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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Developing Capabilities: A Feminist Discourse Ethics Approach, Chad Kleist Oct 2016

Developing Capabilities: A Feminist Discourse Ethics Approach, Chad Kleist

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation attempts to preserve the central tenets of a global moral theory called “the capabilities approach” as defended by Martha Nussbaum, but to do so in a way that better realizes its own goals of identifying gender injustices and gaining cross-cultural support by providing an alternative defense of it. Capabilities assess an individual’s well-being based on what she is able to do (actions) and who she is able to be (states of existence). Nussbaum grounds her theory in the intuitive idea that each and every person is worthy of equal respect and dignity. The problem with grounding a ...


Living Within The Sacred Tension: Paradox And Its Significance For Christian Existence In The Thought Of Søren Kierkegaard, Matthew Thomas Nowachek Oct 2016

Living Within The Sacred Tension: Paradox And Its Significance For Christian Existence In The Thought Of Søren Kierkegaard, Matthew Thomas Nowachek

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation presents an in-depth investigation into the notion of paradox and its significance for Christian existence in the thought of the Danish philosopher and theologian Søren Kierkegaard. The primary aim of the study is to explore and to develop various expressions of paradox in Kierkegaard’s authorship in order to demonstrate the manner by which Kierkegaard employs paradox as a means of challenging his Christendom contemporaries to exist as authentic Christians, and more specifically to enter into the existential state I am identifying in this project as living within the sacred tension. With this aim in mind, I begin ...


Essence And Necessity, And The Aristotelian Modal Syllogistic: A Historical And Analytical Study, Daniel James Vecchio Oct 2016

Essence And Necessity, And The Aristotelian Modal Syllogistic: A Historical And Analytical Study, Daniel James Vecchio

Dissertations (2009 -)

The following is a critical and historical account of Aristotelian Essentialism informed by recent work on Aristotle’s modal syllogistic. The semantics of the modal syllogistic are interpreted in a way that is motivated by Aristotle, and also make his validity claims in the Prior Analytics consistent to a higher degree than previously developed interpretative models. In Chapter One, ancient and contemporary objections to the Aristotelian modal syllogistic are discussed. A resolution to apparent inconsistencies in Aristotle’s modal syllogistic is proposed and developed out of recent work by Patterson, Rini, and Malink. In particular, I argue that the semantics ...


Review Of Aesthetic Revolutions And Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Movements Edited By Aleš Erjavec, Curtis Carter Jul 2016

Review Of Aesthetic Revolutions And Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Movements Edited By Aleš Erjavec, Curtis Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Moral Imagination And Adorno: Before And After Auschwitz, Catlyn Origitano Jul 2016

Moral Imagination And Adorno: Before And After Auschwitz, Catlyn Origitano

Dissertations (2009 -)

In the aftermath of national or international tragedies, appeals for action such as, “Never Forget” or “Never Again” are ubiquitous. Theodor Adorno makes a similar call in the wake of the Holocaust, proclaiming that all education should be focused on the prevention of another genocide. While most would agree with such a statement, practically how do we respond to such a call, specifically in light of Adorno’s work? Answering this question is at the heart of this project and I argue that imaginative memorials can fulfill Adorno’s criteria for post-Auschwitz education. I first present a theory of moral ...


The Effect Of Orthodontic Appliances On The Evaluation Of The Professionalism And Esthetics Of An Adult Employee, Laura Hanson Vaccariello Jul 2016

The Effect Of Orthodontic Appliances On The Evaluation Of The Professionalism And Esthetics Of An Adult Employee, Laura Hanson Vaccariello

Master's Theses (2009 -)

This study explored the influence of fixed and removable orthodontic appliances on participants’ ratings of the job performance, intelligence, and attractiveness of an adult female. Ninety-four adult subjects were recruited from the Graduate School of Management at Marquette University. Each subject received an identical employee performance review with an attached photograph of a female employee. The smile of the photo was manipulated to represent one of four conditions: no orthodontic appliance, a metal orthodontic appliance, a ceramic orthodontic appliance, or a clear aligner. Subjects then rated the employee on three continuous Likert scales. Ratings of job performance, intelligence, and attractiveness ...


