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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Review Of "Debating The Ethics Of Immigration: Is There A Right To Exclude?", Steven Ross Aug 2012

Review Of "Debating The Ethics Of Immigration: Is There A Right To Exclude?", Steven Ross

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Life And Action", Colin Patrick Aug 2012

Review Of "Life And Action", Colin Patrick

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "A Diez Años Del 11 De Septiembre: Como Cambió El Mundo (9/11 Ten Years Ago: How The World Changed)", Maximiliano E. Korstanje Aug 2012

Review Of "A Diez Años Del 11 De Septiembre: Como Cambió El Mundo (9/11 Ten Years Ago: How The World Changed)", Maximiliano E. Korstanje

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Ferry Tales: Mobility, Place And Time On Canada’S West Coast", Maximiliano E. Korstanje Aug 2012

Review Of "Ferry Tales: Mobility, Place And Time On Canada’S West Coast", Maximiliano E. Korstanje

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Intentionality And Semiotics: A Story Of Mutual Fecundation", Greg L. Lowhorn Aug 2012

Review Of "Intentionality And Semiotics: A Story Of Mutual Fecundation", Greg L. Lowhorn

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism And Axiomatic Truth", Matthew Mckeon Aug 2012

Review Of "The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism And Axiomatic Truth", Matthew Mckeon

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "A Companion To The Philosophy Of Technology", Qin Zhu Aug 2012

Review Of "A Companion To The Philosophy Of Technology", Qin Zhu

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Natural Signs And Knowledge Of God: A New Look At Theistic Arguments", Jonathan Fuqua Aug 2012

Review Of "Natural Signs And Knowledge Of God: A New Look At Theistic Arguments", Jonathan Fuqua

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "The Death Of Philosophy: Reference And Self-Reference In Contemporary Thought", Eric Dietrich Aug 2012

Review Of "The Death Of Philosophy: Reference And Self-Reference In Contemporary Thought", Eric Dietrich

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Rethinking The Good: Moral Ideals And The Nature Of Practical Reasoning", Eric Rovie Aug 2012

Review Of "Rethinking The Good: Moral Ideals And The Nature Of Practical Reasoning", Eric Rovie

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Eyes Of The People: Democracy In An Age Of Spectatorship", Alex Sager Aug 2012

Review Of "Eyes Of The People: Democracy In An Age Of Spectatorship", Alex Sager

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "The Nature Of Technology: What It Is And How It Evolves", Peter H. Denton Aug 2012

Review Of "The Nature Of Technology: What It Is And How It Evolves", Peter H. Denton

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties In A Material World", Jim Blackmon Aug 2012

Review Of "Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties In A Material World", Jim Blackmon

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


On Being Stereoblind In An Era Of 3d Movies, Cynthia Freeland Aug 2012

On Being Stereoblind In An Era Of 3d Movies, Cynthia Freeland

Essays in Philosophy

I happen to have a visual impairment known as strabismus, which means that the information from my eyes is not successfully fused in my brain, so I lack stereoscopic vision. Hence I was surprised to find I could see some depth effects of recent 3D films such as Wim Wenders’s Pina. This experience has prompted me to explore both further information about binocular vision and various disputes about the aesthetic merits of 3D films. My paper takes up the following topics: (1) a review of information about binocular vision and the problem of strabismus; (2) a summary of 3D ...


Getting Emotional Over Contours: A Response To Seeley, Christy Mag Uidhir Aug 2012

Getting Emotional Over Contours: A Response To Seeley, Christy Mag Uidhir

Essays in Philosophy

In the previous paper, Bill Seeley suggests that what follows from research into crossmodal perception for expression and emotion in the arts is that there is an emotional contour (i.e., a contour constitutive of the content of an emotion and potentially realizable across a range of media). As a response of sorts, I speculate as to what this might hold for philosophical and empirical enquiry into expression and emotion across the arts as well as into the nature of the emotions themselves.


Hearing How Smooth It Looks: Selective Attention And Crossmodal Perception In The Arts, W.P. Seeley Aug 2012

Hearing How Smooth It Looks: Selective Attention And Crossmodal Perception In The Arts, W.P. Seeley

Essays in Philosophy

A broad range of behavior is associated with crossmodal perception in the arts. Philosophical explanations of crossmodal perception often make reference to neuroscientific discussions of multisensory integration in selective attention. This research demonstrates that superior colliculus plays a regulative role in attention, integrating unique modality specific visual, auditory, and somatosensory spatial maps into a common spatial framework for action, and that motor skill, emotional salience, and semantic salience contribute to the integration of auditory, visual, and somatosensory information in ordinary perceptual contexts. I present a model for multisensory integration in our engagement with artworks derived from a diagnostic recognition framework ...


