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1996

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Articles 1 - 30 of 203

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Prior Analytics And Aristotle's Commitment To Logos, George Boger Dec 1996

Prior Analytics And Aristotle's Commitment To Logos, George Boger

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Prior Analytics describes a natural deduction system as part of an underlying logic. It is a proof-theoretic treatise concerned principally to establish and to perfect a deduction system for science. Aristotle knew that deductions about matters pertaining to a given subject matter are content specific and that they employ a topic neutral deduction system; such a system makes evident that given sentences logically follow from other given sentences. One process of deduction is accomplished through taking pairs of given categorical sentences to generate immediate inferences according to prescribed rules, which categorical inferences are then added to the given sentences and ...


Aristotle's Account Of The Virtue Of Courage In Nicomachean Ethics Iii.6-9, Howard J. Curzer Dec 1996

Aristotle's Account Of The Virtue Of Courage In Nicomachean Ethics Iii.6-9, Howard J. Curzer

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Aristotle's account of courage exhibits several general principles of his architectonic. First, Aristotle applies to courage what I have called the doctrine of disjoint spheres. (1) Each virtue has its own sphere completely separate from the spheres of all other virtues. Aristotle then goes on to narrow the sphere of courage by insisting correctly that courage governs only situations involving both fear and confidence. Aristotle does not make the mistake of further restricting courage to life-threatening situations. Like his accounts of other virtues, Aristotle's account of courage involves several different parameters. (2) Each virtue is a disposition for ...


Following Form And Function: A Philosophical Archaeology Of Life Science, Stephen Asma Dec 1996

Following Form And Function: A Philosophical Archaeology Of Life Science, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

No abstract provided.


On Using The Past In Sextus Empiricus: The Case Of Democritus, Emidio Spinelli Dec 1996

On Using The Past In Sextus Empiricus: The Case Of Democritus, Emidio Spinelli

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

If we draw the conclusions from a quick reconstruction of the presence of Democritean doxai in Sextus, we could underline that he seems to use them with the precise (and often explicit) intention of reaching at least two purposes, both functional to the attitude he constantly shows vis-à-vis philosophic past. These purposes are — it seems to me — the following:

a. the first one, that of taking advantage of D.'s doctrines as an integrating part of the diaphoniai that he builds (or that he inherits from the Pyrrhonian tradition which preceded him), always presenting D. as a Dogmatist among other ...


Moral Theory And Moral Life, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Moral Theory And Moral Life, Michael Pritchard

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

This paper was originally presented as The Distinguished Scholar Award Lecture, January 25, 1996.


Cicero, On Invention 1.51-77: Hypothetical Syllogistic And The Early Peripatetics, William W. Fortenbaugh Dec 1996

Cicero, On Invention 1.51-77: Hypothetical Syllogistic And The Early Peripatetics, William W. Fortenbaugh

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In the course of this paper, I shall say some things about Cicero’s discussion of induction, but my primary concern will be with his account of deduction. In particular, I want to call attention to Cicero’s argument for a quinquepartite analysis of deductive reasoning (Ded. 3). It is remarkable in that it makes elaborate use of the mixed hypothetical syllogism, and also of some importance in that it supplements our evidence for early Peripatetic interest in syllogisms of this land. Recent scholarship on the history of ancient logic has generally focused on later sources—like Alexander of Aphrodisias ...


Impulse And Animal Action In Stoic Psychology, John A. Stevens Dec 1996

Impulse And Animal Action In Stoic Psychology, John A. Stevens

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Even in orthodox Chrysippan epistemology, the Stoics believed that impulse can precede assent. Their doctrines on the propatheiai form a theory of temptation, in which impressions exert a force upon us to assent, just as the Academic critics of the Stoics argued. Close readings of De Fato 40-43 and Stobaeus do not actually bear out the consensus understanding of modern critics like Inwood that impulse is identical with, and can only occur with assent. Stevens collects more evidence and sets out the argument with greater clarity in his published version "Preliminary Impulse in Stoic Psychology", Ancient Philosophy 20.1 (2000 ...


"Still Dreaming Of Paradise": Rodgers And Hammerstein ' S Oklahoma!, South Pacific , And Postwar America, Randall Bond Dec 1996

"Still Dreaming Of Paradise": Rodgers And Hammerstein ' S Oklahoma!, South Pacific , And Postwar America, Randall Bond

Dissertations - Open Access

Oklahoma! and South Pacific were Rodgers and Hammerstein's most successful and popular musicals of the 1940's. This study demonstrates their function as modern morality plays for their audiences. Specifically, the two musicals provided Americans with a prescription for a postwar Paradise. This was a Paradise based upon the American Dream of rebirth and renewal acted out in a landscape of second chances. The components of this Paradise are examined in topical essays that consider such issues as Americanism, consumerism, tourism, racism, and optimism. Each of these elements links what would otherwise appear to be disparate narratives: the American ...


