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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy of Mind

Buddha For Beginners, Stephen Asma Dec 2008

Buddha For Beginners, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

Originally published by Writers and Readers in 1998, this is an iconoclastic, illustrated romp through the life of the Buddha both a credible exploration of his life and teachings and an entertaining introduction to the philosophy of Buddhism.

Many Westerners know about the meditation practices of Buddhism, but few understand the Buddha's philosophical teachings. This book puts the teachings (dharma) in their proper context and unravels some of the more dense knots of Buddha's thinking. And it does all this while entertaining the reader with humorous illustrations and pop-culture sensibility. This primer, constructed like a graphic novel, cuts ...


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Stoic Equanimity In The Face Of Torture, Nancy Sherman Oct 2008

Stoic Equanimity In The Face Of Torture, Nancy Sherman

Philosophic Exchange

In what ways, if any, is Stoic equanimity a plausible armor for enduring torture? I believe that we can learn something about stoic equanimity in general by examining this especially hard case. It turns out that a broadly Stoic view still leaves a torture victim vulnerable to being forced to use one’s agency against oneself. In this sense, even the best Stoic armor has its limits.


Mead And The International Mind, Marilyn Fischer Jul 2008

Mead And The International Mind, Marilyn Fischer

Philosophy Faculty Publications

In this paper I analyze the conceptions of internationalism and the international mind that Mead uses in "The Psychological Bases of Internationalism" (1915); in his 1917 Chicago Herald columns defending U.S. entry into the war; in Mind, Self, and Society (1934); and in "National- Mindedness and International Mindedness" (1929). I show how the terms "internationalism" and "the international mind" arose within conversations among some Anglo-American thinkers. While Mead employs these terms in his own philosophical and sociological theorizing, he draws their meaning from these conversations and does not generate their meaning from within his own theorizing. This places Mead ...


Heuristics, Biases, And Philosophy, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski Jul 2008

Heuristics, Biases, And Philosophy, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Commenting on Professor Cass Sunstein's work is a daunting task. There is simply so much of it. Professor Sunstein produces scholarship at a rate that is faster than I can consume it. Scarcely an area of law has failed to feel his impact. One cannot today write an article on administrative law, free speech, punitive damages, Internet law, law and economics, separation of powers, or animal rights law without addressing one or more of Sunstein's papers. And his work is typically not a mere footnote. Sunstein has changed how scholars think about each of these areas of law ...


The Emerging New Human Being, The Culture-In-The-Self, And Ahp's New Multidimensional Intercultural Initiative, Carroy U. Ferguson Jun 2008

The Emerging New Human Being, The Culture-In-The-Self, And Ahp's New Multidimensional Intercultural Initiative, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

The emerging New Human Being will need to explore and come to terms with a phenomenon, operating deeply, uniquely, and diversely at a core level of all human beings on the planet. I call this phenomenon the “culture-in-the-Self,” a term coined some years ago by cofounders of Interculture Inc. What we commonly think of as culture is just the surface of this phenomenon, often appearing outwardly in the diverse “forms” of cultural scripts, beliefs, values, behaviors, and customs). I want to call attention to what goes on beneath surface culture(s), and how AHP intends to play a primary role ...


A Primary Human Challenge, Carroy U. Ferguson Apr 2008

A Primary Human Challenge, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

We may ask why, at both the individual and collective levels, it has seemed so difficult for us to choose to evolve our human games with Joy. There is no one answer for such a question, for each of us has the gift of free will. I will suggest, however, that built into our human games is what I call a primary human challenge. That primary human challenge is a dynamic tension, flowing from our creative urge for the freedom “to be” who we really are in our current physical form, and simultaneously to embrace our responsibility for our Being-ness.


Doing Away With Morgan's Canon, Simon Fitzpatrick Mar 2008

Doing Away With Morgan's Canon, Simon Fitzpatrick

Simon Fitzpatrick

Morgan's canon is a very widely endorsed methodological principle in animal psychology, believed to be vital for a rigorous, scientific approach to the study of animal cognition. In contrast I argue that Morgan's canon is unjustified, pernicious and unnecessary. I identify two main versions of the canon and show that they both suffer from very serious problems. I then suggest an alternative methodological principle that captures all of the genuine methodological benefits that Morgan's canon can bring but suffers from none of its problems.


