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Essays in Philosophy

2005

Articles 1 - 30 of 42

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Review Of “Happy Lives And The Highest Good: An Essay On Aristotle’S Nichomachean Ethics”, Jon Mahoney Kansas State University Jun 2005

Review Of “Happy Lives And The Highest Good: An Essay On Aristotle’S Nichomachean Ethics”, Jon Mahoney Kansas State University

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Confusion: A Study In The Theory Of Knowledge”, David B. Martens Jun 2005

Review Of “Confusion: A Study In The Theory Of Knowledge”, David B. Martens

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Current Crisis In American Morality: How Big Business Has Contributed To, And Ought To Address, The Crisis, Susan Anderson Jun 2005

The Current Crisis In American Morality: How Big Business Has Contributed To, And Ought To Address, The Crisis, Susan Anderson

Essays in Philosophy

In this paper, I argue that several features of Big Business in the United States, and its influence on our society, have caused far too many Americans to stop thinking about what is morally right as they choose their actions. An ethical vacuum has been created that Big Business has been only too glad to fill with questionable values that Americans have absorbed without consciously embracing. The time is right, and the stakes have never been higher, for us to reflect on our values and change our thinking and behavior. Big Business and Philosophy each have important roles to play ...


Review Of “Truth And Justification”, Karim Dharamsi Jun 2005

Review Of “Truth And Justification”, Karim Dharamsi

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


An Extreme Example? Using Arendt’S Eichmann In Jerusalem In The Business Ethics Classroom, Peter Gratton Jun 2005

An Extreme Example? Using Arendt’S Eichmann In Jerusalem In The Business Ethics Classroom, Peter Gratton

Essays in Philosophy

With Eichmann in Jerusalem, we have, I would admit, a most unlikely case study for use in a business ethics classroom. The story of Eichmann is already some sixty years old, and his activities in his career as a Nazi were far beyond the pale of even the most egregious cases found in the typical business ethics case books. No doubt, there is some truth to the fact that introducing Eichmann’s story into an applied ethics class would inevitably depict an unseemly analogy between the practices of latter day corporations and the bureaucracy of the Nazi era. My argument ...


Review Of “Debates In Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology”, John Scott Gray Jun 2005

Review Of “Debates In Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology”, John Scott Gray

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Basic Writings”, Brian Gregor Jun 2005

Review Of “Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Basic Writings”, Brian Gregor

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Amorality Of Public Corporations, James Hazelton Jun 2005

The Amorality Of Public Corporations, James Hazelton

Essays in Philosophy

We consider whether public corporations can be ethical, using the notion of corporate social responsibility (CSR). We distinguish between ‘weak’ CSR (where corporate profitability is enhanced by pursuing social and environmental objectives) and ‘strong’ CSR (where it is not) and consider four possible positions in relation to strong CSR. First, CSR is unnecessary – good ethics is synonymous with good business. Second, CSR is unethical as the government is responsible for intervention in markets. Third, CSR is ethical and is being implemented by corporations. We find none of these positions convincing and argue a fourth position – CSR is ethical but impossible ...


Towards An Environmental Political Economy, David R. Keller Jun 2005

Towards An Environmental Political Economy, David R. Keller

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Right To Choose: Why Governments Should Compel The Tobacco Industry To Disclose Their Ingredients, H. E. May, J. S. Wigand Jun 2005

The Right To Choose: Why Governments Should Compel The Tobacco Industry To Disclose Their Ingredients, H. E. May, J. S. Wigand

Essays in Philosophy

Pursuant to the Doctrine of Consumer Sovereignty, we believe that tobacco companies should be compelled to disclose their ingredients so that the public health community can make more informed recommendations in order to protect consumer autonomy and sovereignty. However, a recent decision by the First Circuit precludes such a disclosure since it would be unduly burdensome to the industry, while granting only minimal gains to the public. We argue that many of the Court’s key claims rest on a misunderstanding of the science and chemistry of tobacco products. In our view, a mandatory disclosure of ingredients would more effectively ...


Review Of “The African Philosophy Reader”, Joseph Osei Jun 2005

Review Of “The African Philosophy Reader”, Joseph Osei

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Vol. 6, No. 2, James E. Roper Jun 2005

Introduction To Vol. 6, No. 2, James E. Roper

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Varieties Of Religion Today: William James Revisited”, Apple Zefelius Igrek Jun 2005

Review Of “Varieties Of Religion Today: William James Revisited”, Apple Zefelius Igrek

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Thoughts On The Theory And Practice Of Speculative Markets Qua Event Predictors, Mason Richey Jan 2005

Thoughts On The Theory And Practice Of Speculative Markets Qua Event Predictors, Mason Richey

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Technology: History And Philosophy, Keekok Lee Jan 2005

Technology: History And Philosophy, Keekok Lee

Essays in Philosophy

It is sometimes remarked that while the preoccupation with the history of technology is a mature and well-established discipline, the preoccupation with the philosophy of technology is at best recent, and at worst considered as marginal in academic terms. In contrast, its relative, the philosophy of science is eminently respectable and unquestioningly accepted by the philosophical community.

This paper, first, briefly sets out the historical relationship between science and technology in the West. Against such a context, it then looks at the epistemological values and goals embedded respectively in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of technology, to consider ...


