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Chicana/o Studies

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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Documenting The Undocumented: An Ethnography Of Mexican Immigrant Juan Estrada Salazar, Vanessa Dominguez Mar 2019

Documenting The Undocumented: An Ethnography Of Mexican Immigrant Juan Estrada Salazar, Vanessa Dominguez

Eddie Mabry Diversity Award

This ethnographic research seeks to offer an examination of the ways in which I, alongside my grandfather, Juan Estrada Salazar, utilize storytelling as a way to preserve culture and understand self and community.


Surviving The Alamo, Violence Vengeance, And Women’S Solidarity In Emma Pérez’S Forgetting The Alamo, Or, Blood Memory, Adrianna M. Santos Mar 2019

Surviving The Alamo, Violence Vengeance, And Women’S Solidarity In Emma Pérez’S Forgetting The Alamo, Or, Blood Memory, Adrianna M. Santos

English Faculty Publications

This article analyzes Chicana feminist texts to frame a discussion of survival as a theoretical concept. Using Emma Pérez’s historical novel Forgetting the Alamo, Or, Blood Memory as a window into the decolonial imaginary, I introduce the concept of survival narrative as a framework for analysis of Chicana literature, and briefly review Chicana feminist theory to support the argument. Examples from Perez’s novel illustrate the power of the survival narrative to advance a decolonial perspective. The novel reinscribes mainstream representations of gender violence that characterize the traditional Western by focusing on the empowerment that comes from solidarity amongst ...


Little Race Or Gender Bias In An Experiment Of Initial Review Of Nih R01 Grant Proposals, Patrick S. Forscher, William T.L. Cox, Markus Brauer, Patricia G. Devine Jan 2019

Little Race Or Gender Bias In An Experiment Of Initial Review Of Nih R01 Grant Proposals, Patrick S. Forscher, William T.L. Cox, Markus Brauer, Patricia G. Devine

Psychological Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Many granting agencies allow reviewers to know the identity of a proposal’s Principal Investigator (PI), which opens the possibility that reviewers discriminate on the basis of PI race and gender. We investigated this experimentally with 48 NIH R01 grant proposals, representing a broad spectrum of NIH-funded science. We modified PI names to create separate White male, White female, Black male, and Black female versions of each proposal, and 412 scientists each submitted initial reviews for three proposals. We find little to no race or gender bias in initial R01 evaluations, and additionally find that any bias that might have ...


Toward Culturally Competent Archival (Re)Description Of Marginalized Histories, Annie Tang, Dorothy Berry, Kelly Bolding, Rachel E. Winston Aug 2018

Toward Culturally Competent Archival (Re)Description Of Marginalized Histories, Annie Tang, Dorothy Berry, Kelly Bolding, Rachel E. Winston

Library Presentations, Posters, and Videos

Influenced by the radical archives movement, panelists discuss their (re)processing projects for which they wrote or rewrote descriptions in culturally competent approaches. Their case studies include materials regarding underrepresented peoples and historically oppressed groups who are marginalized from or maligned in the archival record. Targeted to processors, this session aims to teach participants to apply their cultural competencies in writing finding aids through an introduction to cultural competency framework, the case study examples, and a short audience-participation exercise.


Self-Perceived Success Of First-Generation College-Going Latinx Students, Sarah Mongillo Apr 2018

Self-Perceived Success Of First-Generation College-Going Latinx Students, Sarah Mongillo

Honors Scholar Theses

This exploratory study aims to address the unique experiences of Latinx first-generation college-going students during their undergraduate careers. Literature has emphasized the obstacles Latinx students face during admission phase to college; this research examines the experiences of students attending a predominantly white institution (PWI) in the northeast. Latinx individuals are the most underrepresented ethnic group on college campuses, and those whose parents lack knowledge of the US education system must overcome additional struggles. Through qualitative data analysis of 20 undergraduate students’ survey responses, this study finds that first-generation college-going Latinx students feel isolated in their college experience and prioritize non-traditional ...


