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Epistemology

Theses/Dissertations

University of Iowa

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Problem Of Easy Justification: An Investigation Of Evidence, Justification, And Reliability, Samuel Alexander Taylor Jul 2013

The Problem Of Easy Justification: An Investigation Of Evidence, Justification, And Reliability, Samuel Alexander Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

Our beliefs utilize various sources: perception, memory, induction, etc. We trust these sources to provide reliable information about the world around us. My dissertation investigates how this trust could be justified.

Chapter one introduces background material. I argue that justification rather than knowledge is of primary epistemological importance, discuss the internalism/externalism debate(s), and introduce an evidentialist thesis that provides a starting point/framework for epistemological theorizing.

Chapter two introduces a puzzle concerning justification. Can a belief source provide justification absent prior justification for believing it's reliable? Any answer appears to either make justifying the reliability of a ...


Simplicity In Science, Daniel Benjamin Schulz May 2012

Simplicity In Science, Daniel Benjamin Schulz

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the possibility of justifying simplicity principles in science. The labor of these projects is organized into three chapters. The first chapter introduces some of the key authors and issues in the history of simplicity in science. This chapter also gives a detailed discussion of the work of the 19th century physicists Le Verrier and Newcomb who played a crucial role in setting the stage for Einstein's theory of relativity. These examples are used to illustrate points in the following chapters. However, they play a specific role in the first chapter to show serious problems with a ...


The Skeptic's Dogmatism: A Constructive Response To The Skeptical Problem, Kaplan Levent Hasanoglu Jul 2011

The Skeptic's Dogmatism: A Constructive Response To The Skeptical Problem, Kaplan Levent Hasanoglu

Theses and Dissertations

The problem of philosophical skepticism relates to the difficulty involved in underwriting the claim that we know anything of spatio-temporal reality. It is often claimed, in fact, that proper philosophical scrutiny reveals quite the opposite from what common sense suggests. Knowledge of external reality is thought to be even quite obviously denied to us as a result of the alleged fact that we all fail to know that certain skeptical scenarios do not obtain. A skeptical scenario is one in which we have neurological occurrences just like any normal situation in which we actually perceive spatio-temporal objects, but where we ...