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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Teaching Engineering Ethics: A Case Study Approach, Michael Pritchard Feb 2016

Teaching Engineering Ethics: A Case Study Approach, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract provided.


Reasonable Children, Michael Pritchard Feb 2016

Reasonable Children, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

The public outcry for a return to moral education in our schools has raised more dust than it's dispelled. Building upon his provocative ideas in On Becoming Responsible, Michael Pritchard clears the air with a sensible plan for promoting our children's moral education through the teaching of reasonableness.Pritchard contends that children have a definite but frequently untapped capacity for reasonableness and that schools in a democratic society must make the nurturing of that capacity one of their primary aims, as fundamental to learning as the development of reading, writing, and math skills. Reasonableness itself, he shows, can ...


Obstacles To Ethical Decision-Making: Mental Models, Milgram And The Problem Of Obedience, Patricia Werhane, Laura Pincus Hartman, Crina Archer, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard Feb 2016

Obstacles To Ethical Decision-Making: Mental Models, Milgram And The Problem Of Obedience, Patricia Werhane, Laura Pincus Hartman, Crina Archer, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

In commerce, many moral failures are due to narrow mindsets that preclude taking into account the moral dimensions of a decision or action. In turn, sometimes these mindsets are caused by failing to question managerial decisions from a moral point of view, because of a perceived authority of management. In the 1960s, Stanley Milgram conducted controversial experiments to investigate just how far obedience to an authority figure could subvert his subjects' moral beliefs. In this thought-provoking work, the authors examine the prevalence of narrow mental models and the phenomenon of obedience to an authority to analyse and understand the challenges ...


Engineering Ethics: Concepts And Cases, Michael Pritchard, Charles Harris, Michael Rabins Feb 2016

Engineering Ethics: Concepts And Cases, Michael Pritchard, Charles Harris, Michael Rabins

Michael Pritchard

Extend your analytical skills to moral deliberation with this best-selling engineering ethics text. ENGINEERING ETHICS: CONCEPTS AND CASES, 4E bridges the gap between theory and practice with more than 200 current case studies available in the text and on the companion website, including current and controversial topics, such as Hurricane Katrina and global warming. This edition introduces you to a proven, structured methodology for analyzing cases, as well as examples of cases that already have been analyzed, to ensure you can practice ethical engineering yourself. The text also discusses Engineering Codes of Ethics. You'll learn the importance of critical ...


Taking Sides: Clashing Views In Business Ethics And Society, Lisa Newton, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard Feb 2016

Taking Sides: Clashing Views In Business Ethics And Society, Lisa Newton, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

The Taking Sides Collection on McGraw-Hill Create™ includes current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. This Collection contains a multitude of current and classic issues to enhance and customize your course. You can browse the entire Taking Sides Collection on Create, or you can search by topic, author, or keywords. Each Taking Sides issues is thoughtfully framed with Learning Outcomes, an Issue Summary, an Introduction, and an Exploring the Issuesection featuring Critical Thinking and Reflection, Is There Common Ground?, and Additional Resources andInternet References. Go to McGraw-Hill Create ...


Dugald Stewart, Michael Pritchard Dec 2012

Dugald Stewart, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Bernard Gert On 'Why Should I Act Morally?', Michael Pritchard Dec 2012

Bernard Gert On 'Why Should I Act Morally?', Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Engineering Ethics, Michael Pritchard Dec 2012

Engineering Ethics, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Teaching Practical Ethics, Michael Pritchard, Elaine Englehardt Dec 2012

Teaching Practical Ethics, Michael Pritchard, Elaine Englehardt

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Taming Resentment, Michael Pritchard Dec 2011

Taming Resentment, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Teaching Research Ethics Across The Curriculum: An Institutional Change Model, Michael Pritchard Dec 2011

Teaching Research Ethics Across The Curriculum: An Institutional Change Model, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Thomas Reid On 'The Seeds Of Morality', Michael Pritchard Dec 2010

Thomas Reid On 'The Seeds Of Morality', Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Moral Machines?, Michael Pritchard Dec 2010

Moral Machines?, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen’s Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong (Oxford University Press, 2009) explores efforts to develop machines that, not only can be employed for good or bad ends, but which themselves can be held morally accountable for what they do—artificial moral agents(AMAs). This essay is a critical response to Wallach and Allen’s conjectures. Although Wallach and Allen do not suggest that we are close to being able to create full-fledged AMAs, they do talk seriously about making incremental progress in the direction of creating them (even if we never fully succeed). However ...


Justice And Resentment In Hume, Reid, And Smith, Michael Pritchard Dec 2007

Justice And Resentment In Hume, Reid, And Smith, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

Adam Smith and Thomas Reid follow Joseph Butler's lead in discussing the moral significance of resentment in great detail. David Hume does not. For Smith and Reidresentment reveals shortcomings in Hume's attempt to ground justice solely in terms of self-interest and public utility. This can be seen most clearly in Reid's critique ofHume's response to the sensible knave. Reid argues that Hume's appeal to our integrity can have force only ifHume concedes that there are elements of justice that are grounded in neither self-interest nor public utility.