A Failing System, Tyler Gedney Jan 2018

A Failing System, Tyler Gedney

2018 Symposium

The purpose of this research is to discover the underlying issues that Chicano children have in the American education system. The idea is to emphasis the importance of a good educational backing for all students, giving an equal opportunity to students of all ethnicity. The research will look at the work of Barbara Schhneider, Sylvia Martinez, and Ann Ownes and the idea of economic and social resource disadvantages that Mexican Americans have. This paper will also look at how the home language of immigrant parents affects the learning of adolescence in the American school system. In addition, the research will ...


Dropout Rate Among Chicano And Latino Immigrant High School Students, Emma Smith Jan 2018

Dropout Rate Among Chicano And Latino Immigrant High School Students, Emma Smith

2018 Symposium

This paper will discuss the dropout rate among Chicanx immigrant high school students in the U.S. This study will exhibit a much higher percentage of Latinx dropouts compared to any other ethnic group in America from 2003 to 2015. There will be specific factors identified as to why this is true, among them, language barriers, the age at which the child first immigrated, and their prior schooling. Additionally, this work explores what can be done to reduce the dropout rates. With the help of scholarly articles, reviews and data analysis, this paper will demonstrate the problems that foreign born ...


Latinos: Breaking The Barrier Of College Education Completion, Wendolyn J. Martinez Jan 2018

Latinos: Breaking The Barrier Of College Education Completion, Wendolyn J. Martinez

2018 Symposium

After being met with disadvantage for years Latinos have begun to break away from stereotypes and reaching new highs in college enrollment as the group experiences reduced high school dropout rates. Despite the high rate of Latino college enrollment, low completion rates of bachelor’s and associate degree programs persist. The goal of this project is to identify the barriers Latinos experience while attending higher education, prompting them to drop out and suggest solutions to these problems. Through the analysis of data from scholarly sources and the U.S Census Bureau, conclusions are drawn on the reasons Latinos have such ...


Academic Focus On Hispanic Students In Predominantly White Institutions, Marixza Torres Jan 2018

Academic Focus On Hispanic Students In Predominantly White Institutions, Marixza Torres

2018 Symposium

This project explores the extent in which federally funded programs, Chicano/a studies courses and Chicano/a Studies departments in predominantly white institutions have provided an inclusive learning environment for Hispanic students. The goal of this paper is to shed light on the resources universities provide for Hispanic students. Studies have shown that Latinos students attending predominantly white institutions experience more hardships because of the resources that are less inclusive of their experiences. This work uses peer review and scholarly sources as the method of analysis to assess the effectiveness of retention practices by colleges and universities with Hispanic students.


Dual-Language Immersion, Joseph C. Miller Jan 2018

Dual-Language Immersion, Joseph C. Miller

2018 Symposium

While latinos make up 18% of the American population, many analysts are noticing a problem with their education (Flores, 2017). One attempt to confront this problem is by the implementation of Dual-Language Immersion programs. The attempts to successfully transition first generation Spanish-speaking children into a predominantly English-speaking society like America have produced negative effects on their cognitive development. This establishes the premise for educational hardship throughout their scholastic development. Research has shown that Dual-Language Immersion has become an answer for this issue addressing the gaps and pitfalls that first generation Spanish-speaking children experience in a basic educational platform (Valdes, 1997 ...


Standardized Test And The Impact On Latino Students, Jose A. Hernandez Jan 2018

Standardized Test And The Impact On Latino Students, Jose A. Hernandez

2018 Symposium

This research reports on what Standardized Test are telling us about the type of education students of color are receiving and how it impacts them and the schools they attend. The method of analysis for this research relies on multiple peer reviewed articles and journals to draw conclusions on the impact of standardized testing. Upon examining the data, it has become clear that standardized testing indicate students of color are not getting the quality of education that their white counter parts are receiving. Standardized testing has clearly shown the education gap which has minimized future educational opportunities due to the ...


