Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Philosophy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1998

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 212

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Are Ends Subject To Deliberation In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics? A Reply To David Wiggins, Anthony Crifasi Dec 1998

Are Ends Subject To Deliberation In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics? A Reply To David Wiggins, Anthony Crifasi

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

We focus upon the difficulties involved in Wiggin's interpretation of deliberation, since these form the basis for his later analyses. Wiggins grounds his thesis that ends are subject to deliberation upon the view that the various virtues are constituents of happiness. As constituents of the ultimate end itself, they would not be ordered to any higher end. Consequently, the virtues would be incommensurable with one another, since conflicts between virtues would not be resolvable in terms of any common end. It is perfectly understandable that under this view the sole arbiter of such conflicts would be “situational appreciation,” as ...


Are Ends Subject To Deliberation In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics? A Reply To David Wiggins, Anthony Crifasi Dec 1998

Are Ends Subject To Deliberation In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics? A Reply To David Wiggins, Anthony Crifasi

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Conflicts between virtues would not result in the radical incommensurability described by Wiggins (having no common end at all). Such a highest end would by no means be a “universal rule” in the sense criticized by Wiggins in his reply to Allan, since particular circumstances could, as always, affect or prevent altogether the manner and means by which the end would be actualized. The “situational appreciation” of practical wisdom would therefore still play a vital role in the practical actualization of any virtue. Since the benefits of this interpretation include the elimination of radical incommensurability without appeal to universal Kantian ...


Aristotle On Existential Import And Nonreferring Subjects, Scott Carson Dec 1998

Aristotle On Existential Import And Nonreferring Subjects, Scott Carson

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Much contemporary philosophy o f language has shown considerable interest in the relation between our linguistic practice and our metaphysical commitments, and this interest has begun to influence work in the history of philosophy as well. In his Categories and De interpretatione, Aristotle presents an analysis of language that can be read as intended to illustrate an isomorphism between the ontology of the real world and how we talk about that world. Our understanding of language is at least in part dependent upon our understanding of the relationships that exist among the enduring πράγματα that we come across in our ...


D'Oh! An Analysis Of The Medical Care Provided To The Family Of Homer J. Simpson, Robert Patterson, Charles Weijer Dec 1998

D'Oh! An Analysis Of The Medical Care Provided To The Family Of Homer J. Simpson, Robert Patterson, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


A Case Against Bringing Monsters To Justice: Pinochet, Deterrence, And Personal Identity, Editor Dec 1998

A Case Against Bringing Monsters To Justice: Pinochet, Deterrence, And Personal Identity, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article presents a philosophical psychology case against subjecting former national leaders who allegedly committed atrocities committed while they were in power to adjudication through a criminal or civil justice system.


Epicurus, Sententia Vaticana Xxiii, Eric A. Brown Dec 1998

Epicurus, Sententia Vaticana Xxiii, Eric A. Brown

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Sententia Vaticana 23, as usually emended, says that every friendship is choiceworthy for its own sake. I argue that this sentence should not be attributed to Epicurus. No other evidence supports the attribution of this view to Epicurus, and much other evidence counts strongly against it. It would be better to reject the emendation, so that the sentence says, in somewhat awkward but not entirely unprecedented Greek, that every friendship is by itself a virtue, or to attribute the emended sentence not to Epicurus but to the later, more timid Epicureans who, according to Cicero, conceded more value to friendship ...


Interview With Richard Eldridge, W. Desmond, Richard Thomas Eldridge Dec 1998

Interview With Richard Eldridge, W. Desmond, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Desmond: Talking to Richard on the way over, I proposed that our discussion would focus on the theme of autonomy and embeddedness or relatedness. This is a recurrent concern in all of Richard’s writing. I thought it would be a good idea to look at this issue of autonomy and embeddedness in a variety of different forms, in relation to different philosophers that have influenced the work of Richard, but also in a variety of different domains such as ethics, aesthetics or literature, romanticism. In the latter the question of the interplay between art and religion also comes up ...