Commentary On Common Morality, Michael Pritchard Dec 2005

Commentary On Common Morality, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Conflict Of Interest: The Very Idea, Michael Pritchard Dec 2001

Conflict Of Interest: The Very Idea, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available


Philosophy For Children, Michael Pritchard Dec 2001

Philosophy For Children, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Practical Ethics And Philosophical Reflection, Michael Pritchard Feb 2001

Practical Ethics And Philosophical Reflection, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Service-Learning And Engineering Ethics, Michael Pritchard Dec 1999

Service-Learning And Engineering Ethics, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

This paper explores ways in which service-learning programs can enhance ethics education in engineering. Service-learning programs combine volunteer work and academic study. The National Society for Professional Engineers (NSPE) and American Society for Civil Engineers (ASCE) codes of ethics explicitly encourage engineers to seek opportunities, beyond their work-related responsibilities, to serve their communities. Examples of how this can be encouraged as a part of the educational experiences of engineering students are explored.
Calvin: How good do you have to be to qualify as good? I haven’t killed anybody. See, that’s good, right? I haven’t committed any felonics ...


A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard Nov 1999

A Case Study “The Concrete Sumo” Exigent Decision-Making In Engineering, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available


Kohlbergian Contributions To Educational Programs For The Moral Development Of Professionals, Michael Pritchard Dec 1998

Kohlbergian Contributions To Educational Programs For The Moral Development Of Professionals, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

This paper discusses the contributions of Lawrence Kohlberg to the teaching of professional ethics. While rejecting Kohlberg's view that the most advanced stages of moral development must embrace utilitarian or Kantian principles, it agrees with Rest and others that postconventional reasoning is essential for professional ethics. However, it raises questions about how differentiations between conventional and postconventional reasoning can reliably be made. Finally, it suggests areas of psychological research other than moral reasoning that would contribute to the teaching of professional ethics.


Commentary: Broome’S ‘Concrete Sumo’, Michael Pritchard Dec 1998

Commentary: Broome’S ‘Concrete Sumo’, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Bribery: The Concept, Michael Pritchard Dec 1997

Bribery: The Concept, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

The aim of this paper is to clarify the concept of bribery, and to do this in a way that reveals its underlying normative features. Bribery, like lying is not a value neutral concept. It has a negative connotation and is regarded by most as generally, although not necessarily universally, wrong. At the very least, those who resort to bribery bear a burden of justification for what they do. This is no small point, as no such burden must be borne for the vast majority of human activities, such as engaging in conversation or taking a walk, which normally do ...


Sidgwick’S Practical Ethics, Michael Pritchard Dec 1997

Sidgwick’S Practical Ethics, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Professional Responsibility: Focusing On The Exemplary, Michael Pritchard Dec 1997

Professional Responsibility: Focusing On The Exemplary, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

The literature on ethics in science and engineering tends to dwell on the negative, emphasizing disasters, scandals, and problems of wrongdoing in everyday practice. This paper shifts to the positive, focusing on the exemplary. After outlining different possible conceptions of responsibility (ranging from a minimalist view of “staying out of trouble” to “going above and beyond the call of duty”), the paper discusses the importance of certain virtues for scientists and engineers. Finally, a broad range of examples of exemplary practice is offered.


Commentary On Michael Davis, “Better Communication Between Engineers And Managers,”, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Commentary On Michael Davis, “Better Communication Between Engineers And Managers,”, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Responsible Engineering: Gilbane Gold Revisited, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Responsible Engineering: Gilbane Gold Revisited, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

This paper addresses several concerns in teaching engineering ethics. First, there is the problem of finding space within already crowded engineering curricula for meaningful discussions of ethical dimensions in engineering. Some engineering programs may offer entire courses on engineering ethics; however, most do not at present and may not in the foreseeable future. A promising possibility is to weave ethics into already existing courses using case studies, but most current case studies are not well integrated with engineering technical analysis. There is a danger that case studies will be viewed by both instructors and students as departures from “business as ...


Deceiving Sources, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Deceiving Sources, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


Conflicts Of Interest: Conceptual And Normative Issues, Michael Pritchard Nov 1996

Conflicts Of Interest: Conceptual And Normative Issues, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

Growing university-industry ties, particularly in biomedical areas, naturally raise concerns about conflicts of interest. Such conflicts are essentially problems in business and professional ethics. As of the fall of 1995, all institutions seeking funding from either the Public Health Service or the National Science Foundation have been required to maintain and enforce a written policy on conflicts of interest. The PHS and the NSF also require the disclosure of "significant" financial interests that might affect the research. Although the PHS and NSF requirements may prove helpful, they are not sufficient for monitoring the full range of serious conflicts of interest ...


Teaching Engineering Ethics: Why? What? Where? When?, Michael Pritchard, C.E. Harris, Michael Rabins Mar 1996

Teaching Engineering Ethics: Why? What? Where? When?, Michael Pritchard, C.E. Harris, Michael Rabins

Michael Pritchard

Engineering ethics is professional ethics, as opposed to personal morality. It sets the standards for professional practice, and is only learned in a professional school or in professional practice. It is an essential part of professional education because it helps students deal with issues they will face in professional practice. The best way to teach engineering ethics is by using cases—not just the disaster cases that make the news, but the kinds of cases that an engineer is more likely to encounter. Many cases are available, and there are methods for analyzing them. Engineering ethics can be taught in ...