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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Long Vacation In Bk, Doll Chao Jan 2018

Long Vacation In Bk, Doll Chao

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The diary of a transcontinental search for self and place, a journey through obtuse politics, cultural oppression, and loneliness - this film is the document of a lost generation of Taiwanese youth and its conflict with China, swirling in a transpacific gyre of sound, image, and text.


Language As Bodily Practice In Early China: A Chinese Grammatology, Jane Geaney Jan 2018

Language As Bodily Practice In Early China: A Chinese Grammatology, Jane Geaney

Bookshelf

Jane Geaney argues that early Chinese conceptions of speech and naming cannot be properly understood if viewed through the dominant Western philosophical tradition in which language is framed through dualisms that are based on hierarchies of speech and writing, such as reality/appearance and one/many. Instead, early Chinese texts repeatedly create pairings of sounds and various visible things. This aural/visual polarity suggests that texts from early China treat speech as a bodily practice that is not detachable from its use in everyday experience. Firmly grounded in ideas about bodies from the early texts themselves, Geaney’s interpretation offers ...


Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2017

Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

This chapter -- prepared for Sarah Biddulph and Joshua Rosenzweig , eds., Handbook on human rights in China (Edward Elgar, forthcoming) -- examines three different approaches: the Chinese tradition is (1) an obstacle to human rights, (2) an alternative to human rights, or (3) a source of human rights. While some scholars have insisted on one or another of these approaches, I will argue here that there is truth in all of them. Nothing about the Chinese tradition determines, once-and-for-all, what modern Chinese must think about human rights, but there is no question that it has had, and will continue to have, varying ...


Tian As Cosmos In Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucianism, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2017

Tian As Cosmos In Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucianism, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle


Tian” is central to the metaphysics, cosmology, and ethics of the eight-hundred-year-long Chinese philosophical tradition we call “Neo-Confucianism,” but there is considerable confusion over what tian means—confusion which is exacerbated by its standard translation into English as “Heaven.” This essay analyzes the meaning of tian in the works of the most influential Neo-Confucian, Zhu Xi (1130-1200), presents a coherent interpretation that unifies the disparate aspects of the term’s meaning, and argues that “cosmos” does an excellent job of capturing this meaning, and therefore should be adopted as our translation of tian.


Buddhism And Zhu Xi’S Epistemology, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2017

Buddhism And Zhu Xi’S Epistemology, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

There are at least superficial reasons for thinking that Zhu Xi’s epistemology is significantly influenced by Chinese Buddhism. For one thing, in his youth Zhu studied with Kaishan Daoqian 開善道謙 (d. 1150?), a leading disciple of the most influential Chan teacher of the era, Dahui Zonggao大慧宗杲 (1089-1163). For another, his discussions of epistemology lean heavily on terms like “genuine knowing 真知” that also figure significantly in Buddhist discussions. As is well known, subsequent critics of the Daoxue movement with which Zhu was centrally associated regularly accused it of being strongly colored by Buddhism. Finally, modern scholars have also ...


德性、自由与“有根的全球哲学”——关于“进步儒学”与“自由儒学”的对话 [Virtue, Liberty, And ‘Rooted Global Philosophy’—A Dialogue Concerning Progressive Confucianism And Liberal Confucianism], Stephen C. Angle, Ping Guo Dec 2016

德性、自由与“有根的全球哲学”——关于“进步儒学”与“自由儒学”的对话 [Virtue, Liberty, And ‘Rooted Global Philosophy’—A Dialogue Concerning Progressive Confucianism And Liberal Confucianism], Stephen C. Angle, Ping Guo

Stephen C. Angle

2017年4月26日,美国著名儒家学者安靖如(Stephen C. Angle)教授应邀来到山东大学中心校区,与山东社会科学院青年儒家学者郭萍博士就“有根的全球哲学”、“进步儒学”和“自由儒学”的相关问题进行了一次对话。安靖如先生指出,他所创建的“进步儒学”是一种“有根的全球哲学”,与“综合儒学”在方法论上有着根本的区别:前者是基于单一传统认可意义上“有根的”发展,后者是“双重认可”意义上“综合性的”发展。二者虽然表面近似,而且各有好处,但作为儒家学者必须对此加以区分,以便弄清各种儒学理论据以展开的价值立场和思路方法。对此,致力于创建“自由儒学”理论的郭萍博士提出了自己的理解,并且从“有根的”和“全球的”维度上介绍了“自由儒学”的理论特质。进而,双方基于各自的理论视角,就现代语境下的儒家德性观念以及自由平等与个体权利、美国儒学研究的转向等问题做了广泛地交流,由此在保持各自不同的理论思考的同时,体现出双方坚持立足儒学传统,发展现代价值的思想共识。


