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2015

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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Enhancing Academic Integrity And Facing Academic Dishonesty Afternoon Plenary Session & Wrap-Up, Abbylynn Helgevold, Jennifer Waldron, Disa Lubker Cornish, Brittany Flokstra, Craig Vansandt Sep 2015

Enhancing Academic Integrity And Facing Academic Dishonesty Afternoon Plenary Session & Wrap-Up, Abbylynn Helgevold, Jennifer Waldron, Disa Lubker Cornish, Brittany Flokstra, Craig Vansandt

Ethics Conference

A core classroom value for many college and university instructors is academic integrity and honesty. Instructors often employ a range of strategies to strengthen academic integrity and limit academic dishonesty in their individual courses. By bringing together panelists from a variety of disciplines and professional experiences, who teach a range of courses in diverse formats, levels, and sizes, this panel aims to generate a discussion about how to support a culture of academic integrity. We will address these issues based on how we think about academic integrity and dishonesty, our discipline or course specific concerns, our physical and institutional environments ...


An Interprofessional Approach To Plagiarism Prevention, Jacqueline Meyer, Lisa Brodersen, Seth Vickers, Dana Wedeking Sep 2015

An Interprofessional Approach To Plagiarism Prevention, Jacqueline Meyer, Lisa Brodersen, Seth Vickers, Dana Wedeking

Ethics Conference

The Graduate Nursing program employs a comprehensive, interprofessional approach to facilitate academic integrity for Master’s of Science in Nursing and Doctor of Nursing Practice students. This panel presentation will address the various facets of this approach, focusing specifically on plagiarism prevention.

An Academic Integrity Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) addresses expectations for students in regard to all aspects of academic integrity, including plagiarism. In addition, this SOP establishes a mechanism for dealing with instances of plagiarism when they occur. As a condition of the SOP, students sign the plagiarism policy at program orientation and annually thereafter. During their “Academic Success ...


Stem Education, Ethics & Communication, Laura Terlip, Jeffrey Brand Sep 2015

Stem Education, Ethics & Communication, Laura Terlip, Jeffrey Brand

Ethics Conference

This session will focus on the need for integrating ethics education in general and communication ethics specifically into K-12 STEM education. The authors will discuss their previous work on science communication and ethics and present the results of a survey conducted to ascertain K-12 educator perceptions about the need to incorporate ethics into K-12 STEM programs.


Factors Contributing To Faculty Research Misconduct, Anita Gordon, Helen Harton Sep 2015

Factors Contributing To Faculty Research Misconduct, Anita Gordon, Helen Harton

Ethics Conference

This session shares selected results from a national survey, funded by the U.S. Office of Research Integrity, to investigate the perceptions of research misconduct by faculty researchers from four disciplinary areas (biology, social work, sociology, and psychology). About 4,500 faculty from 107 randomly selected research-intensive and master’s comprehensive universities were invited to participate, leading to a response rate of approximately 40%. Respondents assessed scenarios depicting researcher misbehavior and reported how likely they would be to take those actions under the same circumstances. They also rated their perceptions of how wrong the actions were, how likely the actions ...


Vulnerability And Children With Disabilities: Ethical Spheres Of Concern In Research And Practice, Chris Kliewer, Susan Etscheidt Sep 2015

Vulnerability And Children With Disabilities: Ethical Spheres Of Concern In Research And Practice, Chris Kliewer, Susan Etscheidt

Ethics Conference

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services requires that research involving children, including highly vulnerable social categories of children, detail adequate provisions to solicit the assent of children (in addition to receiving parental permission). The purpose appears to recognize the autonomy of children.

In this presentation, we raise questions about the autonomy and rights of children in both research projects and educational/therapeutic practices (often the focus of research projects). Commonly, justification for research and/or practices proceeds from two seemingly complementary orientations: (1) a deficit/deficiency model of disability and (2) a utilitarian ethical consideration focused on ...