Wittgensteinian Accounts Of Moorean Absurdity, John N. Williams Dec 1998

Wittgensteinian Accounts Of Moorean Absurdity, John N. Williams

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Sagp Newsletter 1998-99.3 November, Anthony Preus Nov 1998

Sagp Newsletter 1998-99.3 November, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Announcement of the SAGP panels with the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association in Washington DC December 28 and with the American Philological Association, also in DC, December 30.


The Ethics Of The New Economy, Leo Groarke Nov 1998

The Ethics Of The New Economy, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Books

Is restructuring an underhanded way to make the rich richer and the poor poorer? Or is it necessary, although bitter, medicine for an ailing economy?

In The Ethics of the New Economy: Restructuring and Beyond, professionals from the fields of philosophy, ethics, management, as well as those representing the groups affected by restructuring, tackle thorny ethical issues. Referring to concrete case studies, these timely essays discuss a variety of topics, including justified and unjustified restructuring; employers’ obligations during the restructuring process; equity issues; the rise of part-time employment; the effects of restructuring on communities; the internal risks faced by restructuring ...


Mathematics Found In Poetry, Alexis Mann Nov 1998

Mathematics Found In Poetry, Alexis Mann

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Monitoring Informed Consent In An Oncology Study Posing Serious Risk To Subjects, Myrian Skrutkowski, Charles Weijer, Stan Shapiro, Abraham Fuks, Adrian Langleben, Benjamin Freedman Oct 1998

Monitoring Informed Consent In An Oncology Study Posing Serious Risk To Subjects, Myrian Skrutkowski, Charles Weijer, Stan Shapiro, Abraham Fuks, Adrian Langleben, Benjamin Freedman

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Unembedded Definite Descriptions And Relevance, Robert J. Stainton Oct 1998

Unembedded Definite Descriptions And Relevance, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

Definite descriptions (e.g. 'The king of France in 1997', 'The teacher of Aristotle') do not stand for particulars. Or so I will assume. The semantic alternative has seemed to be that descriptions only have meaning within sentences: i.e., that their semantic contribution is given syncategorimatically. This doesn't seem right, however, because descriptions can be used and understood outside the context of any sentence. Nor is this use simply a matter of "ellipsis." Since descriptions do not denote particulars, but seem to have a meaning in isolation, I propose that they be assigned generalized quantifiers as denotations — i ...


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Oct 1998

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Obstacles To Interrogation Training: Part I, Editor Oct 1998

Obstacles To Interrogation Training: Part I, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article continues the series on research presented at the 1998 American Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, California. Part I of the article describes two types of obstacles to effective interrogation training. Part II of the article (to be posted in next week's IBPP Issue (September 16th) describes approaches to overcoming the obstacles. The article is very closely based on the research of Meir Gilboa, formerly the Commander, National Unit for Serious Crime Investigation, Israeli National Police, as presented at the symposium "Four National Approaches to Training Interrogators" that was chaired by Dr. Paul Ekman of the University ...


The Illogic Of Logic In Security Analysis: An Example From Serbia, Editor Oct 1998

The Illogic Of Logic In Security Analysis: An Example From Serbia, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the good and bad implications of both denotation and connotation.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Oct 1998

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Bioethics For Clinicians: 16. Dealing With Demands For Inappropriate Treatment, Charles Weijer, Peter Singer, Bernard Dickens, Stephen Workman Oct 1998

Bioethics For Clinicians: 16. Dealing With Demands For Inappropriate Treatment, Charles Weijer, Peter Singer, Bernard Dickens, Stephen Workman

Charles Weijer

Demands by Patients or their Families for treatment thought to be inappropriate by health care providers constitute an important set of moral problems in clinical practice. A variety of approaches to such cases have been described in the literature, including medical futility, standard of care and negotiation. Medical futility fails because it confounds morally distinct cases: demand for an ineffective treatment and demand for an effective treatment that supports a controversial end (e.g., permanent unconsciousness). Medical futility is not necessary in the first case and is harmful in the second. Ineffective treatment falls outside the standard of care, and ...


