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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Response To Shuster, Sweet, Truskolaski, And Megill On "Images Of History", Richard Thomas Eldridge Nov 2019

Response To Shuster, Sweet, Truskolaski, And Megill On "Images Of History", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Brains In Vats? Don't Bother!, Peter Baumann Jun 2019

Brains In Vats? Don't Bother!, Peter Baumann

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Contemporary discussions of epistemological skepticism – the view that we do not and cannot know anything about the world around us – focus very much on a certain kind of skeptical argument involving a skeptical scenario (a situation familiar from Descartes' First Meditation). According to the argument, knowing some ordinary proposition about the world (one we usually take ourselves to know) requires knowing we are not in some such skeptical scenario SK; however, since we cannot know that we are not in SK we also cannot know any ordinary proposition. One of the most prominent skeptical scenarios is the brain-in-the-vat-scenario: An evil ...


Review Of “Aspiration: The Agency Of Becoming" By A. Callard, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2019

Review Of “Aspiration: The Agency Of Becoming" By A. Callard, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Nearly Solving The Problem Of Nearly Convergent Knowledge, Peter Baumann Oct 2018

Nearly Solving The Problem Of Nearly Convergent Knowledge, Peter Baumann

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No abstract provided.


What Will Be Best For Me? Big Decisions And The Problem Of Inter‐World Comparisons, Peter Baumann Jun 2018

What Will Be Best For Me? Big Decisions And The Problem Of Inter‐World Comparisons, Peter Baumann

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Big decisions in a person's life often affect the preferences and standards of a good life which that person's future self will develop after implementing her decision. This paper argues that in such cases the person might lack any reasons to choose one way rather than the other. Neither preference‐based views nor happiness‐based views of justified choice offer sufficient help here. The available options are not comparable in the relevant sense and there is no rational choice to make. Thus, ironically, in many of a person's most important decisions the idea of that person's ...


A Good Enough Heart: Kant And The Cultivation Of Emotions, Krista Karbowski Thomason Sep 2017

A Good Enough Heart: Kant And The Cultivation Of Emotions, Krista Karbowski Thomason

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One way of understanding Kant’s views about moral emotions is the cultivation view. On this view, emotions play a role in Kantian morality provided they are properly cultivated. I evince a sceptical position about the cultivation view. First, I show that the textual evidence in support of cultivation is ambiguous. I then provide an account of emotions in Kant’s theory that explains both his positive and negative views about them. Emotions capture our attention such that they both disrupt the mind’s composure and serve as a surrogate for reason. As such, Kant cannot recommend that we cultivate ...


The Philosophies Of Mathematics, Alan Richard Baker Feb 2017

The Philosophies Of Mathematics, Alan Richard Baker

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No abstract provided.


Review Of "Anger And Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice" By M. C. Nussbaum, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2017

Review Of "Anger And Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice" By M. C. Nussbaum, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Power, Soft Or Deep? An Attempt At Constructive Criticism, Peter Baumann Jan 2017

Power, Soft Or Deep? An Attempt At Constructive Criticism, Peter Baumann

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This paper discusses and criticizes Joseph Nye’s account of soft power. First, we set the stage and make some general remarks about the notion of social power. In the main part of this paper we offer a detailed critical discussion of Nye’s conception of soft power. We conclude that it is too unclear and confused to be of much analytical use. However, despite this failure, Nye is aiming at explaining an important but also neglected form of social power: the power to influence the will and not just the behavior of other agents. In the last part of ...


Is Everything Revisable?, Peter Baumann Jan 2017

Is Everything Revisable?, Peter Baumann

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Over the decades, the claim that everything is revisable (defended by Quine and others) has played an important role in Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Some time ago, Katz (1988) argued that this claim is paradoxical. This paper does not discuss this objection but rather argues that the claim of universal revisability allows for two different readings but in each case leads to a contradiction and is false.


