Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Philosophy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Philosophy And Theology: Disability, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2012

Philosophy And Theology: Disability, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article focuses on various definitions of disability in human beings given by researcher. It mentions that disability is not universally accepted for normal function of a species. It informs that physical and psychological condition informs about the health of people. It further highlights that species norm defines disability in terms of disease.


Philosophy And Theology: Contemporary Discussions Of Parenthood, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2012

Philosophy And Theology: Contemporary Discussions Of Parenthood, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article offers the author's insights on parenthood, which is the topic of interest of philosophers and theologians. The author says that the fundamental and primary obligation of parents to care for their children grounds the prerogatives, which parents have over their children. He mentions the argument between Bernard Prusak and S. Matthew Liao about the article "The Right of Children to Be Loved," in which Prusak objects the idea of the child's right to be loved.


Philosophy And Theology: What Justifies The Right To Live?, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2012

Philosophy And Theology: What Justifies The Right To Live?, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

In this article, the author presents his views on various articles related to the research on philosophy and theology which was published in the previous issues of several periodicals. He informs about the definitions of potentiality and capacity. He further highlights a book "Embryo: A Defense of Human Life" by Robert P. George and Christopher Tollefsen.


On The Inflation Of Necessities, Peter Baumann Apr 2012

On The Inflation Of Necessities, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper argues that Kripke’s thesis of the necessity of origin has some implausible consequences.


Open-Mindedness As A Christian Virtue?, Jason Baehr Jan 2012

Open-Mindedness As A Christian Virtue?, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Two Types Of Wisdom, Jason Baehr Jan 2012

Two Types Of Wisdom, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

The concept of wisdom is largely ignored by contemporary philosophers. But given recent movements in the fields of ethics and epistemology, the time is ripe for a return to this concept. This article lays some groundwork for further philosophical work in ethics and epistemology on wisdom. Its focus is the distinction between practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom or between phronesis and sophia. Several accounts of this distinction are considered and rejected. A more plausible, but also considerably more complex, account is offered. The discussion sheds light on the relation between practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom, and on the positive character ...


Review Of Ernest Sosa, Knowing Full Well, Jason Baehr Jan 2012

Review Of Ernest Sosa, Knowing Full Well, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: After-Birth Abortion, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2012

Philosophy And Theology: After-Birth Abortion, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article focuses on the issues related to philosophy and theology. It cites the example of an article based on the topic by philosopher Michael Tooley in the year 1972. As mentioned, article made critics of abortion squirm and also tried to extend the ethics of exclusion to cover not just prenatal but also postnatal human beings.


Knowledge, Practical Reasoning And Action, Peter Baumann Jan 2012

Knowledge, Practical Reasoning And Action, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Is knowledge necessary or sufficient or both necessary and sufficient for acceptable practical reasoning and rational action? Several authors (e.g., Williamson, Hawthorne, and Stanley) have recently argued that the answer to these questions is positive. In this paper I present several objections against this view (both in its basic form as well in more developed forms). I also offer a sketch of an alternative view: What matters for the acceptability of practical reasoning in at least many cases (and in all the cases discussed by the defenders of a strong link between knowledge and practical reasoning) is not so ...


Pluralismo Metodológico, Incomensurabilidade E O Status Científico Do Conhecimento Tradicional, Hugh Lacey Jan 2012

Pluralismo Metodológico, Incomensurabilidade E O Status Científico Do Conhecimento Tradicional, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Cultural values may constructively have impact on scientific practices, and lead to legitimate culture-based variations in approaches to them. It follows that traditional or indigenous knowledge need not stand opposed to scientific knowledge, and only investigation on a case-by-case basis can establish whether or not the cognitive credentials of particular traditional knowledge claims are adequate or deficient. Building on an analysis of how different methodological strategies may both compete and complement one another, I argue that what is defensible about Thomas Kuhn's notion of incommensurability, and the possibility of the sound scientific status of traditional knowledge, have the same ...


Reflections On Science And Technoscience, Hugh Lacey Jan 2012

Reflections On Science And Technoscience, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Technoscientific research, a kind of scientific research conducted within the decontextualized approach (DA), uses advanced technology to produce instruments, experimental objects, and new objects and structures, that enable us to gain knowledge of states of affairs of novel domains, especially knowledge about new possibilities of what we can do and make, with the horizons of practical, industrial, medical or military innovation, and economic growth and competition, never far removed from view. The legitimacy of technoscientific innovations can be appraised only in the course of considering fully what sorts of objects technoscientific objects are: objects that embody scientific knowledge confirmed within ...


Nozick’S Defense Of Closure, Peter Baumann Jan 2012

Nozick’S Defense Of Closure, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.