Student Perspectives On Academic Ethics, Laura Terlip, Parker Bennett, Samantha Johannsen, Toril Eintman, Lanie M. Crouse Sep 2015

Student Perspectives On Academic Ethics, Laura Terlip, Parker Bennett, Samantha Johannsen, Toril Eintman, Lanie M. Crouse

Ethics Conference

This panel will consist of undergraduate and graduate students who will answer specific questions regarding academic ethics and discuss their positions with the audience. Case study examples will be posed for student/audience discussion and interaction.


The Ethics Of Words In An Ethical (Academic) World, Bill Koch Sep 2015

The Ethics Of Words In An Ethical (Academic) World, Bill Koch

Ethics Conference

The topic of my presentation was prompted by a question I’ve asked students in my writing class: why is it that colleges almost uniformly require students take courses on writing and speaking in their first year of college? Why do programs like Cornerstone usually consist of courses on writing and speech and not, say, biology and business? Why are words in spoken and written form so important? My presentation will answer these questions and show that the ethical issues related to integrity and cheating can be greatly clarified when students and faculty engage more deeply, radically with their words ...


Cheating Resistant Pedagogies: Applying Insights From “Cheating Lessons” In The Classroom, Martha Reineke, Kim Baker, Lisa Brodersen, Timothy Adamson Sep 2015

Cheating Resistant Pedagogies: Applying Insights From “Cheating Lessons” In The Classroom, Martha Reineke, Kim Baker, Lisa Brodersen, Timothy Adamson

Ethics Conference

Our panel discussion will focus on James Lang’s Cheating Lessons. Our goal is to capture the attention of any faculty members who suffer from plagiarism fatigue and think that everything that can be said about cheating in higher education has already been said. Our presentation will demonstrate that Lang breaks new ground. He draws on case studies of cheating, but not primarily to teach his readers about why students plagiarize or commit other academic ethics infractions. Rather, Lang invites his readers to treat each case as a distinct lesson in how students learn. Focusing on contextual rather than dispositional ...


Applying The Model Of Human Occupation In The Development Of Consistent Ethical Behavior, Cindy Hahn, Margo Kreger Sep 2015

Applying The Model Of Human Occupation In The Development Of Consistent Ethical Behavior, Cindy Hahn, Margo Kreger

Ethics Conference

Health care education programs are struggling in preparing future graduates for ethical practice. Students need to not only develop a better understand ethics, but also value them and learn to self-evaluate their progress in becoming ethical practitioners. To this end, educators need to imbed ethics into all classes and allow for consistent skill practice. Incorporating “habitual” practice can support later consistent skill performance. According to the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) developed by researcher and occupational therapist, Dr. Gary Kielhofner, “habituation is an internalized readiness to exhibit consistent patterns of behavior guided by our habits and roles and fitted to ...


Crafting Research Writing Assignments That Emphasize Scholarly Integrity, Jessica Schreyer Sep 2015

Crafting Research Writing Assignments That Emphasize Scholarly Integrity, Jessica Schreyer

Ethics Conference

This presentation will share pedagogical practices for a research writing assignment that emphasizes the development of an ethic of scholarly integrity. Geared for first-year students, the assignment is embedded in a unit on research writing that is designed to helping students understand the research and writing process. Many students are novice researchers, therefore guidance on appropriate citation and the reason for such citation is needed. In addition, students learn about how maintaining detailed records to ensure they can appropriately give credit to authors as they navigate the wide variety and type of sources available. Within this assignment, discussion and reflection ...


The Structure Of Chinese Higher Education Corruption: A Case Statistical Analysis, Qingli Meng Sep 2015

The Structure Of Chinese Higher Education Corruption: A Case Statistical Analysis, Qingli Meng

Ethics Conference

Corruption in the Chinese higher educational sector is an increasing concern but it has not been systematically studied. This paper distinguishes three major intermingled structural typologies of corruption in the Chinese higher education sector: academic specific, non-academic specific and a combination of the two. Data supporting this conceptualization come from a case statistical analysis of a non-randomized sample of 215 court decisions on corruption cases detected in Chinese universities during 1994-2009, complemented with a perception-based survey in different Chinese universities. The result postulates taxonomy of the distribution of corruption among the three typologies. This study finds non-academic specific corruption cases ...


