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Philosophy Commons

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2016

Philosophy

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Articles 31 - 60 of 99

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Police, Technique, And Ellulian Critique: Evaluating Just Policing, Andy R. Alexis-Baker Apr 2016

Police, Technique, And Ellulian Critique: Evaluating Just Policing, Andy R. Alexis-Baker

Theology: Faculty Publications and Other Works

A chapter by Andy Alexis Baker called "Police, technique, and Ellulian critique : evaluating just policing" from the book Jacques Ellul on Violence, Resistance, and War edited by Jeffrey M. Shaw and Timothy J. Demy.


A Black Art: Ontology, Data, And The Tower Of Babel Problem, Andrew J. Iliadis Apr 2016

A Black Art: Ontology, Data, And The Tower Of Babel Problem, Andrew J. Iliadis

Open Access Dissertations

Computational ontologies are a new type of emerging scientific media (Smith, 2016) that process large quantities of heterogeneous data about portions of reality. Applied computational ontologies are used for semantically integrating (Heiler, 1995; Pileggi & Fernandez-Llatas, 2012) divergent data to represent reality and in so doing applied computational ontologies alter conceptions of materiality and produce new realities based on levels of informational granularity and abstraction (Floridi, 2011), resulting in a new type of informational ontology (Iliadis, 2013) the critical analysis of which requires new methods and frameworks. Currently, there is a lack of literature addressing the theoretical, social, and critical dimensions of such informational ontologies, applied computational ontologies, and the interdisciplinary communities of practice (Brown & Duguid, 1991; Wenger, 1998) that produce them. This dissertation fills a lacuna in communicative work in an emerging subfield of Science and Technology Studies (Latour & Woolgar, 1979) known as Critical Data Studies (boyd & Crawford, 2012; Dalton & Thatcher, 2014; Kitchin & Lauriault, 2014) by adopting a critical framework to analyze the systems of thought that inform applied computational ontology while offering insight into its realism-based methods and philosophical frameworks to gauge their ethical import. Since the early 1990s, computational ontologies have been ...


Better Together Apr 2016

Better Together

DePaul Magazine

Faculty have taken full advantage of the university's innovative intercollegiate grant program, and the resulting research is as interesting and diverse as the collaborators themselves. What is resulting is research on "Patient and Primary Care Provider Perspectives on Recreational and Therapeutic Cannabis Use Within a Changing Socioculltural and Political Context;" a new minor in climate change science and policy; a new class, Communication, Coding and Entrepreneurship; brain inflammation research; and the project "Cosmology Meets Continental Philosophy: Natural Laws and Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing"


A Racism Without Race: A Moroccan Case Study Of Race Denial, Leila Chreiteh Apr 2016

A Racism Without Race: A Moroccan Case Study Of Race Denial, Leila Chreiteh

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This article aims to articulate the ways in which race and race relations are conceptualized in Morocco. Using the concept of racialized discourse as the preconceptual theoretical field for race and racist expressions, the author analyzes the different converging factors which influence the performance of “Moroccan-ness” and how subjectivity can be influenced by a State-driven communal linguistic episteme. Through its insistent hyper-nationalist campaigns, the Moroccan State has deployed racist expressions as a means of face-keeping and sociopolitical management, which have become naturalized through its reproduction in individual subjectivity and interpellation. However, from the independent research conducted by the author, the ...


Memento, Andrew Kania Mar 2016

Memento, Andrew Kania

Andrew Kania

Within a short space of time, the film Memento has already been hailed as a modern classic. Memorably narrated in reverse, from the perspective of Leonard Shelby, the film’s central character, it follows Leonard’s chaotic and visceral quest to discover the identity of his wife’s killer and avenge her murder, despite his inability to form new long-term memories.

This is the first book to explore and address the myriad philosophical questions raised by the film, concerning personal identity, free will, memory, knowledge, and action. It also explores problems in aesthetics raised by the film through its narrative ...


The Routledge Companion To Philosophy And Music, Theodore Gracyk, Andrew Kania Mar 2016

The Routledge Companion To Philosophy And Music, Theodore Gracyk, Andrew Kania

Andrew Kania

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key topics, subjects, thinkers and debates in philosophy and music. Over fifty entries by an international team of contributors are organised into six clear sections:

  • general issues
  • emotion
  • history
  • figures
  • kinds of music
  • music, philosophy and related disciplines


What Is Memento? Ontology And Interpretation In Mainstream Film, Andrew Kania Mar 2016

What Is Memento? Ontology And Interpretation In Mainstream Film, Andrew Kania

Andrew Kania

At the end of the flashback, quite late in Memento, when we finally get to see what Leonard remembers of the incident that led to his memory impairment, the camera pans slowly away from a close-up of Leonard's head, oozing blood onto the tiles of his bathroom floor (E, 1:19:27). Just before the flashback fades out, and we return to the present in which Leonard is recounting this memory to Natalie, the frame includes only the bathroom floor, tiled entirely in white with the exception of two black tiles in opposite corners of the screen, like dots ...


Piece For The End Of Time: In Defence Of Musical Ontology, Andrew Kania Mar 2016

Piece For The End Of Time: In Defence Of Musical Ontology, Andrew Kania

Andrew Kania

Aaron Ridley has recently attacked the study of musical ontology—an apparently fertile area in the philosophy of music. I argue here that Ridley’s arguments are unsound. There are genuinely puzzling ontological questions about music, many of which are closely related to questions of musical value. While it is true that musical ontology must be descriptive of pre-existing musical practices and that some debates, such as that over the creatability of musical works, have little consequence for questions of musical value, none of this implies that these debates themselves are without value.