Vision For "A New Human Being" And A "Human Synergistic Movement": A New Humanistic Movement Aligned With Transformational Archetypal Energies, Carroy U. Ferguson Feb 2008

Vision For "A New Human Being" And A "Human Synergistic Movement": A New Humanistic Movement Aligned With Transformational Archetypal Energies, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

In previous writings, I spoke of the “Path of the Bridger: AHP’s Role in Co-Creating a New Reality for Human Togetherness and the Evolution of Consciousness,” “The Voices of Transformational Archetypal Energies: The Psychic Energy behind AHP’s Mission,” and “The Gift and Challenge of ‘Free Will’: The Connection to Transformational Archetypal Energies.” I wanted to remind us of how and why AHP came into being as a “Mother Organization,” arguably to give birth to an organized focus on validating the dignity of the Human Spirit, maximizing Human Potential, and planting seeds for Well Being and the Evolution of ...


Computers, Gualtiero Piccinini Feb 2008

Computers, Gualtiero Piccinini

Gualtiero Piccinini

I offer an explication of the notion of computer, grounded in
the practices of computability theorists and computer scientists. I begin by
explaining what distinguishes computers from calculators. Then, I offer a
systematic taxonomy of kinds of computer, including hard-wired versus
programmable, general-purpose versus special-purpose, analog versus
digital, and serial versus parallel, giving explicit criteria for each kind.
My account is mechanistic: which class a system belongs in, and which
functions are computable by which system, depends on the system’s
mechanistic properties. Finally, I briefly illustrate how my account sheds
light on some issues in the history and philosophy ...


Trapped In The Creation Museum, Stephen Asma Jan 2008

Trapped In The Creation Museum, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

Into the swampy debate over evolution has waded the new Creation Museum, in Petersburg, Ky. In an America divided between those who accept Darwin's theories and those who believe God created the world in six days, it seeks to win moderates and compromisers over to its side. Shortly after the museum opened last spring, I made a pilgrimage to witness this quirky new spectacle of Americana...


Double Cross Playing Diamonds, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2008

Double Cross Playing Diamonds, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Understanding interactivity in/between bigraphs and diamonds Grammatologically, the Western notational system is not offering space in itself to place sameness and otherness necessary to realize interaction/ality. Alphabetism is not prepared to challenge the dynamics of interaction directly. The Chinese writing system in its scriptural structuration, is able to place complex differences into itself, necessary for the development and design of formal systems and programming languages of interaction. The challenge of interactionality to Western thinking, modeling and design interactivity has to be confronted with the decline of the scientific power of alpha-numeric notational systems as media of living in ...


Short Studies 2008. Adventures In Diamond Strategies Of Change(S), Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2008

Short Studies 2008. Adventures In Diamond Strategies Of Change(S), Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Modular Bolognese Paradoxes of postmodern education. A Tale of Fishes, Birds and Diamonds in Second-Order Epistemology Why it is useless to write about the mono-contexturality of alphabetism and digitalism Chez Maxime's Human rights in a polycontextural world Primary Thoughts to a Manifesto for Awareness Fashion Marketing Which Equality? How equal are equal human beings? Generalized Diamonds From monosemic to tectonic complementarity Diamond Disremption Diamond interpretation of the kenomic succession operation Diamond Web2.0? How social is social networking? Web Mobility Web computing between semiotic and kenomic spaces Double Cross Playing Diamonds Understanding interactivity in/between bigraphs and diamonds Morphogrammatics ...


Perspectives On Social Cognition, Leslie Marsh, Christian Onof Jan 2008

Perspectives On Social Cognition, Leslie Marsh, Christian Onof

Leslie Marsh

No longer is sociality the preserve of the social sciences, or ‘‘culture’’ the preserve of the humanities or anthropology. By the same token, cognition is no longer the sole preserve of the cognitive sciences. Social cognition (SC) or, sociocognition if you like, is thus a kaleidoscope of research projects that has seen exponential growth over the past 30 or so years. That so many disciplines now invoke the term ‘‘social cognition,’’ shouldn’t tempt one into thinking that they are all denoting the same idea. On the contrary, with such methodologically and perspectivally diverse interests involved, there is every chance ...


