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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 434

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

From The Illuminating Moon To The Radiating Sun: The Philosophical Writings Of Emerson And Nichiren, Sharon Mitsue Blythe Dec 2006

From The Illuminating Moon To The Radiating Sun: The Philosophical Writings Of Emerson And Nichiren, Sharon Mitsue Blythe

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Ralph Waldo Emerson's philosophical writings possess deep correlations to the writings of Nichiren, a 13th century Japanese Buddhist philosopher. Both Emerson and Nichiren conceive the inherent and unlimited potential of human beings, and stress the inseparability of life from its psychological, spiritual, and physical environment. Both Emerson and Nichiren address the cyclical and universal nature of all phenomena, an understanding that derives from the oneness of all facets of existence. The greatest variation between these two writers occurs in the implementation and practice of their philosophies.

The Preface provides a synopsis of Buddhism and introduces Nichiren. It also discusses ...


Correct Ethical Traditions: Towards A Defense Of Christian Ethical Relativism, Jason Paul Head Dec 2006

Correct Ethical Traditions: Towards A Defense Of Christian Ethical Relativism, Jason Paul Head

Philosophy Theses

This thesis provides one component of a greater defense of Christian ethical relativism, or the notion that what is a morally allowable action for one Christian may be wrong for another and both could be correct in their assertions. This essay does not develop such a Christian relativism, but merely defends the idea that a relativistic view could be developed in an academically rigorous manner and may be able to explain the diversity of Christian ethical traditions in a simpler manner than that offered by the ethical absolutist. As such, the thesis argues that a relativistic view ought to be ...


Kripke, Chalmers And The Immediate Phenomenal Quality Of Pain, Jessica Rae Owensby-Sandifer Dec 2006

Kripke, Chalmers And The Immediate Phenomenal Quality Of Pain, Jessica Rae Owensby-Sandifer

Philosophy Theses

One common element of Kripke’s and Chalmers’ reactions to physicalist theories of mind is their reliance upon the intuition that concepts about conscious experiences are essentially identified by the “immediate phenomenal quality” of the conscious experience, how the experience feels from the subjective point of view. I examine how Kripke’s and Chalmers’ critiques require that concepts about conscious experiences be identified by their subjective feel and then move on to provide some ways in which this intuition about concepts of conscious experience could be wrong. Specifically, the intuition is not consistent with our intuitions about unusual cases reported ...


Robustness Analysis, Michael Weisberg Dec 2006

Robustness Analysis, Michael Weisberg

Departmental Papers (Philosophy)

Modelers often rely on robustness analysis, the search for predictions common to several independent models. Robustness analysis has been characterized and championed by Richard Levins and William Wimsatt, who see it as central to modern theoretical practice. The practice has also been severely criticized by Steven Orzack and Elliott Sober, who claim that it is a nonempirical form of confirmation, effective only under unusual circumstances. This paper addresses Orzack and Sober’s criticisms by giving a new account of robustness analysis and showing how the practice can identify robust theorems. Once the structure of robust theorems is clearly articulated, it ...


Review Of Lonergan's Quest: A Student Of Desire In The Authoring Of "Insight" By William A. Mathews, Richard Liddy Dec 2006

Review Of Lonergan's Quest: A Student Of Desire In The Authoring Of "Insight" By William A. Mathews, Richard Liddy

Department of Religion Publications

No abstract provided.


A Novel Account Of Scientific Anomaly: Help For The Dispute Over Low-Dose Biochemical Effects, Kevin C. Elliott Dec 2006

A Novel Account Of Scientific Anomaly: Help For The Dispute Over Low-Dose Biochemical Effects, Kevin C. Elliott

Faculty Publications

The biological effects of low doses of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals are currently a matter of significant scientific controversy. This paper argues that philosophers of science can contribute to alleviating this controversy by examining it with the aid of a novel account of scientific anomaly. Specifically, analysis of contemporary research on chemical hormesis (i.e.. alleged beneficial biological effects produced by low doses of substances that are harmful at higher doses) suggests that scientists may initially describe anomalous phenomena in terms of multiple distinct '"characterizations," each
of which is compatible with current empirical evidence. By focusing attention on this feature ...


Aristotle On Sense Perception: The Enemy Of My Enemy Is Not My Friend: A Reply To Martha Nussbaum And Hilary Putnam, Anthony Crifasi Dec 2006

Aristotle On Sense Perception: The Enemy Of My Enemy Is Not My Friend: A Reply To Martha Nussbaum And Hilary Putnam, Anthony Crifasi

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Among the many contributions to twentieth century philosophical scholarship by Martha Nussbaum and Hilary Putnam was their 1992 essay, “Changing Aristotle’s Mind,” in which they appealed to “the Aristotelian form - matter view as a happy alternative” between Cartesian dualism and materialistic reductionism. On the one hand, they argued, Aristotle’s view escapes Cartesian mind-body dualism because for Aristotle, there can be no description of animal functions “without making these functions ... embodied in some matter...” On the other hand, Aristotle does not reduce psychological functions to matter, because the Aristotelian psuche or soul is not identified with the matter of ...


