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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Tyranny Of Work: Employability And The Neoliberal Assault On Education, Jeff Noonan, Mireille Coral Jan 2015

The Tyranny Of Work: Employability And The Neoliberal Assault On Education, Jeff Noonan, Mireille Coral

Philosophy Publications

This paper explores the ways in which neoliberal schooling is threatening education. We define education as the development of cognitive and imaginative capacities for understanding of and critical engagement with social reality. Education opens horizons of possibility for collective and individual life-experience and activity by exposing the one-sidedness and contradictions of ruling-value systems. Schooling, by contrast, subordinates thought and imagination to the reproduction of the ruling money-value system, narrowing horizons of possibility for collective and individual life to service to the prevailing structure of power. Our paper draws on our overlapping experiences as educators, one in the university system, the ...


Self-Constraint, Human Freedom, And The Conditions Of Socialist Democracy, Jeff Noonan Dec 2014

Self-Constraint, Human Freedom, And The Conditions Of Socialist Democracy, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

“The re-discovery of Marx,” Marcello Musto argues, “is based on his persistent capacity to explain the present: he remains an indispensible instrument for understanding it and transforming it.” (Musto, 2012, 11-12). It is true that the continuity of problems connecting our world to Marx’s ensures the relevance of historical materialism. At the same time, changes in the structure and scale of capitalism, as well as failures of nineteenth and twentieth century socialism to build a democratic and life-affirming alternative, force twenty-first century socialists to risk new theoretical and practical departures. Yet, nowhere is a consistent ethical-political-economic foundation for twenty-first ...


Doing The Ppp: A Skeptical Perspective, Leo Groarke, Beverley Hamilton Jan 2014

Doing The Ppp: A Skeptical Perspective, Leo Groarke, Beverley Hamilton

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


Notice Board, Dave Johnston, Adrian Van Den Hoven Jan 2013

Notice Board, Dave Johnston, Adrian Van Den Hoven

Leddy Library Publications

Notice board of current events, such as conferences, publications and media broadcasts linked to Sartre's life, work and intellectual legacy.


Case Classification, Similarities, Spaces Of Reasons, And Coherences, Marcello Guarini Jan 2013

Case Classification, Similarities, Spaces Of Reasons, And Coherences, Marcello Guarini

Philosophy Publications

A simple recurrent artificial neural network (ANN) is used to classify situations as permissible or impermissible. The trained ANN can be understood as having set up a similarity space of cases at the level of its internal or hidden units. An analysis of the network’s internal representations is undertaken using a new visualization technique for state space approaches to understanding similarity. Insights from the literature on moral philosophy pertaining to contributory standards will be used to interpret the state space set up by the ANN as being structured by implicit reasons. The ANN, on its own, is not capable ...


Distinctive Features Of Persuasion And Deliberation Dialogues, Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon, Douglas Walton Jan 2013

Distinctive Features Of Persuasion And Deliberation Dialogues, Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon, Douglas Walton

CRRAR Publications

The distinction between action persuasion dialogues and deliberation dialogues is not always obvious at first sight. In this paper, we provide a characterisation of both types of dialogues that draws out the distinctive features of each. It is important to recognise the distinctions since participants in both types of dialogues will have different aims, which in turn affects whether a successful outcome can be reached. Such dialogues are typically conducted by exchanging arguments for and against certain options. The moves of the dialogue are designed to facilitate such exchanges. In particular, we show how the pre- and post-conditions for the ...


The Life-Value Of Death Mortality, Finitude, And Meaningful Lives, Jeff Noonan Jan 2013

The Life-Value Of Death Mortality, Finitude, And Meaningful Lives, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

In his seminal reflection on the badness of death, Nagel links it to the permanent loss “of whatever good there is in living.” I will argue, following McMurtry, that “whatever good there is in living” is defined by the life-value of resources, institutions, experiences, and activities. Enjoyed expressions of the human capacities to experience the world, to form relationships, and to act as creative agents are (with important qualifications) intrinsically life-valuable, the reason why anyone would desire to go on living indefinitely. As Nagel argues, “the fact that we will eventually die in a few score years cannot by itself ...


Socialism As A Life-Coherent Society, Jeff Noonan Nov 2011

Socialism As A Life-Coherent Society, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

All varieties of socialism share this trait in common: they are systematic alternatives to capitalism. But why should a systematic alternative to capitalism be necessary? Has it not proven to be the most productive economic system in history? Has it not created social conditions in which the powers of human imagination, creativity, and scientific understanding have grown to wider scope than in any previous society? Has it not enabled human beings to extend their life span and live healthier and more active lives than ever before? Has it not proven extraordinarily plastic, able to solve unforeseen problems in ways that ...


