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Articles 31 - 60 of 20234

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Object-Oriented Musicology: Some Implications Of Graham Harman's Philosophy For Music Theory, History, And Criticism, Eric Taxier Jun 2020

Object-Oriented Musicology: Some Implications Of Graham Harman's Philosophy For Music Theory, History, And Criticism, Eric Taxier

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation brings the ideas of the philosopher Graham Harman (b. 1968) into a musicological context. His “object-oriented ontology” is widely known in continental philosophy, but it has not yet entered rigorous contact with musicology. Certain factors pose difficulties at first glance, such as Harman’s focus on metaphysical issues (originating in his critique of Martin Heidegger) and his rehabilitation of the widely criticized concept of aesthetic autonomy. But these are also sources of novelty that could make an object-oriented encounter with musicology fruitful. In the first chapter, I outline the main features of Harman’s thought. He critiques assumptions ...


Death Positivity: A New Genre Of Death And The Genre Function Of Memento Mori, Melony Elsie Del Real Jun 2020

Death Positivity: A New Genre Of Death And The Genre Function Of Memento Mori, Melony Elsie Del Real

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This article explores Caitlin Doughty’s “death positivity” as an evolved form of the medieval memento mori, and how this medieval genre serves as a genre function for current day thanatophobic audiences. This is specifically done by analyzing Doughty’s book titled Smoke Gets in Your Eyes, as well as some of her other death positivity mediums. By modeling her rhetoric of death positivity after memento mori, Doughty can effectively deliver her anti-death fearing message to the very audiences that fear death.

Furthermore, analyzing Doughty’s rhetoric as operating within the genre function, a concept put forth by Anis Bawarshi ...


Social Contract Theory And Transitional Justice: A Philosophical Approach To A Problem Of Global Importance, Brendan Moriarty Jun 2020

Social Contract Theory And Transitional Justice: A Philosophical Approach To A Problem Of Global Importance, Brendan Moriarty

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this thesis, I seek to bring together two areas of scholarly work to see how each can inform the other: social contract theory and transitional justice. The social contract, as it exists and as it was theorized about by Rousseau, was born from the world-historic forces that spread capitalism across the globe, stirring up nationalism everywhere it went. In its wake, there was vast inequality and new legal regimes which protected the hoarded wealth of the capitalist class by enshrining the right of private property along with life and liberty. To examine the intricacies of transitional justice and its ...


Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson Jun 2020

Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

An essay lived by John Ashbery's Three Poems with special attention to the possibility of cosmic relevance. This paper attempts to imagine priorities and needs proper to celestial bodies. Three Poems is the consciousness that gives possibility to the text, while Blanchot, Nietzsche, and other thinkers ground its exploration in philosophical analysis.


Environmental Transformative Justice: Responding To Ecocide, Manuel Rodeiro Jun 2020

Environmental Transformative Justice: Responding To Ecocide, Manuel Rodeiro

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

My dissertation’s central objective is to normatively devise ethically appropriate sociopolitical and juridical responses to ecocide (i.e., grave environmental harm). More specifically, the work seeks to philosophically engage the ethical question of what is owed to human societies that are displaced due to intentional environmental destruction.

The motivation behind the project stems from the lack of academic research (excluding a pocket of recent analysis of the international community’s obligation to assist ‘climate refugees’) involving the question: “What ought to be afforded victims of environmental harm?” The dearth of scholarship is surprising, considering growing global concerns, vis-à-vis accelerating ...


Hannah Arendt’S Vision Of Politics: Exemplary Negativities And The Ostjuden, Jacob E. Pearce Jun 2020

Hannah Arendt’S Vision Of Politics: Exemplary Negativities And The Ostjuden, Jacob E. Pearce

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Hannah Arendt’s vision of politics is one of the most enigmatic, perplexing, thoroughly analyzed, and potentially generative aspects of her philosophic corpus. It is marked by insightful analysis, cutting deconstructions of pressing moral issues, and confusing vernacular wherein her analytic boundaries, topics, and categories appear obfuscated. Although it has been observed that Arendt’s late-career theory of the political owes a debt to her earlier writings on Jewish history, including her Kantian-influenced theory of political judgment and storytelling, in this thesis I would like to narrow down this debt to a specific trope: The Ostjuden, or the imagined associations ...


