shift In Perspective, Hermes Rocha

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

War is an extreme human activity—not only because of the horror of war, but because of the severe emotional, physical, psychological, and moral strain it has on its combatants. Understanding war from the combatant’s point of view is hard enough without personally experiencing war. Without the direct experience of combat, an epistemic gap lies between one who knows what it is like and those lucky enough not to experience it. Consequently, the theoretical propositions of just and unjust conduct in war become difficult to support. I argue that just war theory and its tenets such as jus in ...


Voices Of Duranguito: A Barrio Under Siege, Johanna M. Lopez Velador Feb 2019

Voices Of Duranguito: A Barrio Under Siege, Johanna M. Lopez Velador

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

Duranguito, the historic first neighborhood of El Paso, Texas, is on the verge of being destroyed. Through the use of oral histories, the experiences of the people who currently live there and those who protect it are captured to tell the unique history of a low income and mostly immigrant elderly community. At this time of turmoil, it is important to capture oral histories in order to highlight the sense of community felt among the residents before those memories are lost. Over one-third of the residents have been displaced already and many others are under threat of being displaced over ...


Philadelphia 1772 Tax List (Complete) Matched With 1775 Constables Returns, Billy G. Smith, Gary B. Nash Dec 2018

Philadelphia 1772 Tax List (Complete) Matched With 1775 Constables Returns, Billy G. Smith, Gary B. Nash

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

This dataset contains Everyone on THE 1772 TAX LIST FOR PHILADELPHIA (10 WARDS) & Suburbs (NORTHERN LIBERTIES AND SOUTHWARK). Also included is information from “matching” taxpayers with a sample of 50% of the 1775 Constables Return from Philadelphia. Added to the 1772 tax list is information for taxpayers who also received assistance from various agencies for whom records are still extant. (Project 50)


Fossils, Apes, Humans: A Chapter In The History Of Science, Revisited, Carlo Ginzburg Sep 2018

Fossils, Apes, Humans: A Chapter In The History Of Science, Revisited, Carlo Ginzburg

A.S.W. Rosenbach Lectures in Bibliography

Today we regard paleontology and connoisseurship as very distant spheres of knowledge. But are they not sharing a commitment to the decipherment of clues, either natural or cultural? This somewhat speculative argument can be substantiated by two historically connected case studies, focusing on the trajectories of two friends, Petrus Camper (1722-1789) and François-Xavier de Burtin (1743-1818). The former, a well- known Dutch anatomist, was interested in painting and physiognomy. The latter, a much less known but very remakable figure, moved from the study of fossils to the study of paintings. Their relationship unveils an unknown chapter in the history ...


Manumissions Database, Charleston District, South Carolina (1776-1800), John Marks Jun 2018

Manumissions Database, Charleston District, South Carolina (1776-1800), John Marks

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

This database contains all of the manumissions filed in Charleston District from 1776-1800 contained in the Miscellaneous Records section of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. After 1800, South Carolina changed its manumission laws (requiring court approval for manumission), causing the paperwork associated with them to be filed elsewhere (likely with the no longer extent records of the court of magistrates and freeholders.

For more information, see John Garrison Marks, "Race and Freedom in the African Americas: Free People of Color and Social Mobility in Cartagena and Charleston," PhD Dissertation (2016, Rice University).


Becoming Owners: African American Property Ownership, Berean Building And Loan, And The City Of Philadelphia, 1890 To 1920, Ricardo Orlando Howell Jan 2017

Becoming Owners: African American Property Ownership, Berean Building And Loan, And The City Of Philadelphia, 1890 To 1920, Ricardo Orlando Howell

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation traces the contours of African American property ownership in in the city, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. How did a moment of political deterioration during the 1890s foster African-American movements for civic accountability and political mobilization in the Quaker City? This study connects material achievement and the pursuit of property ownership among African Americans to the growth of church-based, minister-led, and property-focused associations. Historians have not often considered the connection between ostensibly moral-missioned institutions, the property they and their communities owned, and later political expressions. By raising and contextualizing a heretofore unexamined set of nearly ...


The Adjudicatory State: Sovereignty, Property, And Law In The U.S. Territories, 1783-1802, Gregory Ablavsky Ablavsky Jan 2016

The Adjudicatory State: Sovereignty, Property, And Law In The U.S. Territories, 1783-1802, Gregory Ablavsky Ablavsky

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

“The Adjudicatory State” traces the collision between the federal legal vision for

the early American West and the preexisting laws and customs that governed the region.

To administer the vast region it obtained in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, the United States

created the territorial system, under which federal officials would temporarily govern

western “territories” until they achieved statehood. The federal government would also

survey and sell the public domain to private purchasers. But these grand plans ran afoul

of territorial realities. Both the Northwest Territory, encompassing much of the present-day

Midwest, and the Southwest Territory, encompassing present-day Tennessee, were ...


