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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 287

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Ser Y Objeto, Víctor Velarde-Mayol Dec 2016

Ser Y Objeto, Víctor Velarde-Mayol

Víctor Velarde-Mayol

Being and Object
1. The perspective of the object: what is an object, types of objects and types of beings. The difference between the theory of objects and metaphysics.
2. Content and Object. Different intentional acts in Brentano. Arguments for the distinction between object and content. Existence and persistence from the perspective of the object. The inexistent object.
3. The pure object.


The Research Skills Of Undergraduate Philosophy Majors: Teaching Information Literacy, Heidi Gauder, Fred W. Jenkins Dec 2016

The Research Skills Of Undergraduate Philosophy Majors: Teaching Information Literacy, Heidi Gauder, Fred W. Jenkins

Fred W Jenkins

This article presents a case study of how one school introduced a one-credit course for philosophy majors focused on effective searching for and critical evaluation of primary and secondary sources. The course curriculum is based on departmental learning outcomes and is also aligned with the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) standards.


The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

If there is one thing that philosophers agree upon, it is that the meaning of time is a central philosophical question. If we take the Western world as an example, there is no famous philosopher who has not investigated time. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger, to indicate the centrality of time, writes: “all ontology is rooted in the phenomenon of time correctly viewed and correctly explained.”

Likewise, according to the French philosopher Henri Bergson, the main reason that philosophical questions are difficult is because “we do not think about real time.” The fact that the question of time is very ...


The Roots And Fallouts Of Haile Selassie's Educational Policy, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Roots And Fallouts Of Haile Selassie's Educational Policy, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

This paper attempts to assess the impacts of Haile Selassie’s educational policy on Ethiopia’s educated elite. It also inquires into the reasons the policy was adopted in the first place. The negative role that the Ethiopian educated elite has played during, and since, the overthrow of Haile Selassie’s regime provides the context of the inquiry. Admittedly, the continuous political crises and economic stagnation of Ethiopia since the 1974 Revolution point to the leading role played by Ethiopian educated elite. The paper raises the question of knowing whether the adoption of an education system that completely relied on ...


The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity: Amharic Version, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Ethiopian Conception Of Time And Modernity: Amharic Version, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

If there is one thing that philosophers agree upon, it is that the meaning of time is a central philosophical question. If we take the Western world as an example, there is no famous philosopher who has not investigated time. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger, to indicate the centrality of time, writes: “all ontology is rooted in the phenomenon of time correctly viewed and correctly explained.”

Likewise, according to the French philosopher Henri Bergson, the main reason that philosophical questions are difficult is because “we do not think about real time.” The fact that the question of time is very ...


Meaning And Development, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

Meaning And Development, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

This book is a learned yet passionate critique of alternative theories of development as addressed to traditional societies. It offers a forceful argument for sacrifice to be made in the name of moral faith. The metaphysical grounds and the scientific verification for such a faith are explored. An eloquent and original case for pursuing economic development in accordance with democracy and human dignity.


Two Types Of Wisdom, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Two Types Of Wisdom, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

The concept of wisdom is largely ignored by contemporary philosophers. But given recent movements in the fields of ethics and epistemology, the time is ripe for a return to this concept. This article lays some groundwork for further philosophical work in ethics and epistemology on wisdom. Its focus is the distinction between practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom or between phronesis and sophia. Several accounts of this distinction are considered and rejected. A more plausible, but also considerably more complex, account is offered. The discussion sheds light on the relation between practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom, and on the positive character ...


Sophia: Theoretical Wisdom And Contemporary Epistemology, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Sophia: Theoretical Wisdom And Contemporary Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Review Of Michael Depaul & Linda Zagzebski, Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics And Epistemology, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Review Of Michael Depaul & Linda Zagzebski, Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics And Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


The Four Dimensions Of An Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

The Four Dimensions Of An Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


The Structure Of Open-Mindedness, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

The Structure Of Open-Mindedness, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


The Cognitive Demands Of Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

The Cognitive Demands Of Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Must Knowledge Be Virtuously Motivated?, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Must Knowledge Be Virtuously Motivated?, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Open-Mindedness As A Christian Virtue?, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Open-Mindedness As A Christian Virtue?, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


On The Reliability Of Moral And Intellectual Virtues, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

On The Reliability Of Moral And Intellectual Virtues, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Four Varieties Of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Four Varieties Of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

The terrain of character-based or “responsibilist” virtue epistemology has evolved dramatically over the last decade — so much so that it is far from clear what, if anything, unifies the various views put forth in this area. In an attempt to bring some clarity to the overall thrust and structure of this movement, I develop a fourfold classification of character-based virtue epistemologies. I also offer a qualified assessment of each approach, defending a certain account of the probable future of this burgeoning subfield.


