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Philosophy Commons

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1997

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 38

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Victorian Cyprus: Society And Institutions In The Aftermath Of The Anglo-Turkish Convention, 1878-91, Kyriakos N. Demetriou Oct 1997

Victorian Cyprus: Society And Institutions In The Aftermath Of The Anglo-Turkish Convention, 1878-91, Kyriakos N. Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

The essay brings to light neglected and widely unknown sources on Cyprus from the late Victorian period and fills a literary and bibliographical lacuna in this respect. The account on Cyprus is here informed by the keen and critical eye of the Victorian politician, scholar, traveller, or ambitious businessman, and no consistent use is made of public records and documents. Of their works, some were compiled chiefly from already existing sources but some were noticeably fascinating and essential guides for those interested in finding out more about contemporary Cyprus. It cannot be overlooked that nineteenth-century Britain was a journalising society ...


The Placebo Effect, Charles Weijer Oct 1997

The Placebo Effect, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Do Patients With Breast Cancer Participating In Clinical Trials Receive Better Nursing Care?, Myriam Skrutkowska, Charles Weijer Aug 1997

Do Patients With Breast Cancer Participating In Clinical Trials Receive Better Nursing Care?, Myriam Skrutkowska, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in nursing care received by patients with breast cancer enrolled in clinical trials and those not enrolled in clinical trials.

DESIGN: Retrospective review of clinic charts.

SETTING: Oncology outpatient department of a tertiary-care hospital. SAMPLE: 90 women with early stage breast cancer. The mean age of the women was 53 years. More than half of the women (51 of 90) were treated in a clinical trial.

METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all the nurse-patient clinic encounters for a six-month period from date of cancer diagnosis. The content of each encounter was coded using a modified ...


Shifting Perspectives: Filial Morality Revisited, Chenyang Li Aug 1997

Shifting Perspectives: Filial Morality Revisited, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Hocus Focus: Mose Allison At The Bird, Scott Abbott Jul 1997

Hocus Focus: Mose Allison At The Bird, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Review Of Economic Efficiency And Social Justice: The Development Of Utilitarian Ideas In Economics From Bentham To Edgeworth, Henry West Jun 1997

Review Of Economic Efficiency And Social Justice: The Development Of Utilitarian Ideas In Economics From Bentham To Edgeworth, Henry West

Henry R. West, Retired

No abstract provided.


Duty And Healing: The Lifework Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer May 1997

Duty And Healing: The Lifework Of Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

BENJAMIN FREEDMAN, un des plus grands bioéthiciens du Canada et universitaire re- connu sur la scène internationale, est mort le 20 mars 1997. Professeur de médecine à l’Université McGill de Montréal, Freedman a beaucoup contribué au domaine de la bioéthique, où il a fait notamment des travaux fondamentaux sur le consentement éclairé et la compétence. Dans le domaine de l’éthique de la recherche, Freedman est l’auteur du concept de l’équivalence clinique comme condition préalable à l’exécution éthique de recherches cliniques. Des travaux subse ...


Persona Politica: Unity And Difference In Edith Stein’S Political Philosophy, Antonio Calcagno May 1997

Persona Politica: Unity And Difference In Edith Stein’S Political Philosophy, Antonio Calcagno

Antonio Calcagno

No abstract provided.


Spilker's Guide To Clinical Trials On Cd-Rom, Charles Weijer May 1997

Spilker's Guide To Clinical Trials On Cd-Rom, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Remembering Benjamin Freedman (1951-1997), Françoise Baylis, Charles Weijer Apr 1997

Remembering Benjamin Freedman (1951-1997), Françoise Baylis, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Selecting Subjects For Participation In Clinical Research: An Empirical Inquiry And Ethical Analysis, Charles Weijer Apr 1997

Selecting Subjects For Participation In Clinical Research: An Empirical Inquiry And Ethical Analysis, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

Procedures for the selection of subjects for participation in randomized clinical trials--usually formalized as eligibility criteria in the study protocol--have both scientific and ethical implications. In this thesis, I undertake an examination of eligibility criteria at three stages in the genesis and dissemination of medical knowledge: clinical trial protocol, interpretation by investigators, and reporting of study results.

In the first chapter, ethical issues in subject selection are reviewed and the main study questions are presented. In the second chapter, the results of an examination of eligibility criteria in two sets of clinical trials, one sponsored by the NSABP, the other ...


The Human Radiation Experiments: Final Report Of The Advisory Committee On Human Radiation Experiments, Charles Weijer Apr 1997

The Human Radiation Experiments: Final Report Of The Advisory Committee On Human Radiation Experiments, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Bioethics For Clinicians: 10. Research Ethics, Charles Weijer, Bernard Dickens, Eric Meslin Apr 1997

Bioethics For Clinicians: 10. Research Ethics, Charles Weijer, Bernard Dickens, Eric Meslin

Charles Weijer

Medical research involving human subjects raises complex ethical, legal and social issues. Investigators sometimes find that their obligations with respect to a research project come into conflict with their obligations to individual patients. The ethical conduct of research rests on 3 guiding principles: respect for persons, beneficience, and justice. Respect for persons underlies the duty to obtain informed consent from study participants. Beneficence demands a favourable balance between the potential benefits and harms of participation. Justice requires that vulnerable people not be exploited and that eligible candidates who may benefit from participation not be excluded without good cause. Studies must ...