Movement For Movement’S Sake? On The Relationship Between Kinaesthesia And Aesthetics, Mark Paterson Aug 2012

Movement For Movement’S Sake? On The Relationship Between Kinaesthesia And Aesthetics, Mark Paterson

Essays in Philosophy

Movement and, more particularly, kinesthesia as a modality and as a metaphor has become of interest at the intersection of phenomenology and cognitive science. In this paper I wish to combine three historically related strands, aisthêsis, kinesthesis and aesthetics, to advance an argument concerning the aesthetic value of certain somatic sensations. Firstly, by capitalizing on a recent regard for somatic or inner bodily senses, including kinesthesia, proprioception and the vestibular system by drawing lines of historical continuity from earlier philosophical investigations on bodily background experience, initially from aisthêsis, Aristotle’s concept of the sensory faculty. Secondly, concepts of the sensate ...


Sensory Fluidity: Dialogues Of Imagination In Art, Kathleen Coessens Aug 2012

Sensory Fluidity: Dialogues Of Imagination In Art, Kathleen Coessens

Essays in Philosophy

How do artists share, translate, reveal their imagination by using different semiotic systems; how can the audience partake in this imagination receiving only images, words, notation, sounds? Starting from artwork of the novelist Italo Calvino and the composers Helmut Lachenmann and Gyorgy Kurtag, this article addresses the relation among imagination, perception, remembrance and expression. The ‘images’ used, be they visual, verbal, auditory or haptic, are much more than images. They concentrate in themselves layers of subjective and intersubjective perceptual, cognitive and emotive experiences. I will argue that imagination relies upon sensory fluidity. This allows us (1) to integrate sensorial experiences ...


Beauty And Beholders: Are Past Intuitions Correct?, Owen Ewald, Ursula Krentz Aug 2012

Beauty And Beholders: Are Past Intuitions Correct?, Owen Ewald, Ursula Krentz

Essays in Philosophy

This essay discusses four definitions of beauty from Western philosophy in light of recent experimental work from the more modern fields of psychology and biology. The first idea, derived from Plato, that beauty consists of relationships between parts, is partially confirmed by recent psychological experiments on infants and adults. The second idea, that beauty consists of one salient feature amid a mass of details, is more recent, perhaps from Hume, and is confirmed by some experiments on adults, but this finding has not been replicated in non-Western cultures. The third idea, that beauty is based on utility, occurs in Plato ...


The Sensuous As Source Of Demand: A Response To Jennifer Mcmahon’S “Aesthetics Of Perception”, Justin L. Harmon Aug 2012

The Sensuous As Source Of Demand: A Response To Jennifer Mcmahon’S “Aesthetics Of Perception”, Justin L. Harmon

Essays in Philosophy

In this response paper I defend an alternative position to both Jennifer McMahon’s neo-Kantian view on the aesthetics of perceptual experience, and the sense-data theory that she rightly repudiates. McMahon argues that sense perception is informed by concepts “all the way out,” and that the empiricist notion of unmediated sensuous access to entities in the world is untenable. She further claims that art is demanding inasmuch as it compels one to engage in an open-ended, cognitive interpretive process with sensuous phenomena, and that it is this very process that opens up a space for critique of the entrenched representational ...


Ordering Our Attributions-Of-Order: Commentary On Mcmahon, Cameron Buckner Aug 2012

Ordering Our Attributions-Of-Order: Commentary On Mcmahon, Cameron Buckner

Essays in Philosophy

In her target article, Jennifer McMahon argues that we understand art not by explicitly interpreting “raw percepts,” but rather by engaging with our implicit tendencies to interpret complex stimuli in terms of culturally-engrained preconceptions and narratives. These attributions of order require a shared conceptual and cultural background, and thus one might worry that in denying access to raw percepts, the view dulls art’s critical edge. Against this worry, McMahon argues that art can continue to create and innovate by inviting us to critically reflect upon the very preconceptions on which our engagement with it necessarily depends. In this commentary ...


The Aesthetics Of Perception: Form As A Sign Of Intention, Jennifer A. Mcmahon Aug 2012

The Aesthetics Of Perception: Form As A Sign Of Intention, Jennifer A. Mcmahon

Essays in Philosophy

Aesthetic judgment has often been characterized as a sensuous cognitively unmediated engagement in sensory items whether visual, auditory, haptic, olfactory or gustatory. However, new art forms challenge this assumption. At the very least, new art forms provide evidence of intention which triggers a search for meaning in the perceiver. Perceived order excites the ascription of intention. The ascription of intention employs background knowledge and experience, or in other words, implicates the perceiver’s conceptual framework. In our response to art of every description we witness the incorrigible tendency in humans to construct meaningful narratives to account for events. Such meaningful ...