Sagp Newsletter 2006/7.1 (December), Anthony Preus Dec 2006

Sagp Newsletter 2006/7.1 (December), Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill Dec 2006

San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Examines the works and thoughts of two Italian saints: Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) and Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380). Explores the common ideological denominator in the works of these major figures and analyzes their impact on Italian society and culture.


Obligations In Offering To Disclose Genetic Research Results, Conrad Fernandez, Charles Weijer Nov 2006

Obligations In Offering To Disclose Genetic Research Results, Conrad Fernandez, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Review Of Lonergan's Quest: A Student Of Desire In The Authoring Of "Insight" By William A. Mathews, Richard M. Liddy Nov 2006

Review Of Lonergan's Quest: A Student Of Desire In The Authoring Of "Insight" By William A. Mathews, Richard M. Liddy

Richard M Liddy

No abstract provided.


Teilhard And The Future Of Humanity, Thierry Meynard, S.J. Nov 2006

Teilhard And The Future Of Humanity, Thierry Meynard, S.J.

Religion

Fifty years after his death, the thought of the French scientist and Jesuit Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881–1955) continues to inspire new ways of understanding humanity’s future. Trained as a paleontologist and philosopher, Teilhard was an innovative synthesizer of science and religion, developing an idea of evolution as an unfolding of material and mental worlds into an integrated, holistic universe at what he called the Omega Point. His books, such as the bestselling The Phenomenon of Man, have influenced generations of ecologists, environmentalists, planners, and others concerned with the fate of the earth.

This book brings together original ...


Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman Nov 2006

Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman

Emma R. Norman

This paper offers a few preliminary reflections on some ethical implications stemming from the disconnect between the moral rhetoric and the reality of the War on Terrorism. I suggest that the Bush Administration certainly shares a large part of the responsibility for constantly attempting to justify a war that, by the standards of traditional just war theory, is almost impossible to see as just. However, I also suggest that part of the responsibility lies with a public that demands high ethical standards of its public officials, but appears to be ultimately unprepared to face the full consequences of acting ethically ...


Restorative Rigging And The Safe Indication Account, Steven Luper Nov 2006

Restorative Rigging And The Safe Indication Account, Steven Luper

Philosophy Faculty Research

Typical Gettieresque scenarios involve a subject, S, using a method, M, of believing something, p, where, normally, M is a reliable indicator of the truth of p, yet, in S’s circumstances, M is not reliable: M is deleteriously rigged. A different sort of scenario involves rigging that restores the reliability of a method M that is deleteriously rigged: M is restoratively rigged. Some theorists criticize (among others) the safe indication account of knowledge defended by Luper, Sosa, and Williamson on the grounds that it treats such cases as knowledge. But other theorists also criticize the safe indication account because ...


The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz Nov 2006

The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Under what conditions, if any, do those the law addresses have a moral duty or obligation to obey it simply because it is the law? In this essay, I identify five general approaches to carrying out this task, and offer a somewhat detailed discussion of one or two examples of each approach. The approaches studied are: relational-role approaches that appeal to the fact that an agent occupies the role of member in the political community; attempts to ground the duty to obey the law in individual consent or fair play; natural duty approaches; instrumental approaches; and philosophical anarchism, an approach ...


Limits To Power: Some Friendly Reminders (Book Review), Ron Mock Nov 2006

Limits To Power: Some Friendly Reminders (Book Review), Ron Mock

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


Race, Colorblindness, And Continental Philosophy, Michael Monahan Nov 2006

Race, Colorblindness, And Continental Philosophy, Michael Monahan

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

The "colorblind" society is often offered as a worthy ideal for individual interaction as well as public policy. The ethos of liberal democracy would seem indeed to demand that we comport ourselves in a manner completely indifferent to race (and class, and gender, and so on). But is this ideal of colorblindness capable of fulfillment? And whether it is or not, is it truly a worthy political goal? In order to address these questions, one must first explore the nature of "race" itself. Is it ultimately real, or merely an illusion? What kind of reality, if any, does it have ...


Ciceronian Business Ethics, Owen Goldin Nov 2006

Ciceronian Business Ethics, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Opinion Shaper: Dead Guinea Pigs Have Their Own Mausoleum, Raleigh Muns Oct 2006

Opinion Shaper: Dead Guinea Pigs Have Their Own Mausoleum, Raleigh Muns

Raleigh Muns

Opinion column about a dead guinea pig.