Big Opportunities Or Big Problems?: Participants’ Views On Big Data, Helen Harton, Michael Mintz, Kristin Broussard Sep 2015

Big Opportunities Or Big Problems?: Participants’ Views On Big Data, Helen Harton, Michael Mintz, Kristin Broussard

Ethics Conference

At the most recent convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, there were three symposia dedicated to using big data methodologies for social research. Despite this push for academic researchers to use social networking sites in experimental contexts, popular opinion often reflects negative attitudes towards researchers conducting big data experiments without acquiring fully informed consent from the users whose data is being used. Following a recent study published by Facebook (Kramer, Guillory & Hancock, 2014), concern was raised over how the researchers approached the consent process and managed the harm from perceived privacy violations (Ross, 2014). To more systematically ...


Factors Contributing To Faculty Research Misconduct, Anita Gordon, Helen Harton Sep 2015

Factors Contributing To Faculty Research Misconduct, Anita Gordon, Helen Harton

Ethics Conference

This poster shares selected results from a national survey, funded by the U.S. Office of Research Integrity, to investigate the perceptions of research misconduct by faculty researchers from four disciplinary areas (biology, social work, sociology, and psychology). About 4,500 faculty from 107 randomly selected research-intensive and master’s comprehensive universities were invited to participate, leading to a response rate of approximately 40%. Respondents assessed scenarios depicting researcher misbehavior and reported how likely they would be to take those actions under the same circumstances. They also rated their perceptions of how wrong the actions were, how likely the actions ...


Freedom From Equality: Democratic Education And The Failure Of The Nclb, Andrew X. Fleming May 2015

Freedom From Equality: Democratic Education And The Failure Of The Nclb, Andrew X. Fleming

Student Research Symposium

Deeply rooted societal concerns about what role democratic ideals should play within systems of education, and how much sway the federal government should hold over educational institutions, have been at the forefront of American educational policy for decades. These questions have more recently been brought into the limelight once again within the context of the implementation of charter schools and the controversial No Child Left Behind act, and its subsequent failure. The expressed goal of this paper is to provide an examination of what philosophies and ideals of so-called "democratic education" are have played major roles in developing the discourse ...


Locke, Figure, And Judgement: A Consistent Answer To The Molyneux Problem, Jamale Nagi May 2015

Locke, Figure, And Judgement: A Consistent Answer To The Molyneux Problem, Jamale Nagi

Student Research Symposium

Ever since the early modern period the Molyneux Problem has been a topic of debate both in the philosophy of perception and the psychology of perception. The problem centers on whether the senses share representational content between one another, or does each sense modality have its own stock of representational content that becomes associated with the others after some habituation. For example, if you knew a shape only by touch, could you identify that shape when seeing it for the first time without being allowed to touch the object? Typically, rationalists have held to the former claiming yes, while empiricists ...


Retracing Foucault: Neoliberalism And The Occupy Movement, Jaycob Izso May 2015

Retracing Foucault: Neoliberalism And The Occupy Movement, Jaycob Izso

Student Research Symposium

The Occupy movement presented itself as a reaction to a socio-economic relation; to some it decried the unconstrained expanses and injustices of capitalism, to others it was a resistance to the gross economic disparity perpetuated by a subset of the social strata that lacked governmental accountability. Branded by some as neo-Marxist, by others as merely lazy or lacking any concrete objectives – the Occupy movement met with mixed results. By providing an archaeology of neoliberal governmentality by-way of Michel Foucault; I believe we can not only elucidate the underpinning and political origins of the movement, but also seek to clarify the ...


