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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Cognitive Agendas And Legal Epistemology, Danny Marrero Dec 2011

Cognitive Agendas And Legal Epistemology, Danny Marrero

Theses and Dissertations

The domain of legal epistemology is defined from two alternative perspectives: individual epistemology and Social epistemology. Since these perspectives have different objects of evaluation, their judgments privilege and exclude different sets of information. While methodological individualism is concerned with justified beliefs of individual knowers, the Social angle focuses on the institutional conditions of knowledge. I will show that the information that is respectively excluded by both the individual and the Social concepts of legal epistemology weaken their respective evaluations. With this in mind, I will explore one new option of defining legal epistemology. This alternative is more comprehensive, in the ...


The Quantum Dialectic, Logan Kelley May 2011

The Quantum Dialectic, Logan Kelley

Pitzer Senior Theses

A philosophic account of quantum physics. The thesis is divided into two parts. Part I is dedicated to laying the groundwork of quantum physics, and explaining some of the primary difficulties. Subjects of interest will include the principle of locality, the quantum uncertainty principle, and Einstein's criterion for reality. Quantum dilemmas discussed include the double-slit experiment, observations of spin and polarization, EPR, and Bell's theorem. The first part will argue that mathematical-physical descriptions of the world fall short of explaining the experimental observations of quantum phenomenon. The problem, as will be argued, is framework of the physical descriptive ...


Dialectical Critique And Secularism: Hegel And The Dialectic Of Enlightenment, Jerilyn Kristel Sambrooke Jan 2011

Dialectical Critique And Secularism: Hegel And The Dialectic Of Enlightenment, Jerilyn Kristel Sambrooke

Comparative Literature Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The secularization thesis, which posits that religion's influence declines as a society modernizes, has fallen upon hard times. Its critics argue that the religious does not simply oppose the secular. Critical theory has a particularly vexed relationship with religion, and theorists are rethinking religion within this tradition. This thesis argues that critiques of the secular have played a significant role in the development of critical theory. A reading of Hegel's dialectic of faith and enlightenment in the Phenomenology of Spirit demonstrates its deep influence on Horkheimer and Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment, a central text of the critical ...


Empiricism, Natural Regularity, And Necessity, Tyler William Hildebrand Jan 2011

Empiricism, Natural Regularity, And Necessity, Tyler William Hildebrand

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation has two parts. In the first, I set out and defend a new empirical method of practicing metaphysics. The method avoids appeals to intuitions, ordinary beliefs, and the like. It does not accept basic principles of simplicity, unity, and the like. Instead, it proceeds from logic, analytic principles, and immediate experience alone. In the second part of my dissertation, I apply this method to the philosophy of laws of nature. I argue that there are excellent empirical reasons to accept governing laws instead of laws that reduce to other features of the world, such as natural regularities or ...


Cartesian Skepticism As Moral Dilemma, Jennifer Woodward Jan 2011

Cartesian Skepticism As Moral Dilemma, Jennifer Woodward

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

I argue that despite the fact that there can be no strong refutation of skepticism it remains that ignoring skeptical hypotheses and relying on one’s sensory experience are both sound epistemic practices. This argument comes in the form of arguing that we are justified in ignoring skeptical hypotheses on the grounds that (1) they are merely logically possible, and (2) the merely logically possible is rarely relevant in the context of everyday life. I suggest that (2) is true on the grounds that the context of everyday life is one in which our epistemic pursuit of truth is mixed ...


The Persistence Of Casuistry: A Neo-Premodernist Approach To Moral Reasoning, Richard Arthur Mercadante Jan 2011

The Persistence Of Casuistry: A Neo-Premodernist Approach To Moral Reasoning, Richard Arthur Mercadante

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The general purpose of this dissertation is to explore casuistry--case-based reasoning--as a discredited, rehabilitated, and, most importantly, persistent form of moral reasoning. Casuistry offers a much needed corrective to principle-based approaches. I offer a defense of a "principle-modest" casuistry and explore the epistemology of casuistry, describing the prerequisite knowledge required for casuistry. I conclude by arguing that casuistry is best understood as a neo-premodernist approach to moral reasoning.


Novel Properties: Communication, Copyright, And The British Novel, 1710-1774, Scott Enderle Jan 2011

Novel Properties: Communication, Copyright, And The British Novel, 1710-1774, Scott Enderle

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Literary investigations of copyright have generally taken a retrospective view of British eighteenth-century copyright law. Influenced by the assumptions and methods of historical materialism, and aiming to critique romantic notions of authorship, such projects have sought in the eighteenth century a narrative of the 'rise of the romantic author.' Though productive, this approach has sometimes obscured other influential strains of thought about authorship, interpretation, and literary property that were widespread in the eighteenth century. This dissertation seeks to shift focus away from the historical materialist critique of romantic authorship--part of a debate that has its roots in the nineteenth century--and ...