"Inferno" By Charles Bowden, Scott Abbott Oct 2006

"Inferno" By Charles Bowden, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Praesentia Substantialis: An Examination Of The Thomistic Metaphysics Of The Eucharistic Prescence, Colin Robert Goodwin Oct 2006

Praesentia Substantialis: An Examination Of The Thomistic Metaphysics Of The Eucharistic Prescence, Colin Robert Goodwin

Theses

1. Aim of the Thesis. This thesis is concerned to investigate the schemata of metaphysical concepts, and the lines of philosophical argument, used by Thomas Aquinas in reaching conclusions about the nature of the change through which Christ becomes present in the sacrament of the Eucharist, and about the nature of this continuing presence. Although the object to which the thesis relates is provided by doctrinal and theological affirmations, the perspective within which the investigation takes place is that of the reflective rationality distinctive of philosophy. Put differently, the aim of the thesis is to examine the speculative rational work ...


The Confucian Ideal Of Harmony, Chenyang Li Oct 2006

The Confucian Ideal Of Harmony, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 2006, Case Western Reserve University Oct 2006

Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 2006, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Table of Contents:

  • Director's Corner: A New Beginning by Robert P. Lawry
  • The Global is Finally Local: Some Notes on Ethics, A Conversation with Bill Deal, Inamori Professor
  • Are You Ready to Take Free Exercise Rights Seriously? Alan Brownstein Explains Why You Should
  • Religious Lawyering: Professor Russell Pearce Keeps His Faith
  • Author David Callahan Asks: What Does Our "Cheating Culture' Say About Us?
  • Academic Integrity: Students Speak


Making Tracks: The Ontology Of Rock Music, Andrew Kania Oct 2006

Making Tracks: The Ontology Of Rock Music, Andrew Kania

Philosophy Faculty Research

Philosophers of music have traditionally been concerned with the problems Western classical music raises, but recently there has been growing interest both in non-Western music and in Western musical traditions other than classical. Motivated by questions of the relative merits of classical and rock music, philosophers have addressed the ontology of rock music, asking if the reason it is held in lower esteem by some is that its artworks have been misunderstood to be of the same kind as classical musical works. In classical music, the production of the sound event to which the audience listens is the result of ...


Splitting Concepts, Gualtiero Piccinini, Sam Scott Oct 2006

Splitting Concepts, Gualtiero Piccinini, Sam Scott

Philosophy Faculty Works

A common presupposition in the concepts literature is that concepts constitute a singular natural kind. If, on the contrary, concepts split into more than one kind, this literature needs to be recast in terms of other kinds of mental representation. We offer two new arguments that concepts, in fact, divide into different kinds: (a) concepts split because different kinds of mental representation, processed independently, must be posited to explain different sets of relevant phenomena; (b) concepts split because different kinds of mental representation, processed independently, must be posited to explain responses to different kinds of category. Whether these arguments are ...


Liberty Of Ecological Conscience, Aaron Lercher Oct 2006

Liberty Of Ecological Conscience, Aaron Lercher

Faculty Publications

Our concern for nonhuman nature can be justified in terms of a human right to liberty of ecological conscience. This right is analogous to the right to religious liberty, and is equally worthy of recognition as that fundamental liberty. The liberty of ecological conscience, like religious liberty, is a negative right against interference. Each ecological conscience supports a claim to protection of the parts of nonhuman nature that are current or potential sites of its active pursuit of natural value. If we acknowledge the fallibility of each conscience in its pursuit of genuine natural value, a policy of indefinitely extensive ...


God As The Most And Best Moved Mover: Charles Hartshorne's Importance For Philosophical Theology, Donald W. Viney Oct 2006

God As The Most And Best Moved Mover: Charles Hartshorne's Importance For Philosophical Theology, Donald W. Viney

Faculty Submissions

The work of Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000) may be the single most important factor in dissolving the consensus among philosophers that an entirely absolute deity should be considered normative for theology. What Hartshorne calls classical theism holds that God creates the universe ex nihilo, that God alone has the power to create, thereby entailing that the creatures are wholly uncreative. Classical theism is an anomaly in the sense that the Bible portrays God and the creatures in dynamic interaction with each other. Classical theism also presents various antinomies of how a God with no contingent properties could know a contingent and ...


Sagp Ssips 2006 List Of Papers, Anthony Preus Oct 2006

Sagp Ssips 2006 List Of Papers, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Alphabetical list of the participants in the 2006 SAGP SSIPS conference at Fordham University.


Restorative Justice And Reparations, Margaret Urban Walker Oct 2006

Restorative Justice And Reparations, Margaret Urban Walker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


A Contractarian Argument Against The Death Penalty, Claire Oakes Finkelstein Oct 2006

A Contractarian Argument Against The Death Penalty, Claire Oakes Finkelstein

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Opponents of the death penalty typically base their opposition on contingent features of its administration, arguing that the death penalty is applied discriminatory, that the innocent are sometimes executed, or that there is insufficient evidence of the death penalty’s deterrent efficacy. Implicit in these arguments is the suggestion that if these contingencies did not obtain, serious moral objections to the death penalty would be misplaced. In this Article, Professor Finkelstein argues that there are grounds for opposing the death penalty even in the absence of such contingent factors. She proceeds by arguing that neither of the two prevailing theories ...