If You Believe, You Believe: A Constitutive Account Of Knowledge Of One’S Own Beliefs, Peter Baumann Jan 2017

If You Believe, You Believe: A Constitutive Account Of Knowledge Of One’S Own Beliefs, Peter Baumann

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Can I be wrong about my own beliefs? More precisely: Can I falsely believe that I believe that p? I argue that the answer is negative. This runs against what many philosophers and psychologists have traditionally thought and still think. I use a rather new kind of argument, – one that is based on considerations about Moore's paradox. It shows that if one believes that one believes that p then one believes that p – even though one can believe that p without believing that one believes that p.


Review Of "Reckoning With The Imagination: Wittgenstein And The Aesthetics Of Literary Experience" By C. Altieri, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jul 2016

Review Of "Reckoning With The Imagination: Wittgenstein And The Aesthetics Of Literary Experience" By C. Altieri, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Across Contexts. A Problem For Subject-Sensitive Invariantism, Peter Baumann Jun 2016

Knowledge Across Contexts. A Problem For Subject-Sensitive Invariantism, Peter Baumann

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The possibility of knowledge attributions across contexts (where attributor and subject find themselves in different epistemic contexts) can create serious problems for certain views of knowledge. Amongst such views is subject-sensitive invariantism—the view that knowledge is determined not only by epistemic factors (belief, truth, evidence, etc.), but also by non-epistemic factors (practical interests, etc.). I argue that subject-sensitive invariantism either runs into a contradiction or has to make very implausible assumptions. The problem has been very much neglected but is so serious that one should look for alternative accounts of knowledge.


Philosophy, Literature, Death, And Wisdom: On Philip Kitcher's "Deaths In Venice", Richard Thomas Eldridge Apr 2016

Philosophy, Literature, Death, And Wisdom: On Philip Kitcher's "Deaths In Venice", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge And Practical Reasoning, Peter Baumann Feb 2016

Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge And Practical Reasoning, Peter Baumann

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Epistemic contrastivism is the view that knowledge is a ternary relation between a person, a proposition and a set of contrast propositions. This view is in tension with widely shared accounts of practical reasoning: be it the claim that knowledge of the premises is necessary for acceptable practical reasoning based on them or sufficient for the acceptability of the use of the premises in practical reasoning, or be it the claim that there is a looser connection between knowledge and practical reasoning. Given plausible assumptions, epistemic contrastivism implies that we should cut all links between knowledge and practical reasoning. However ...


Meaningful And More Meaningful: A Modest Measure, Peter Baumann Oct 2015

Meaningful And More Meaningful: A Modest Measure, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


On Alan Goldman’S "Philosophy And The Novel", Richard Thomas Eldridge Oct 2015

On Alan Goldman’S "Philosophy And The Novel", Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


The Moral Value Of Envy, Krista Karbowski Thomason Mar 2015

The Moral Value Of Envy, Krista Karbowski Thomason

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It is common to think that we would be morally better people if we never felt envy. Recently, some philosophers have rejected this conclusion by arguing that envy can often be directed toward unfairness or inequality. As such, they conclude that we should not suppress our feelings of envy. I argue, however, that these defenses only show that envy is sometimes morally permissible. In order to show that we would not be better off without envy, we must show how envy is not merely morally permissible, but morally valuable. Here I provide a defense of envy's moral value. I ...


Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "Wittgenstein And Natural Religion" By G. Graham, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

According to this richer reading of Wittgenstein, practices and uses matter: [...]philosophical understanding of religion as a human phenomenon" [p. xii] must be neither an abstract, intellectual theology, nor a form of physical-material science that denies the existence of will and commitment, nor a non-critical acceptance of all sincerely passionate ritual.


Food And Agricultural Systems For The Future: Science, Emancipation And Human Flourishing, Hugh Lacey Jan 2015

Food And Agricultural Systems For The Future: Science, Emancipation And Human Flourishing, Hugh Lacey

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It has been proposed that the policies and practices of food sovereignty, unlike those of today's hegemonic food/agricultural system, provide the means for satisfying and safeguarding the right to food security for everyone everywhere. My principal objective in this article, which gains its significance in the light of an explanatory critique of the current system, is to explore how scientific research — using what kinds of methodologies, and building on experiences of what and of whom? — can constructively inform these practices and policies, and contribute towards appraising this proposal.


Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Poetry And Emphatic Truth: Walter Benjamin’S Reading Of Hölderlin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

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Benjamin’s poetic theory is commented. It is noted that Benjamin follows Hölderlin in regarding a successful poem as a particular configuration that joins the intellectual and perceptual orders. Such a successful poem aims at and can possess not truth as correspondence to a given object, but rather what in the text is described as “emphatic truth”.


A Agroecologia: Uma Ilustração Da Fecundidade Da Pesquisa Multiestratégica, Hugh Lacey Jan 2015

A Agroecologia: Uma Ilustração Da Fecundidade Da Pesquisa Multiestratégica, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

The aims of the article are (1) to highlight the fact that research conducted under agroecological strategies serves to illustrate the fruitfulness of multi-strategic research, and (2) to point to the relevance of agroecology in Brazil, as well as to its growing importance in the production of foodstuffs throughout the world.


Preface, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Preface, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Art and its Objects ends abruptly with the claim – surprising in an age obsessed with distinguishing between facts and values and with worrying about the logical status of value judgments – that, deliberately, next to nothing has been said in this book about the evaluation of art. Instead, Wollheim's central aim is to understand what we are doing when we are either making or attending to art – an enterprise, as it were, of descriptive phenomenology. Two related, central ideas running through his account are that we demand a certain sort of experience from the things that we undertake to engage ...


Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2015

Review Of "After The Beautiful: Hegel And The Philosophy Of Pictorial Modernism" By R. B. Pippin, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2015

Forgiveness Or Fairness?, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

Several philosophers who argue that forgiveness is an important virtue also wish to maintain the moral value of retributive emotions that forgiveness is meant to overcome. As such, these accounts explicate forgiveness as an Aristotelian mean between too much resentment and too little resentment. I argue that such an account ends up making forgiveness superfluous: it turns out that the forgiving person is not praised for a greater willingness to let go of her resentment, but rather for her fairness or good judgment. I conclude by arguing that the virtue of fair-mindedness is more compatible with maintaining the value of ...


Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann Dec 2014

Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper argues that three plausible principles are mutually inconsistent: (KA) One ought to assert only what one knows; (AP) If it is proper to assert some proposition q, then it is, barring special and not very common circumstances, proper to assert any proposition p from which q has been competently inferred; and (AKN) Some propositions are both properly assertible and known by competent inference from propositions which one does not know. Each pair of two principles constitutes an argument against the remaining principle, but which principle should one drop?


O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Dec 2014

O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In the first part of this article, we summarize the standardized version of the model of the interaction between scientific activities and values (M-CV) presented in Lacey & Mariconda (in press). Then, we sketch some arguments, developed (Lacey, in press) from the model, in favor of three proposals: (1) that there is a profound incoherence in the self understanding of the modern scientific tradition; (2) that the main options actually available to ensure continuity with the positive realizations of this tradition can be well represented by two sorts of ideal types that we name, respectively, "commercially orientated technoscience" and "multi-strategic research" (P-MS); and (3) that, despite the fact that TC predominates in the actual scientific institutions and that they leave little room for the development of P-MS, nevertheless, for the sake of the integrity of science and ...


No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann Nov 2014

No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek Oct 2014

Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey Oct 2014

Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

The model of the interactions between scientific activities and values (M-CV) provides tools to criticize the scientific activities that are currently predominant in scientific institutions, and to identify some alternative possibilities for research that are not receiving due recognition in them. Most importantly, M-CV helps us to identify a deep incoherence in the common self-interpretation of the modern scientific tradition, and also to recognize that there are available two competing coherent interpretations - 'commercially oriented technoscience' and 'multi-strategy research' - that maintain continuity with the great cognitive successes of modern science.