Educating For Intellectual Virtues: From Theory To Practice, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Educating For Intellectual Virtues: From Theory To Practice, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Review Of Ernest Sosa, Knowing Full Well, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Review Of Ernest Sosa, Knowing Full Well, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Character Virtues, Epistemic Agency, And Reflective Knowledge, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Character Virtues, Epistemic Agency, And Reflective Knowledge, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Character, Reliability, And Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Character, Reliability, And Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

Standard characterizations of virtue epistemology divide the field into two camps: virtue reliabilism and virtue responsibilism. Virtue reliabilists think of intellectual virtues as reliable cognitive faculties or abilities, while virtue responsibilists conceive of them as good intellectual character traits. I argue that responsibilist character virtues sometimes satisfy the conditions of a reliabilist conception of intellectual virtue, and that consequently virtue reliabilists, and reliabilists in general, must pay closer attention to matters of intellectual character. This leads to several new questions and challenges for any reliabilist epistemology.


Epistemic Malevolence, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Epistemic Malevolence, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

Against the background of a great deal of structural symmetry between intellectual and moral virtue and vice, it is a surprising fact that what is arguably the central or paradigm moral vice—that is, moral malevolence or malevolence proper—has no obvious or well-known counterpart among the intellectual vices. The notion of “epistemic malevolence” makes no appearance on any standard list of intellectual vices; nor is it central to our ordinary ways of thinking about intellectual vice. In this essay, I argue that there is such a thing as epistemic malevolence and offer an account of its basic character and ...


Review Of Jay Wood, Becoming Intellectually Virtuous, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Review Of Jay Wood, Becoming Intellectually Virtuous, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Evidentialism, Vice, And Virtue, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Evidentialism, Vice, And Virtue, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Is There A Value Problem?, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Is There A Value Problem?, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Review Of Duncan Pritchard, Epistemic Luck, Jason Baehr Nov 2016

Review Of Duncan Pritchard, Epistemic Luck, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Did The Ancient Greeks Have A Concept Of Human Rights?, Anthony Preus Nov 2016

Did The Ancient Greeks Have A Concept Of Human Rights?, Anthony Preus

Anthony Preus

"Although there is no single word in the classical Greek that captures the sense that modern political thinkers give to the word "rights" as it is used in the phrase "human rights," classical Greek and Roman texts have a good deal to contribute to 21st-century discussions of human rights."


Introduction To The Transaction Edition, The Genesis Of Winspear5s Thought, Anthony Preus Nov 2016

Introduction To The Transaction Edition, The Genesis Of Winspear5s Thought, Anthony Preus

Anthony Preus

No abstract provided.


Aristotle And Michael Of Ephesus On The Movement And Progression Of Animals Translated, With Introduction And Notes [Translation Of Studien Und Materialen Zur Geschichte Der Philosophie], Anthony Preus Nov 2016

Aristotle And Michael Of Ephesus On The Movement And Progression Of Animals Translated, With Introduction And Notes [Translation Of Studien Und Materialen Zur Geschichte Der Philosophie], Anthony Preus

Anthony Preus

The translation of Michael of Ephesus, Commentaries on The Movement of Animals and the Progression of Animals, here presented, are the first into a modern language. These are the only surviving Greek commentaries on these treaties.


Science And The Philosophy In Aristotle's Biological Works, Anthony Preus Nov 2016

Science And The Philosophy In Aristotle's Biological Works, Anthony Preus

Anthony Preus

The contents of this book cover observations and theories, science and philosophy in Aristotle's "Generation of Animals," understanding the organic parts, necessity and purpose in the explanation of nature, notes and a bibliography.