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Chicana/o Studies

Iowa State University

Reference and Instruction Publications and Papers

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Full-Text Articles in Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies

Latino Reference Resources, Susan A. Vega Garcia Nov 2002

Latino Reference Resources, Susan A. Vega Garcia

Reference and Instruction Publications and Papers

The Hispanic and Latino presence in the US predates the existence of the US itself. Spanish exploration and colonization of North, Central, and South America in the sixteenth century began with the establishment of colonies in Puerto Rico in 1509. Florida, Texas, California, and the Southwest were regions of intense Spanish and (in Texas and further west) Mexican exploration, colonization, and cultivation throughout the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. As recently as 160 years ago, Texas was still part of Mexico; California and the entire Southwest comprised northernmost Mexico until 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended hostilities in ...