Houston, We Have A Problem: Humanity & Home In 2001: A Space Odyssey, Charlotte Grace Mcgill Wood May 2020

Houston, We Have A Problem: Humanity & Home In 2001: A Space Odyssey, Charlotte Grace Mcgill Wood

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Stanley Kubrick's watershed film 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is epic in its undertaking. In just under three hours, Kubrick attempts to capture the totality of human history, beginning before the evolution of humankind as we know it and ending in a kind of post-physical dream space. The question of the environment's role weighs heavily throughout, as humankind becomes increasingly divorced from the Earth and begins a love affair with the wider universe. This affair is, of course, mediated. It is possible only because of suits and ships, tools invented by and for humans that allow them to ...


How Does Art Attempt To Understand Its Own Political Implications? Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar May 2020

How Does Art Attempt To Understand Its Own Political Implications? Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Critiquing any piece of art brings with it a plethora of epistemic anxieties - from the limitation of the individual experience to one's imbued cultural biases, so much so that any shared knowledge seems impossible, and the influence of the political inseparable. This paper explores Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go, which situates and magnifies these anxieties in its dystopian portrayal of a near-future England - where cloned children are taught art in a rigorous and unidimensional means to make them accept their status in society as organ donors for the "real" citizens. It looks at how the children are ...


The Found World: The Role Of Findability In The History Of Botany, Douglas Tuers May 2020

The Found World: The Role Of Findability In The History Of Botany, Douglas Tuers

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

This study will investigate how a community of botanists used the findability inherent in botanical localities to rediscover species that were previously lost to botany. This article will look at the literature that announced the rediscovery of three species in the vicinity of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. These species are Heuchera hispida, Phlox buckleyi, and Gaylussacia brachycera. These three plants were rediscovered over a short period of time, about 13 years from 1919 to 1932. This study will draw from the announcement of these rediscoveries. In each of these cases there was a surrounding literature that preceded or followed ...


An Account Of The Self, Linda Nicole Ready May 2020

An Account Of The Self, Linda Nicole Ready

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research paper targets the persistence question concerning personal identity. I argue that we should abandon the idea of a criterion for personal identity and replace it with an account of the self in terms of psychological connectedness. This term was pioneered in Derek Parfit’s essay Personal Identity in which he claims that what matters in survival can have degrees. I define the self in a way that allows us to break away from the traditional belief that our continued existence is all or nothing. We can instead say that we continue to exist only to the degree that ...


Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou May 2020

Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang May 2020

The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen May 2020

San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole May 2020

An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber May 2020

A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu May 2020

A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Art Therapy In Public Education, Sophie Edelman May 2020

Art Therapy In Public Education, Sophie Edelman

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This literature review explores the history of art therapy in education. By understanding the history it is clear that art therapy has always been a positive force for students. By learning from the successes and challenges in our history we are better able to plan for future programing and expansion of art therapy programs. Because art therapy was developed in part by educators, the history of art therapy itself is linked with the history of art therapy in schools. In today’s application of art therapy in education there are three models most typically used. The research discusses the strengths ...


Considerations For Introducing, Facilitating, And Expanding Mindfulness Training In The Workplace, Laura H. Saher May 2020

Considerations For Introducing, Facilitating, And Expanding Mindfulness Training In The Workplace, Laura H. Saher

Mindfulness Studies Theses

This creative thesis is designed to further the understanding of the considerations for offering mindfulness training in the workplace and to offer mindfulness practitioners a guide for introducing and facilitating mindfulness training into their workplaces. This thesis consists of two primary components: 1) a rationale paper and 2) a creative component. The rationale paper includes a literature review that focuses on the benefits and risks of offering mindfulness training in the workplace; these form the business case for bringing mindfulness to the workforce and identify the gaps in the research that prompted the questions underlying this thesis. These gaps were ...


