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Articles 1 - 30 of 77

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy of Mind

Of Mills And Machines - Computing Thought Experiments On Consciousness, Aïda Raoult Apr 2014

Of Mills And Machines - Computing Thought Experiments On Consciousness, Aïda Raoult

Aïda Raoult

In this computing-oriented analysis, 5 of the most influential thought experiments on consciousness inspired by the development of A.I. in the 70s-80s are (1) presented as more refined versions of Leibniz’s mill (LM), (2) then reformulated in terms of LM which reveals a divergence in their approach of the mind-body problem; (3) combining this result with computational complexity theory shows the ontological question is less difficult to answer than the causal one. In the end, (4) these considerations participate in the debate over machine consciousness.


Three Appraoches To Human Cognitive Development: Neo-Nativism, Standard Neuroconstructivism, And Dynamic Enskilment, Mirko Farina Jan 2014

Three Appraoches To Human Cognitive Development: Neo-Nativism, Standard Neuroconstructivism, And Dynamic Enskilment, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

In section 1, I introduce three approaches that explain human cognitive development from different standpoints: Marcus’ neo-nativism, standard neuroconstructivism, and neo-neuroconstructivism. In section 2, I assess Marcus’ attempt to reconcile nativism with developmental flexibility. In section 3, I argue that in structurally reconfiguring nativism, Marcus ends up transforming it out of a recognizable form, and claim that his view can be accommodated within the more general framework provided by standard neuroconstructivism. In section 4, I focus on recent empirical findings in neuropsychology and cultural/social neuroscience, and propose a significant revision to standard neuroconstructivism, thus developing the neo-neuroconstructivism view. I ...


The Extended Mind Thesis, Mirko Farina Jan 2013

The Extended Mind Thesis, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Allowing For Every Contingency, Raam P. Gokhale Nov 2012

Allowing For Every Contingency, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A Dialogue on Determinism, Contingency and Free Will


Origins Shrouded In Myth, Raam P. Gokhale Oct 2012

Origins Shrouded In Myth, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A Dialogue Exploring the Philosophical Roles of Myths


The Sdd (Solipsistic Divine Dream) Theory, Kedar Joshi Sep 2012

The Sdd (Solipsistic Divine Dream) Theory, Kedar Joshi

Kedar Joshi

I am not Kedar Joshi; I am God; I am asleep; Kedar Joshi, and Kedar Joshi alone, is my dream.
Image: Albert Lynch [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Prison Through A Philosophic Prism, Raam P. Gokhale Aug 2012

Prison Through A Philosophic Prism, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A Dialogue Between Prisoners Past, Present and Future


Forced Displacement In Colombia, Fernando Estrada Jul 2012

Forced Displacement In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

No abstract provided.


Locke And Berkeley At Twenty Paces, Frederick J. White Iii Jan 2012

Locke And Berkeley At Twenty Paces, Frederick J. White Iii

Frederick J White III

Does the world exist? Or more properly questioned, does anything of the world exist beyond our ideas of it? Locke and Berkeley have become seconds at twenty paces on this dichotomy, and we are asked to consider the outcome of the duel.


Fibromyalgie, Douleur Et Fasciathérapie, Cyril Dupuis, Danis Bois Jan 2012

Fibromyalgie, Douleur Et Fasciathérapie, Cyril Dupuis, Danis Bois

Danis Bois

Ce travail porte sur la fasciathérapie appliquée aux douleurs de la fibromyalgie, et tente de répondre à la question « quels sont les effets de la fasciathérapie sur la douleur et ses consé- quences, ainsi que sur le vécu des patients qui souffrent de fibromyalgie ? » Pour cela, j’ai présenté le champ théorique des douleurs chroniques et du syndrome fibromyalgique, ainsi que celui des thérapies s’adressant aux fascias et notamment la fasciathérapie méthode Danis Bois. J’ai abordé cette recherche avec une posture double pour tenter d’appréhender la ...


Beyond The Brain - How Body And Environment Shape Animal And Human Minds, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

Beyond The Brain - How Body And Environment Shape Animal And Human Minds, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein Jan 2012

Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein

Mirko Farina

Is the brain the biological substrate of consciousness? Most naturalistic philosophers of mind have supposed that the answer must obviously be «yes » to this question. However, a growing number of philosophers working in 4e (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive) cognitive science have begun to challenge this assumption, arguing instead that consciousness supervenes on the whole embodied animal in dynamic interaction with the environment. We call views that share this claim dynamic sensorimotor theories of consciousness (DSM). Clark (2009), a founder and leading proponent of the hypothesis of the extended mind, demurs, arguing that as matter of fact the biology of consciousness ...


Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina May 2011

Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

We offer an argument for the extended mind based on considerations from brain development. We argue that our brains develop to function in partnership with cognitive resources located in our external environments. Through our cultural upbringing we are trained to use artefacts in problem solving that become factored into the cognitive routines our brains support. Our brains literally grow to work in close partnership with resources we regularly and reliably interact with. We take this argument to be in line with complementarity or “second-wave” defences of the extended mind that stress the functional differences between biological elements and external, environmental ...


