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2004

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Articles 31 - 60 of 413

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Michael And Me: Education, Politics, Money, Culture, And Michael Moore At Uvsc, Scott Abbott Sep 2004

Michael And Me: Education, Politics, Money, Culture, And Michael Moore At Uvsc, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Learning To Live A Life That's Full, Seow Hon Tan Sep 2004

Learning To Live A Life That's Full, Seow Hon Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


Gandhi And The Ego Ideal, Michele Gibney Sep 2004

Gandhi And The Ego Ideal, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

If the individual self is not equal to the subject self and “agency”, as Wimal Dissanayake defines it, is seen as the link between the two: can the agency of Gandhi be described as utilizing the Freudian mirror stage development to overthrow subjectivity? I believe that, in fact, Gandhi’s reaction to British imperialism projects a reflected ego ideal which is used to combat the subjectivity of colonization and create an Indian “self”.


'Mass Delusion' Or 'True Myth'? Pbs Considers The Question Of God, Stephen Asma Sep 2004

'Mass Delusion' Or 'True Myth'? Pbs Considers The Question Of God, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

The Question of God is a new 4-hour miniseries from PBS. It is based on a long-running course taught by Harvard University psychiatry professor Armand Nicholi that compares the biographies and theories of Sigmund Freud, skeptic, and C. S. Lewis, believer. On balance, the miniseries succeeds as an introduction to complex issues.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Sep 2004

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Payment For Egg Donation And Surrogacy, Bonnie Steinbock Sep 2004

Payment For Egg Donation And Surrogacy, Bonnie Steinbock

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

This article examines the ethics of egg donation. It begins by looking at objections to noncommercial gamete donation, and then takes up criticism of commercial egg donation. After discussing arguments based on concern for offspring, inequality, commodification, exploitation of donors, and threats to the family, I conclude that some payment to donors is ethically acceptable. Donors should not be paid for their eggs, but rather they should be compensated for the burdens of egg retrieval. Making the distinction between compensation for burdens and payment for a product has the advantages of limiting payment, not distinguishing between donors on the basis ...


Epistemic Relativism, Steven Luper Sep 2004

Epistemic Relativism, Steven Luper

Philosophy Faculty Research

No abstract provided.


Why Aristotle Says There Is No Time Without Change, Tony Roark Sep 2004

Why Aristotle Says There Is No Time Without Change, Tony Roark

Philosophy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The title of this paper is intended as a provocative (but friendly) reference to Ursula Coope's recent article 'Why Does Aristotle Say That There Is No Time Without Change?', which provides much of the impetus for the present paper.1 For although Coope's strategy in answering this question is admirable, and although I think that her criticisms of the standard interpretation of the argument that opens Physics IV 11 hit their mark, I believe that her own interpretation fails and that something rather like the standard interpretation is correct. In the first section, I rehearse Coope's treatment ...


Watching The Watchers: Surveillance, Transparency, And Political Freedom In The War On Terror, Seth F. Kreimer Sep 2004

Watching The Watchers: Surveillance, Transparency, And Political Freedom In The War On Terror, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Learning To Live A Life That's Full, Seow Hon Tan Sep 2004

Learning To Live A Life That's Full, Seow Hon Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


Waiver Of Consent For Emergency Research, Andrew Mcrae, Charles Weijer Aug 2004

Waiver Of Consent For Emergency Research, Andrew Mcrae, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Shorthand, Syntactic Ellipsis, And The Pragmatic Determinants Of What Is Said, Reinaldo Elugardo, Robert J. Stainton Aug 2004

Shorthand, Syntactic Ellipsis, And The Pragmatic Determinants Of What Is Said, Reinaldo Elugardo, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

Our first aim in this paper is to respond to four novel objections in Jason Stanley's 'Context and Logical Form'. Taken together, those objections attempt to debunk our prior claims that one can perform a genuine speech act by using a sub‐sentential expression—where by 'sub‐sentential expression' we mean an ordinary word or phrase, not embedded in any larger syntactic structure. Our second aim is to make it plausible that, pace Stanley, there really are pragmatic determinants of the literal truth‐conditional content of speech acts. We hope to achieve this second aim precisely by defending the ...