Introduction: Life-Value And Social Justice, Jeff Noonan Aug 2011

Introduction: Life-Value And Social Justice, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

Since its publication in 1971, John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice has defined the terrain of political philosophical debate concerning the principles, scope, and material implications of social justice. Social justice for Rawls concerns the principles that govern the operation of major social institutions. Major social institutions structure the lives of citizens by regulating access to the resources and opportunities that the formulation and realization of human projects require. Rawls’ theory of social justice regards major institutions as just when they distribute what he calls “primary goods” in a manner that he regards as egalitarian. Hence, the subsequent social justice ...


Feminist Empiricism, Catherine Hundleby Jan 2011

Feminist Empiricism, Catherine Hundleby

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


Use Value, Life Value, And The Future Of Socialism, Jeff Noonan Jan 2011

Use Value, Life Value, And The Future Of Socialism, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

The paper argues that the future of socialism depends upon the category of use value being grounded in a wider and deeper conception of life value. Only as such can it serve as the regulating principle of a future democratic socialist society. Life value is anchored in an understanding of the human life's space-time continuum understood as a continuum of life requirements. The multiple life crises regularly generated by capitalism are crises of its incapacity to adequately satisfy these life requirements. The practical conclusion is that a democratic socialist economy must prioritize the production not of use values as ...


Emotional Arguments: Ancient And Contemporary Views, Leo Groarke Jan 2010

Emotional Arguments: Ancient And Contemporary Views, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Publications

The prodigious development of argumentation theory over the last three decades has raised many issues that challenge some of the long held assumptions that characterize the traditional study of argument. One of these issues is the role of emotion in argument and argument analysis. While rhetoric has, with its emphasis on persuasion, always recognized that emotions play some role determining which arguments we accept and reject, a long tradition sees appeals to emotion as fallacies that violate the standards of rationality and objectivity reason and argument require.


Just Reason, Catherine Hundleby, Phyllis Rooney Jan 2010

Just Reason, Catherine Hundleby, Phyllis Rooney

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


Can Only Religion Save Us?, Jeff Noonan Jan 2010

Can Only Religion Save Us?, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

This paper will examine the loss of confidence in secular bases for the normative understanding of, and response to, the fundamental social and political problems. The recent arguments of Richard Falk in favour of a religious foundation for a humane globalization will be taken as paradigmatic. While the paper agrees that the normative core of major world religions supports Falk's particular conclusion that religion can provide the content for a universal critique of inhumane global governance, it will conclude that the universal claim that global human solidarity today can only be built on the basis of religious faith does ...


The Authority Of The Fallacies Approach To Argument Evaluation, Catherine Hundleby Jan 2010

The Authority Of The Fallacies Approach To Argument Evaluation, Catherine Hundleby

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


Philosophy At The Service Of History: Marx And The Need For Critical Philosophy Today, Jeff Noonan Jan 2009

Philosophy At The Service Of History: Marx And The Need For Critical Philosophy Today, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

Marx is famous for apparently dismissing the practical role of philosophy. Yet, as accumulating empirical knowledge of growing life-crises proves, the simply availability of facts is insufficient to motivate struggles for fundamental change. So too manifest social crisis. The economic crisis which began in 2008 has indeed motivated social struggles, but nothing on the order of the revolutionary struggles Marx expected. Rather than make Marx irrelevant, however, the absence of global struggles for truly radical change make his early engagement with the role of philosophy more important than ever. This engagement suggests a conception of philosophy as a uniquely practical ...


Silence And The Limitations Of Contextual Objectivity, Catherine Hundleby Jan 2009

Silence And The Limitations Of Contextual Objectivity, Catherine Hundleby

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


Resources For Research On Analogy: A Multi-Disciplinary Guide, Marcello Guarini, Amy Butchart, Paul Smith, Andrei Moldovan Jan 2009

Resources For Research On Analogy: A Multi-Disciplinary Guide, Marcello Guarini, Amy Butchart, Paul Smith, Andrei Moldovan

Philosophy Publications

Work on analogy has been done from a number of disciplinary perspectives throughout the history of Western thought. This work is a multidisciplinary guide to theorizing about analogy. It contains 1,406 references, primarily to journal articles and monographs, and primarily to English language material. classical through to contemporary sources are included. The work is classified into eight different sections (with a number of subsections). A brief introduction to each section is provided. Keywords and key expressions of importance to research on analogy are discussed in the introductory material. Electronic resources for conducting research on analogy are listed as well.


Cosmopolitan Globalism And Human Community, Jeff Noonan Jan 2006

Cosmopolitan Globalism And Human Community, Jeff Noonan

Philosophy Publications

This article argues that the normative foundations and political implications of David Held's cosmopolitan social democracy are insufficient as solutions to the moral and social problems he criticizes. The article develops a life-grounded alternative critique of globalization that roots our ethical duties towards each other in consciousness of our shared needs and capabilities. These ethical duties are best realized in political projects aimed at fundamental long-term transformations in the principles that govern major socio-economic institutions.


