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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Models Dont Decompose That Way: A Holistic View Of Idealized Models, Collin Rice Jan 2019

Models Dont Decompose That Way: A Holistic View Of Idealized Models, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

Many (if not most) accounts of scientific modelling assume that models can be decomposed into the contributions made by their accurate and inaccurate parts. These accounts then argue that the inaccurate parts of the model can be justified by distorting only what is irrelevant. In this article, I argue that this decompositional strategy requires three assumptions that are not typically met by our best scientific models. In response, I propose an alternative view in which idealized models are characterized as holistically distorted representations that are justified by allowing for the application of various (mathematical) modelling techniques.


Gadamer, Kant, And The Enlightenment, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2016

Gadamer, Kant, And The Enlightenment, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Concepts As Pluralistic Hybrids, Collin Rice Jan 2016

Concepts As Pluralistic Hybrids, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

In contrast to earlier views that argued for a particular kind of concept (e.g. prototypes), several recent accounts have proposed that there are multiple distinct kinds of concepts, or that there is a plurality of concepts for each category. In this paper, I argue for a novel account of concepts as pluralistic hybrids. According to this view, concepts are pluralistic because there are several concepts for the same category whose use is heavily determined by context. In addition, concepts are hybrids because they typically link together several different kinds of information that are used in the same cognitive processes ...


Factive Scientific Understanding Without Accurate Representation, Collin Rice Jan 2016

Factive Scientific Understanding Without Accurate Representation, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

This paper analyzes two ways idealized biological models produce factive scientific

understanding. I then argue that models can provide factive scientific understanding of a

phenomenon without providing an accurate representation of the (difference-making) features of

their real-world target system(s). My analysis of these cases also suggests that the debate over

scientific realism needs to investigate the factive scientific understanding produced by scientists’

use of idealized models rather than the accuracy of scientific models themselves.


Autonomous Statistical Explanations And Natural Selection, André Ariew, Collin Rice, Yasha Rohwer Jan 2015

Autonomous Statistical Explanations And Natural Selection, André Ariew, Collin Rice, Yasha Rohwer

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

Shapiro and Sober ([2007]) claim that Walsh, Ariew, Lewens, and Matthen (henceforth WALM) give a mistaken, a priori defense of natural selection and drift as epiphenomenal. Contrary to Shapiro and Sober’s claims, we first argue that WALM’s explanatory doctrine does not require a defense of epiphenomenalism. We then defend WALM’s explanatory doctrine by arguing that the explanations provided by the modern genetical theory of natural selection are ‘autonomous-statistical explanations’ analogous to Galton’s explanation of reversion to mediocrity and an explanation of the diffusion ofgases. We then argue that whereas Sober’s theory of forces is an ...


Moving Beyond Causes: Optimality Models And Scientific Explanation, Collin Rice Jan 2015

Moving Beyond Causes: Optimality Models And Scientific Explanation, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

A prominent approach to scientific explanation and modeling claims that for a model to provide an explanation it must accurately represent at least some of the actual causes in the event's causal history. In this paper, I argue that many optimality explanations present a serious challenge to this causal approach. I contend that many optimality models provide highly idealized equilibrium explanations that do not accurately represent the causes of their target system(s). Furthermore, in many contexts, it is in virtue of their independence of causes that optimality models are able to provide a better explanation than competing causal ...


Review: Mcmullin, Irene. Time And The Shared World: Heidegger On Social Relations, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2014

Review: Mcmullin, Irene. Time And The Shared World: Heidegger On Social Relations, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

According to McMullin, injustice is, for Heidegger, the insistence on "my time ... my now." Because the "social" and "justice" are themes of the book, a reader might expect some discussion of the political dimension of human life; but there is no reference to the political, no discussion of the significance of the hero, and no reference to the distinction of the social and the communal (at the cost of the "social") that Heidegger makes toward the end of Being and Time.


Minimal Model Explanations, Robert W. Batterman, Collin Rice Jan 2014

Minimal Model Explanations, Robert W. Batterman, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

This article discusses minimal model explanations, which we argue are distinct from various causal, mechanical, difference-making, and so on, strategies prominent in the philosophical literature. We contend that what accounts for the explanatory power of these models is not that they have certain features in common with real systems. Rather, the models are explanatory because of a story about why a class of systems will all display the same large-scale behavior because the details that distinguish them are irrelevant. This story explains patterns across extremely diverse systems and shows how minimal models can be used to understand real systems.


Hypothetical Pattern Idealization And Explanatory Models, Yasha Rohwer, Collin Rice Jan 2013

Hypothetical Pattern Idealization And Explanatory Models, Yasha Rohwer, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

Highly idealized models, such as the Hawk-Dove game, are pervasive in biological theorizing. We argue that the process and motivation that leads to the introduction of various idealizations into these models is not adequately captured by Michael Weisberg’s taxonomy of three kinds of idealization. Consequently, a fourth kind of idealization is required, which we call hypothetical pattern idealization. This kind of idealization is used to construct models that aim to be explanatory but do not aim to be explanations.


Massive Modularity, Content Integration, And Language, Collin Rice Jan 2011

Massive Modularity, Content Integration, And Language, Collin Rice

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

One of the obstacles facing massive modularity is how a pervasively modular mind might generate non-domain-specific thoughts by integrating the content produced by various domain-specific modules. Peter Carruthers has recently argued that the operations of the language faculty are constitutive of the process by which the human mind is able to integrate content from heterogeneous conceptual domains. In this article, I first argue that Carruthers’s data do not provide support for either of two possible interpretations of his thesis. In addition, I provide empirical and theoretical reasons for thinking content integration is performed external to the language faculty.


The Science Of Philology And The Discipline Of Hermeneutics: Gadamer's Understanding, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2010

The Science Of Philology And The Discipline Of Hermeneutics: Gadamer's Understanding, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review: Sticks And Stones: The Philosophy Of Insults, Macalester Bell Jul 2008

Review: Sticks And Stones: The Philosophy Of Insults, Macalester Bell

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Gadamerian Hermeneutics And Irony: Between Strauss And Derrida, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2008

Gadamerian Hermeneutics And Irony: Between Strauss And Derrida, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

Against the background of Gadamer's hermeneutics of trust, for which the primary concern of the hermeneutical enterprise is the matter under discussion, the Sache, this essay raises the question of Gadamer's treatment of irony. Gadamer and Gadamerians have criticized the hermeneutics of suspicion—a hermeneutics that always looks under the surface of what is said to see what is hidden. This would seem to make irony a problematic aspect of texts and discourse for a Gadamerian hermeneutics. Nowhere in Gadamer's corpus can we find an extensive discussion of irony, but Gadamer does raise the question of irony ...


Review Of Edmund Husserl: Founder Of Phenomenology, By Dermot Moran, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2008

Review Of Edmund Husserl: Founder Of Phenomenology, By Dermot Moran, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Paradoxes Of Art: A Phenomenological Investigation, By Alan Paskow, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2007

Review Of The Paradoxes Of Art: A Phenomenological Investigation, By Alan Paskow, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review: Burdened Virtue: Virtue Ethics For Liberatory Struggles, Macalester Bell Jul 2006

Review: Burdened Virtue: Virtue Ethics For Liberatory Struggles, Macalester Bell

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review Of Tradition(S) Ii: Hermeneutics, Ethics And The Dispensation Of The Good, By Stephen H. Watson, Robert J. Dostal Jan 2003

Review Of Tradition(S) Ii: Hermeneutics, Ethics And The Dispensation Of The Good, By Stephen H. Watson, Robert J. Dostal

Philosophy Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.