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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Maimonides And Aquinas On Divine Attributes The Importance Of Avicenna, Richard C. Taylor Aug 2019

Maimonides And Aquinas On Divine Attributes The Importance Of Avicenna, Richard C. Taylor

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Faith And Disbelief, Robert K. Whitaker Apr 2019

Faith And Disbelief, Robert K. Whitaker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Is faith that p compatible with disbelief that p? I argue that it is. After surveying some recent literature on the compatibility of propositional (so-called faith-that) and non-propositional (faith-in) forms of faith with the lack of belief, I take the next step and offer several arguments for the thesis that both these forms of faith are also compatible, in certain cases, with outright disbelief. This is contrary to the views of some significant recent commentators on propositional faith, including Robert Audi and Daniel Howard-Snyder. The primary argument revolves around the possibility of maintaining a single faith through drastic changes in ...


What Does It Mean To Move For Black Lives?, Kimberly Ann Harris Apr 2019

What Does It Mean To Move For Black Lives?, Kimberly Ann Harris

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

I argue that the key ideas of the movement for Black lives have resonances with Frantz Fanon's ideas particularly in Black Skin, White Masks. I first demonstrate how the mission to repudiate Black demise and affirm Black humanity captures Fanon's critique of universal humanism. The fear of the Black body was central to the testimonies of Darren Wilson, Jeronimo Yanez, and George Zimmerman (the individuals that shot and killed Mike Brown, Philando Castile, and Trayvon Martin respectively). Fanon prioritized the role of the body in his account of racism. It is difficult to not see the relevance of ...


Book Review Of A Companion To Ricoeur's Freedom And Nature, Edited By Scott Davidson, Pol Vandevelde Mar 2019

Book Review Of A Companion To Ricoeur's Freedom And Nature, Edited By Scott Davidson, Pol Vandevelde

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Racism As Self-Love, Grant J. Silva Jan 2019

Racism As Self-Love, Grant J. Silva

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

In the United States today, much interpersonal racism is driven by corrupt forms of self-preservation. Drawing from Jean-Jacques Rousseau, I refer to this as self-love racism. The byproduct of socially-induced racial anxieties and perceived threats to one’s physical or social wellbeing, self-love racism is the protective at­tachment to the racialized dimensions of one’s social status, wealth, privilege, and/or identity. Examples include police officer related shootings of unarmed Black Americans, anti-immigrant sentiment, and the resurgence of unabashed white supremacy. This form of racism is defined less by the introduction of racism into the world and more on ...


On The Difficulties Of Writing Philosophy From A Racialized Subjectivity, Grant J. Silva Oct 2018

On The Difficulties Of Writing Philosophy From A Racialized Subjectivity, Grant J. Silva

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Kant, Neo-Kantianism, And Phenomenology, Sebastian Luft Jul 2018

Kant, Neo-Kantianism, And Phenomenology, Sebastian Luft

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

This chapter offers a reassessment of the relationship between Kant, the Kantian tradition, and phenomenology, here focusing mainly on Husserl and Heidegger. Part of this reassessment concerns those philosophers who, during the lives of Husserl and Heidegger, sought to defend an updated version of Kant’s philosophy, the neo-Kantians. The chapter shows where the phenomenologists were able to benefit from some of the insights on the part of Kant and the neo-Kantians, but also clearly points to the differences. The aim of this chapter is to offer a fair evaluation of the relation of the main phenomenologists to Kant and ...


“The Americas Seek Not Enlightenment But Liberation”: On The Philosophical Significance Of Liberation For Philosophy In The Americas, Grant J. Silva Jul 2018

“The Americas Seek Not Enlightenment But Liberation”: On The Philosophical Significance Of Liberation For Philosophy In The Americas, Grant J. Silva

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Some Themes In Suárez’S Account Of The Separated Soul, James B. South Jan 2018

Some Themes In Suárez’S Account Of The Separated Soul, James B. South

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

In this article, I focus on three issues in Francisco Suárez’s account of the separated soul: the status of the separated soul as a person, the separated soul’s knowledge of itself, and the question of the soul’s nature both as form of the body and as existing outside the body. I place his discussion in dialogue with St. Thomas Aquinas and Cajetan (Thomas de Vio) and show the ways he departs from those two thinkers. Finally, I show that his account of these problems makes for a philosophically probable account of the resurrection of the body.