Pluralism As A Social Practice: A Pragmatist Approach To Engaging Diversity In Public Life, Mary Leah Friedline May 2020

Pluralism As A Social Practice: A Pragmatist Approach To Engaging Diversity In Public Life, Mary Leah Friedline

Religious Studies Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation lays a theoretical framework for rethinking the ways in which political and moral philosophers conceive pluralism and diversity in public life. I argue that many philosophers who write on the topic do not have a sophisticated understanding of religion, are not sufficiently attentive to historically produced power differentials, and/or do not adequately recognize the intersectional dimensions of diversity. Building on Jeffrey Stout’s notion of democracy as a social practice, and supplemented with Cornel West’s understanding of democratic faith, I use my more complex account of diversity to argue that pluralism is best approached as a ...


Mental Associations And Music Therapy: Including The History Of Associationism And The Neurology Of Associations, Dianna Rose May 2020

Mental Associations And Music Therapy: Including The History Of Associationism And The Neurology Of Associations, Dianna Rose

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Associations are formed in our minds based upon three elements: sensory experience, emotions, and memories. These associations, unique to each individual, dictate thoughts, beliefs, behaviors, and actions. Some are necessary and supportive, while others can be maladaptive. Established associations can be changed, and new associations can be formed, to align with a client’s goals. The literature presents a strong history of associationism, as well as a body of research that demonstrates the neurological processes of how mental associations are formed. There are also studies showing how music activates the brain. However, there is a lack of research which draws ...


Hinduism As A Political Weapon: Gender Socialization And Disempowerment Of Women In India, Aindrila Haldar May 2020

Hinduism As A Political Weapon: Gender Socialization And Disempowerment Of Women In India, Aindrila Haldar

Master's Theses

There is a growing use of religion as a political tool to control Hindu women in India, contributing to a rise in gender inequality. Immediate authoritative patriarchal domains such as household and politics, continuously speak of “protecting” Hindu women by disregarding their voices and needs. Consequently, potentially creating a loss of agency among women. This research will use inductive reasoning to understand the position of Hindu women in modern Indian society. Particularly, through the understanding of the involvement of religion in the political and household sphere. Hindu women are highly influenced by the expectations of what being an ”ideal” woman ...


James Baldwin In Paris: Liberation, Alienation, And Existentialism, Sophia Loughlin May 2020

James Baldwin In Paris: Liberation, Alienation, And Existentialism, Sophia Loughlin

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

James Baldwin's life and intellectual trajectory has long fascinated historians and literary scholars alike, yet much of the existing academic work has neglected the deep influence his expatriate experience played in his coming-of-age as a young writer. This paper will examine how unexplored aspects of Baldwin's expatriate life in Paris helped him emerge as one of the greatest literary voices of the 20th Century. Baldwin's lived experience of expatriation as a source of liberation and alienation, coupled with his immersion in the existentialism characterizing post-war Paris, significantly shaped the author's intellectual development. These facets of expatriation ...


Fighting Fire With Fire: The Evolution And Problems With Frantz Fanon's Manichean Logic, Brendan J. Dufty May 2020

Fighting Fire With Fire: The Evolution And Problems With Frantz Fanon's Manichean Logic, Brendan J. Dufty

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Frantz Fanon is one of the earliest thinkers in the decolonial school of thought. His book "The Wretched of the Earth" has a powerful message about the practical necessity of a decolonial revolution. However, I propose that because Fanon is reluctant to let go of "Manichean logic", his idea of a decolonial future is impossible because one hegemonic world, the colonial one, will simply be replaced with another, the decolonial one. We can use feminist scholars Chandra Mohanty and Maria Lugones to augment Fanon's somewhat flawed argument for decolonialism. While neither of these authors directly address Fanon's idea ...


Crystal Queer: Fracturing The Binaries Of Matter, Creation, And Landscape, Sarah Knight May 2020

Crystal Queer: Fracturing The Binaries Of Matter, Creation, And Landscape, Sarah Knight

Graduate School of Art Theses

In this thesis, I compile a series of fragments consisting an analysis of my artwork in the gendered contexts of landscape, self-identity, mythology, and philosophy. I develop my concept of a “queer mark” in my art that serves as a form of queering, a disruption of visual and conceptual cohesion. I form a picture of how our contemporary selves are influenced by our gendered understanding of the landscape through the analysis of philosophical, artistic, and mythological concepts of creation. I see my sculptures as an atlas to an alternative means of understanding identity, a queering of these historical and exclusionary ...