Review Of Husserl's Ethics And Practical Intentionality, Pol Vandevelde Jun 2016

Review Of Husserl's Ethics And Practical Intentionality, Pol Vandevelde

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Infinite Phenomenology: The Lessons Of Hegel's Science Of Experience By John Russon, Michael Vater Jun 2016

Review Of Infinite Phenomenology: The Lessons Of Hegel's Science Of Experience By John Russon, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Russon suggests a pedagogy of cross-cultural awareness that can be derived from taking chapters of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit as a pattern for solving contemporary problems involving racial, ethnic, cultural and religious conflict.


Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini Jun 2016

Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Understanding probabilities as something other than point values (e.g., as intervals) has often been motivated by the need to find more realistic models for degree of belief, and in particular the idea that degree of belief should have an objective basis in “statistical knowledge of the world.” I offer here another motivation growing out of efforts to understand how chance evolves as a function of time. If the world is “chancy” in that there are non-trivial, objective, physical probabilities at the macro-level, then the chance of an event e that happens at a given time is e goes to ...


Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin Jun 2016

Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Aristotle’s main objection to Pythagorean number ontology is that it posits as a basic subject what can exist only as inherent in a subject. I then show how contemporary structural realists posit an ontology much like that of Aristotle’s Pythagoreans. Both take the objects of knowledge to be structure, not the subject of structure. I discuss both how pancomputationalists such as Edward Fredkin approach the Pythagorean account insofar as on their account all reality can in principle be expressed as one (very big) number, made up of discrete units, and even more moderate varieties of structural realism, like ...


Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey Apr 2016

Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation examines the viability of a feminist ethic of flourishing. The possibility of a eudaimonist, or flourishing-based, ethic adapted for the needs of feminist ethics and politics has recently been raised by a number of feminist moral philosophers. However, in these discussions, the degree to which an ethic of flourishing requires a substantive conception of human nature has not been adequately addressed. Flourishing-based ethical theories appear to require a substantive account of the kind of thing whose flourishing is to be promoted, while contemporary academic feminism is characterized by a strong suspicion toward claims about human nature. Chapter one ...


Review Of Theory And Practice In Aristotle's Natural Science, Owen Goldin Feb 2016

Review Of Theory And Practice In Aristotle's Natural Science, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Aristotle As Teacher: His Introduction To A Philosophical Science By Christopher Bruell, Owen Goldin Jan 2016

Review Of Aristotle As Teacher: His Introduction To A Philosophical Science By Christopher Bruell, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Spiritual Violence, Gender, And Sexuality: Implications For Seeking And Dwelling Among Some Catholic Women And Lgbt Catholics, Theresa Tobin Jan 2016

Spiritual Violence, Gender, And Sexuality: Implications For Seeking And Dwelling Among Some Catholic Women And Lgbt Catholics, Theresa Tobin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Seekers And Dwellers: Some Critical Reflections On Charles Taylor’S Account Of Identity, James B. South Jan 2016

Seekers And Dwellers: Some Critical Reflections On Charles Taylor’S Account Of Identity, James B. South

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Diversity And Felicity: Hobbes's Science Of Human Flourishing, Ericka L. Tucker Jan 2016

Diversity And Felicity: Hobbes's Science Of Human Flourishing, Ericka L. Tucker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


War As Morally Unintelligible: Sovereign Agency And The Limits Of Kantian Autonomy, Philip J. Rossi Jan 2016

War As Morally Unintelligible: Sovereign Agency And The Limits Of Kantian Autonomy, Philip J. Rossi

Theology Faculty Research and Publications

Kant’s treatment of war is usually discussed as part of his political philosophy or philosophy of history. In contrast, this essay locates these discussions in direct reference to major elements of his moral philosophy: autonomy, the categorical imperative, and the moral relationality of the kingdom of ends. Within this context, Kant’s account of war, particularly in writings from the 1790s, can be read as affirming war as morally unintelligible: It is the expression of a collective withdrawal from the constitutive relationality of moral community. This results in a radical disparity in the exercise of moral autonomy by the ...