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Articles 1 - 30 of 668

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross Jan 2017

The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross

Jamie P Ross

The Search for Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique of Society’s Focus on Biological Childbearing Abstract I suggest that a form of biological determinism rests on what philosopher John Dewey calls a misplaced “search for certainty.” This search is a process whereby a constructed desire is normalized within a cultural context and naturalized in the body in a manner that substantiates the desire as predictable. Predictability, therefore, justifies a biological basis of desire. In this paper I focus specifically on a desire to bear or produce a biological child: a desire that becomes predictable within a medical model of emotion based ...


"The Indeterminacy Of Race: The Dilemma Of Difference In Medicine And Health Care", Jamie P. Ross Jan 2016

"The Indeterminacy Of Race: The Dilemma Of Difference In Medicine And Health Care", Jamie P. Ross

Jamie P Ross

The indeterminacy of race:The dilemma of difference in medicine and health careHow can researchers use race, as they do now, to conduct health-care studies when its very definition is in question? The belief that race is a social construct without “biological authenticity” though widely shared across disciplines in social science is not subscribed to by traditional science. Yet with an interdisciplinary approach, the two horns of the social construct/genetics dilemma of race are not mutually exclusive. We can use traditional science to provide a rigorous framework and use a social-science approach so that “invisible” factors are used to ...


Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li Jan 2016

Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Care And Justice: Reading Mencius, Kant, And Gilligan Comparatively, Chenyang Li Jan 2016

Care And Justice: Reading Mencius, Kant, And Gilligan Comparatively, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Nehru And The Question Of Communalism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Nov 2015

Nehru And The Question Of Communalism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

the present paper explores Nehru's ideas about communalism.


Nehru And His Conception Of Liberty, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Nov 2015

Nehru And His Conception Of Liberty, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Pt. Nehru , the first PM of India laid the basis of modern India. the present paper explores evolution of his ideas of liberty. these ideas he implemented successfully in the country. The india of today has liberty available to all, Pt. Nehru's ideas are instrumental in its implementation. the initial age ideas of any leader needs to be explored to find out the later age policy decisions of the political leader.


Chapter 4 (Draft): John Locke And The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Very Similar Colonial Prejudice Found Its Way Into The Natural Rights Justification Of Private Property, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Oct 2015

Chapter 4 (Draft): John Locke And The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Very Similar Colonial Prejudice Found Its Way Into The Natural Rights Justification Of Private Property, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist

This chapter is a preliminary draft of Chapter 4 of the book, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." The role of this chapter is to show that what we call "the Hobbesian Hypothesis" is an essential premise in John Locke's justification of private property. The Hobbesian hypothesis, in this context, is the claim that everyone is better off in a society with private land and resource ownership (even if they own no land or resources) than they could reasonably except to be in a society in which these resources remained unowned and people lived as hunter-gatherers. This chapter does ...


Sulle Spirali Regressive Della Nuova Restaurazione, In "Il Ponte. Rivista Di Politica Economia E Cultura Fondata Da Piero Calamandrei", Lxxi, N. 7 (2015), Pp. 58-62., Marco Solinas Aug 2015

Sulle Spirali Regressive Della Nuova Restaurazione, In "Il Ponte. Rivista Di Politica Economia E Cultura Fondata Da Piero Calamandrei", Lxxi, N. 7 (2015), Pp. 58-62., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Chapter 3 (Draft) The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Colonial Prejudice Became An Essential Premise In The Most Popular Justification Of Government, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Aug 2015

Chapter 3 (Draft) The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Colonial Prejudice Became An Essential Premise In The Most Popular Justification Of Government, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist

This chapter is a draft of Chapter Three of the book that Grant McCall and I are writing. The book is called, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." This chapter shows now Hobbes introduce an empirical claim into his most influential justification of the state. We call this claim the Hobbesian hypothesis: everyone is better off under the authority of a sovereign government than everyone would be outside of that authority. The chapter argue that this hypothesis is a strong, counterfactual, empirical claim about people in small-scale stateless societies that has not been well-established by empirical evidence.