Bodies Behind The Lines: A Look At Quarantine In Albert Camus' The Plague, Caroline R. Buxenstein May 2020

Bodies Behind The Lines: A Look At Quarantine In Albert Camus' The Plague, Caroline R. Buxenstein

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research argues that the physical quarantine in Albert Camus' The Plague creates a psychological isolation that puts into question the limits of the human in the diseased environment. In The Plague quarantine is enforced to stop the spread of disease and fear and to maintain their hope and evade fear, the characters cast themselves into their memories. Since there is no end to the quarantine in the future and the present is ravished with fear, fear even that this outbreak is the punishment of god, the characters have nothing left but the past. Their memories allow them to once ...


The Colonel: William Faulkner's Idol And Moral Compass, Mark Reichart May 2020

The Colonel: William Faulkner's Idol And Moral Compass, Mark Reichart

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

William Faulkner's works are often the subject of debate. Frequently, scholars explore whether Faulkner purported classist values or refuted them. However, before this discussion can be argued sufficiently, it would be appropriate to look into the motivation behind Faulkner's ideals. My paper explores Faulkner's idolization of his grandfather and the weaving of his idol's morals into his works, namely "A Rose for Emily" and "Barn Burning". Faulkner's recurring character, Colonel Sartoris, is a characterization of Faulkner's grandfather, and an in-depth look at Faulkner's texts, as well as the life, status, and morals of ...


The Political Animal: Aristotle's Man And The Natural Political Life, Joseph Rodriguez May 2020

The Political Animal: Aristotle's Man And The Natural Political Life, Joseph Rodriguez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Aristotle's Politics offers what may be called a "political anthropology". I argue that Aristotle's conception of the polis as natural derives from the specifically human kind of partnership that is tied to the exercise of the specifically human capacity for logos. I assert that Aristotle's political naturalism is rooted in two claims: (a) the claim that humans are the most political animal and (b) the claim that the polis is naturally prior to the individual. Together these two claims constitute Aristotle's argument that the polis alone has the potential to fully satisfy our unique human capacity ...


One Of Wittgenstein’S Methods: A Defense And Elaboration Of Baker’S Analogy, Griffin Pion May 2020

One Of Wittgenstein’S Methods: A Defense And Elaboration Of Baker’S Analogy, Griffin Pion

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In his later writings, Wittgenstein uses the term “picture” in a variety of ways. One such way is to mean a “conception” of or “way of looking” at a given philosophical problem (PI §144). Gordon Baker and David Egan offer two detailed accounts of this use (Baker 2004, 266-278; Egan 2011); for convenience, I will call such pictures “conceptual pictures”. Baker finds a helpful analogy between conceptual pictures and the phenomenon of aspect-seeing: in the same way that we can shift the aspect under which we view an image, Wittgenstein shifts the conceptual picture by means of which we view ...


Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee May 2020

Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Trauma is largely responsible for shaping personalities and self-concepts. Tragedies in life can cause shifts in behavior or can negatively affect mental health in the way of disorders such as PTSD, anxiety, or depression. Furthermore, the effect of traumatic events on identity depends on a plethora of factors including spirituality, values, gender, the details of the event (e.g. a natural disaster vs. sexual assault), and whether justice was reached. In this regard, whether a traumatic event will help or hinder identity development is nebulous. Any helpful changes due to trauma can also come at any point after the event ...


"This Isle Is Full Of Noises": Art As A Moral Force In W. H. Auden's The Sea And The Mirror, Maria Rossini May 2020

"This Isle Is Full Of Noises": Art As A Moral Force In W. H. Auden's The Sea And The Mirror, Maria Rossini

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

W. H. Auden's collection of poems The Sea and the Mirror: A Commentary on Shakespeare's The Tempest presents the reader with dramatic monologues spoken by the characters of The Tempest in a myriad of poetic forms, such as Miranda's villanelle and Caliban's meandering prose poem. Though many critics use Caliban's poem to argue that Auden believes poetry is an impotent aesthetic activity, this paper offers a reading of The Sea and the Mirror as a development of the moral understanding of poetry that ends in its affirmation. Reading the collection as a rejection of poetry ...