The Malaysian Experience In Science And Technology Development And Its Relevance For Oic Countries, Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad Aug 2004

The Malaysian Experience In Science And Technology Development And Its Relevance For Oic Countries, Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad

Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad

This paper examines the question of the economic and religious influence on S&T development in Malaysia.


[Book Review Of] Living The Good Life: What Every Catholic Needs To Know About Moral Issues, By Mark Lowery, William E. May Aug 2004

[Book Review Of] Living The Good Life: What Every Catholic Needs To Know About Moral Issues, By Mark Lowery, William E. May

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Killing Animals That Don't Fit In: Moral Dimensions Of Habitat Restoration, Jo-Anne Shelton Aug 2004

Killing Animals That Don't Fit In: Moral Dimensions Of Habitat Restoration, Jo-Anne Shelton

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Pluralism And Practical Reason: The Problem Of Decisiveness, James Michael Okapal Aug 2004

Pluralism And Practical Reason: The Problem Of Decisiveness, James Michael Okapal

Doctoral Dissertations

Some have criticized pluralistic theories as failing to be decisive, in other words, pluralistic theories fail to produce judgments that are rational and justified. The argument starts by claiming that if a theory has neither the ability to justify actions through comparison nor the ability to guarantee a single answer about what one ought to do, then the theory is not decisive. The argument identifies the source of these failings in the pluralists commitment to incomparability and non-reductionism. I argue that pluralistic theories can be comparativist and that the demand for a single right answer is too stringent. Thus, it ...


My Life As A Dog, Kent Baldner Aug 2004

My Life As A Dog, Kent Baldner

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Minds That Matter: Seven Degrees Of Moral Standing, Julian Friedland Aug 2004

Minds That Matter: Seven Degrees Of Moral Standing, Julian Friedland

Between the Species

No abstract provided.


Killing For Pleasure, Tzachi Zamir Aug 2004

Killing For Pleasure, Tzachi Zamir

Between the Species

This paper formulates and defends a version of moral vegetarianism. Since eating animals is not causally connected to their death, I begin with analyzing the moral status of consumer actions that do not, taken on their own, harm animals (I). I then formulate a version of moral vegetarianism (II). Three different opponents of moral vegetarianism are then distinguished and criticized (III-VI). I then take up the argument according to which eating animals benefits them (VII). I close with the question of the desirability of collective vegetarianism from the point of view of animals.


A Simple Solution To The Surprise Exam Paradoxes, John N. Williams Aug 2004

A Simple Solution To The Surprise Exam Paradoxes, John N. Williams

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


“Ethics Education Is Of Great Benefit, David Keller Jul 2004

“Ethics Education Is Of Great Benefit, David Keller

David R. Keller

No abstract provided.


Review Of Autopsy Of A Suicidal Mind By Edwin S. Shneidman, Matthew Pianalto Jul 2004

Review Of Autopsy Of A Suicidal Mind By Edwin S. Shneidman, Matthew Pianalto

Matthew Pianalto

In any other discipline, a gathering of minds with only half the intellectual prowess and experience of the consultants brought together in Edwin Shneidman's Autopsy of a Suicidal Mind would give reason for a celebration. The very nature of suicidology must make even such a momentous reunion as occurs in this book a somber event. In Autopsy, Shneidman rejoins forces with seven suicide specialists, longtime colleague Norman L. Farberow, with whom Shneidman founded the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center (the first center of its kind), and Robert E. Litman, chief psychiatrist at the LASPC, Avery Weisman, John T. Maltsberger ...


Realist Ennui And The Base Rate Fallacy, P.D. Magnus, Craig Callender Jul 2004

Realist Ennui And The Base Rate Fallacy, P.D. Magnus, Craig Callender

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

The no‐miracles argument and the pessimistic induction are arguably the main considerations for and against scientific realism. Recently these arguments have been accused of embodying a familiar, seductive fallacy. In each case, we are tricked by a base rate fallacy, one much‐discussed in the psychological literature. In this paper we consider this accusation and use it as an explanation for why the two most prominent ‘wholesale’ arguments in the literature seem irresolvable. Framed probabilistically, we can see very clearly why realists and anti‐realists have been talking past one another. We then formulate a dilemma for advocates of ...


