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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross Jan 2017

The Search For Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique Of Society’S Focus On Biological Childbearing, Jamie P. Ross

Jamie P Ross

The Search for Certainty: A Pragmatist Critique of Society’s Focus on Biological Childbearing Abstract I suggest that a form of biological determinism rests on what philosopher John Dewey calls a misplaced “search for certainty.” This search is a process whereby a constructed desire is normalized within a cultural context and naturalized in the body in a manner that substantiates the desire as predictable. Predictability, therefore, justifies a biological basis of desire. In this paper I focus specifically on a desire to bear or produce a biological child: a desire that becomes predictable within a medical model of emotion based ...


Multidimensional Consequentialism And Risk, Attila Tanyi, Vuko Andric Jan 2016

Multidimensional Consequentialism And Risk, Attila Tanyi, Vuko Andric

Attila Tanyi

In his new book, The Dimensions of Consequentialism, Martin Peterson proposes a version of multi-dimensional consequentialism according to which risk is one among several dimensions. We argue that Peterson’s treatment of risk is unsatisfactory. More precisely, we want to show that all problems of one-dimensional (objective or subjective) consequentialism are also problems for Peterson’s proposal, although it may fall prey to them less often. In ending our paper, we address the objection that our discussion overlooks the fact that Peterson’s proposal is not the best version of multi-dimensional consequentialism. Our reply is that the possibilities of improving ...


Multi-Dimensional Consequentialism And Degrees Of Rightness, Attila Tanyi, Vuko Andric Jan 2016

Multi-Dimensional Consequentialism And Degrees Of Rightness, Attila Tanyi, Vuko Andric

Attila Tanyi

In his recent book, The Dimensions of Consequentialism, Martin Peterson puts forward a new version of consequentialism that he dubs ‘multi-dimensional consequentialism’. The defining thesis of the new theory is that there are irreducible moral aspects that jointly determine the deontic status of an act. In defending his particular version of multi-dimensional consequentialism, Peterson advocates the thesis – he calls it DEGREE – that if two or more moral aspects clash, the act under consideration is right to some non-extreme degree. This goes against the orthodoxy according to which – Peterson calls this RESOLUTION – each act is always either entirely right or entirely ...


"The Indeterminacy Of Race: The Dilemma Of Difference In Medicine And Health Care", Jamie P. Ross Jan 2016

"The Indeterminacy Of Race: The Dilemma Of Difference In Medicine And Health Care", Jamie P. Ross

Jamie P Ross

The indeterminacy of race:The dilemma of difference in medicine and health careHow can researchers use race, as they do now, to conduct health-care studies when its very definition is in question? The belief that race is a social construct without “biological authenticity” though widely shared across disciplines in social science is not subscribed to by traditional science. Yet with an interdisciplinary approach, the two horns of the social construct/genetics dilemma of race are not mutually exclusive. We can use traditional science to provide a rigorous framework and use a social-science approach so that “invisible” factors are used to ...


Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li Jan 2016

Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Care And Justice: Reading Mencius, Kant, And Gilligan Comparatively, Chenyang Li Jan 2016

Care And Justice: Reading Mencius, Kant, And Gilligan Comparatively, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Nehru And The Question Of Communalism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Nov 2015

Nehru And The Question Of Communalism, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

the present paper explores Nehru's ideas about communalism.


Nehru And His Conception Of Liberty, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Nov 2015

Nehru And His Conception Of Liberty, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Pt. Nehru , the first PM of India laid the basis of modern India. the present paper explores evolution of his ideas of liberty. these ideas he implemented successfully in the country. The india of today has liberty available to all, Pt. Nehru's ideas are instrumental in its implementation. the initial age ideas of any leader needs to be explored to find out the later age policy decisions of the political leader.


Chapter 4 (Draft): John Locke And The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Very Similar Colonial Prejudice Found Its Way Into The Natural Rights Justification Of Private Property, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Oct 2015

Chapter 4 (Draft): John Locke And The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Very Similar Colonial Prejudice Found Its Way Into The Natural Rights Justification Of Private Property, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist

This chapter is a preliminary draft of Chapter 4 of the book, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." The role of this chapter is to show that what we call "the Hobbesian Hypothesis" is an essential premise in John Locke's justification of private property. The Hobbesian hypothesis, in this context, is the claim that everyone is better off in a society with private land and resource ownership (even if they own no land or resources) than they could reasonably except to be in a society in which these resources remained unowned and people lived as hunter-gatherers. This chapter does ...