生活儒学与进步儒学的对话 [Dialogue Between Life Confucianism And Progressive Confucianism] (Part 1), Stephen C. Angle, Yushun Huang Dec 2016

生活儒学与进步儒学的对话 [Dialogue Between Life Confucianism And Progressive Confucianism] (Part 1), Stephen C. Angle, Yushun Huang

Stephen C. Angle

2017年4月25日,应尼山书院邀请,中国儒家学者、山东大学儒学高等研究院教授黄玉顺先生与美国儒家学者、维思大学(Wesleyan University)哲学系教授安靖如先生共聚济南大明湖畔,以“中美儒学对话:生活儒学与进步儒学”为题举行对话,共同探讨世界儒学发展方向。安靖如先生是西方儒学代表人物之一,提出“进步儒学”(Progressive Confucianism)理论,以表达对儒学发展方向、理路等一系列问题的看法。他把儒学理解为一个活的、发展中的传统,强调进步儒学最重要的方法论概念是“有根的全球哲学”,即儒学的发展必须既是源自儒家传统的(有根的),又是敞开的(全球的)。黄玉顺先生所创立的“生活儒学”理论,意在发掘儒学所蕴涵的某些能够穿越时空、超越历史地域的观念。生活儒学突破“形上→形下”的观念架构,揭示“生活存在→形而上存在者→形而下存在者”的观念层级,强调回归生活本身及其仁爱情感,重建儒家的形上学和形下学,使儒学能够真正有效地切入当今世界的社会生活。对话过程中,两位儒家分别阐述了各自理论的创构背景、方法架构和核心观念,并且以儒学与自由主义的关系为中心进行深入地互动交流,在展现了各自独特的思想个性的同时取得了广泛共识。特别是在儒学发展之“有根的”立场和现代性的价值取向上,“进步儒学”与“生活儒学”可谓高度一致。


生活儒学与进步儒学的对话 [Dialogue Between Life Confucianism And Progressive Confucianism] (Part 2), Stephen C. Angle, Yushun Huang Dec 2016

生活儒学与进步儒学的对话 [Dialogue Between Life Confucianism And Progressive Confucianism] (Part 2), Stephen C. Angle, Yushun Huang

Stephen C. Angle

此为“生活儒学与进步儒学的对话”之下部分。


Response To Danielle Macbeth, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2016

Response To Danielle Macbeth, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

This short piece is a response to Danielle Macbeth's essay “The Place of Philosophy.” In her essay, Macbeth has two principal goals: to diagnose the plight of contemporary Western—and especially analytic—philosophy, and to argue for an alternative conception of philosophy’s role, according to which engagement with its history and with the philosophies of other cultures becomes crucial. I have a great deal of sympathy with both halves of her project, and feel I have learned a considerable amount from her essay. As Macbeth herself emphasizes, though, the a priori and dialectical nature of philosophy urges readers ...


Comments On Joseph Chan, Confucian Perfectionism, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2016

Comments On Joseph Chan, Confucian Perfectionism, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

I approach this encounter with Joseph Chan’s important work on Confucian perfectionism from a fundamentally sympathetic standpoint. Most basically, I agree with two of his key premises. Confucianism is more than a rich historical tradition: it is a live strand of political (and other types of) theory, able to criticize and contribute to our lives today. But for modern Confucianism to be plausible and attractive, it must find a way to embrace the idea of limited government or constitutionalism in a deeper fashion than it did historically. There are many other issues that Joseph covers in his book, and ...


Comments On Joseph Chan, Confucian Perfectionism, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2016

Comments On Joseph Chan, Confucian Perfectionism, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

I approach this encounter with Joseph Chan’s important work on Confucian perfectionism from a fundamentally sympathetic standpoint. Most basically, I agree with two of his key premises. Confucianism is more than a rich historical tradition: it is a live strand of political (and other types of) theory, able to criticize and contribute to our lives today. But for modern Confucianism to be plausible and attractive, it must find a way to embrace the idea of limited government or constitutionalism in a deeper fashion than it did historically. There are many other issues that Joseph covers in his book, and ...


