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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On The Violinist Analogy, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2011

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On The Violinist Analogy, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Double Effect Reasoning, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2011

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Double Effect Reasoning, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article discusses the conditions to which an action with two effects or double-effect, one good and the other evil, can be considered ethically permissible. It cites hypothetical cases describing the conditions which include that the action itself, its object is not intrinsically evil; the evil effect is not a means to the good effect; the evil effect is not intended as an end and there is a morally serious reason justifying allowing the evil effect.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Conscience Protections For Health Care Workers, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2011

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Conscience Protections For Health Care Workers, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article reviews reports on the philosophy and theology of bio ethics, including "Is Conscientious Objection Incompatible with a Physician's Professional Obligations?" and "Negative and Positive Claims of Conscience," both by Mark R. Wicclair, published in the January 2009 issue of "Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics." Wicclair discusses the incompatibility thesis. The article also observes that the contemporary debate on conscience protection has intensified.


A Puzzle About Responsibility A Problem And Its Contextualist Solution, Peter Baumann Mar 2011

A Puzzle About Responsibility A Problem And Its Contextualist Solution, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper presents a puzzle about moral responsibility. The problem is based upon the indeterminacy of relevant reference classes as applied to action. After discussing and rejecting a very tempting response I propose moral contextualism instead, that is, the idea that the truth value of judgments of the form "S is morally responsible for x" depends on and varies with the context of the attributor who makes that judgment. Even if this reply should not do all the expected work it is a first step.


The Structure Of Open-Mindedness, Jason Baehr Jan 2011

The Structure Of Open-Mindedness, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Credit Theories And The Value Of Knowledge, Jason Baehr Jan 2011

Credit Theories And The Value Of Knowledge, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

One alleged advantage of credit theories of knowledge is that they are capable of explaining why knowledge is essentially more valuable than mere true belief. I argue that credit theories in fact provide grounds for denying this claim and therefore are incapable of overcoming the 'value problem' in epistemology. Much of the discussion revolves around the question of whether true belief is always epistemically valuable. I also consider to what extent, if any, my main argument should worry credit theorists.


Prophetic Pragmatism And The Practices Of Freedom: On Cornel West's Foucauldian Methodology, Brad E. Stone Jan 2011

Prophetic Pragmatism And The Practices Of Freedom: On Cornel West's Foucauldian Methodology, Brad E. Stone

Philosophy Faculty Works

This essay explores the Foucauldian influence on Cornel West’s prophetic pragmatism. Although West argues that Foucauldian methods are insufficient to deliver a philosophy of liberation, I argue that there is nothing in Foucault that would prohibit West from such a goal, even though a philosophy of liberation was not one of Foucault’s goals. Fortunately, one can understand West’s own project of liberation in terms of "practices of freedom," allowing one to describe West’s philosophical project in strict Foucauldian terms.


The Down Low And The Sexuality Of Race, Brad E. Stone Jan 2011

The Down Low And The Sexuality Of Race, Brad E. Stone

Philosophy Faculty Works

There has been much interest in the phenomenon called "the Down Low," in which "otherwise heterosexual" African American men have sex with other black men. This essay explores the biopolitics at play in the media’s curiosity about the Down Low. The Down Low serves as a critical, transgressive heterotopia that reveals the codetermination of racism, sexism, and heterosexism in black male sexuality.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Fetal Interventions, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2011

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Fetal Interventions, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

In the article, the author discusses the issues involving the ethics of fetal surgery. He cites the works of scholars Frank A. Chervenak and Laurence B. McCullough on the ethical questions on fetal surgery. The positions of such pro-abortion individuals as Peter Singer, Michael Tooley and David Boonin on the issue of fetal homicide are also cited.


A Imparcialidade Da Ciência E As Responsabilidades Dos Cientistas, Hugh Lacey Jan 2011

A Imparcialidade Da Ciência E As Responsabilidades Dos Cientistas, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

This article, making use of a distinction between endorsing and accepting a claim, discusses the responsibilities that scientists incur in the light of the necessity to act, formulate policy, and to design regulations pertinent to technoscientific innovations, when decisions will inevitably be based, in important part, on claims that are only endorsed (and so implicated in compromises with ethical/social values), and not accepted in accordance with impartiality. Then, after introducing the notion of "impartial investigation", I conclude that the central responsibility of scientists is to engage in impartial investigation, and that this requires, not the exclusion of ethical and ...


Narrative Rehearsal, Expression, And Goethe's "Wandrers Nachtlied Ii", Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2011

Narrative Rehearsal, Expression, And Goethe's "Wandrers Nachtlied Ii", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Empiricism, Stances, And The Problem Of Voluntarism, Peter Baumann Jan 2011

Empiricism, Stances, And The Problem Of Voluntarism, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Classical empiricism leads to notorious problems having to do with the (at least prima facie) lack of an acceptable empiricist justification of empiricism itself. Bas van Fraassen claims that his idea of the "empirical stance" can deal with such problems. I argue, however, that this view entails a very problematic form of voluntarism which comes with the threat of latent irrationality and normative inadequacy. However, there is also a certain element of truth in such a voluntarism. The main difficulty consists in finding an acceptable form of voluntarism.