Formation Of The Rainbow, Logan Bonecutter Apr 2015

Formation Of The Rainbow, Logan Bonecutter

Kent State University at Stark Annual Student Conference

This presentation is devoted to describe the formation of the rainbow. The theory of the rainbow started in the man’s sense of wonder thousands of years ago. About 2,500 years ago, Aristotle suggested the first theories that explain the formation of the rainbow. Many scientists studied and suggested different theories to try to improve the understanding of the appearance of the rainbow. The theories of Aristotle, Descartes, Newton, Fermat, and Snell are specifically described in this presentation. By using several calculus equations, it can be proved that the different colors of the rainbow have different angles of observation ...


Hyperreality & Spectacular Social Ontology: Reexamining Baudrillard, Debord, & Searle, Nathan D. Ward Apr 2015

Hyperreality & Spectacular Social Ontology: Reexamining Baudrillard, Debord, & Searle, Nathan D. Ward

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Gender Performativity And Objectification, Lindsay A. Wilson Apr 2015

Gender Performativity And Objectification, Lindsay A. Wilson

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Mobile Phones And The Breakdown Of Face-To-Face Communication: Kierkegaard's Call To Friluftsliv, Bjørn R. Kristensen Mar 2015

Mobile Phones And The Breakdown Of Face-To-Face Communication: Kierkegaard's Call To Friluftsliv, Bjørn R. Kristensen

Critical Reflections

In this paper, I address the negative side effects on face-to-face communication and well-being resulting from our continual use of mobile-mediated technology (MMT). I consider these consequences by drawing on Søren Kierkegaard's deductions on deficient communication, and discuss one remedy he suggests: a closer relationship with nature. However, technology is so ubiquitous in the modern age that the prospect of escaping it, is nearly futile. In response, I offer a solution from the ideology of friluftsliv, which views a regular relationship with nature as a way of getting in touch with one's natural human identity and restoring balance ...


The Web Of Technics: Education And Lewis Mumford In The Information Age, Brigham Bartol Mar 2015

The Web Of Technics: Education And Lewis Mumford In The Information Age, Brigham Bartol

Critical Reflections

This paper examines the status of the World Wide Web in the context of education, using the ideas of 20th century thinker Lewis Mumford to understand potential virtues and problems in the Web as an educational device. In general, my paper examines the conditions of possibility for education on the Web, and suggests some solutions to the problems faced when imagining an educational system which includes the Web.

First, I attempt to define the technics of the Web using some of Mumford’s terminology: I consider the possibility of viewing the Web as either a tool that invites active use ...


Van Inwagen's Modal Argument For Incompatibilism, Katerina Psaroudaki Mar 2015

Van Inwagen's Modal Argument For Incompatibilism, Katerina Psaroudaki

Critical Reflections

Abstract: Incompatibilism is the philosophical view, according to which, free will is incompatible with determinism. Van Inwagen in his paper “A modal argument for incompatibilism”, presents one of the most compelling arguments in favor of the view by showing that, if we don’t “have a choice about whether” determinism is true nor do we “have a choice about whether” the proposition representing the past and the conjunction of the laws of nature is true, then necessarily we don’t “have a choice about whether” any future description of the world is true. Even though most of the premises of ...


The Place Of Health In The Liberal Theory Of Justice, Paul Tubig Mar 2015

The Place Of Health In The Liberal Theory Of Justice, Paul Tubig

Critical Reflections

Author Information:

Paul Tubig

PhD Philosophy Student, University of Washington - Seattle

ptubig@uw.edu


Submission Title:

The Place of Health in the Liberal Theory of Justice

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to articulate the relationship between health and justice. Ethical claims, such as the World Health Organization’s assertion that health is a fundamental human right or that global health inequalities are normative inequities, require a conceptual analysis of the meaning and value of health within a particular framework of justice. Working from the liberal conception of justice as developed by John Rawls, I will argue that the ...


The Led Theory Of Material Objects, Michael Tze-Sung Longenecker Mar 2015

The Led Theory Of Material Objects, Michael Tze-Sung Longenecker

Critical Reflections

I present a new theory of the composition of material objects. An important component of it is the claim that objects have non-concrete objects as parts. A non-concrete object is an object that lacks many of the features that concrete objects typically have—size, shape, mass, location, causal abilities, etc.—but yet is unlike typical abstract objects since a non-concrete object could have those features. This is an ontology defended by Timothy Williamson, but I employ it in a new manner to solve problems in the metaphysics of material objects. Specifically, I think it allows us to improve upon the ...


