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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

A Heart-Based Sufi Mindfulness Spiritual Practice Employing Self-Journeying, Faruk Arslan Jan 2014

A Heart-Based Sufi Mindfulness Spiritual Practice Employing Self-Journeying, Faruk Arslan

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Spiritual Psychology is the study and practice of the art and science of the human evolution of consciousness. The heart occupies an important place in Sufism and is considered to contain the divine spark that leads to spiritual realization. Fethullah Gülen’s action-oriented Sufi methods described in his book series “The Emerald Hills of the Heart” provides the basis for a heart-based therapeutic intervention through self-journeying, which is the objective of this thesis. These self-purification and mindfulness-related transpersonal methods generate a form of treatment that is culturally sensitive. Through my reflections in this research, I transformed my personal experiences into ...


Cornelius Aurelius: The Upcycling Humanist - A Study Of The Libellus De Patientia, Samantha James Jan 2013

Cornelius Aurelius: The Upcycling Humanist - A Study Of The Libellus De Patientia, Samantha James

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Cornelius Aurelius’ Libellus de Patientia (MS Leiden, UB, Vulcanius 66 f.45r-f.57v. [1524]), in terms of the author’s reception of the Manipulus florum, reveals much about the development of Northern Humanism, in the context of late medieval scholasticism and the Reformation. By thoroughly examining Libellus de Patientia, this paper will discuss Aurelius’ use of numerous quotations derived from the Manipulus florum as evidence of how this text should be situated in terms of intellectual continuity vs. change during this turbulent period with regards to the intellectual context of medieval scholasticism and renaissance humanism.


Self-Knowledge And Rationality, Stephen Blackwood Jan 2010

Self-Knowledge And Rationality, Stephen Blackwood

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Several basic asymmetries are normally thought to exist between first- and third-person present-tense ascriptions of mental states. First of all, when a speaker ascribes, for instance, a belief that p to another, she must do so on the evidence provided by the utterances and actions of the other. However, it at least appears that typically she need not do so when ascribing a belief to herself. In other words, there is an immediacy to a self-ascription of a belief (that is, an utterance of the form ‘I believe that p’) that thirdperson ascriptions (‘He believes that p’) lack. Secondly, our ...


Globalization Mitigated: Human Rights, Corporations, And The New World Economy, M. Raymond Izarali Jan 2009

Globalization Mitigated: Human Rights, Corporations, And The New World Economy, M. Raymond Izarali

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

In this thesis, I argue for a set of basic human rights to constrain the practices of corporate entities in the context of economic globalization. These basic rights are derived through a concrete interpretation of specific articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. My focus is on constructing a middle-ground approach to economic globalization by building on the work of Peter Singer, Onara O’Neill, John Bishop, and Leo Groarke, but with particular emphasis on Groarke’s notion of a mitigated capitalism. The underlying objective of the middle ground is to secure globalization’s benefits and circumvent its harms ...


Consciousness From A Naturalistic Perspective, Hugh R. Alcock Jan 2009

Consciousness From A Naturalistic Perspective, Hugh R. Alcock

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Despite advances in neuroscience some sceptics, e.g., David Chalmers, Colin McGinn and Thomas Nagel, contend that we are no nearer to achieving a scientific understanding of phenomenal consciousness. These sceptics claim that naturalising consciousness, i.e., subsuming it under our scientific theories, is either impossible, at least without radically reforming our current scientific practices, or perhaps beyond our cognitive grasp. Their scepticism is based on what is called the ‘problem of consciousness’ or the ‘hard problem’. I argue that their pessimism is unwarranted. Their conclusion is based on adopting a nonnaturalistic attitude, according to which our scientific theories must ...


Origin Of Intentionality, Darryl J. Murphy Jan 2008

Origin Of Intentionality, Darryl J. Murphy

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The modern origins of intentionality reside in the early work of Franz Brentano—specifically, his Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (1876) and the notion of the “intentional inexistence” of the object of consciousness presented therein. “Intentional inexistence”, says Brentano, is the fundamental distinguishing characteristic of the objects that occupy our desires, aversions, thoughts, and all of our conscious activities in general. According to Brentano, “Aristotle himself spoke of this mental inexistence. In his book on the soul he says that the sensed object, as such, is in the sensing subject; that the sense contains the sensed object without its matter ...


Adolf Reinach’S Contribution To The Early Phenomenological Movement, Kimberly Jaray Jan 2007

Adolf Reinach’S Contribution To The Early Phenomenological Movement, Kimberly Jaray

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Adolf Reinach made significant contributions to the early phenomenological movement with his work on states of affairs, the ontological categorization of the a priori, and a realist interpretation of essences, yet today his name and contributions go largely unrecognized. To make matters worse, the few who have contributed to Reinach scholarship have seriously misinterpreted central features of his thought. This thesis seeks to rectify this situation by offering an historical account of the origin and development of some of Reinach’s key notions and of their significance to the development of phenomenology in the early twentieth century. This thesis is ...