Sulle Spirali Regressive Della Nuova Restaurazione, In "Il Ponte. Rivista Di Politica Economia E Cultura Fondata Da Piero Calamandrei", Lxxi, N. 7 (2015), Pp. 58-62., Marco Solinas Aug 2015

Sulle Spirali Regressive Della Nuova Restaurazione, In "Il Ponte. Rivista Di Politica Economia E Cultura Fondata Da Piero Calamandrei", Lxxi, N. 7 (2015), Pp. 58-62., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Chapter 3 (Draft) The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Colonial Prejudice Became An Essential Premise In The Most Popular Justification Of Government, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Aug 2015

Chapter 3 (Draft) The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How A Colonial Prejudice Became An Essential Premise In The Most Popular Justification Of Government, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist

This chapter is a draft of Chapter Three of the book that Grant McCall and I are writing. The book is called, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." This chapter shows now Hobbes introduce an empirical claim into his most influential justification of the state. We call this claim the Hobbesian hypothesis: everyone is better off under the authority of a sovereign government than everyone would be outside of that authority. The chapter argue that this hypothesis is a strong, counterfactual, empirical claim about people in small-scale stateless societies that has not been well-established by empirical evidence.


Forme Della Psicoanalisi E Teoria Del Riconoscimento. La Psiche Intersoggettiva Di Axel Honneth, In "Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane", Xlix, N. 2 (2015), Pp. 221-242., Marco Solinas Jun 2015

Forme Della Psicoanalisi E Teoria Del Riconoscimento. La Psiche Intersoggettiva Di Axel Honneth, In "Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane", Xlix, N. 2 (2015), Pp. 221-242., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

"Patterns of psychoanalysis and theory of recognition. Axel Honneth’s intersubjective psyche". An overview of the several scopes and patterns used over time by Axel Honneth in his “theory of recognition” is presented. After a discussion of the use of object relations theory (especially with reference to D.W. Winnicott’s contributions) in Honneth’s 1992 book Struggle for Recognition, the theoretical revision of psychoanalysis in light of his theory of recognition is examined. Finally, Honneth’s suggestion of a new alliance between a renewed “critical theory” and psychoanalysis, which concerns also the dimension of political psychology, is discussed. Viene ...


Into The Fold: Deleuze, Desire, And Art, Madeline Wells May 2015

Into The Fold: Deleuze, Desire, And Art, Madeline Wells

Madeline Wells

The purpose of this essay is to understand how I, as a visual artist, understand and utilize the fold. I will trace the many ways in which a fold functions, oscillating between my own practice and those of other contemporary artists, including Orlan and Shana Moulton. From twentieth century baroque to spiritual cleansing, from theatrical staging to suggestive metonymy, the fold invites the desire to transform—for something more than what the everyday offers. Through photography, video, or sculpture, we have the ability to express an expanded, more accurate understanding of the real and the virtual, the human and the ...


Ambedkar And Constituent Assembly, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Apr 2015

Ambedkar And Constituent Assembly, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Ambedkar was instrumental in drafting of India constitution but he had his own vision for the constitution.


From Aristotle’S Teleology To Darwin’S Genealogy: The Stamp Of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 (Pdf: Introduction)., Marco Solinas Apr 2015

From Aristotle’S Teleology To Darwin’S Genealogy: The Stamp Of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 (Pdf: Introduction)., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic theory. It was a transition exemplified in the morphological analysis of useless parts, such as the sightless eyes ...


Liberdade De Expressão, Liberdade De Ofender, Antonio Pele Mar 2015

Liberdade De Expressão, Liberdade De Ofender, Antonio Pele

Antonio Pele

No abstract provided.


Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Mar 2015

Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Marx has looked inequality in his own particular way. He has nowhere discussed about inequality in direct terms but his ideas about it are widely spread in his writings.


Marx And Poverty In India, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Mar 2015

Marx And Poverty In India, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Marx analyses the causes of Indian poverty. In his opinion it is due to British exploitation.


Università Di Parma – “La Società Degli Individui” – Fondazione Per La Critica Sociale, Conference: “Della Critica. Filosofia E Teoria Sociale In Luc Boltanski”, Parma, Paper: “Sui Limiti Della Sociologia Pragmatica Della Critica”, March 5th, 2015., Marco Solinas Mar 2015

Università Di Parma – “La Società Degli Individui” – Fondazione Per La Critica Sociale, Conference: “Della Critica. Filosofia E Teoria Sociale In Luc Boltanski”, Parma, Paper: “Sui Limiti Della Sociologia Pragmatica Della Critica”, March 5th, 2015., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Waiting For Giorgio, Ananya Vajpeyi Feb 2015

Waiting For Giorgio, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Authentic Identities, Andrew Pierce Jan 2015

Authentic Identities, Andrew Pierce

Andrew J. Pierce

Authenticity has played a central role in modern philosophical discourse, where it has often been interpreted individualistically. But concerns about authenticity also arise in relation to questions of group membership, and become especially pressing in the case of minority and/or disadvantaged groups. In this essay, I develop an alternative conception of authenticity based on the intersubjective relation of trust. Such a relational conception is better equipped to deal with both the authenticity of individuals, and that of groups, which, I ultimately argue, are two sides of the same coin.


Infinite Power And Finite Powers, Kenneth L. Pearce Jan 2015

Infinite Power And Finite Powers, Kenneth L. Pearce

Kenneth L Pearce

No abstract provided.