Fifty Shades Of Kramer: An Analysis Of Kramer’S Account Of The Nature Of Sadomasochism And Torture, Udoka Okafor Mar 2015

Fifty Shades Of Kramer: An Analysis Of Kramer’S Account Of The Nature Of Sadomasochism And Torture, Udoka Okafor

Critical Reflections

Abstract For The University of Windsor Philosophy Conference

In his book, Torture and Moral Integrity, Kramer gives an account of sadomasochism, and an analysis of instances of sadomasochism that counts as either simulations of torture or torture itself. He also expounds an argument for why he thinks that acts of sadomasochism are always and everywhere morally wrong. This paper is going to examine the arguments put forth by Kramer with respect to the relationship between sadomasochism and torture. Ultimately, this paper is going to argue, based on the analysis conducted, that Kramer has a very simplistic understanding of the nature ...


The Implications Of Belonging, Yussiif Yakubu Mar 2015

The Implications Of Belonging, Yussiif Yakubu

Critical Reflections

The Implications of Belonging

Abstract

The efforts to explain the evolution of social and moral behaviour often focus exclusively on the positive social and moral traits, or the prosocial traits (in the parlance of evolutionary biology). The standard practice under extant evolutionary modeling has been to represent all social behaviour by the term altruism and all non-social or counter-social behaviour by the contrasting term - selfishness. Such a modeling scheme leaves the negative social/moral behaviours such has bigotry, racism, homophobia, patriarchy, bullying etc. unaccounted for or worse still, they are presumed erroneously to be on the selfishness side of the ...


Failings Of Strong Moral Particularism, Timothy Grainger Mr Mar 2015

Failings Of Strong Moral Particularism, Timothy Grainger Mr

Critical Reflections

In this paper I will be investigating the possibilities involved with and the consequences of accepting a particularist approach to ethics. Such particularist approaches that reject the use of principles in moral decision making are becoming more popular in contemporary ethical debates underlining modern care ethics, feminist relational ethics, contextualism, and Maclntyre's virtue ethics among others. I will argue that extreme particularism that utterly rejects principles as defended by Jonathan Dancy is an untenable position that does not capture how humans make moral decisions and moreover would remove any hope of being able to discuss morality meaningfully. In order ...


Diagreement, Internalism And Genuine Assertions Of Ppts, Brendan L. Learnihan-Sylvester Mar 2015

Diagreement, Internalism And Genuine Assertions Of Ppts, Brendan L. Learnihan-Sylvester

Critical Reflections

The problem of lost disagreement is seen as a problem for contextualists when it comes to providing an account of predicates of personal taste (further referred to as PPTs). If Mary says, “The chili is tasty” and John says “The chili is not tasty” we would take there to be a disagreement between them. However, if what Mary means is “The chili is tasty [for Mary]” and what John means is “The chili is not tasty [for John]” then it seems like the disagreement between them simply vanishes. Peter Lasersohn argues that the problem of lost disagreement causes intractable problems ...


Disagreement And Faith: Ockham On Faith As An Intellectual Virtue., Adam Langridge Mar 2015

Disagreement And Faith: Ockham On Faith As An Intellectual Virtue., Adam Langridge

Critical Reflections

At the beginning of Chapter III, Book VI of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle lists five intellectual virtues or veridical habits: art, scientific knowledge, prudence, intellectual intuition, and wisdom (1139b14-1139b19). The intellectual virtues are habitual powers of the mind to act that promote certainty and true belief, and Aristotle distinguishes them from opinion, in which “we may be mistaken” (1139b19). Unlike beliefs attributable to the veridical habits, which altogether exclude falsity and doubt, it is recognized even by those who hold them that opinions are less than certain, and that they could be either true or false. Regarding faith, however, it ...