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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

A Agroecologia: Uma Ilustração Da Fecundidade Da Pesquisa Multiestratégica, Hugh Lacey Jan 2015

A Agroecologia: Uma Ilustração Da Fecundidade Da Pesquisa Multiestratégica, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

The aims of the article are (1) to highlight the fact that research conducted under agroecological strategies serves to illustrate the fruitfulness of multi-strategic research, and (2) to point to the relevance of agroecology in Brazil, as well as to its growing importance in the production of foodstuffs throughout the world.


Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2015

Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason

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Several philosophers who argue that forgiveness is an important virtue also wish to maintain the moral value of retributive emotions that forgiveness is meant to overcome. As such, these accounts explicate forgiveness as an Aristotelian mean between too much resentment and too little resentment. I argue that such an account ends up making forgiveness superfluous: it turns out that the forgiving person is not praised for a greater willingness to let go of her resentment, but rather for her fairness or good judgment. I conclude by arguing that the virtue of fair-mindedness is more compatible with maintaining the value of ...


Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

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Benjamin’s poetic theory is commented. It is noted that Benjamin follows Hölderlin in regarding a successful poem as a particular configuration that joins the intellectual and perceptual orders. Such a successful poem aims at and can possess not truth as correspondence to a given object, but rather what in the text is described as “emphatic truth”.


Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge

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According to this richer reading of Wittgenstein, practices and uses matter: [...]philosophical understanding of religion as a human phenomenon" [p. xii] must be neither an abstract, intellectual theology, nor a form of physical-material science that denies the existence of will and commitment, nor a non-critical acceptance of all sincerely passionate ritual.


Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

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No abstract provided.


Preface, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Preface, Richard Thomas Eldridge

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Art and its Objects ends abruptly with the claim – surprising in an age obsessed with distinguishing between facts and values and with worrying about the logical status of value judgments – that, deliberately, next to nothing has been said in this book about the evaluation of art. Instead, Wollheim's central aim is to understand what we are doing when we are either making or attending to art – an enterprise, as it were, of descriptive phenomenology. Two related, central ideas running through his account are that we demand a certain sort of experience from the things that we undertake to engage ...


Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann Dec 2014

Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann

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This paper argues that three plausible principles are mutually inconsistent: (KA) One ought to assert only what one knows; (AP) If it is proper to assert some proposition q, then it is, barring special and not very common circumstances, proper to assert any proposition p from which q has been competently inferred; and (AKN) Some propositions are both properly assertible and known by competent inference from propositions which one does not know. Each pair of two principles constitutes an argument against the remaining principle, but which principle should one drop?


O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Dec 2014

O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In the first part of this article, we summarize the standardized version of the model of the interaction between scientific activities and values (M-CV) presented in Lacey & Mariconda (in press). Then, we sketch some arguments, developed (Lacey, in press) from the model, in favor of three proposals: (1) that there is a profound incoherence in the self understanding of the modern scientific tradition; (2) that the main options actually available to ensure continuity with the positive realizations of this tradition can be well represented by two sorts of ideal types that we name, respectively, "commercially orientated technoscience" and "multi-strategic research" (P-MS); and (3) that, despite the fact that TC predominates in the actual scientific institutions and that they leave little room for the development of P-MS, nevertheless, for the sake of the integrity of science and ...


No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann Nov 2014

No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: Is Giving Birth More Dangerous Than Aborting?, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2014

Philosophy And Theology: Is Giving Birth More Dangerous Than Aborting?, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Ciência, Valores E Alternativas: Apresentação, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Oct 2014

Ciência, Valores E Alternativas: Apresentação, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey Oct 2014

Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

The model of the interactions between scientific activities and values (M-CV) provides tools to criticize the scientific activities that are currently predominant in scientific institutions, and to identify some alternative possibilities for research that are not receiving due recognition in them. Most importantly, M-CV helps us to identify a deep incoherence in the common self-interpretation of the modern scientific tradition, and also to recognize that there are available two competing coherent interpretations - 'commercially oriented technoscience' and 'multi-strategy research' - that maintain continuity with the great cognitive successes of modern science.


Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek Oct 2014

Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: End Of Life Questions, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2014

Philosophy And Theology: End Of Life Questions, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: Insurance Coverage For Elective Abortion, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2014

Philosophy And Theology: Insurance Coverage For Elective Abortion, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Hegel’S Account Of The Unconscious And Why It Matters, Richard Thomas Eldridge Mar 2014

Hegel’S Account Of The Unconscious And Why It Matters, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Hegel’s account of the unconscious and his broader philosophy of mind offer us a well worked out form of non-dualist, non-reductionist, non-eliminativist, non-representationalist naturalism. Hegel describes the development of discursively structured thought (and responsiveness to norms) in ethological terms as emerging from initial somatic-sensory states, from states and processes of bodily activity on the part of a feeling soul, and from structured habituation in relation to other subjects. Importantly, earlier, less organized states of sensory awareness and feeling persist as residues underneath cognitive development in “the pit of imagination.” Imagistic and sensory-somatic materials from this pit can burst out ...