Chinese Porcelain And The Material Taxonomies Of Medieval Rabbinic Law: Encounters With Disruptive Substances In Twelfth-Century Yemen, Elizabeth Lambourn, Phillip I. Ackerman-Lieberman Dec 2016

Chinese Porcelain And The Material Taxonomies Of Medieval Rabbinic Law: Encounters With Disruptive Substances In Twelfth-Century Yemen, Elizabeth Lambourn, Phillip I. Ackerman-Lieberman

The Medieval Globe

This article focuses on a set of legal questions about ṣīnī vessels (literally, “Chinese” vessels) sent from the Jewish community in Aden to Fustat (Old Cairo) in the mid-1130s CE and now preserved among the Cairo Geniza holdings in Cambridge University Library. This is the earliest dated and localized query about the status of ṣīnī vessels with respect to the Jewish law of vessels used for food consumption. Our analysis of these queries suggests that their phrasing and timing can be linked to the contemporaneous appearance in the Yemen of a new type of Chinese ceramic ware, qingbai, which confounded ...


Moral Virtue, Civic Virtue, And Pluralism, Stephen C. Angle Aug 2016

Moral Virtue, Civic Virtue, And Pluralism, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Kim Sungmoon’s Confucian Democracy in East Asia: Theory and Practice makes many important contributions to our understanding of what is at stake in thinking of Confucianism as a viable political theory in the modern world. One of the book’s most interesting features is its grounding in the on-going practice of Confucianism in South Korea, on the one hand, and yet its emphasis on pluralism within Korean society, on the other.[1] Kim thus aims to describe and defend a polity that, while not relying on its citizens’ unanimous acceptance of Confucianism as comprehensive doctrine, nonetheless can legitimately maintain ...


Animal Suffering In China, Peter J. Li Jul 2016

Animal Suffering In China, Peter J. Li

Peter J. Li, Ph.D.

Chinese policy has been aimed at maximizing GDP; it is time to focus also on minimizing animal suffering.


Animal Suffering In China, Peter J. Li Feb 2016

Animal Suffering In China, Peter J. Li

Animal Sentience

Chinese policy has been aimed at maximizing GDP; it is time to focus also on minimizing animal suffering.


Epilogue: A Hypothesis On The East Asian Beginnings Of The Yersinia Pestis Polytomy, Robert Hymes Jan 2016

Epilogue: A Hypothesis On The East Asian Beginnings Of The Yersinia Pestis Polytomy, Robert Hymes

The Medieval Globe

The work of Cui et al. (2013)—in both dating the polytomy that produced most existing strains of Yersinia pestis and locating its original home to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau—offers a genetically derived specific historical proposition for historians of East and Central Asia to investigate from their own sources. The present article offers the hypothesis that the polytomy manifests itself in the Mongol invasion of the Xia state in the Gansu corridor in the early thirteenth century and continues in the Mongols’ expansion into China and other parts of Eurasia. The hypothesis relies to a considerable extent on work of ...


Confucian Leadership Meets Confucian Democracy, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2015

Confucian Leadership Meets Confucian Democracy, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Many famous images of the inspirational, almost magical character of Confucian leadership seem very distant from any idea of democracy. Some modern Confucian celebrate this distance, arguing that modern Confucian polities should be ruled by elites, and perhaps that these elites should be venerated in something like the traditional way.3 Confucian democrats, in contrast, hold that the roles of Confucian political leaders must be rethought, just as the modern Confucian polity must shift from a monarchy to a constitutional democracy. This does not mean that modern Confucians must turn their backs on traditional Confucian views of leadership: the key ...


Building Bridges To Distant Shores, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2015

Building Bridges To Distant Shores, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Late in 1987, having graduated from college and headed to Taiwan to study more Chinese, I decided to attend an international conference on Confucianism. At lunchtime on the first day I was sitting by myself, intimidated by the luminaries all around, when a smiling scholar sat down across from me, introduced himself as Roger Ames, and immediately made me feel at home. (Although he did question the wisdom of my intention to attend a graduate school other than Hawaii.) 1987 also saw the publication of Thinking Through Confucius, Roger’s seminal collaboration with David Hall; shortly after I met Roger ...


