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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy of Mind

Three Appraoches To Human Cognitive Development: Neo-Nativism, Standard Neuroconstructivism, And Dynamic Enskilment, Mirko Farina Jan 2014

Three Appraoches To Human Cognitive Development: Neo-Nativism, Standard Neuroconstructivism, And Dynamic Enskilment, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

In section 1, I introduce three approaches that explain human cognitive development from different standpoints: Marcus’ neo-nativism, standard neuroconstructivism, and neo-neuroconstructivism. In section 2, I assess Marcus’ attempt to reconcile nativism with developmental flexibility. In section 3, I argue that in structurally reconfiguring nativism, Marcus ends up transforming it out of a recognizable form, and claim that his view can be accommodated within the more general framework provided by standard neuroconstructivism. In section 4, I focus on recent empirical findings in neuropsychology and cultural/social neuroscience, and propose a significant revision to standard neuroconstructivism, thus developing the neo-neuroconstructivism view. I ...


The Extended Mind Thesis, Mirko Farina Jan 2013

The Extended Mind Thesis, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Substituting The Senses, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein, Andy Clark Dec 2012

Substituting The Senses, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein, Andy Clark

Mirko Farina

Sensory substitution devices are a type of sensory prosthesis that (typically) convert visual stimuli transduced by a camera into tactile or auditory stimulation. They are designed to be used by people with impaired vision so that they can recover some of the functions normally subserved by vision. In this chapter we will consider what philosophers might learn about the nature of the senses from the neuroscience of sensory substitution. We will show how sensory substitution devices work by exploiting the cross-modal plasticity of sensory cortex: the ability of sensory cortex to pick up some types of information about the external ...


Beyond The Brain - How Body And Environment Shape Animal And Human Minds, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

Beyond The Brain - How Body And Environment Shape Animal And Human Minds, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein Jan 2012

Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein

Mirko Farina

Is the brain the biological substrate of consciousness? Most naturalistic philosophers of mind have supposed that the answer must obviously be «yes » to this question. However, a growing number of philosophers working in 4e (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive) cognitive science have begun to challenge this assumption, arguing instead that consciousness supervenes on the whole embodied animal in dynamic interaction with the environment. We call views that share this claim dynamic sensorimotor theories of consciousness (DSM). Clark (2009), a founder and leading proponent of the hypothesis of the extended mind, demurs, arguing that as matter of fact the biology of consciousness ...


Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina May 2011

Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

We offer an argument for the extended mind based on considerations from brain development. We argue that our brains develop to function in partnership with cognitive resources located in our external environments. Through our cultural upbringing we are trained to use artefacts in problem solving that become factored into the cognitive routines our brains support. Our brains literally grow to work in close partnership with resources we regularly and reliably interact with. We take this argument to be in line with complementarity or “second-wave” defences of the extended mind that stress the functional differences between biological elements and external, environmental ...


Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina Jan 2011

Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina Sep 2010

Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.