The East Unleashed, Raam P. Gokhale Mar 2011

The East Unleashed, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A Dialogue Concerning the Political Ramifications of the Developing World


Wittgenstein And The Challenge Of Global Ethics, Julian Friedland Jan 2011

Wittgenstein And The Challenge Of Global Ethics, Julian Friedland

Julian Friedland

No abstract provided.


Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina Jan 2011

Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


The Two Envelopes Problem: A 'Back Of The Envelope' Solution, Raam P. Gokhale Nov 2010

The Two Envelopes Problem: A 'Back Of The Envelope' Solution, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

We give a simple solution of the two envelopes problem by considering an alternate situation to which the problem’s expectation formula more properly applies. The flaw in reasoning in the original problem is apparent once the difference in the two problems is examined.


Slumdog Philosopher, Richdog Philosopher, Raam P. Gokhale Nov 2010

Slumdog Philosopher, Richdog Philosopher, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A dialog concerning God, Necessity and Perfection.


From Slumdog To Maddog, Raam P. Gokhale Nov 2010

From Slumdog To Maddog, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

A hearing in the court of Sanity


Morphogrammatics Of Reflection, Rudolf Kaehr Nov 2010

Morphogrammatics Of Reflection, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Turning back from the studies of morphogrammatics to some open questions of reflectional programming, the recountered problematics might be put into a different light and new methods of handling formal aspects of reflection and reflectionality shall be introduced. Albeit the use of light-metaphors, morphogrammatic reflection is not sketched along the paradigm of optical metaphors. Morphograms are presenting neither propositions nor perceptions able for mirroring (representation). Exercises in defining morphogrammatic retro-grade recursion and reflection schemata are continued from the paper “Sketches to Morphogrammatic Programming”.


Know Thyself, Raam P. Gokhale Sep 2010

Know Thyself, Raam P. Gokhale

Raam P Gokhale

An Imagined Dialog on Eastern and Western Philosophy and the Nature of Knowledge


A Visão De Homem Em Fromm, Wagner Amodeo Prof. Sep 2010

A Visão De Homem Em Fromm, Wagner Amodeo Prof.

Wagner Amodeo

Fromm defende não existir qualidades boas ou más inatas no ser humano. Propõe, sim, existir uma agressividade instintual na natureza humana, condição de sobrevivência, mas será a aculturação a responsável pelo direcionamento desse instinto para o “bem” ou para o “mal”, ou seja, para um espírito construtivo ou destrutivo. Esse direcionamento estruturado forma um sistema orientacional que Fromm denominará como caráter biófilo ou necrófilo, respectivamente.


Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina Sep 2010

Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Memristics: Memristors, Again? – Part Ii, How To Transform Wired ‘Translations’ Between Crossbars Into Interactions?, Rudolf Kaehr Apr 2010

Memristics: Memristors, Again? – Part Ii, How To Transform Wired ‘Translations’ Between Crossbars Into Interactions?, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

The idea behind this patchwork of conceptual interventions is to show the possibility of a “buffer-free” modeling of the crossbar architecture for memristive systems on the base of a purely difference-theoretical approach. It is considered that on a nano-electronic level principles of interpretation appears as mechanisms of complementarity. The most basic conceptual approach to such a complementarity is introduced as an interchangeability of operators and operands of an operation. Therefore, the architecture of crossbars gets an interpretation as complementarity between crossbar functionality and “buffering” translation functionality. That is, the same matter functions as operator and at once, as operand – and ...


Memristics: Memristors, Again?, Rudolf Kaehr Apr 2010

Memristics: Memristors, Again?, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

This collection gives first and short critical reflections on the concepts of memristics, memristors and memristive systems and the history of similar movements with an own focus on a possible interplay between memory and computing functions, at once, at the same place and time, to achieve a new kind of complementarity between computation and memory on a single chip without retarding buffering conditions.


An Open Letter To The Citizens Of Northwest Louisiana, Frederick J. White Iii Jan 2010

An Open Letter To The Citizens Of Northwest Louisiana, Frederick J. White Iii

Frederick J White III

We, the undersigned physicians, want to publicly address our community regarding the health system debate in Congress. This is a historic time, and decisions made in these next days will impact you as citizens and as patients for generations. We recognize that the health system needs change. But the path that the Congress has taken is unwise and unnecessary. And although the American Medical Association has endorsed both the House and Senate bills, (1) we want to be clear—the AMA does not speak for us on these issues.


Sketch Of A Typology Of Abstract Memristic Machines, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2010

Sketch Of A Typology Of Abstract Memristic Machines, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

A typology of memristic machines is sketched. This sketch gives an overview and orientation to the paper “Towards Abstract Memristic Machines”. It also intents to propose a concise systematization of the newly introduced terms and strategies to memristics and morphogrammatics. This sketch is introducing four types of sign-use for four types of machines of fundamentally different paradigms: 1. semiotic, 2. monomorphic, 3. polymorphic and 4. bisimilar abstract machines. Further definitions of abstract machines have to be based on those graphematic notational systems. A realization of such constructions of abstract machines, in contrast to existing abstract machines of the theory of ...


Towards Abstract Memristic Machines, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2010

Towards Abstract Memristic Machines, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

No abstract provided.