Definition, Andrew Kania Mar 2016

Definition, Andrew Kania

Andrew Kania

Much of the time most of us can tell whether, and which of, the sounds we are currently hearing are music. This is so whether or not what we are listening to is a familiar piece, a piece we have not heard before, or even music from a culture or tradition with which we are unfamiliar. In cases where we are unsure, or initially mistaken in our judgment, we will often change our opinion based on further information. This near-universal agreement suggests that the concept of music is one shared by different people, and has boundaries which we are implicitly ...


Ethical Dilemmas When Refusing Medical Treatment: Modernized Bioethical Principle Of Autonomy, Melissa A. Micek Mar 2016

Ethical Dilemmas When Refusing Medical Treatment: Modernized Bioethical Principle Of Autonomy, Melissa A. Micek

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

In 1978, Mary C. Northern was admitted to Tennessee Nashville General Hospital for an infection in both of her feet. It was discovered that Ms. Northern was suffering from untreated and severely gangrenous frostbite, which is deemed fatal if left untreated. The healthcare professionals agreed that in order to prevent the gangrene from spreading, both of her feet would need to be amputated. However, Ms. Northern strongly refused the life-saving operation. Ms. Northern posed no threat to anyone; however, it is questionable what the most ethical course of action is when a patient refuses treatment. This raises the question, should ...


The Chun-Tzu, Philip Novak Feb 2016

The Chun-Tzu, Philip Novak

Philip Novak

The question of personal immortality-life after death-has haunted us ever since human beings realized a basic fact of existence: everything that lives is going to die. Filippo Liverziani considers evidence for life after death; from the out-of-body journeys of mystics to the near-death experiences of ordinary people who reached the threshhold of the other side and returned to tell the tale. Compelling reading for anyone who has asked that timeless question: What happens when I die?


The Vision Of Nietzsche, Philip Novak Feb 2016

The Vision Of Nietzsche, Philip Novak

Philip Novak

God is dead, there are no universal truths, no morality. We stand alone in the universe ... Nietzsche conjured up nihilism, embraced it, then discovered that this philosophy was untenable. But out of his struggle emerged his great redemptive vision - the will to power of the Superman. This powerful book presents an introduction to Nietzsche's life, while carefully selected excerpts from his writings show the development of his thinking. Finally Novak compares Nietzsche's ideal of the Superman with Buddhism's tried and tested notion of the Bodhisattva.


Review Of The Soul Of The Marionette By John Gray, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Soul Of The Marionette By John Gray, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Walter Benjamin: A Critical Life By Howard Eiland And Michael W. Jennings, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Walter Benjamin: A Critical Life By Howard Eiland And Michael W. Jennings, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of What Happened In And To Moral Philosophy In The Twentieth Century? Edited By Fran O'Rourke, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of What Happened In And To Moral Philosophy In The Twentieth Century? Edited By Fran O'Rourke, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Power Of Tolerance: A Debate By Wendy Brown And Rainer Forst, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Power Of Tolerance: A Debate By Wendy Brown And Rainer Forst, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Ethics Of Species: An Introduction By Ronald L. Sandler, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Ethics Of Species: An Introduction By Ronald L. Sandler, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Philosophy Of Free Will: Essential Readings From The Contemporary Debates Edited By Paul Russell And Oisin Deery, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Philosophy Of Free Will: Essential Readings From The Contemporary Debates Edited By Paul Russell And Oisin Deery, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Ethics Of Transplants: Why Careless Thought Costs Lives By Janet Radcliffe Richards, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Ethics Of Transplants: Why Careless Thought Costs Lives By Janet Radcliffe Richards, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Quest For A Moral Compass: A Global History Of Ethics By Kenan Malik, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Quest For A Moral Compass: A Global History Of Ethics By Kenan Malik, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Thieves Of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine By Tom Koch, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Thieves Of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine By Tom Koch, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Reason's Debt To Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, And Free Will By Isgtiyaque Haji, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Reason's Debt To Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, And Free Will By Isgtiyaque Haji, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Simone Weil: Late Philosophical Writings Edited By Eric O. Springsted, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Simone Weil: Late Philosophical Writings Edited By Eric O. Springsted, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Radio Benjamin By Walter Benjamin And Edited By Lecia Rosenthal, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Radio Benjamin By Walter Benjamin And Edited By Lecia Rosenthal, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will By David Hodgson, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will By David Hodgson, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Self And Soul By Mark Edmundson, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Self And Soul By Mark Edmundson, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Should Race Matter? Unusual Answers To The Usual Questions By David Boonin, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Should Race Matter? Unusual Answers To The Usual Questions By David Boonin, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Connected Self: The Ethics And Governance Of The Genetic Individual By Heather Widdows, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of The Connected Self: The Ethics And Governance Of The Genetic Individual By Heather Widdows, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of In Praise Of Reason By Michael P. Lynch, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of In Praise Of Reason By Michael P. Lynch, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.


Review Of Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations Of Medical Researchers By Henry S. Richardson, William Simkulet Feb 2016

Review Of Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations Of Medical Researchers By Henry S. Richardson, William Simkulet

William Simkulet

No abstract provided.