Perspectives On Social Cognition, Leslie Marsh, Christian Onof Jan 2008

Perspectives On Social Cognition, Leslie Marsh, Christian Onof

Leslie Marsh

No longer is sociality the preserve of the social sciences, or ‘‘culture’’ the preserve of the humanities or anthropology. By the same token, cognition is no longer the sole preserve of the cognitive sciences. Social cognition (SC) or, sociocognition if you like, is thus a kaleidoscope of research projects that has seen exponential growth over the past 30 or so years. That so many disciplines now invoke the term ‘‘social cognition,’’ shouldn’t tempt one into thinking that they are all denoting the same idea. On the contrary, with such methodologically and perspectivally diverse interests involved, there is every chance ...


Interview Of Marc A. Moreau, Ph.D., Marc A. Moreau Ph.D., Elizabeth Wagner Jan 2008

Interview Of Marc A. Moreau, Ph.D., Marc A. Moreau Ph.D., Elizabeth Wagner

All Oral Histories

Marc Moreau was born in 1948 in Lewiston, Maine. His family is French Canadian, and the part of town where he grew up was a pocket for French-speaking people. It was referred to as a "Petit-Canada." Lewiston's economy centered on textile mills. All of his grandparents and both of his parents worked in the mills during their lives. His mother later became a nurse during World War II, and his father served in the army during that time but later returned to the mills. Moreau has a younger sister and brother. He delivered French newspapers as a boy and ...


Startling Strangeness: A Memoir, Richard Liddy Jan 2008

Startling Strangeness: A Memoir, Richard Liddy

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


Transforming Light: Intellectual Conversion In The Early Lonergan, Richard Liddy Jan 2008

Transforming Light: Intellectual Conversion In The Early Lonergan, Richard Liddy

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, Charles Hefling Jan 2008

Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, Charles Hefling

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


El Primer Contexto De Los Escritos Economicos De Bernard Lonergan, Richard Liddy Jan 2008

El Primer Contexto De Los Escritos Economicos De Bernard Lonergan, Richard Liddy

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, J. Michael Stebbins Jan 2008

Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, J. Michael Stebbins

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Of Preservice Teachers' And Faculty Members' Perceptions Of Critical Thinking And Their Epistemological Beliefs, Meskerem Debele Jan 2008

The Relationship Of Preservice Teachers' And Faculty Members' Perceptions Of Critical Thinking And Their Epistemological Beliefs, Meskerem Debele

Graduate Research Papers

The term "critical thinking" has recently been used in the Ethiopian educational policy documents as well as in its teacher education curricula. Even though the concept has been given a central importance by being the central goal of education at all levels, a well established understanding and practice of nurturing critical thinking at school level, as well as at teacher education and training curriculum has not been achieved yet. From the personal experience both as pre-service teacher and then as teacher educator in Bahir Dar university, one of the teacher education institutions in the country, I have observed, especially during ...


Thoroughly Modern: Sir James Fitzjames Stephen On Criminal Responsibility, Stephen J. Morse Jan 2008

Thoroughly Modern: Sir James Fitzjames Stephen On Criminal Responsibility, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

5 Ohio St. J. Crim. Law 505 (2008)


Sovereignty As Discourse, Robert Tsai Dec 2007

Sovereignty As Discourse, Robert Tsai

Robert L Tsai

This is a review of Howard Schweber's book, "The Language of Liberal Constitutionalism" (Cambridge University Press, 2007). Schweber argues that "the creation of a legitimate constitutional regime depends on a prior commitment to employ constitutional language, and that such a commitment is both the necessary and sufficient condition for constitution making." I critique the power and limits of this reformulated Lockean thesis, as well as Schweber's secondary claims that, for constitutional language to remain legitimate, it must increasingly become autonomous, specialized, and secular.


Startling Strangeness: A Memoir, Richard M. Liddy Dec 2007

Startling Strangeness: A Memoir, Richard M. Liddy

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


El Primer Contexto De Los Escritos Economicos De Bernard Lonergan, Richard M. Liddy Dec 2007

El Primer Contexto De Los Escritos Economicos De Bernard Lonergan, Richard M. Liddy

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, Charles Hefling Dec 2007

Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, Charles Hefling

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, J. Michael Stebbins Dec 2007

Review- Startling Strangeness: Reading Lonergan's Insight, J. Michael Stebbins

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


Transforming Light: Intellectual Conversion In The Early Lonergan, Richard M. Liddy Dec 2007

Transforming Light: Intellectual Conversion In The Early Lonergan, Richard M. Liddy

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Achilles Of Rational Psychology, Thomas M. Lennon, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2007

Introduction To The Achilles Of Rational Psychology, Thomas M. Lennon, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.