Review Of Darwinism And The Divine: Evolutionary Thought And Natural Theology, Timothy Shanahan Jan 2014

Review Of Darwinism And The Divine: Evolutionary Thought And Natural Theology, Timothy Shanahan

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Sophia: Theoretical Wisdom And Contemporary Epistemology, Jason Baehr Jan 2014

Sophia: Theoretical Wisdom And Contemporary Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


The Motion Of Intellect On The Neoplatonic Reading Of Sophist 248e-249d, Eric D. Perl Jan 2014

The Motion Of Intellect On The Neoplatonic Reading Of Sophist 248e-249d, Eric D. Perl

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper defends Plotinus’ reading of Sophist 248e-249d as an expression of the togetherness or unity-in-duality of intellect and intelligible being. Throughout the dialogues Plato consistently presents knowledge as a togetherness of knower and known, expressing this through the myth of recollection and through metaphors of grasping, eating, and sexual union. He indicates that an intelligible paradigm is in the thought that apprehends it, and regularly regards the forms not as extrinsic “objects” but as the contents of living intelligence. A meticulous reading of Sophist 248e-249d shows that the “motion” attributed to intelligible being is not temporal change but the ...


Philosophy And Theology: Duties To Children, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2014

Philosophy And Theology: Duties To Children, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article offers the author's insights related to adoption of children and the duties of parents on their children. The author discusses the criticisms of author Mhairi Cowden on philosopher professor Matthew Liao regarding the right of children to be loved which according to Liao, love is necessary to flourish children in terms of emotional, physical, and social well-being.


Scientific Research, Technological Innovation And The Agenda Of Social Justice, Democratic Participation And Sustainability, Hugh Lacey Jan 2014

Scientific Research, Technological Innovation And The Agenda Of Social Justice, Democratic Participation And Sustainability, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Modern science, whose methodologies give special privilege to using decontextualizing strategies and downplay the role of context-sensitive strategies, have been extraordinarily successful in producing knowledge whose applications have transformed the shape of the lifeworld. Nevertheless, I argue that how the mainstream of the modern scientific tradition interprets the nature and objectives of science is incoherent; and that today there are two competing interpretations of scientific activities that are coherent and that maintain continuity with the success of the tradition: "commercially-oriented technoscience" (CT) and "multi-strategy research" (MS). The greater part of this article is devoted to discussing what is involved in ...


O Modelo Das Interações Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Jan 2014

O Modelo Das Interações Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In this article, we offer standardized versions of the principal ideas of the model of the interactions among scientific activities and values that has been proposed in recent years within Scientiae Studia. The model deals with the various roles played by values—ethical, social, political, cognitive (epistemic), religious, etc—in scientific activities, and with their impact on the viability of the ideals (impartiality, comprehensiveness, neutrality, autonomy) of the tradition of modern science.


How Movies Think: Cavell On Film As A Medium Of Art, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2014

How Movies Think: Cavell On Film As A Medium Of Art, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Stanley Cavell’s writing about movies, from the more theoretical and general The World Viewed (1971) to the later works on specific genres (Pursuits of Happiness, Contesting Tears), has a unifying theme: some movies as (successful) art investigate conditions of accomplished selfhood and interest in experience in medium-specific ways. This claim is explained and defended by explicating the details of the medium-specificity of the moving photographic image (and its history of uses) and by focusing on Michael Verhoeven’s film The Nasty Girl (1990). Though the very ideas of accomplished selfhood and interest in experience naturally prompt some suspicion in ...


Review Of "Being Numerous: Poetry And The Ground Of Social Life" By O. Izenberg, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2014

Review Of "Being Numerous: Poetry And The Ground Of Social Life" By O. Izenberg, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


A Kantian Argument For Sovereignty Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2014

A Kantian Argument For Sovereignty Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

Kant’s non-voluntarist conception of political obligation has led some philosophers to argue that he would reject self-government rights for indigenous peoples. Some recent scholarship suggests, however, that Kant’s critique of colonialism provides an argument in favor of granting self-government rights. Here I argue for a stronger conclusion: Kantian political theory not only can but must include sovereignty for indigenous peoples. Normally these rights are considered redress for historic injustice. On a Kantian view, however, I argue that they are not remedial. Sovereignty rights are a necessary part of establishing perpetual peace. By failing to acknowledge the sovereignty of ...


Philosophy And Theology: Responses To ‘After-Birth Abortion’, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2013

Philosophy And Theology: Responses To ‘After-Birth Abortion’, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy Upside Down?, Peter Baumann Oct 2013

Philosophy Upside Down?, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Philip Kitcher recently argued for a reconstruction in philosophy. According to him, the contemporary mainstream of philosophy (in the English-speaking world, at least) has deteriorated into something that is of relevance only to a few specialists who communicate with each other in a language nobody else understands. Kitcher proposes to reconstruct philosophy along two axes: a knowledge axis (with a focus on the sciences) and a value axis. The present article discusses Kitcher's diagnosis as well as his proposal of a therapy. It argues that there are problems with both, and it ends with an alternative view of what ...


Philosophy And Theology: Reproductive Rights, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2013

Philosophy And Theology: Reproductive Rights, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article discusses the philosophy and theology regarding reproductive rights and reproductive duties. It is stated that the term "reproductive rights" is a common euphemism for the ability to access abortion and contraception. It is noted that the ambiguity in speaking about reproductive rights comes from the multiple meanings of the term "rights."


Must Knowledge Be Virtuously Motivated?, Jason Baehr Jan 2013

Must Knowledge Be Virtuously Motivated?, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr Jan 2013

Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.