Confucian Leadership Meets Confucian Democracy, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2015

Confucian Leadership Meets Confucian Democracy, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Many famous images of the inspirational, almost magical character of Confucian leadership seem very distant from any idea of democracy. Some modern Confucian celebrate this distance, arguing that modern Confucian polities should be ruled by elites, and perhaps that these elites should be venerated in something like the traditional way.3 Confucian democrats, in contrast, hold that the roles of Confucian political leaders must be rethought, just as the modern Confucian polity must shift from a monarchy to a constitutional democracy. This does not mean that modern Confucians must turn their backs on traditional Confucian views of leadership: the key ...


Comparative Philosophy: Reviewing The State Of The Art, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2015

Comparative Philosophy: Reviewing The State Of The Art, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Comparative Philosophy: Reviewing the State of the Art
 
Table of Contents
 
 
0. Introduction — Stephen C. Angle                                                                                                1
 
Part 1: Pairs                                                                                                                                                               
1. Transcending Tradition through Virtue Ethics — Daniel J. Lemieux                                           7
A Review of Jiyuan Yu, The Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle: Mirrors of Virtue
 
2. Understanding a New Type of Religion — Gwendolyn R. Pastor                                            15
A Review of Ge Ling Shang, Liberation as Affirmation: The Religiosity of Zhuangzi and Nietzsche
 
3. Work Hard, Study Hard, Practice Hard — Jennie He                                                                25
A Review of Aaron Stalnaker, Overcoming Our Evil: Human Nature and Spiritual Exercises in Xunzi and Augustine
 
Part 2: Sequences ...


Building Bridges To Distant Shores, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2015

Building Bridges To Distant Shores, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Late in 1987, having graduated from college and headed to Taiwan to study more Chinese, I decided to attend an international conference on Confucianism. At lunchtime on the first day I was sitting by myself, intimidated by the luminaries all around, when a smiling scholar sat down across from me, introduced himself as Roger Ames, and immediately made me feel at home. (Although he did question the wisdom of my intention to attend a graduate school other than Hawaii.) 1987 also saw the publication of Thinking Through Confucius, Roger’s seminal collaboration with David Hall; shortly after I met Roger ...


Tilting Toward The Light: Translating The Medieval World On The Ming-Mongolian Frontier, Carla Nappi Dec 2015

Tilting Toward The Light: Translating The Medieval World On The Ming-Mongolian Frontier, Carla Nappi

The Medieval Globe

Ming China maintained relationships with neighboring peoples such as the Mongols by educating bureaucrats trained to translate many different foreign languages. While the reference works these men used were designed to facilitate their work, they also conveyed a specific vision of the past and a taxonomy of cultural differences that constitute valuable historical sources in their own right, illuminating the worldview of the Chinese-Mongolian frontier.


Towards A Connected History Of Equine Cultures In South Asia: Bahrī (Sea) Horses And “Horsemania” In Thirteenth-Century South India, Elizabeth Lambourn Dec 2015

Towards A Connected History Of Equine Cultures In South Asia: Bahrī (Sea) Horses And “Horsemania” In Thirteenth-Century South India, Elizabeth Lambourn

The Medieval Globe

This article explores ways that the concept of equine cultures, developed thus far principally in European and/or early modern and colonial contexts, might translate to premodern South Asia. As a first contribution to a history of equine matters in South Asia, it focuses on the maritime circulation of horses from the Middle East to Peninsular India in the thirteenth century, examining the different ways that this phenomenon is recorded in textual and material sources and exploring their potential for writing a new, more connected history of South Asia and the Indian Ocean world.


Periodization And “The Medieval Globe”: A Conversation, Kathleen Davis, Michael Puett Dec 2015

Periodization And “The Medieval Globe”: A Conversation, Kathleen Davis, Michael Puett

The Medieval Globe

The period categories “medieval” and “modern” emerged with—and have long served to define and legitimate—the projects of western European imperialism and colonialism. The idea of “the medieval globe” is therefore double edged. On the one hand, it runs the risk of reconfirming the terms of the colonial, Orientalist history through which the “medieval” emerged, thus homogenizing the plural temporalities of global cultures and effacing the material effects of the becoming of the Middle Ages and its relationship to conditions of globalization. On the other hand, “the medieval globe” brings to bear a comparative focus that does not ask ...


