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Philosophy Faculty Works

Swarthmore College

2005

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

On The Interplay Of The Cognitive And The Social In Scientific Practices, Hugh Lacey Dec 2005

On The Interplay Of The Cognitive And The Social In Scientific Practices, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

I consider the following questions, central to recent disagreements between Longino and Kitcher: Is it constitutive of making judgments of the cognitive acceptability of theories that they are made under certain social relations that embody specific social values that have been cultivated among investigators (Longino)? Or is making them (sound ones) just a consequence of social interactions that occur under these relations (Kitcher)? While generally endorsing the latter view, I make a distinction, not made by the philosophers under discussion, between sound acceptance and endorsement of a theory, and argue that Longino's view applies to endorsement.


Como Devem Os Valores Influenciar A Ciência?, Hugh Lacey Jan 2005

Como Devem Os Valores Influenciar A Ciência?, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Scientists make judgments of value all the time. They usually evaluatetheir theories according to “cognitive values” (empirical adequacy, power tomake predictions, explanatory power etc). But a theory can also be evaluatedaccording to non-cognitive values (social, political, economical, etc). Traditionally,cognitive and non-cognitive kinds of values are maintained separated from oneanother in order to protect science’s “autonomy”, impartiality”, and “neutrality”.However, social and moral values, as well as other kinds of non-cognitive values,play their role in science, not only by addressing the ethical issues of scientificresearch, but also by establishing the strategies according to which the problemsto be investigated ...