Perelman, Informal Logic And The Historicity Of Reason, Christopher Tindale Jan 2006

Perelman, Informal Logic And The Historicity Of Reason, Christopher Tindale

Philosophy Publications

In a posthumous paper, Perelman discusses his decision to bring his theory of argumentation together with rhetoric rather than calling it an informal logic. This is due in part because of the centrality he gives to audience, and in part because of the negative attitude that informal logicians have to rhetoric. In this paper, I explore both of these concerns by way of considering what benefits Perelman’s work can have for informal logic, and what insights the work of informal logicians might bring to the project of Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca.


Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach To Feminist Science Studies, Catherine Hundleby Jan 2006

Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach To Feminist Science Studies, Catherine Hundleby

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


The Epistemological Evaluation Of Oppositional Secrets, Catherine Hundleby Jan 2005

The Epistemological Evaluation Of Oppositional Secrets, Catherine Hundleby

Philosophy Publications

No abstract provided.


A Defence Of Non-Deductive Reconstructions Of Analogical Arguments, Marcello Guarini Jan 2004

A Defence Of Non-Deductive Reconstructions Of Analogical Arguments, Marcello Guarini

Philosophy Publications

Bruce Waller has defended a deductive reconstruction of the kinds of analogical arguments found in ethics, law, and metaphysics. This paper demonstrates the limits of such a reconstruction and argues for an alternative, nondeductive reconstruction. It will be shown that some analogical arguments do not fit Waller's deductive schema, and that such a schema does not allow for an adequate account of the strengths and weaknesses of an analogical argument. The similarities and differences between the account defended herein and the Trudy Govier's account are discussed as well.


Hilary Putnam On The End(S) Of Argument, Leo Groarke Jan 2002

Hilary Putnam On The End(S) Of Argument, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Publications

We argue that Hilary Putnam's pragmatism provides an epistemological perspective which can help us understand--and can positively inform--the development of informal logic.


Tensor Products And Split-Level Architecture: Foundational Issues In The Classicism-Connectionism Debate, Marcello Guarini Jan 1996

Tensor Products And Split-Level Architecture: Foundational Issues In The Classicism-Connectionism Debate, Marcello Guarini

Philosophy Publications

This paper responds to criticisms levelled by Fodor, Pylyshyn and McLaughlin against connectionism. Specifically, I will rebut the charge that connectionists cannot account for representational systematicity without implementing a classical architecture. This will be accomplished by drawing on Paul Smolensky's Tensor Product model of representation and on his insights about split-level architectures.


Fallacies In Transition: An Assessment Of The Pragma-Dialectical Perspective, Christopher Tindale Jan 1996

Fallacies In Transition: An Assessment Of The Pragma-Dialectical Perspective, Christopher Tindale

Philosophy Publications

The paper critically investigates the pragma-dialectics of van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the treatment of fallacies. While the pragma-dialectieians claim that dialectics combines the logical and rhetorical approaches to argumentation, it is argued here that the perspective relies heavily on rhetorical features that have been suppressed in the account and that overlooking these features leads to significant problems in the pragma-dialectical perspective. In light of these problems, the author advocates turning attention to a rhetorical account which subsumes the logical and dialectical.


Logic, Art And Argument, Leo Groarke Jan 1996

Logic, Art And Argument, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Publications

Most informal logic texts and articles assume a verbal account of reasoning which defines "argument" as a set of sentences. The present paper broadens this definition in order to account for "visual arguments" which are communicated with nonverbal visual images. Standard approaches to verbal arguments are extended in a way that allows them to explain and evaluate visual argumentation.


Some Sources For Hume's Account Of Cause, Leo Groarke, Graham Solomon Jan 1991

Some Sources For Hume's Account Of Cause, Leo Groarke, Graham Solomon

Philosophy Publications

We show that four central aspects of Hume's account of cause were contained and available to him in the translation of Sextus Empiricus' "Outlines of Pyrrhonism" contained in Thomas Stanley's 1687 History of Philosophy.


Woods And Walton Of The Fallacies, 1972-82, Leo Groarke Jan 1991

Woods And Walton Of The Fallacies, 1972-82, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Publications

This paper is an in depth discussion of the work on fallacies collected in the "Selected Papers" of Woods and Walton. While it defends many of their claims, it argues that they have not shown that their formal approach should be an integral part of that discipline we now call "informal logic".


Parmenides' Timeless Universe, Again, Leo Groarke Jan 1987

Parmenides' Timeless Universe, Again, Leo Groarke

Philosophy Publications

The paper defends my thesis that Parmenides' poem contains a critique of time, in answer to Mohan Matthen's criticisms of my views.