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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Is The Feminist Critique Of Reason Rational, Linda Martin Alcoff Jan 1996

Is The Feminist Critique Of Reason Rational, Linda Martin Alcoff

Philosophic Exchange

Recent criticism of feminist philosophy poses a dilemma. Feminism is taken to be a substantive set of empirical claims and political commitments, whereas philosophy is taken to be a discipline of thought organized by the pursuit of truth, but uncommitted to any particular truth. This paper responds to this dilemma, and defends the project of feminist philosophy.


Evolution And Optimality: Feathers, Bowling Balls, And The Thesis Of Adaptationism, Elliott Sober Jan 1996

Evolution And Optimality: Feathers, Bowling Balls, And The Thesis Of Adaptationism, Elliott Sober

Philosophic Exchange

This paper discusses the thesis of adaptationism in evolutionary biology. It is argued that there is a serious scientific question here whose answer is not yet in hand. The truth or falsity of adaptationism is a substantive question about the history of life that must be decided on a trait by trait basis.


Justice And Utility: Who Cares?, Virginia Held Jan 1996

Justice And Utility: Who Cares?, Virginia Held

Philosophic Exchange

In recent decades, the dominant moral theories have been deontological and consequentialist. Also in the last few decades, feminist moral theory has developed. Is feminist moral theory distinctive, or is it just a version of one of these other types of theory? This paper discusses this issue.


Political Responsibility And Resistance To Civil Government, David Lyons Jan 1996

Political Responsibility And Resistance To Civil Government, David Lyons

Philosophic Exchange

This paper has two aims. One is to gain a clearer view of Thoreau’s ideas about political responsibility, especially what I shall call individual accountability, or the duty to address political wrongs; for I believe that the common understanding of Thoreau’s position is inaccurate. Another aim is to suggest and to encourage discussion of a broader conception of political responsibility – a conception capable of supporting a duty of disobedience in view of social wrongs.