Review Of “What Is Ancient Philosophy?”, Al Spangler Jan 2005

Review Of “What Is Ancient Philosophy?”, Al Spangler

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Domestication Of Water: Filtering Nature Through Technology, David Macauley Jan 2005

The Domestication Of Water: Filtering Nature Through Technology, David Macauley

Essays in Philosophy

This paper examines some of the key ways in which water is mediated by technology and human artifacts. I show how the modes in which we conceive and experience this vital fluid are affected deeply by the techniques and instruments we use to interact with it. I argue that a notion of the domestication of water enables us to better grasp our relations with the environment given that vast volumes of water are now neither completely natural nor artificial in the conventional senses of the terms. Instead, water is often filtered through an expansive technological network that not merely changes ...


A Framework To Systematize Positions In Neuroethics, Saskia Nagel, Nicolas Neubauer Jan 2005

A Framework To Systematize Positions In Neuroethics, Saskia Nagel, Nicolas Neubauer

Essays in Philosophy

Progress in Neuroscience advances rapidly and promises to change some of the basic concepts we have about ourselves. The field of Neuroethics is concerned with the resulting ethical implications. In this paper, we propose a framework to systematize the questions and positions in this context. We start with the discussion of three concrete cases around the topics of treatment/enhancement, personhood and privacy. For each case, we get a set of axes along which standpoints may vary. Finally, we generalize the particular axes of each case and arrive at a three-dimensional coordinate system spanned by the axes of “Liberty of ...


Introduction: On The Nature Of Technology, Peter H. Denton Jan 2005

Introduction: On The Nature Of Technology, Peter H. Denton

Essays in Philosophy

There is nothing so difficult to understand as the obvious, because the assumptions underlying it are rarely examined or challenged. Technology has become just such an obvious facet of our existence at the start of the twenty-first century. Our daily lives are shaped and directed by technology; it dominates our work and our leisure, constructs our home and work and our means of traveling between them, in ways so obvious it remains, for the most part, unexamined.

Technology has the Janus-like character of being both benefactor and threat. Unfortunately, neither aspect of technology is well understood by most of the ...


Technology And The Evolution Of The Human: From Bergson To The Philosophy Of Technology, M. Scott Ruse Jan 2005

Technology And The Evolution Of The Human: From Bergson To The Philosophy Of Technology, M. Scott Ruse

Essays in Philosophy

Philosophy of technology is gaining recognition as an important field of philosophical scrutiny. This essay addresses the import of philosophy of technology in two ways. First, it seeks elucidate the place of technology within ontology, epistemology, and social/political philosophy. I argue technology inhabits an essential place in these fields. The philosophy of Henri Bergson plays a central role in this section. Second, I discuss how modern technology, its further development, and its inter-cultural transfer constitute a drive toward a global “hegemony of technology”. The crux of the argument is that the technological impulse within humanity insinuates itself into nearly ...


Review Of “Written Images: Søren Kierkegaard’S Journals, Notebooks, Booklets, Sheets, Scraps, And Slips Of Paper”, Steven Schroeder Jan 2005

Review Of “Written Images: Søren Kierkegaard’S Journals, Notebooks, Booklets, Sheets, Scraps, And Slips Of Paper”, Steven Schroeder

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “In Praise Of Blandness: Proceeding From Chinese Thought And Aesthetics”, Steven Schroeder Jan 2005

Review Of “In Praise Of Blandness: Proceeding From Chinese Thought And Aesthetics”, Steven Schroeder

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Reasons Of Love”, Alan Soble Jan 2005

Review Of “The Reasons Of Love”, Alan Soble

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Aboriginal Cultures And Technocratic Culture: Two Ways Of Relating To Reality, Humberto Ortega Villasenor, Genaro Quinones Trujillo Jan 2005

Aboriginal Cultures And Technocratic Culture: Two Ways Of Relating To Reality, Humberto Ortega Villasenor, Genaro Quinones Trujillo

Essays in Philosophy

Threatened aboriginal cultures provide valuable criteria for fruitful criticism of the dominant Western cultural paradigm and perceptual model, which many take for granted as the inevitable path for humankind to follow. However, this Western model has proven itself to be imprecise and limiting. It obscures fundamental aspects of human nature, such as the mythical, religious dimension, and communication with the Cosmos. Modern technology, high-speed communication and mass media affect our ability to perceive reality and respond to it. Non-Western worldviews could help us to regain meaningful communication with Nature and to learn new ways of perceiving our world.


Review Of “Marginal Groups And Mainstream American Culture”, J. M. Fritzman Jan 2005

Review Of “Marginal Groups And Mainstream American Culture”, J. M. Fritzman

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Mind Incarnate”, Gregory D. Gilson Jan 2005

Review Of “The Mind Incarnate”, Gregory D. Gilson

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


(En)Framing Heidegger’S Philosophy Of Technology, Ronald Godzinski Jr. Jan 2005

(En)Framing Heidegger’S Philosophy Of Technology, Ronald Godzinski Jr.

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Anti-Individualism And Knowledge”, Benjamin A. Gorman Jan 2005

Review Of “Anti-Individualism And Knowledge”, Benjamin A. Gorman

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Strangers, Gods, And Monsters: Interpreting Otherness”, Brian Gregor Jan 2005

Review Of “Strangers, Gods, And Monsters: Interpreting Otherness”, Brian Gregor

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Collapse Of The Fact/Value Dichotomy And Other Essays”, Thomas Keith Jan 2005

Review Of “The Collapse Of The Fact/Value Dichotomy And Other Essays”, Thomas Keith

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.