International Legal Pluralism, William W. Burke-White Jul 2004

International Legal Pluralism, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Consumer Subjectivity In The Age Of Internet: The Radical Concept Of Marketing Control Through Customer Relationship Management, Detlev Zwick, Nikhilesh Dholakia Jul 2004

Consumer Subjectivity In The Age Of Internet: The Radical Concept Of Marketing Control Through Customer Relationship Management, Detlev Zwick, Nikhilesh Dholakia

College of Business Faculty Publications

In this paper, we present a poststructuralist analysis of customer database technology. This approach allows us to regard customer databases as configurations of language that produce new and significant discursive effects. In particular, we focus on the role of databases and related technologies such as customer relationship management (CRM) in the discursive construction of both customers and customer relationships. First, we argue that organizations become the authors of customer identities, using the language of the database to configure customer representation. From this perspective, we can see the radical innovation that the customer database brings to the organizational construction of its ...


The Incarnation, Michel Henry, And The Possibility Of An Husserlian-Inspired Transcendental Life, Antonio Calcagno Jun 2004

The Incarnation, Michel Henry, And The Possibility Of An Husserlian-Inspired Transcendental Life, Antonio Calcagno

Antonio Calcagno

No abstract provided.


Beyond Violence: Religious Sources Of Social Transformation In Judaism, Christianity, And Islam, James L. Heft, S.M. Jun 2004

Beyond Violence: Religious Sources Of Social Transformation In Judaism, Christianity, And Islam, James L. Heft, S.M.

Religion

In an age of terrorism and other forms of violence committed in the name of religion, how can religion become a vehicle for peace, justice, and reconciliation? And in a world of bitter conflicts-many rooted in religious difference-how can communities of faith understand one another?

The essays in this important book take bold steps forward to answering these questions. The fruit of a historic conference of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scholars and community leaders, the essays address a fundamental question: how the three monotheistic traditions can provide the resources needed in the work of justice and reconciliation.

Two distinguished scholars ...


Responsibility And The Aims Of Theory: Strawson And Revisionism, Manuel R. Vargas Jun 2004

Responsibility And The Aims Of Theory: Strawson And Revisionism, Manuel R. Vargas

Philosophy

Strawsonian approaches to responsibility, including more recent accounts such as Dennett’s and Wallace’s, face a number of important objections. However, Strawsonian theories can be recast along revisionist lines so as to avoid many of these problems. In this paper, I explain the revisionist approach to moral responsibility, discuss the concessions it makes to incompatibilism (including the point that compatibilists may not fully capture what our commonsense understanding of responsibility), why it provides a fruitful recasting of Strawsonian approaches, and how it offers an alternative to the pattern of dialectical stalemates exhibited by standard approaches to free will and ...


The Price Of Insisting That Quantum Mechanics Is Complete, P.D. Magnus Jun 2004

The Price Of Insisting That Quantum Mechanics Is Complete, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

The Bare Theory was offered by David Albert as a way of standing by the completeness of quantum mechanics in the face of the measurement problem. This paper surveys objections to the Bare Theory that recur in the literature: what will here be called the oddity objection, the coherence objection, and the context-of-the-universe objection. Critics usually take the Bare Theory to have unacceptably bizarre consequences, but to be free from internal contradiction. Bizarre consequences need not be decisive against the Bare Theory, but a further objection—dubbed here the calibration objection—has been underestimated. This paper argues that the Bare ...


Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study Of Farm Animal Cognition And Ensuing Ethical Issues, C. C. Croney, B. Gardner, S. Baggot Jun 2004

Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study Of Farm Animal Cognition And Ensuing Ethical Issues, C. C. Croney, B. Gardner, S. Baggot

Essays in Philosophy

Concerns about the welfare of agricultural animals in corporate or “factory farming” systems are growing. Increasingly, it is suggested that modern farm animal production practices are morally objectionable, causing physical and mental suffering to animals. Such criticisms are premised on beliefs about the mental capacities of farm animals that are not wholly supported by scientific evidence, for little is known about farm animal cognition. Some animal scientists, realizing that concerns about the treatment of agricultural animals cannot be addressed in absence of knowledge about farm animal mentality, have begun cognitive studies of farm animals. Subsequently, several ethical problems have emerged ...