Berkeley's Philosophy Of Religion, Kenneth L. Pearce Jan 2015

Berkeley's Philosophy Of Religion, Kenneth L. Pearce

Kenneth L Pearce

Traditionally, religious doctrines and practices have been divided into two categories. Those that purport to be justified by natural reason alone are said to be part of natural religion, while those which purport to be justified only by appeal to supernatural revelation are said to be part of revealed religion. One of the central aims of Berkeley's philosophy is to understand and defend both the doctrines and the practices of both natural and revealed (Christian) religion. This chapter will provide a survey of this aspect of Berkeley's thought.


Die Melancholie, Der Geist Des Kapitalismus Und Die Depression, In Burkard Sievers (Ed.), Sozialanalyse Und Psychosoziale Dynamik Von Organisationen, Ausgewählte Beitrage Der Zeitschrift Freie Assoziationen, Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag, 2015, Pp. 77-104, Isbn-13: 978-3-8379-2495-4., Marco Solinas Jan 2015

Die Melancholie, Der Geist Des Kapitalismus Und Die Depression, In Burkard Sievers (Ed.), Sozialanalyse Und Psychosoziale Dynamik Von Organisationen, Ausgewählte Beitrage Der Zeitschrift Freie Assoziationen, Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag, 2015, Pp. 77-104, Isbn-13: 978-3-8379-2495-4., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

"Der Aufsatz zielt darauf, der Prozess der historischen Überlagerung, Substitution und Verbreitung des theoretischen Paradigmas der Depression gegenüber jenem der Melancholie darzustellen. Im ersten Teil wird versucht, einige der einschneidenden Eigenschaften der Thematisierungen der Melancholie in der Frühen Neuzeit anzugeben, auch im Verhältnis zum Geist des Kapitalismus. Nachdem eine Skizze der Entstehung der moderne Kategorie der Depression, geht es darum, den Verlauf nachzuzeichnen, der im 20. Jahrhundert zu ihrer Transformation in ein weitläufiges theoretisches Paradigma geführt hat, das schließlich jenes der Melancholie ersetzt hat. Der zweite Teil stellt den Versuch dar, eine Zeitdiagnose umzureißen: An dieser Stelle ist die psychosoziale ...


Biopolítica E Soberania Em Foucault: Uma Resposta Às Críticas De Agamben E Esposito., Andre De Macedo Duarte Jan 2015

Biopolítica E Soberania Em Foucault: Uma Resposta Às Críticas De Agamben E Esposito., Andre De Macedo Duarte

Andre de Macedo Duarte

No abstract provided.


Ought We To Forget What We Cannot Forget? A Reply To Sybille Schmidt, Attila Tanyi Jan 2015

Ought We To Forget What We Cannot Forget? A Reply To Sybille Schmidt, Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

This is a short response to Sybille Schmidt's paper (in the same volume) "Is There an Ethics of Forgetting?". The response starts out by admitting that forgetting is an essential function of human existence, that it serves, as it were, an important evolutionary function: that it is good, since it contributes to our well-being, to have the ability to forget. But this does not give us as answer, affirmative or not, to Schmidt’s title question: “Is There an Ethics of Forgetting?” The main impediment to answering this question, certainly to answering it in the affirmative, seems to be ...


Moral Demands And Ethical Theory: The Case Of Consequentialism, Attila Tanyi Jan 2015

Moral Demands And Ethical Theory: The Case Of Consequentialism, Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

Morality is demanding; this is a platitude. It is thus no surprise when we find that moral theories too, when we look into what they require, turn out to be demanding. However, there is at least one moral theory – consequentialism – that is said to be beset by this demandingness problem. This calls for an explanation: Why only consequentialism? This then leads to related questions: What is the demandingness problematic about? What exactly does it claim? Finally, there is the question of what we do if we accept that there is a demandingness problem for consequentialism: How can consequentialists respond? The ...


G. A. Cohen Why Socialism? Című Könyvéről (On G. A. Cohen’S Why Socialism?), Attila Tanyi Jan 2015

G. A. Cohen Why Socialism? Című Könyvéről (On G. A. Cohen’S Why Socialism?), Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

This is a short introduction to Cohen's book and argument.


On The Intrinsic Value Of Genetic Integrity, Attila Tanyi Jan 2015

On The Intrinsic Value Of Genetic Integrity, Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

In their article “Is There a Prima Facie Duty to Preserve Genetic Integrity in Conservation Biology?” Yasha Rower and Emma Harris argue that there is no underived prima facie obligation to preserve genetic integrity. In particular, it is argued that there is no such obligation because genetic integrity has no intrinsic value. In this commentary I raise doubts about this part of the authors’ argument. I argue that (1) there might well be at least prima facie value in genetic integrity, (2) that the Moorean isolation test the authors use might not work in their favour, and (3) that connecting ...


Knowledge In Society And The Knowledge Society: Opening The Debate For A New Millennium, Ananya Vajpeyi Jan 2015

Knowledge In Society And The Knowledge Society: Opening The Debate For A New Millennium, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.