Heidegger, The Polity, And National Socialism (Review Article), Frank Schalow Oct 1998

Heidegger, The Polity, And National Socialism (Review Article), Frank Schalow

Philosophy Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Resolving The Tension In Aristotle's Ethic: The Balance Between Naturalism And Responsibility, David E.W. Fenner Oct 1998

Resolving The Tension In Aristotle's Ethic: The Balance Between Naturalism And Responsibility, David E.W. Fenner

Philosophy and Religious Studies Faculty Publications

...It is clear that there exists in the history of ethics the problem that naturalist systems of ethics frequently fall prey to the entailment of behavioral determinism. If this occurs, it robs the ethic of doing any real work. Instead of proscribing correct and incorrect action, or allowing those considering the situation and activity to meaningfully assign praise or blame, the naive naturalist ethic functions only as a psychological thesis: that one will behave according to whatever psychological or mechanical program one is informed by.
The question of this paper was whether Aristotle's system falls prey to such a ...


The Varieties Of Theism And The Openness Of God, Donald W. Viney Oct 1998

The Varieties Of Theism And The Openness Of God, Donald W. Viney

Faculty Submissions

Charles Hartshorne was an advocate of the openness of God. Contrary to some critiques, he was aware of and responded to criticisms of his views and developed ways of thinking about the varieties of theistic metaphysics.


Center For Professional Ethics, Volume 1, Issue 1, 1998, Case Western Reserve University Oct 1998

Center For Professional Ethics, Volume 1, Issue 1, 1998, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Table of Contents:

  • Tom Anderson Appointed as Ethics Fellow
  • Director's Corner: Off base / On Base, by Robert P. Lawry
  • Physician-Assisted Suicide: Morally Permissible?
  • In Memorium: Marliln Samuels, 1996 Fellow
  • News and Notes


The Expository Sermon - Cultural Or Biblical?, Robert A. Allen Oct 1998

The Expository Sermon - Cultural Or Biblical?, Robert A. Allen

SOR Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Averroes On Psychology And The Principles Of Metaphysics, Richard C. Taylor Oct 1998

Averroes On Psychology And The Principles Of Metaphysics, Richard C. Taylor

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Process Thought From An Evangelical Perspective: An Appreciation And Critique, Stephen T. Franklin Oct 1998

Process Thought From An Evangelical Perspective: An Appreciation And Critique, Stephen T. Franklin

Faculty Scholarship – Theology

In the past, both Evangelical theologians and Process scholars have often misunderstood the perspectives and concerns of the other camp. Stephen Franklin introduces Process thought to Evangelicals, showing how Process thought addresses central Evangelical concerns. He also considers the limitations of Process thought from an Evangelical point of view. Lastly he explains to Process scholars why Evangelicals have a serious stake in the analysis of human experience, whether or not explicitly religious, and thus why Evangelicals have a natural basis for using the categories of Process thought. Mr. Franklin is Director of Graduate Programs, School of Theology and Christian Ministry ...


Original Sin And The Power Of Narrative In Intelligence Operations, Editor Sep 1998

Original Sin And The Power Of Narrative In Intelligence Operations, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article illustrates how the intent of a political community to demand sinless behavior in its leaders can sow the seeds for that community's demise.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Sep 1998

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Trends. Clinton/Lewinsky, Star Chambers, The Starr Report: E Pluribus Unum Or E Uno Plures?, Editor Sep 1998

Trends. Clinton/Lewinsky, Star Chambers, The Starr Report: E Pluribus Unum Or E Uno Plures?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the effect of lying on the presidency and impeachment.


Hegel's Critique Of Kantian Practical Reason, Philip J. Kain Sep 1998

Hegel's Critique Of Kantian Practical Reason, Philip J. Kain

Philosophy

While many philosophers have found Hegel's critique of Kantian ethics to be interesting in certain respects, overall most tend to find it rather shallow and to think that Hegel either misunderstands Kant's thought or has a rather crude understanding of it. For example, in examining the last two sections of Chapter V of the Phenomenology - 'Reason as Lawgiver' and 'Reason as Testing Laws' (where we get an extended critique of the categorical imperative)- Lauer finds Hegel's treatment to be truncated and inadequate.1 The only trouble, though, is that like most other readers of the Phenomenology, Lauer ...


Celebrity And Immortality, Scott Abbott Aug 1998

Celebrity And Immortality, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.