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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Vulnerability And Children With Disabilities: Ethical Spheres Of Concern In Research And Practice, Chris Kliewer, Susan Etscheidt Dec 2016

Vulnerability And Children With Disabilities: Ethical Spheres Of Concern In Research And Practice, Chris Kliewer, Susan Etscheidt

Christopher Kliewer

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services requires that research involving children, including highly vulnerable social categories of children, detail adequate provisions to solicit the assent of children (in addition to receiving parental permission). The purpose appears to recognize the autonomy of children. In this presentation, we raise questions about the autonomy and rights of children in both research projects and educational/therapeutic practices (often the focus of research projects). Commonly, justification for research and/or practices proceeds from two seemingly complementary orientations: (1) a deficit/deficiency model of disability and (2) a utilitarian ethical consideration focused on ...


The Roots And Fallouts Of Haile Selassie's Educational Policy, Messay Kebede Nov 2016

The Roots And Fallouts Of Haile Selassie's Educational Policy, Messay Kebede

Messay Kebede

This paper attempts to assess the impacts of Haile Selassie’s educational policy on Ethiopia’s educated elite. It also inquires into the reasons the policy was adopted in the first place. The negative role that the Ethiopian educated elite has played during, and since, the overthrow of Haile Selassie’s regime provides the context of the inquiry. Admittedly, the continuous political crises and economic stagnation of Ethiopia since the 1974 Revolution point to the leading role played by Ethiopian educated elite. The paper raises the question of knowing whether the adoption of an education system that completely relied on ...


Presence In Nursing Practice: A Critical Hermeneutic Analysis, Alicia Laurel Bright Oct 2016

Presence In Nursing Practice: A Critical Hermeneutic Analysis, Alicia Laurel Bright

Alicia Bright

Research Topic

Presence, although it involves action at times, is a humanitarian quality of relating that is ethically generated and has real-world implications for both patient and nurse. It is an interpersonal process characterized by sensitivity, holism, intimacy, vulnerability, and adaptation to unique circumstances that results in enhanced mental wellbeing for nurses and patients, and improved physical wellbeing for patients. Knowing and being with are foundational to being present.

Theory and Protocol

This research is grounded in critical hermeneutics and follows an interpretive approach to field research and data analysis (Herda 1999). This orientation places the researcher and participants in ...


Topic 6: Aristotelian Ethics: The Virtue Of Success, Lee Eysturlid Jul 2016

Topic 6: Aristotelian Ethics: The Virtue Of Success, Lee Eysturlid

Lee W. Eysturlid

No abstract provided.


Topic 2: Kantian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid Jul 2016

Topic 2: Kantian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid

Lee W. Eysturlid

No abstract provided.


Topic 1: Utilitarian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid Jul 2016

Topic 1: Utilitarian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid

Lee W. Eysturlid

No abstract provided.


Topic 5: Rawlsian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid Jul 2016

Topic 5: Rawlsian Ethics, Lee Eysturlid

Lee W. Eysturlid

John Rawls (b. 1921, d. 2002) was an American political philosopher in the liberal tradition. His theory of justice as fairness envisions a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights cooperating within an egalitarian economic system. His account of political liberalism addresses the legitimate use of political power in a democracy, aiming to show how enduring unity may be achieved despite the diversity of worldviews that free institutions allow. His writings on the law of peoples extend these theories to liberal foreign policy, with the goal of imagining how a peaceful and tolerant international order might be possible.


Reflections On The Case Study: James Tuttle Vs. Lakeland Community College, Harlan Stelmach Jun 2016

Reflections On The Case Study: James Tuttle Vs. Lakeland Community College, Harlan Stelmach

Harlan Stelmach

As a Chair of a large academic department that supervises over thirty adjunct faculty members, I have sympathy with all the parties in this case. I have sympathy for administrators trying to maintain academic oversight of many adjunct faculty members who are often just on campus to teach their courses. I have sympathy for adjunct faculty who are under paid and often do the bulk of teaching at the general education level with very little guidance on the mission and values of an institution. As long as their student evaluations do not cause alarm, benign neglect often defines their relationship ...


Design Thinking To Meet Real World Needs, Danielle L. Lake Mar 2016

Design Thinking To Meet Real World Needs, Danielle L. Lake

Danielle L Lake

How can we better prepare and motivate students to tackle large-scale systemic challenges? What pedagogical methods and tools can be employed? This Open Mini will highlight a series of concrete strategies for supporting transdisciplinary innovation on real-world problems.
Hybrid strategies derived from Design Thinking, Strategic Doing, and feminist pragmatism as well as best practices from motivational learning and community-engagement research will be highlighted and tools tested. In addition, lessons learned from classroom implementation will be shared.


Reasonable Children, Michael Pritchard Feb 2016

Reasonable Children, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

The public outcry for a return to moral education in our schools has raised more dust than it's dispelled. Building upon his provocative ideas in On Becoming Responsible, Michael Pritchard clears the air with a sensible plan for promoting our children's moral education through the teaching of reasonableness.Pritchard contends that children have a definite but frequently untapped capacity for reasonableness and that schools in a democratic society must make the nurturing of that capacity one of their primary aims, as fundamental to learning as the development of reading, writing, and math skills. Reasonableness itself, he shows, can ...


The Interaction Of Music And Dance In Africa, Dan Rager Dec 2015

The Interaction Of Music And Dance In Africa, Dan Rager

Dan Rager

This article examines the role of music and dance in African life and how it is intertwined with the culture. The author investigates many styles, elements and ngomas to show how they are used in daily life from the womb to the grave.

Music and other art forms are an inseparable part of African life and are culminated into everyday activities. Instrumental, singing and dance are art forms embedded in the diverse cultures of African peoples and their traditions, beliefs, values, religions and artistic expression.

According to the author, traditional arts practices can contribute to creativity, perception and understanding of ...


Pragmatist Feminism, Danielle L. Lake Dec 2015

Pragmatist Feminism, Danielle L. Lake

Danielle L Lake

Pragmatist feminism is a developing field of philosophy that emerged in the 1990s as a new approach to feminist philosophy. It utilizes and integrates core concepts of pragmatism, including its emphasis on pluralism, lived experience and public philosophy, with feminist theory and practice in order to engage in social issues. Pragmatist feminist philosophers have been addressing several different projects over the past decades, including a) the recovery of women who were influential in the development of American pragmatism but whose work subsequently all but disappeared in the history of philosophy, b) a rereading of the “canon” of pragmatist philosophers, analyzing ...