Descartes’ Concept Of Will, Andreea Mihali Jan 2007

Descartes’ Concept Of Will, Andreea Mihali

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation focuses on Descartes’ concept of will. Following the Scholastics Descartes takes the will, alongside intellect, to be the main faculty of the mind. The essence of the Cartesian mind is thinking. Most Cartesian scholars take this to mean that for Descartes the essence of the mind consists of thoughts as objects of awareness. I argue that willing is not just another type of thought on a par with conceiving, imaginging, and having sensory perceptions but that willing is as much an essential feature of the Cartesian mind as awareness. Without willing there would be no thinking; willing pertains ...


Abstraction, Technology, And Power, John Wilkinson Jan 2007

Abstraction, Technology, And Power, John Wilkinson

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The work's central question is how technological designs affect the political power of individuals. This discussion supplements claims that more democratic control over the design and deployment of technology is necessary; it does so by showing how the general tendency toward parametric designs creates technological delegates: artifacts to which we inadvertently delegate our political powers. "Delegation" in this sense is the central theme. It is developed in the context of recent philosophy and sociology of technology, as well as ecofeminism and the existentialism of Gabriel Marcel and Martin Heidegger. A distinction is made between live and dead abstractions (chapter ...


Sumptuary Guidelines In Clement Of Alexandria's Paedagogus And Seneca's Epistulae Morales, Stephen Crump Jan 1989

Sumptuary Guidelines In Clement Of Alexandria's Paedagogus And Seneca's Epistulae Morales, Stephen Crump

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This thesis, Sumptuary Guidelines in Clement of Alexandria's Paedagogus and Seneca's Epistulae Morales, explores the similarities between the ethical outlooks of Clement of Alexandria and Seneca, as well as peculiar emphases of each writer. The thesis is introduced with a discussion of the Christian search for identity within the Roman world, and the influence of Stoicism in formulating this identity. The next two chapters provide the social and intellectual context within which Clement and Seneca respectively wrote. In establishing Clement's backdrop, the cultural, intellectual, and economic settings of Alexandria are examined. The argument is put forth that ...


The Concept Of The Object Relation In The Writings Of Gotthard Booth, M.D.: An Example Of An Emerging Paradigm In Medicine, Thomas Charles Foster Jan 1983

The Concept Of The Object Relation In The Writings Of Gotthard Booth, M.D.: An Example Of An Emerging Paradigm In Medicine, Thomas Charles Foster

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The writings of Gotthard Booth, M.D., especially his concept of object relation, demonstrate a change in medical thought away from a mechanistic to a holistic conception of man. His concept of the object relation and the diagnostic rationale that he developed from it reveal changes in medical conceptualization that are consistent with those changes in conceptualization across a variety of disciplines that have been identified as part of an emerging paradigm.


The Role Of The Mystic Actor At The Decline Of Civilization, Susan Dunlop Harper Jan 1983

The Role Of The Mystic Actor At The Decline Of Civilization, Susan Dunlop Harper

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

An examination of the creative role of the individual confronting the decline and possible destruction of civilization, this thesis explores the potential of one human being to achieve, through a process of the reconciliation of opposites, unity within himself and throughout the world. William Butler Years’s theories of the Unity of Opposites, the Unity of Being, and the Unity of Culture are applied to the responsibility of the individual to realize his identity as a mystic actor: a person who takes action within the sacred, thereby creating himself and the universe in which he lives.


The Rationality Of Plato’S Theory Of Good And Evil, Allan A. Davis Jan 1979

The Rationality Of Plato’S Theory Of Good And Evil, Allan A. Davis

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Plato has been called the “father of rational theology.” This thesis is an attempt to examine in the light of contemporary Platonic scholarship five of Plato’s essentially religious doctrines insofar as they support the idea that Plato’s theory of good and evil is rational. Chapters 1 and 2 examine the plausibility of Plato’s theory of knowledge. Chapter 3 states briefly his theory of Forms, while Chapter 4 attempts to give this doctrine credence by analysing those aspects of it which seem least convincing. Chapters 5 and 6 consider Plato’s theory of soul and conclude that, although ...


The Approach Of The Edgar Cayce Readings To Dreams And Dreaming, Brian Wilkinson Jan 1978

The Approach Of The Edgar Cayce Readings To Dreams And Dreaming, Brian Wilkinson

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

A preparatory presentation of the origin of the Edgar Cayce psychic material and its approach to the nature of the mind and sleep is made. Then, the psychic material of the late Edgar Cayce is examined in relation to dreams and dream interpretation.

Dreams, according to the Edgar Cayce Readings and the author, are meaningful, purposefully directed experiences that have as their goal the full development of personal potential. Suggestions are given for the recording and interpretation of dreams.