Latinos Within Criminal Justice: Lawyers, Jared Ortiz Jan 2018

Latinos Within Criminal Justice: Lawyers, Jared Ortiz

2018 Symposium

The United States has an increasing number of Latinos coming into the country, but Latinos seem to remain under represented in the field of Criminal Justice. According to the Hispanic National Bar Association (HNBA), the United States Latino population is 18 percent. Meanwhile, Latinos make up less than 2 percent of all lawyers in the United States. Does that mean Latinos are not becoming lawyers due to the high price of law school and/or discrimination? After researching sources such as NBC News, the ABA Journal, Equal Rights Advocates, and the Latin American Law Student Association (LALSA), Latinos have the ...


Parental Deportation Effects On Citizen Children, Esmeralda S. Montano Jan 2018

Parental Deportation Effects On Citizen Children, Esmeralda S. Montano

2018 Symposium

In this paper I will be discussing how Hispanic children are affected by their parents documented status, deportation, and how it can affect them physically and mentally. Studies have shown that children who live in a household where at least one of their parents is undocumented don’t do well in school and are even less likely to graduate from high school (Luis H. Zayas, Lauren E. Gulbas). These children don’t feel secure because of raids that occur and laws that are passed that make it really hard for undocumented people to have a stable life which also affects ...


Why Are Latinxs Underrepresented In Medical Professions?, Elizavet Mariscal Guzman Jan 2018

Why Are Latinxs Underrepresented In Medical Professions?, Elizavet Mariscal Guzman

2018 Symposium

Between 1960 and 2013 the number of Physicians in the United States with Latinx background increased by 3.8%. For example, 7% out of 70,000 bachelor’s degrees in 1986 were acquired by Latinxs. This research examined will address why the health industry is lacking Latinxs in medical professions, along with what factors are impeding them to get into the Medical Field. The methods used will consist of scholarly and peer reviewed articles. Based on preliminary research, the factors contributing to this underrepresentation include lack of role models and resources, as well as urban schools that are infested with ...


Deconstructing Colonization In The Classroom, Claire Israel Jan 2018

Deconstructing Colonization In The Classroom, Claire Israel

2018 Symposium

Many argue that the neocolonial culture that permeates the American public-school system directly leads to the disengagement of Latina/o students. In my research, I aim to unpack each element of this assertion. Though there is still a lot of work to do, many school districts and state public education authorities have introduced various innovative ethnic studies programs into their curriculums in attempts to diversify the content and reengage the Latina/o students in the public education system today. In the last 18 years, the national dropout rate of Latina/o students has dropped by almost half. By way of ...


Chicanos: An Equal Opportunity For Higher Education, Cecilia Zamora Jan 2018

Chicanos: An Equal Opportunity For Higher Education, Cecilia Zamora

2018 Symposium

Latinos are the most rapidly growing population group in the Unites States and now account for the Nation’s largest minority group. This creates a significant opportunity to move forward and grow into more than a typical stereotype. This paper will explore ways to ensure that Latinos can advance and work for the jobs that will lead the U.S. into the 21st century. The U.S. Census Bureau states that 17.8% of Latinos in 2016 graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher compared to Whites at 61.3%. The percentage of Latino students graduating from college of ...


Latinos In The Military, Austin Johnson Jan 2018

Latinos In The Military, Austin Johnson

2018 Symposium

What roles have the Latino American community had in the United States military historically and how did they impact it? How are Latinos shaping the military today? Through historical records, personal accounts, and reputable journals this study leads to the conclusion that Latino Americans regardless of the racial tensions of the past have always been ready and willing to serve for a multitude of reasons including, patriotism, educational benefits, economic advancement, and most importantly equality. There is a trend of increasing numbers of Latinos enlisting in the military. Since the 1980s the number of Hispanic active-duty troops has risen from ...


