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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Resilience Of Computationalism, Gualtiero Piccinini Dec 2010

The Resilience Of Computationalism, Gualtiero Piccinini

Philosophy Faculty Works

Computationalism—the view that cognition is computation—has always been controversial. It faces two types of objection. According to insufficiency objections, computation is insufficient for some cognitive phenomenon X. According to objections from neural realization, cognitive processes are realized by neural processes, but neural processes have feature Y, and having Y is incompatible with being (or realizing) computations. In this article, I explain why computationalism has survived these objections. To adjudicate the dispute between computationalism and its foes, I will conclude that we need a better account of computation.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Access To Fertility Treatments, Christopher Kaczor Oct 2010

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Access To Fertility Treatments, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics related to philosophy and theology including the risks of In Vitro Fertilization, the importance of marriage in raising children, and the impact of homosexual parenting in children.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Diachronic Personal Identity, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2010

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Diachronic Personal Identity, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The author discusses different theories related to philosophy and theology. He cites the four rival theories of diachronic personal identity mentioned by researcher Bertha Alvarez Manninen, which explores the genetic, animalism, and psychological account. The author also mentions the argument of philosophy professor of Michael Tooley regarding the role of the brain and personal identity. Furthermore, he mentions several studies that suggest ways on how to cure personality disorder.


Begrenzte Erkenntnisse?, Peter Baumann Jul 2010

Begrenzte Erkenntnisse?, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Human Dignity, Christopher Kaczor Apr 2010

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Human Dignity, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Epistemic Malevolence, Jason Baehr Jan 2010

Epistemic Malevolence, Jason Baehr

Philosophy Faculty Works

Against the background of a great deal of structural symmetry between intellectual and moral virtue and vice, it is a surprising fact that what is arguably the central or paradigm moral vice—that is, moral malevolence or malevolence proper—has no obvious or well-known counterpart among the intellectual vices. The notion of “epistemic malevolence” makes no appearance on any standard list of intellectual vices; nor is it central to our ordinary ways of thinking about intellectual vice. In this essay, I argue that there is such a thing as epistemic malevolence and offer an account of its basic character and ...


Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Speciesism, Christopher Kaczor Jan 2010

Philosophy And Theology: Notes On Speciesism, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

The article discusses the rights of the human fetus involving a prejudice on a preference for one's own kind. It explains the important features, different theological justifications, and arguments for and against speciesism or birthism, which is like sexism and racism. It also cites the views of philosopher Immanuel Kant on human superiority over animals and the rights of handicapped newborns that does not justify giving similar rights to great apes.


Simulation-Based Definitions Of Emergence, Alan Richard Baker Jan 2010

Simulation-Based Definitions Of Emergence, Alan Richard Baker

Philosophy Faculty Works

One approach to characterizing the elusive notion of emergence is to define that a property is emergent if and only if its presence can be derived but only by simulation. In this paper I investigate the pros and cons of this approach, focusing in particular on whether an appropriately distinct boundary can be drawn between simulation-based and non-simulation-based methods. I also examine the implications of this definition for the epistemological role of emergent properties in prediction and in explanation.


Wittgenstein On Aspect-Seeing, The Nature Of Discursive Consciousness, And The Experience Of Agency, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2010

Wittgenstein On Aspect-Seeing, The Nature Of Discursive Consciousness, And The Experience Of Agency, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.