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Pacific University

2018

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Attitude Matters: The Inadequacy Of Consequentialist Ethical Practice, Elena Lusk Jan 2018

Attitude Matters: The Inadequacy Of Consequentialist Ethical Practice, Elena Lusk

Res Cogitans

No abstract provided.


Does Art Have A Truth-Seeking Project?, Soren Schlassa Jan 2018

Does Art Have A Truth-Seeking Project?, Soren Schlassa

Res Cogitans

No abstract provided.


Analytic Vs. Synthetic, Distinction Or Myth?: Kant’S Kantribution, Quine’S Inquisition, Grice And Strawson’S Salvation, Maité Castillo Jan 2018

Analytic Vs. Synthetic, Distinction Or Myth?: Kant’S Kantribution, Quine’S Inquisition, Grice And Strawson’S Salvation, Maité Castillo

Res Cogitans

Philosophers have relied heavily on the distinction between analytic truths and synthetic ones for various philosophical pursuits. In this paper I explore Immanuel Kant’s explanation of the distinction, W.V.O. Quine’s qualms with it, and the attempt of H.P. Grice and Strawson at saving synonymy in order to salvage analyticity from doubts. I conclude that although valiant, the efforts put forth by Grice and Strawson fall short. I argue that this is so because they attack a weak interpretation of Quine’s contention.


Salvation Or Damnation, And Where Ethics Fits In To All That, Sophie Zepf Jan 2018

Salvation Or Damnation, And Where Ethics Fits In To All That, Sophie Zepf

Res Cogitans

Ignazio Silone’s novel Bread and Wine explores the complex nature of ethical decision-making in the context of Fascist Italy, a world in which lofty concerns of moral conduct seem the fodder of fools and idealists. Silone uses his central character, firebrand and part-time philosopher Pietro Spina, to plunge his readers into one man’s quest for goodness within the debauchery and despair of war-torn Italy. Pietro’s moral development through the context of his adventures illustrates the challenge of crafting any sound ethical code, and the ease with which one might be lost to cynicism or indifference. The road ...


Issue Introduction, Ian O'Loughlin Jan 2018

Issue Introduction, Ian O'Loughlin

Res Cogitans

No abstract provided.


Belief Revision In The Context Of Hume’S Treatise And Contemporary Psychology, Sarah Paquette Jan 2018

Belief Revision In The Context Of Hume’S Treatise And Contemporary Psychology, Sarah Paquette

Res Cogitans

This paper examines the emotional and social motivations of belief and belief correction. As beliefs motivate one’s actions, one must examine how one revises an erroneous or harmful belief and what methodology one can employ in order to best facilitate this revision, resulting in more conscientious action. This paper examines belief formation and revision in the context of David Hume’s 1739-1740 work A Treatise of Human Nature, with particular attention to not only Hume’s account of belief and belief revision, but also the interaction of passions, the mechanism of sympathy, reason, and probability judgments. It is hypothesized ...


Camus And Levinas: Embracing The Absurd While Finding Meaning, Susana Camacho Plascencia Jan 2018

Camus And Levinas: Embracing The Absurd While Finding Meaning, Susana Camacho Plascencia

Res Cogitans

Albert Camus’ idea of the absurd lands one in nihilism and the danger of rationally justified suicide. His attempt to solve this problem fails because it requires that one make an arbitrary choice to live without having good reasons to do so. By using Levinas’ ethics of an infinite responsibility and distinguishing between two types of meaning (cosmic and terrestrial), I propose that one can accept the condition of the absurd—where no cosmic meaning exists—and escape the problem of suicide by finding terrestrial meaning in our relations to others.


The Social Epistemology Of Anthropology: Insights From Judgment Aggregation, Dagan Douglas Jan 2018

The Social Epistemology Of Anthropology: Insights From Judgment Aggregation, Dagan Douglas

Res Cogitans

Anthropological writings have, at times, been vague in the approach used to gather evidence of cultural and social beliefs of the peoples studied, and the method of representing the data to the reading public. This paper employs the theory of judgment aggregation in critiquing anthropological theory and practice. It will be structured in three parts: first, I will present the theory of judgment aggregation as constructed by Christian List and Philip Pettit; second, I will sketch some epistemological methods used by anthropologists, and assess their attitude toward the notions of judgment aggregation and group agency; and finally, I will apply ...


Emotions, Practical Rationality, And The Self, Tyler Flanagan Jan 2018

Emotions, Practical Rationality, And The Self, Tyler Flanagan

Res Cogitans

In this paper I examine the relationship between emotions and practical rationality, arguing that emotions are incredibly useful in assisting us in making practical choices. However, this enthusiasm needs to be met with some caution as it not the case that every one of our emotions give us reasons we should be considering in order to make a rational choice, and there are times where if we did follow our hearts we would end up feeling ashamed or displeased with ourselves afterward. At the same time, we can feel guilty about a decision we made while purposefully ignoring our emotions ...