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Swarthmore College

2012

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

On The Inflation Of Necessities, Peter Baumann Apr 2012

On The Inflation Of Necessities, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper argues that Kripke’s thesis of the necessity of origin has some implausible consequences.


Pluralismo Metodológico, Incomensurabilidade E O Status Científico Do Conhecimento Tradicional, Hugh Lacey Jan 2012

Pluralismo Metodológico, Incomensurabilidade E O Status Científico Do Conhecimento Tradicional, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Cultural values may constructively have impact on scientific practices, and lead to legitimate culture-based variations in approaches to them. It follows that traditional or indigenous knowledge need not stand opposed to scientific knowledge, and only investigation on a case-by-case basis can establish whether or not the cognitive credentials of particular traditional knowledge claims are adequate or deficient. Building on an analysis of how different methodological strategies may both compete and complement one another, I argue that what is defensible about Thomas Kuhn's notion of incommensurability, and the possibility of the sound scientific status of traditional knowledge, have the same ...


Reflections On Science And Technoscience, Hugh Lacey Jan 2012

Reflections On Science And Technoscience, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Technoscientific research, a kind of scientific research conducted within the decontextualized approach (DA), uses advanced technology to produce instruments, experimental objects, and new objects and structures, that enable us to gain knowledge of states of affairs of novel domains, especially knowledge about new possibilities of what we can do and make, with the horizons of practical, industrial, medical or military innovation, and economic growth and competition, never far removed from view. The legitimacy of technoscientific innovations can be appraised only in the course of considering fully what sorts of objects technoscientific objects are: objects that embody scientific knowledge confirmed within ...


Knowledge, Practical Reasoning And Action, Peter Baumann Jan 2012

Knowledge, Practical Reasoning And Action, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

Is knowledge necessary or sufficient or both necessary and sufficient for acceptable practical reasoning and rational action? Several authors (e.g., Williamson, Hawthorne, and Stanley) have recently argued that the answer to these questions is positive. In this paper I present several objections against this view (both in its basic form as well in more developed forms). I also offer a sketch of an alternative view: What matters for the acceptability of practical reasoning in at least many cases (and in all the cases discussed by the defenders of a strong link between knowledge and practical reasoning) is not so ...


Nozick’S Defense Of Closure, Peter Baumann Jan 2012

Nozick’S Defense Of Closure, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.