Review Of The Socratic Turn: Knowledge Of Good And Evil In An Age Of Science, By Dustin Sebell, Owen Goldin Jan 2018

Review Of The Socratic Turn: Knowledge Of Good And Evil In An Age Of Science, By Dustin Sebell, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Hope(S) After Genocide, Margaret Urban Walker Jan 2018

Hope(S) After Genocide, Margaret Urban Walker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Averroes And The Philosophical Account Of Prophecy, Richard C. Taylor Jan 2018

Averroes And The Philosophical Account Of Prophecy, Richard C. Taylor

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Faṣl al-maqāl, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as “extremely radical” to the extent that “The term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would ...


Reason And Agency In Kant And Fichte, Michael Vater Jan 2018

Reason And Agency In Kant And Fichte, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

This paper explores the question of the unity of Transcendental Idealism at the end of Eighteenth Century German philosophy, given that it circulated in different versions, Kant’s Critique [of humans’ rational powers] and Fichte’ System of Science [Wissenschaftslehre]. Both thinkers take the transcendental turn. They base conceptual investigations not on facts or empirical evidence, but on the possibility of a situation; they are idealists since they look inward to the spontaneity of the agent/knower for explanation, not the environment, stimulus, or sensory given. Reason can fathom only what it has constructed.


Capturing Transitional Justice: Exploring Colleen Murphy’S The Conceptual Foundations Of Transitional Justice, Margaret Urban Walker Jan 2018

Capturing Transitional Justice: Exploring Colleen Murphy’S The Conceptual Foundations Of Transitional Justice, Margaret Urban Walker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Colleen Murphy’s impressive book presents a unified theory of transitional justice as a single, novel, distinct kind of justice, intended to guide normative evaluation of the choices transitional societies make in dealing with the past. I raise three central challenges to Murphy’s theory. First, how do we know that transitional justice is fundamentally a single special kind of justice that permits a grand unified theory? Second, is it plausible to hold, as Murphy claims, that societal transformation is the overarching aim or objective of transitional justice? Third, is transitional justice convincingly explained as pursuing societal transformation ‘through’ or ...


On National Identity, Owen Goldin, Wolfgang Streeck Aug 2017

On National Identity, Owen Goldin, Wolfgang Streeck

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

In response to “Trump and the Trumpists” (Vol. 3, No. 1).


There Is Nothing It Is Like To See Red: Holism And Subjective Experience, Anthony F. Peressini May 2017

There Is Nothing It Is Like To See Red: Holism And Subjective Experience, Anthony F. Peressini

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

The Nagel inspired “something-it-is-like” (SIL) conception of conscious experience remains a dominant approach in philosophy. In this paper I criticize a prevalent philosophical construal of SIL consciousness, one that understands SIL as a property of mental states rather than entities as a whole. I argue against thinking of SIL as a property of states, showing how such a view is in fact prevalent, under-warranted, and philosophically pernicious in that it often leads to an implausible reduction of conscious experience to qualia. I then develop a holistic conception of SIL for entities (not states) and argue that it has at least ...


Utopia And The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro, Curtis L. Carter Apr 2017

Utopia And The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Utopias from ancient times to the present have come and gone. They remain as a part of literary, philosophical and historical texts and communal practices. Yet this subject has never ceased to inspire contemporary minds as well. My aim in this paper is to consider the communities known as favelas that have formed on the edges of the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro as a contemporary form of utopian community. The paper begins with a brief analysis of the concept of utopia. Then follows a discussion of the Favela as an urban utopia as seen from the perspective of ...


Review Of Aristotle On Knowledge And Learning: The Posterior Analytics By David Bronstein, Owen Goldin Apr 2017

Review Of Aristotle On Knowledge And Learning: The Posterior Analytics By David Bronstein, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Ultimate Concern And Finitude: Schelling’S Philosophy Of Religion And Paul Tillich’S Systematic Theology, Michael Vater Jan 2017

Ultimate Concern And Finitude: Schelling’S Philosophy Of Religion And Paul Tillich’S Systematic Theology, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

This paper explores Paul Tillich’s use of the Friedrich Schelling’s philosophy in his explorations of the relevance of historical forms of Christian belief to contemporary culture, where human experience is marked by anxiety and guilt, and where the search for ultimate meanings seems to dead-end in meaninglessness. For Tillich as for Schelling, religion points to metaphysics. The only literal or nonsymbolic truth about God is that God is the affirmation of being over against the possibility of nonbeing, a divine Yes that is an overcoming of a prior No or self-inclusion. The ambiguity of existence as current human ...