Into The Fold: Deleuze, Desire, And Art, Madeline Wells May 2015

Into The Fold: Deleuze, Desire, And Art, Madeline Wells

Madeline Wells

The purpose of this essay is to understand how I, as a visual artist, understand and utilize the fold. I will trace the many ways in which a fold functions, oscillating between my own practice and those of other contemporary artists, including Orlan and Shana Moulton. From twentieth century baroque to spiritual cleansing, from theatrical staging to suggestive metonymy, the fold invites the desire to transform—for something more than what the everyday offers. Through photography, video, or sculpture, we have the ability to express an expanded, more accurate understanding of the real and the virtual, the human and the ...


Ambedkar And Constituent Assembly, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Apr 2015

Ambedkar And Constituent Assembly, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Ambedkar was instrumental in drafting of India constitution but he had his own vision for the constitution.


Liberdade De Expressão, Liberdade De Ofender, Antonio Pele Mar 2015

Liberdade De Expressão, Liberdade De Ofender, Antonio Pele

Antonio Pele

No abstract provided.


Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Mar 2015

Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Marx has looked inequality in his own particular way. He has nowhere discussed about inequality in direct terms but his ideas about it are widely spread in his writings.


Marx And Poverty In India, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Mar 2015

Marx And Poverty In India, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Marx analyses the causes of Indian poverty. In his opinion it is due to British exploitation.


Waiting For Giorgio, Ananya Vajpeyi Feb 2015

Waiting For Giorgio, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Authentic Identities, Andrew Pierce Jan 2015

Authentic Identities, Andrew Pierce

Andrew J. Pierce

Authenticity has played a central role in modern philosophical discourse, where it has often been interpreted individualistically. But concerns about authenticity also arise in relation to questions of group membership, and become especially pressing in the case of minority and/or disadvantaged groups. In this essay, I develop an alternative conception of authenticity based on the intersubjective relation of trust. Such a relational conception is better equipped to deal with both the authenticity of individuals, and that of groups, which, I ultimately argue, are two sides of the same coin.


Infinite Power And Finite Powers, Kenneth L. Pearce Jan 2015

Infinite Power And Finite Powers, Kenneth L. Pearce

Kenneth L Pearce

No abstract provided.


Berkeley's Philosophy Of Religion, Kenneth L. Pearce Jan 2015

Berkeley's Philosophy Of Religion, Kenneth L. Pearce

Kenneth L Pearce

Traditionally, religious doctrines and practices have been divided into two categories. Those that purport to be justified by natural reason alone are said to be part of natural religion, while those which purport to be justified only by appeal to supernatural revelation are said to be part of revealed religion. One of the central aims of Berkeley's philosophy is to understand and defend both the doctrines and the practices of both natural and revealed (Christian) religion. This chapter will provide a survey of this aspect of Berkeley's thought.


Biopolítica E Soberania Em Foucault: Uma Resposta Às Críticas De Agamben E Esposito., Andre De Macedo Duarte Jan 2015

Biopolítica E Soberania Em Foucault: Uma Resposta Às Críticas De Agamben E Esposito., Andre De Macedo Duarte

Andre de Macedo Duarte

No abstract provided.


Knowledge In Society And The Knowledge Society: Opening The Debate For A New Millennium, Ananya Vajpeyi Jan 2015

Knowledge In Society And The Knowledge Society: Opening The Debate For A New Millennium, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Chapters 1-2 (Drafts) Of Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy: Chapter 1-2, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Jan 2015

Chapters 1-2 (Drafts) Of Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy: Chapter 1-2, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist

These two chapters are early and very preliminary drafts of the first to chapters of the book, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." The first chapter sets up what we are trying to do with this research project and previews our findings. The basic argument of the book is that political philosophers make dubious claims about prehistory in theor theories. These claims are poorly (if at all) research even though they are essential premises in many important political theories. The role of the book is both to show that these claims are necessary to support the arguments in influential political ...


Changing Philosophy Through Technology: Complexity And Computer-Supported Collaborative Argument Mapping (Pre-Print), Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2015

Changing Philosophy Through Technology: Complexity And Computer-Supported Collaborative Argument Mapping (Pre-Print), Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Technology is not only an object of philosophical reflection but also something that can change this reflection. This paper discusses the potential of computer-supported argument visualization tools for coping with the complexity of philosophical arguments. I will show, in particular, how the interactive and web-based argument mapping software “AGORA-net” can change the practice of philosophical reflection, communication, and collaboration. AGORA-net allows the graphical representation of complex argumentations in logical form and the synchronous and asynchronous collaboration on those “argument maps” on the internet. Web-based argument mapping can overcome limits of space, time, and access, and it can empower users from ...