Latino Communities And The Health System, Savanna Stockman Jan 2018

Latino Communities And The Health System, Savanna Stockman

2018 Symposium

This research project is to give an insight into the relationship between Latinos in both careers and lifestyle. There are thousands of graduates each year into the medical field; yet the percentage of those of Latino descent is below average. This research paper will show the involvement of Latino communities within the medical field. The reasons why the percentage of those in the field is lower than that of any other ethnicity. Surveys of Latino culture would suggest that many feel that the Healthcare system doesn’t satisfy their needs and institution rates of Latino medical graduates is significantly lower ...


The Bracero Program And The Migration From Michoacán To Oregon: 1942-1995, Martin Salinas Jan 2018

The Bracero Program And The Migration From Michoacán To Oregon: 1942-1995, Martin Salinas

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

Examines the Bracero Program and the decades after in a southwestern state in Mexico called Michoacán and looks at the unique historical migration patterns that links Michoacán to Oregon. Oral history interviews of Michoacán migrants who currently live in Oregon are an important component that will be observed in understanding the complicated migration patterns from Michoacán to Oregon.


The Education Gap Among Latina/O Students, Zachary Ray Berkshire Jan 2018

The Education Gap Among Latina/O Students, Zachary Ray Berkshire

2018 Symposium

The focus of this research paper is on the education gap of Latino/a students, between the ages of 18 and 24 compare to White students. According to the U.S Department of Education, about 82% of Latino/as graduated with a diploma or received a GED from high school, compared to the 92% of the White demographic. While the high school graduation rates among Latinos has improved significantly over the last fifteen years, there still need to be further efforts to close the achievement gap. Preliminary research suggests that poverty rates among Latino/a families affects the quality education ...


Obstacles That Latinx/Chicanx Encounter While Getting Into The Medical Field, Shreya Patel Jan 2018

Obstacles That Latinx/Chicanx Encounter While Getting Into The Medical Field, Shreya Patel

2018 Symposium

This research paper informs the audience and presents them with an understanding of Chicanos/Latino education obstacles that are in their way of getting jobs in the medical field. Among these challenges include poverty rates, language barriers and discrimination. This paper discusses the potential opportunities and benefits of Chicano students entering the medical profession. My study assess the current state of Chicano’s in the medical profession and how they can shape their future. This study relies on scholarly sources and peer review journals as the method of analysis from which its conclusions are drawn.


The Link Between Latinx And American Music, Koby T. Sonnabend Jan 2018

The Link Between Latinx And American Music, Koby T. Sonnabend

2018 Symposium

Music is something that is constantly changing along with its listeners. What is unique about music is the affects it can have on communities and specific groups of people while in return, those people change the future music that will be released in the future. As the Latino population grows in the U.S., the impact felt by the culture follows suit. Latinx musical elements are becoming an integrated part of American popular music which coincides with the increasing presence of Latinos in America. This paper will describe the traits present in Latino music and relate them to developing traits ...


Latino-Owned Business’S: The Future Of The Us Economy, Jeffrey R. Styborski Jan 2018

Latino-Owned Business’S: The Future Of The Us Economy, Jeffrey R. Styborski

2018 Symposium

In recent years the United States has witnessed an unprecedented rate of growth in the number of Latino-Owned Business’s, LOB’s, which has dramatically boosted the US Economy. However, while the number of LOB’s has increased, the sizes of these individual businesses hasn’t, growing at a rate that’s half the national average and leaving trillions of dollars and countless jobs out of reach. In search for a solution, this research bases its information in a variety of sources including government agencies and partnerships between higher education and the LOB community, among them Stanford University and the ...


Challenges And Motivations Experienced By 1st Generation Latina/O Students In Higher Education, Ereisa G. Morales Jan 2018

Challenges And Motivations Experienced By 1st Generation Latina/O Students In Higher Education, Ereisa G. Morales

2018 Symposium

As of 2014, Latinx have accounted for more than half of the United States population. Additionally, the number of Latinx students pursuing higher education is increasing across the country, yet these students have also shown to be the highest in not completing their degrees. Currently, there is much research on the challenges that Latinx first-generation students face in pursuing higher education but limited on the motivation to pursue and stay in college. This work explores what keeps Latinx driven to continue their education despite the challenges experienced. Factors such as college knowledge and adjustment to college will be addressed in ...