The Religious Imperative Of Confucianism, Samuel Davies Jan 2015

The Religious Imperative Of Confucianism, Samuel Davies

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Confucianism prescribes for society an immensely rich, sophisticated, and utilitarian modality of social relationship. Not only has this served as China's social and political bedrock, but it has actually evolved from, and thus suggests, the deep religious dimensionality of Confucian thought. I aim to, through the medium of Confucianism, unveil the social entity of this religious dimension as an intuitive depth and unifying reciprocity which has since the dawn of civilization been preserved and expressed as the most quintessential aspect of human life.

With an exploratory dive into the farthest metaphysics that underlie the foundational Confucian society, the true ...


The Poetics, Politics And Writing Of Memory, Robert Keith Percival Jan 2015

The Poetics, Politics And Writing Of Memory, Robert Keith Percival

Theses

The overall aim of the composite thesis is the critical examination of the poetics and politics of memory, particularly in the extended role of the ekphrasis in literature. The creative work A Strange Chinese Tale draws on theoretical elements from Debord, Deleuze, Lefebvre, and Baudrillard, and provides a narrative for the post-modern political and cultural landscape of contemporary China, in relation to the individual’s search for a sense of belonging. The exegesis The Poetics, Politics and Writing of Memory argues for the extension of the ekphrastic project into the domains of the photographic image and the ‘space of memory’.


Review Of Ziporyn, Ironies And Beyond Oneness, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2014

Review Of Ziporyn, Ironies And Beyond Oneness, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Near the end of the second volume of the two books under review (hereafter referred to as Ironies and Beyond Oneness), Brook Ziporyn says that his goal has been to provide the power to think a greater number of more greatly differing thoughts.... Truth is important, but it is important only because it makes things so much more interesting(2/314). No one who reads these books with any charity can deny that he has achieved this goalin fact, far exceeded it. Ziporyn takes on the deepest issues and most difficult texts from a millennium and a half of ...


World Virtue Ethics, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2014

World Virtue Ethics, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

As many chapters in the present volume have shown, virtue ethics has been practiced and theorized in many different ways around the world. Different times and places have different lists of virtues, or differently-conceptualized notions of unified virtue; virtues have been justified in different ways, interrelated in different ways, and had differing degrees of centrality in broader traditions of ethical thinking and practice. The goal of this chapter is to offer present-day theorists some ways of making sense of this diversity, as it informs our philosophical work and ethical living, both today and into the future. The bulk of the ...


Western, Chinese, And Universal Values, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2014

Western, Chinese, And Universal Values, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Efforts to resist “Western values” and to promote “Chinese values” are often based on a crude cultural relativism which is implausible on both historical and philosophical grounds. Admittedly, worries about a facile equation of “West” with “universal” are sometimes well-founded, but the answer is not to retreat to a relativism that would limit all parties’ abilities to seek self-improvement. Rather, building on examples like Chinese new cosmopolitans and modern Confucians—including the great Confucian thinker Mou Zongsan (1909-1995)—current reformers should look to undermine dichotomous, monolithic “East versus West” views of the world. Chinese (and, for that matter, non-Chinese) education ...


美国儒学:在传统与普世价值之间 [American Confucianism: Between Tradition And Universal Values], Stephen C. Angle Dec 2014

美国儒学:在传统与普世价值之间 [American Confucianism: Between Tradition And Universal Values], Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

“美国儒教”的说法矛盾吗?是否儒教与中国或中华文化紧密相连,以至于 美国儒教这个概念本身就自相矛盾?当然,在美国有研究儒教的学者和学习儒教 的学生,但美国儒教似乎还需要更多的东西支撑。貌似合理的是,若要使美国儒 教的说法有意义,那在美国就必须有可能存在儒教,而不单单存在儒教研究者。 1再进一步思考是,如果存在美国儒教,那它是否可能会某种方式与众不同。如 果真的如此,我们或许就能将“在美国的儒教”(Confucians in America)与“美 国儒教”(American Confucians)区分开来。尽管儒教与中国存在历史联系,但 只要稍做思考,人们就会对“美国儒教”之说自相矛盾的观点产生疑问。毕竟, 儒教在日本和韩国都已有重要而独具特色的发展。更广一点说,我们不妨想一想 其他一些始于一种文化背景,而后在其他文化背景中生根发芽的传统,比如中国 的佛教或罗马的斯多葛派。事实上,美国佛教现已成为美国发展最快的宗教之一。 儒教也会这样吗?