Hume's Argument That Empirical Knowledge Cannot Be Certain, From The Enquires (Argument Map), Michael Hoffmann Jan 2015

Hume's Argument That Empirical Knowledge Cannot Be Certain, From The Enquires (Argument Map), Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument map reconstructs David Hume's famous skeptical argument in logical form. The argument is open for debate and comments in AGORA-net (http://agora.gatech.edu/). Search for map ID 9857.


Chinese Metaphysics And Its Problems, Chenyang Li Jan 2015

Chinese Metaphysics And Its Problems, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Avoiding The Guillotine: The Need For Balance And Purpose In Determining Fundamental Rights Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Timothy A. Campbell Jan 2015

Avoiding The Guillotine: The Need For Balance And Purpose In Determining Fundamental Rights Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Timothy A. Campbell

Timothy A Campbell

This Article examines the need to bridge the two fields of thought in fundamental rights jurisprudence. This Article argues two points. Broadly, an objective principle to determine fundamental rights is non-existent because rights by their nature are subjective. Hence, the Court must accept some subjectivity, but it needs to install guideposts to direct the judge’s discretion. The Court also needs to adopt a balanced approach that combines rationalism and traditionalism. They need to look at the purpose of the asserted right, the specificity of the asserted right, legal precedent, and history in formulating a balanced approach.


Filosofía De La Responsabilidad Extracontractual: Un Llamado Al Debate, Jorge Luis Fabra Dec 2014

Filosofía De La Responsabilidad Extracontractual: Un Llamado Al Debate, Jorge Luis Fabra

Jorge Luis Fabra Zamora

Recientemente se ha comenzado a hablar con fuerza de la “filosofía de la responsabilidad extracontractual” en Latinoamérica. La publicación de varias compilaciones de artículos, la traducción de uno de los textos fundacionales del área, y la publicación del primer libro con una contribución original al debate en español han hecho que este estudio filosófico se consolide un cuerpo académico por mérito propio. Sin embargo, a pesar de estos logros, la idea de una “filosofía de la responsabilidad extracontractual” puede sonar extraña al jurista práctico. Como señala Zipursky, desde la perspectiva de los jueces o abogados, la responsabilidad extracontractual –que se ...


In Search Of Justification For The Unpredictability Paradox, Jeremy Howick, Alexander Mebius Dec 2014

In Search Of Justification For The Unpredictability Paradox, Jeremy Howick, Alexander Mebius

Alexander Mebius

A 2011 Cochrane Review found that adequately randomized trials sometimes revealed larger, sometimes smaller, and often similar effect sizes to inadequately randomized trials. However, they found no average statistically significant difference in effect sizes between the two study types. Yet instead of concluding that adequate randomization had no effect the review authors postulated the “unpredictability paradox”, which states that randomized and non-randomized studies differ, but in an unpredictable direction. However, stipulating the unpredictability paradox is problematic for several reasons: 1) it makes the authors’ conclusion that adequate randomization makes a difference unfalsifiable—if it turned out that adequately randomized trials ...


Argument Map: Deductive Argument Visualization Stimulates Reflection On Implicit Background Assumptions, Michael Hoffmann Dec 2014

Argument Map: Deductive Argument Visualization Stimulates Reflection On Implicit Background Assumptions, Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument map justifies the claim that using only deductive argument schemes in computer-supported argument visualization stimulates reflection on some of one's implicit background assumptions.


Argument Map: Loewi's Argument That Neuro-Transmission Works With Chemical Signals Instead Of Eletrical (Short Version), Michael Hoffmann Dec 2014

Argument Map: Loewi's Argument That Neuro-Transmission Works With Chemical Signals Instead Of Eletrical (Short Version), Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument shows how the hypothesis that muscles are probably stimulated exclusively by chemical signals and not by electrical ones can be justified by Loewi's experimentum crucis.


Nehru And His Views On Secularism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Nov 2014

Nehru And His Views On Secularism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Nehru is instrumental in establishing secularism in India. This paper explores his philosphy of secularism.