On Interpreting Strong Supervenience, Zachary J. Ernst Dec 1996

On Interpreting Strong Supervenience, Zachary J. Ernst

Master's Theses

Jaegwon Kim's definition of strong supervenience has found application in such areas as the mind-body problem, aesthetics, morality, and the relationship between physics and the special sciences. The main reason for the popularity of supervenience is that it purportedly has a long laundry list of virtues. For instance, it has been claimed that supervenience accounts are non-reductive, capable of empirical verification, simple with respect to ontology, and explanatorily powerful.

In this paper, I examine Kim's definition of strong supervenience, arguing that a fundamental ambiguity in the definition makes it impossible for strong supervenience to possess all of these ...


Conflicts Of Interest: Conceptual And Normative Issues, Michael Pritchard Nov 1996

Conflicts Of Interest: Conceptual And Normative Issues, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

Growing university-industry ties, particularly in biomedical areas, naturally raise concerns about conflicts of interest. Such conflicts are essentially problems in business and professional ethics. As of the fall of 1995, all institutions seeking funding from either the Public Health Service or the National Science Foundation have been required to maintain and enforce a written policy on conflicts of interest. The PHS and the NSF also require the disclosure of "significant" financial interests that might affect the research. Although the PHS and NSF requirements may prove helpful, they are not sufficient for monitoring the full range of serious conflicts of interest ...


The Deflation Of Belief Contents, Robert J. Stainton Nov 1996

The Deflation Of Belief Contents, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


The Psychology Of Moral Judgment: Applications For Counterintelligence And Personnel Security, Editor Nov 1996

The Psychology Of Moral Judgment: Applications For Counterintelligence And Personnel Security, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses psychological aspects of moral development, referencing the work of Lawrence Kohlberg, in the context of espionage.


An Ethological Approach To Information Warfare, Editor Nov 1996

An Ethological Approach To Information Warfare, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses the concept of information warfare from a historical perspective..


The Psychology Of Counterintelligence: Felix Dzerzhinsky And Postmodernist Dilemma, Editor Nov 1996

The Psychology Of Counterintelligence: Felix Dzerzhinsky And Postmodernist Dilemma, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses the concepts of trust, counterintelligence, and personnel security, emphasizing and evaluating postmodernist perspectives. Felix Dzerzhinsky is considered.


Sagp Newsletter 1996-97.2 November, Anthony Preus Nov 1996

Sagp Newsletter 1996-97.2 November, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Announcement of the SAGP Panels with the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association and with the American Philological Association for December 1996.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Nov 1996

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Nonparaphilic Sexual Addiction, Mark Kahabka Nov 1996

Nonparaphilic Sexual Addiction, Mark Kahabka

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Why Do Physicians Ignore Humanae Vitae?, Howie Bright Nov 1996

Why Do Physicians Ignore Humanae Vitae?, Howie Bright

The Linacre Quarterly

No abstract provided.


The Psychology Of Conspiracy, Editor Nov 1996

The Psychology Of Conspiracy, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses the psychological and moral aspects of chemical weapons in the context of terrorism and conspiracies.


Ccnp Position Paper On The Use Of Placebos In Psychiatry, William Friend, Charles Weijer Oct 1996

Ccnp Position Paper On The Use Of Placebos In Psychiatry, William Friend, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


What Assertion Is Not, Robert J. Stainton Oct 1996

What Assertion Is Not, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

No abstract provided.


Queer Science: The Use And Abuse Of Research Into Homosexuality, Charles Weijer Oct 1996

Queer Science: The Use And Abuse Of Research Into Homosexuality, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Trust As Noncognitive Security About Motives, Lawrence C. Becker Oct 1996

Trust As Noncognitive Security About Motives, Lawrence C. Becker

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1996, Case Western Reserve University Oct 1996

Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1996, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Table of Contents:

  • Director's Corner by Robert P. Lawry
  • 1525 - CPE Summer Ethics Fellowship Program Off to a Great Start
  • The 1996 1525 - CPE Summer Ethics Fellows
  • Dennis F. Thompson Visits Campus
  • News & Notes


Clark Memorandum: Fall 1996, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School Oct 1996

Clark Memorandum: Fall 1996, J. Reuben Clark Law Society, J. Reuben Clark Law School

The Clark Memorandum


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Oct 1996

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University Oct 1996

The Philosopher's Stone, Philosophical Discussion Group, Armstrong State University

The Philosopher's Stone

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of, Friedrich Nietzsche, On The Genealogy Of Morality, R. Kevin Hill Oct 1996

Book Review Of, Friedrich Nietzsche, On The Genealogy Of Morality, R. Kevin Hill

Philosophy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Reviews the book "On the Genealogy of Morality" by Friedrich Nietzsche, translated by Carol Diethe and edited by Keith Ansell-Pearson


Fighting Words: Individuals, Communities, And Liberties Of Speech, Kent Greenawalt, Samantha Brennan Sep 1996

Fighting Words: Individuals, Communities, And Liberties Of Speech, Kent Greenawalt, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Children's Rights Revisioned: Philosophical Readings, Rosalind Ekman Ladd, Samantha Brennan Sep 1996

Children's Rights Revisioned: Philosophical Readings, Rosalind Ekman Ladd, Samantha Brennan

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.