The Causes Of Underrepresentation Of Latin@S In Computer Science And Stem Fields, Casey Cahill Jan 2018

The Causes Of Underrepresentation Of Latin@S In Computer Science And Stem Fields, Casey Cahill

2018 Symposium

The purpose for writing this research paper is to inform readers and give them a new perspective on the low population of Latin@s in computer science and other STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) related fields. This research project shows the underrepresentation of Latin@s in high tech jobs, and some of the possible causes behind this phenomenon. This paper will look toward the statistics showing that there is an absence of Latin@s in computer science and STEM across the nation, and through those statistics attempt to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the current situation in the ...


Latinos In Higher Education, Teala Frazier Jan 2018

Latinos In Higher Education, Teala Frazier

2018 Symposium

In the United States the population of Latinos is disproportionately underrepresented in higher education and completing a degree. The percentage of high school age Latinos have a disproportionate dropout rate compared to other populations and as a result do not pursue further education. This study will examine whether the dropout rate in the United States since 2000 is the primary reason for the lower representation in college or if there are other factors including socioeconomic or cultural. Sources used to study this issue include newspaper, PEW research, U.S. census data, and scholarly articles. The research presented in this paper ...


Latinos In The United States Military: World War Ii, Brianna R. Lasso Jan 2018

Latinos In The United States Military: World War Ii, Brianna R. Lasso

2018 Symposium

The reason for writing this research paper is to inform the audience and present them with a new understanding of Latinos in the United States military, during World War II. This research project brings to light the positive and negative experiences for Latinos who served their country during this period in history. It also recognizes the achievements and heroic acts of several Latinos during World War II, and explores the various roles that they played, and contributions that they made for the war effort. The method of research used for this study primarily consists of scholarly journals, books, and documentaries ...


The Effect Of Chicanx Studies In High School Graduation Rates, Angelica Garcia-Macias Jan 2018

The Effect Of Chicanx Studies In High School Graduation Rates, Angelica Garcia-Macias

2018 Symposium

Chicanx students have a relatively lower high school graduation rate in the United States than other ethnic groups. This study assesses Arizona’s civic curriculum to determine the inclusivity of Latinx social movements that have influenced high school graduation rates. Additionally, Arizona has had ethnic studies within the Tucson school district for various years, since the 1990s. The study will compare graduation rates among Latinx student, through resources provided by ethnic studies. The Latinx Critical Race Theory is used to explain the findings and the works of ethnic studies on the Latinx population. The method of analysis for this study ...


Why Are Higher Education Institutions Failing Latinx Students In Helping Them Obtain A College Degree?, Adrianna Amarillas Jan 2018

Why Are Higher Education Institutions Failing Latinx Students In Helping Them Obtain A College Degree?, Adrianna Amarillas

2018 Symposium

Latina/o’s represent the largest college going minority in America, yet only 15 out of 100 students will graduate a 4-year institution (Castellanos & Gloria 2007). Latina/o’s have been identified as the minority in the United States but now represent the majority of the minority. With the demand for higher education and degrees, this study explores whether or not higher education institutions in the U.S are fully prepared for the increase of diversity. Being the second largest ethnic group, this work attempts to identify addressing possible barriers that make it harder for students, specifically Latino students achieve ...


Retention Of Chicano Students In College, Everardo Moreno Garcia Jan 2018

Retention Of Chicano Students In College, Everardo Moreno Garcia

2018 Symposium

This study will be reviewing the reasons why Chicano/a students have a high entry rate in post high school education and why graduation rates are so low. The following factors will be considered gender, culture, financial support, emotional support, network building and self image of Chicano/a students. From 1996 to 2012 colleges have had the number of Hispanic students increase on average 240% (Fry, 2008). This paper will discuss research done by researchers who are experts in their fields and have been peer reviewed for validity. The parameters used by researchers were students had to finished high school ...