Policing, Race, And Politics In Chicago, Peter Constantine Pihos Jan 2015

Policing, Race, And Politics In Chicago, Peter Constantine Pihos

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Policing, Race, and Politics in Chicago asks how local political institutions structured the relationship between race and policing in Chicago. It follows Renault Robinson, the Afro-American Patrolmen’s League, and their allies, as they challenged both a political order in which black politicians and voters played critical roles and a Police Department that had the most black officers of any in the United States by the early 1960s. Their activism impelled recognition that Richard J. Daley’s Democratic Party and city government simultaneously incorporated and subordinated black urbanites. Daley’s political monopoly forced the League to seek leverage outside of ...


Philadelphia Census Of Almshouse 1807-1810, Billy G. Smith Aug 2014

Philadelphia Census Of Almshouse 1807-1810, Billy G. Smith

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

This data is created from the census of the Philadelphia Almshouse from 1807 to 1810. The census is from the Philadelphia City Archives, Guardians of the Poor. We used microfilm loaned to us from the Mormon Library in SLC, Film 956,463.


Interactive Map Of Contraband Camps, Abigail Cooper Jan 2014

Interactive Map Of Contraband Camps, Abigail Cooper

History Digital Projects

Map for "Lord, Until I Reach My Home": Inside the Refugee Camps of the American Civil War.


The Mobocratic City: Race, Space And Citizenship In Nineteenth Century Philadelphia, Andrew Crocco Jan 2013

The Mobocratic City: Race, Space And Citizenship In Nineteenth Century Philadelphia, Andrew Crocco

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on publics and the public sphere to argue that communication theory should investigate connections across discourse, space, and practice in the creation and maintenance of publics. I chose antebellum Philadelphia as my test case for two reasons. First, theorists such as Jurgen Habermas have identified the antebellum period as the time when the public sphere ceased to be maintained through face-to-face relations and became connected by means of the news media. Second, tremendous social and political conflict also characterized this period when categories considered by communications theory to be discursively constructed, such as "race" and "nation," were ...


Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf Jan 2013

Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the narrative strategies and performative devices of African-American politics in the post-civil rights era. My inquiry focuses on demagoguery--a term dating from classical antiquity--in order to implicate it in African-American political discourses, in particular those of Tavis Smiley's former State of the Black Union, 2000-2010. Indeed, I posit that Smiley's former annual event is an important site for thinking about modern black demagoguery and the aestheticization of black politics. Through close readings and original transcriptions of Louis Farrakhan (b. 1933), Cornel West (b. 1953), and Michael Eric Dyson (b. 1958), I show that the inevitable ...


Japan's Asia-Pacific Migrations And The Making Of The Japanese Empire, 1868-1945, Sidney Xu Lu Jan 2013

Japan's Asia-Pacific Migrations And The Making Of The Japanese Empire, 1868-1945, Sidney Xu Lu

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation argues that the Japanese modern nation was formed not only from the inside but also from the outside, through nationalizing Japanese emigrants around the Pacific Rim. The study examines critical roles of Japanese overseas emigrants in shaping the ideologies and social movements in the Japanese empire. It discusses how the efforts made by Japanese thinkers and social educators in nationalizing these dispersed and marginal subjects were crucial to the creation of Japanese modernity.

This study defines Japanese imperialism as "diasporic" in three dimensions. First, it illustrates the close and dynamic connections Japanese migration to the empire's Asian ...


"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger Dec 2010

"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes black and Puerto Rican prison protest in the 1970s. I argue that prisoners elucidated a nationalist philosophy of racial formation that saw racism as a site of confinement but racial identity as a vehicle for emancipation. Trying to force the country to see its sites of punishment as discriminatory locations of repression, prisoners used spectacular confrontation to dramatize their conditions of confinement as epitomizing American inequality. I investigate this radicalism as an effort to secure visibility, understood here as a metric of collective consciousness. In documenting the ways prisoners were symbols and spokespeople of 1970s racial protest ...


Before We Were Chicanas/Os: The Mexican American Experience In California Higher Education, 1848-1945, Christopher Tudico May 2010

Before We Were Chicanas/Os: The Mexican American Experience In California Higher Education, 1848-1945, Christopher Tudico

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Mexican American students have a long and proud history of enrolling in colleges and universities across the state of California for nearly 160 years, since shortly after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Yet, inexplicably, historians of higher education have virtually ignored the Mexican American experience in California higher education. Based on the examination of primary sources such as the diary of Californio Jesús María Estudillo, the records of the University of California, and the college student-led Mexican American Movement’s newspaper, The Mexican Voice, this study reconstructs the history of the Mexican American experience in California higher education ...


Art Fronts: Visual Culture And Race Politics In The Mid-Twentieth-Century United States, Erin P. Cohn May 2010

Art Fronts: Visual Culture And Race Politics In The Mid-Twentieth-Century United States, Erin P. Cohn

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ART FRONTS: VISUAL CULTURE AND RACE POLITICS IN THE MID-TWENTIETH-CENTURY UNITED STATES Erin Park Cohn Supervisor: Kathy Peiss Art Fronts argues that visual culture played a central and understudied role in the African American freedom struggle in the middle part of the twentieth century. In particular, it traces the political lives and cultural productions of a generation of visual artists, both black and white, who seized on the Depression-era ethos of art as a weapon to forge a particular form of visual activism that agitated for social, political, and economic equality for African Americans. Participating in the proliferation of visual ...


Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain May 2010

Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, in a 3-paper format, uses three data sets to study three aspects of terrorism in Pakistan. In the first paper, using data from the GTD, I describe empirically the temporal and spatial patterns of terrorism incidents in Pakistan from 1974 to 2007. In addition, I also describe the patterns in target types, weapon types and terrorist types and the patterns prior to and following the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Analysis methods include the univariate time series, descriptive statistics and the GIS. The study offers new insights on the measurement of terrorism, the cyclical nature ...


Negotiating The Cultural Turn As Universities Adopt A Corporate Model In An Economic Downturn, Timothy B. Powell May 2010

Negotiating The Cultural Turn As Universities Adopt A Corporate Model In An Economic Downturn, Timothy B. Powell

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

I would like to begin by thanking Jerry McGann for inviting me to engage in this vital discussion. As someone who works with Native American communities, which are rarely represented in forums like this one, it means a great deal to have these indigenous voices recognized and authorized. I would also like to thank Ken Price for his very thoughtful essay. This response seeks to pursue in greater depth an issue raised by Ken’s comparison between the Walt Whitman Archive, a “single author-based” project begun in 1995, and Civil War Washington, a “theme-based” archive currently in development. More specifically ...


A Digital Partnership: Penn Museum And Ojibwe Tribal Historians, Timothy B. Powell, Larry Aitken Feb 2007

A Digital Partnership: Penn Museum And Ojibwe Tribal Historians, Timothy B. Powell, Larry Aitken

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

In January 2007, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) awarded a grant to the Penn Museum in collaboration with tribal historians and language teachers from the White Earth, Leech Lake, and Fond du Lac bands of the Ojibwe Nation in northern Minnesota. This partnership—entitled Gi Bugadin-a-maa Goom (Ojibwe: “To Sanction, to Give Authority, to Bring to Life”)—offers an exciting glimpse into how digital technology can be utilized to benefit the Museum and Ojibwe communities on equal terms.


A New Crusade Or An Old One?, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2003

A New Crusade Or An Old One?, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Scholars frequently acknowledge the force of political Islam in shaping the Muslim societies of Africa and Asia, but seldom consider the role that Christian activism has played in these societies, particularly in the context o f Western imperialism and globalization. Of central importance here is the history of Christian missionary attempts to convert Muslims in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries - a period when the British, French, and Dutch colonial powers lent their protection to European and American evangelical groups that operated within their overseas empires.


A Different Shade Of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, And The Mastery Of The Sudan [Review], Heather J. Sharkey Jan 2003

A Different Shade Of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, And The Mastery Of The Sudan [Review], Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

In A Different Shade of Colonialism, Eve M. Troutt Powell examines Egypt's ambiguous relationship with the Sudan in the period from approximately 1800 to the late 1920s. She suggests that this relationship was complicated by Egypt's position as a "colonized colonizer" - that is, as an imperial power in the Nile Valley which itself became vulnerable first to French and later to British colonialism. Powell focuses on Sudan- or Sudanese-related commentaries by key Egyptian thinkers, including travelers, journalists, and others, many of whom (such as Rifa'a Rafi' al-Tahtawi, Mustafa Kamil, and Huda Sha'rawi) played prominent roles in ...


Islam And Power In The Twentieth Century, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2001

Islam And Power In The Twentieth Century, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Politics And Islam In Contemporary Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey Sep 1998

Politics And Islam In Contemporary Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


The Persistence Of The Andalusian Identity In Rabat, Morocco, Beebe Bahrami Jan 1995

The Persistence Of The Andalusian Identity In Rabat, Morocco, Beebe Bahrami

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This thesis investigates the problem of how an historical identity persists within a community in Rabat, Morocco, that traces its ancestry to Spain. Called Andalusians, these Moroccans are descended from Spanish Muslims who were first forced to convert to Christianity after 1492, and were expelled from the Iberian peninsula in the early seventeenth century. I conducted both ethnographic and historical archival research among Rabati Andalusian families. There are four main reasons for the persistence of the Andalusian identity in spite of the strong acculturative forces of religion, language, and culture in Moroccan society. First, the presence of a strong historical ...


Toni Morrison: The Struggle To Depict The Black Figure On The White Page, Timothy B. Powell Jan 1990

Toni Morrison: The Struggle To Depict The Black Figure On The White Page, Timothy B. Powell

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

This problem of how to represent the black self on the white page, how to overcome the inherent ethnocentrism of the Western literary tradition, is one with which both the critic and the novelist of Afro-American literature must struggle to come to terms. As Gates points out, it is a tradition which dates all the way back to Plato's metaphor of the soul -of a white horse which is described as a "follower of true glory" and another, "of a dark color," which in turn attempts to lead the soul "to do terrible and unlawful deeds." For those who ...