Shifting Perspectives: Filial Morality Revisited, Chenyang Li Apr 1997

Shifting Perspectives: Filial Morality Revisited, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


The Deflation Of Belief States, Robert J. Stainton Mar 1997

The Deflation Of Belief States, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


On Ecclesiastical Endorsement At Byu, Scott Abbott Mar 1997

On Ecclesiastical Endorsement At Byu, Scott Abbott

Scott Abbott

No abstract provided.


Full House: The Spread Of Excellence From Plato To Darwin, Charles Weijer Mar 1997

Full House: The Spread Of Excellence From Plato To Darwin, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz Jan 1997

Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

THIS PAPER IS THE CO-WINNER OF THE FRED BERGER PRIZE IN PHILOSOPHY OF LAW FOR THE 1999 AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BEST PUBLISHED PAPER IN THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS.

The conflict between liberal legal theory and critical legal studies (CLS) is often framed as a matter of whether there is a theory of justice that the law should embody which all rational people could or must accept. In a divided society, the CLS critique of this view is overwhelming: there is no such justice that can command universal assent. But the liberal critique of CLS, that it degenerates into ...


The Empty Circles Of Liberal Justification, Pierre Schlag Jan 1997

The Empty Circles Of Liberal Justification, Pierre Schlag

Pierre Schlag

No abstract provided.


Law And Phrenology, Pierre Schlag Jan 1997

Law And Phrenology, Pierre Schlag

Pierre Schlag

No abstract provided.


Confucian Value And Democratic Value, Chenyang Li Jan 1997

Confucian Value And Democratic Value, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


The Moral Status Of Children: Children's Rights, Parents' Rights, And Family Justice, Samantha Brennan, Robert Noggle Dec 1996

The Moral Status Of Children: Children's Rights, Parents' Rights, And Family Justice, Samantha Brennan, Robert Noggle

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Population Thinking And Tree Thinking In Systematics, Robert O’Hara Dec 1996

Population Thinking And Tree Thinking In Systematics, Robert O’Hara

Robert J. O’Hara

Two new modes of thinking have spread through systematics in the twentieth century. Both have deep historical roots, but they have been widely accepted only during this century. Population thinking overtook the field in the early part of the century, culminating in the full development of population systematics in the 1930s and 1940s, and the subsequent growth of the entire field of population biology. Population thinking rejects the idea that each species has a natural type (as the earlier essentialist view had assumed), and instead sees every species as a varying population of interbreeding individuals. Tree thinking has spread through ...


Film And Narrative In Bioethics: Akira Kurosawa's Ikiru, Charles Weijer Dec 1996

Film And Narrative In Bioethics: Akira Kurosawa's Ikiru, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Michael Davis, “Better Communication Between Engineers And Managers,”, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Commentary On Michael Davis, “Better Communication Between Engineers And Managers,”, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Responsible Engineering: Gilbane Gold Revisited, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Responsible Engineering: Gilbane Gold Revisited, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

This paper addresses several concerns in teaching engineering ethics. First, there is the problem of finding space within already crowded engineering curricula for meaningful discussions of ethical dimensions in engineering. Some engineering programs may offer entire courses on engineering ethics; however, most do not at present and may not in the foreseeable future. A promising possibility is to weave ethics into already existing courses using case studies, but most current case studies are not well integrated with engineering technical analysis. There is a danger that case studies will be viewed by both instructors and students as departures from “business as ...


On The Value Of Natural Relations, Damian Cox Dec 1996

On The Value Of Natural Relations, Damian Cox

Damian Cox

In "A Refutation of Environmental Ethics" Janna Thompson argues that by assigning intrinsic value to nonhuman elements of nature either our evaluations become (1) arbitrary, and therefore unjustified, or (2) impractical, or (3) justified and practical, but only by reflecting human interest, thus failing to be truly intrinsic to nonhuman nature. There are a number of possible responses to her argument, some of which have been made explicitly in reply to Thompson and others which are implicit in the literature. In this discussion I describe still another response, one which takes Thompson's concerns about value seriously, but does not ...


Moral Rights And Moral Math: Three Arguments Against Aggregation, Samantha Brennan Dec 1996

Moral Rights And Moral Math: Three Arguments Against Aggregation, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature, Karen Warren Dec 1996

Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature, Karen Warren

Karen Warren, Retired

No abstract provided.


A Question Of Values: New Canadian Perspectives In Ethics And Political Philosophy, Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde Dec 1996

A Question Of Values: New Canadian Perspectives In Ethics And Political Philosophy, Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.