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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Review Of "Science And Poetry" By M. Midgley, Hans Oberdiek Oct 2003

Review Of "Science And Poetry" By M. Midgley, Hans Oberdiek

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Scientific Methodologies In Medieval Islam, Jon Mcginnis Jul 2003

Scientific Methodologies In Medieval Islam, Jon Mcginnis

Philosophy Faculty Works

The present study considers Ibn Sînâ's (Lat. Avicenna) account of induction (istiqra') and experimentation (tajriba). For Ibn Sînâ induction purportedly provided the absolute, necessary and certain first principles of a science. Ibn Sînâ criticized induction, arguing that it can neither guarantee the necessity nor provide the primitiveness required of first principles. In it place, Ibn Sînâ developed a theory of experimentation, which avoids the pitfalls of induction by not providing absolute, but conditional, necessary and certain first principles. The theory of experimentation that emerges though not modern, does have elements that are similar to a modern conception of scientific ...


Existe Uma Distinção Relevante Entre Valores Cognitivos E Sociais?, Hugh Lacey Jun 2003

Existe Uma Distinção Relevante Entre Valores Cognitivos E Sociais?, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

It is useful to work with a model of the practices of scientific research that proposes that there are three key moments at which choices must be made: the moments of (i) adopting a strategy (or methodological rules), (ii) accepting theories, and (iii) applying scientific knowledge. Social values may have legitimate and important roles at the first and third moments, but not the second, where only cognitive values and available empirical data have essential roles. The distinction between cognitive and social values is needed to maintain this model, and thus to sustain the view that impartial scientific knowledge can be ...


The Evolutionary Indeterminism Thesis, Timothy Shanahan Feb 2003

The Evolutionary Indeterminism Thesis, Timothy Shanahan

Philosophy Faculty Works

Evolutionary indeterminists argue that, in addition to any indeterminism introduced by quantum events, at least some evolutionary processes are themselves fundamentally indeterministic. That is, they maintain that the chance element in evolutionary processes results from indeterminism in the processes themselves, rather than simply from our cognitive limitations. Not everyone has been persuaded. A number of philosophers have argued that claims for evolutionary indeterminism are premature at best and deeply confused at worst. They maintain that evolutionary processes can and should be understood as deterministic processes. According to them, "chance" is merely a word denoting our ignorance of causes. This controversy ...


Cavell On American Philosophy And The Idea Of America, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2003

Cavell On American Philosophy And The Idea Of America, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Here is a common picture of what American philosophy looks like to and within many American philosophy departments. To a considerable degree, it does not exist at all. Most departments do not feel obliged to teach American philosophy as they do modern philosophy (Descartes to Kant) and ancient Greek philosophy. It is normally not part of the requirements for a major. Of course, writings by Americans are mostly what do get taught, but they are taught as just philosophy, not as American philosophy. When it is taught, it is taught as a peripheral history course, typically focusing on the major ...


Aesthetics And Ethics, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2003

Aesthetics And Ethics, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Genetically Modified Foods: Debating Biotechnology" Edited By M. Ruse And D. Castle, Hugh Lacey Jan 2003

Review Of "Genetically Modified Foods: Debating Biotechnology" Edited By M. Ruse And D. Castle, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.