Causation, Probability, And The Continuity Bind, Anthony F. Peressini Jan 2017

Causation, Probability, And The Continuity Bind, Anthony F. Peressini

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Analyses of singular (token-level) causation often make use of the idea that a cause increases the probability of its effect. Of particular salience in such accounts are the values of the probability function of the effect, conditional on the presence and absence of the putative cause, analysed around the times of the events in question: causes are characterized by the effect’s probability function being greater when conditionalized upon them. Put this way, it becomes clearer that the ‘behaviour’ (continuity) of probability functions in small intervals about the times in question ought to be of concern. In this article, I ...


Globalization And Chinese Contemporary Art: West To East, East To West, Curtis L. Carter Jan 2017

Globalization And Chinese Contemporary Art: West To East, East To West, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

In this article, Carter tells the weaving tale of the globalization of art and the interplay between eastern and western contemporary art. Carter sketches out the history of contemporary art in China with a keen eye towards the interplay between Chinese artists and the various western influences over time, such as the 16th century Jesuit artists, Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, and Dada to name a few. This history is marked by a ubiquitous tension as Chinese artists incorporated western innovations into their work, while also maintaining the poetic and literary foundation of Chinese art. Coupling that with the influence of the ...


Ultimate Concern And Finitude: Schelling’S Philosophy Of Religion And Paul Tillich’S Systematic Theology, Michael Vater Jan 2017

Ultimate Concern And Finitude: Schelling’S Philosophy Of Religion And Paul Tillich’S Systematic Theology, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

This paper explores Paul Tillich’s use of the Friedrich Schelling’s philosophy in his explorations of the relevance of historical forms of Christian belief to contemporary culture, where human experience is marked by anxiety and guilt, and where the search for ultimate meanings seems to dead-end in meaninglessness. For Tillich as for Schelling, religion points to metaphysics. The only literal or nonsymbolic truth about God is that God is the affirmation of being over against the possibility of nonbeing, a divine Yes that is an overcoming of a prior No or self-inclusion. The ambiguity of existence as current human ...


Mis-Construction: Changes In Art And Aesthetics East/West, Curtis L. Carter Jan 2017

Mis-Construction: Changes In Art And Aesthetics East/West, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Ethical Bedrock Under A Changing Negotiation Landscape, Kevin Gibson Jan 2017

Ethical Bedrock Under A Changing Negotiation Landscape, Kevin Gibson

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Editors' Note: Your dilemmas as a negotiator fall into two basic sets, “what’s possible?” and “what's right?” The first is treated by many chapters in this book. Here, from his philosopher's background, Gibson writes about the influence of morality on negotiations, and how we can think more clearly about what's the right thing to do. This chapter should be read in conjunction with Carrie-Meadow’s chapter on The Morality of Compromise.


Aspects Of Intentionality In Two 16th Century Aristotelians, James B. South Jan 2017

Aspects Of Intentionality In Two 16th Century Aristotelians, James B. South

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Aesthetic Revolutions And Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Movements Edited By Aleš Erjavec, Curtis Carter Jul 2016

Review Of Aesthetic Revolutions And Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Movements Edited By Aleš Erjavec, Curtis Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Husserl's Ethics And Practical Intentionality, Pol Vandevelde Jun 2016

Review Of Husserl's Ethics And Practical Intentionality, Pol Vandevelde

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Infinite Phenomenology: The Lessons Of Hegel's Science Of Experience By John Russon, Michael Vater Jun 2016

Review Of Infinite Phenomenology: The Lessons Of Hegel's Science Of Experience By John Russon, Michael Vater

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Russon suggests a pedagogy of cross-cultural awareness that can be derived from taking chapters of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit as a pattern for solving contemporary problems involving racial, ethnic, cultural and religious conflict.


Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin Jun 2016

Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Aristotle’s main objection to Pythagorean number ontology is that it posits as a basic subject what can exist only as inherent in a subject. I then show how contemporary structural realists posit an ontology much like that of Aristotle’s Pythagoreans. Both take the objects of knowledge to be structure, not the subject of structure. I discuss both how pancomputationalists such as Edward Fredkin approach the Pythagorean account insofar as on their account all reality can in principle be expressed as one (very big) number, made up of discrete units, and even more moderate varieties of structural realism, like ...


Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini Jun 2016

Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Understanding probabilities as something other than point values (e.g., as intervals) has often been motivated by the need to find more realistic models for degree of belief, and in particular the idea that degree of belief should have an objective basis in “statistical knowledge of the world.” I offer here another motivation growing out of efforts to understand how chance evolves as a function of time. If the world is “chancy” in that there are non-trivial, objective, physical probabilities at the macro-level, then the chance of an event e that happens at a given time is e goes to ...