Aesthetics And The Senses: Introduction, Cynthia Freeland Aug 2012

Aesthetics And The Senses: Introduction, Cynthia Freeland

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Epistemology For Naturalists And Non-Naturalists: What’S The Difference?, Jason Poettcker Jun 2012

Epistemology For Naturalists And Non-Naturalists: What’S The Difference?, Jason Poettcker

Res Cogitans

The current debates between Naturalists and Non-Naturalists about epistemology are difficult to navigate because there are so many forms of naturalism and non-naturalism and many different issues debated over. This paper will first attempt to explain and define what I think are the basic naturalist and non-naturalist positions on epistemology. Then it will compare the epistemology of three naturalists Quine, Hilary Kornblith, Jeagwon Kim with a non-naturalist/theist, Alvin Plantinga, to see if my formulation of the debate stands. I am making two separate claims: First, that one’s methodology will affect or determine one’s ontology. Second, that the ...


Plantinga’S Innocent Assumption: Self-Defeating Naturalism, And Churchland’S Response, Matt Destefano Jun 2012

Plantinga’S Innocent Assumption: Self-Defeating Naturalism, And Churchland’S Response, Matt Destefano

Res Cogitans

Alvin Plantinga’s Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism argues that given the story of biological evolution and naturalism, we wouldn’t expect our cognitive mechanisms to be reliable, or that the probability of any given belief being true is very low. Given that our beliefs are generated by our cognitive mechanisms we have a defeater for all of our beliefs which include both evolution and naturalism. Paul Churchland responded by arguing that it is not our native cognitive faculties that justify our beliefs of evolution and naturalism, but the faculties provided to us by the sciences through enhanced evaluation techniques and ...


The Aestheticality Of Allusiveness: Language, Meaning, And Indeterminacy, Joel Morrow Jun 2012

The Aestheticality Of Allusiveness: Language, Meaning, And Indeterminacy, Joel Morrow

Res Cogitans

This paper will be investigating the largely unexamined questions that arise when the general question is asked: why do we allude instead of refer? I will be dealing with this matter as ultimately a question of aesthetics, but only insofar as common approaches to 'aesthetic questions' become inadequate. Accordingly, I will be employing my own methodology, shaped by the question of what I will call 'aestheticality.' With this special approach, I will attempt to uncover the conditions for the possibility that an allusion may be in such a way that it provokes aesthetic attention. Prior to this, I will carry ...


Musical Platonism: A Challenge To Levinson, Thien-Tin M. Le Jun 2012

Musical Platonism: A Challenge To Levinson, Thien-Tin M. Le

Res Cogitans

Musical Platonism’s central thesis is that a musical work is a sound structure and nothing more. Given this, three consequences follow. First, musical works cannot be created. Second, if two musical works have the same sound structure, they are the same musical work. Third, a musical work’s instrumentation is not a necessary feature of its identity. Jerrold Levinson denies these three claims. He argues that musical works are created; that even if two musical works have the same sound structure, they are nevertheless two different musical works; and that a musical work’s instrumentation is a necessary feature ...


Would-Be Counterfactual Dependence, Binary Causation And The Causality Of Absences, Evan West Jun 2012

Would-Be Counterfactual Dependence, Binary Causation And The Causality Of Absences, Evan West

Res Cogitans

Metaphysics has long taken for granted that causation is a binary relation. Recently, theories have arisen which challenge this claim. Such theories claim that some metaphysical problems regarding causation can be solved by taking causation to be ternary or quaternary. I respond to an argument that a quaternary formulation of causation can help resolve the causality of absences paradox (CAP). I reject this claim and propose an alternative solution to the CAP, which I argue is both consistent with a binary formulation of causal relations and preferable to the solution which a quaternary formulation allows for.


Memory, The Self And Why We Are Conscious (Or Alternatively: Why We Don’T Do Consciousness), Sebastian Orlander Jun 2012

Memory, The Self And Why We Are Conscious (Or Alternatively: Why We Don’T Do Consciousness), Sebastian Orlander

Res Cogitans

This paper aims at examining a new assessment of a foundational paradigm for conducting science within the fields of neurology and its corresponding philosophy of mind. The main view examined is that of Alva Noë, professor of philosophy at UC Berkeley, and the view he forwards in his book Out of Our Heads. His main thesis rests on a critique of current scientific methodology and the foundational paradigm of functionalism, which he counters with a view from a more radical examination of what consciousness is in terms of living beings in their environments and the processes that animate these living ...


The Inexplicable Neutral Entity: A Critique Of Metaphysical Two Aspects Interpretations, Shea Musgrave Jun 2012

The Inexplicable Neutral Entity: A Critique Of Metaphysical Two Aspects Interpretations, Shea Musgrave

Res Cogitans

The goal of this essay is to outline several objections to what are commonly called metaphysical two-aspect interpretations of Immanuel Kant’s doctrine of transcendental idealism. This essay will be divided into two sections. §1 will argue that any notion we might have of the ‘thing-in-itself’ is completely vacuous. §2 will outline three objections to metaphysical two-aspect interpretations. The interpretive objection is that there is little textual basis for the neutral entity presupposed by metaphysical two-aspect interpretations. The exclusionary properties objection argues that metaphysical two-aspect interpretations presuppose that the same thing has exclusionary properties. The identity objection argues that Kant ...