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Pacific University

2008

Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Review Of “We Who Are Dark: The Philosophical Foundations Of Black Solidarity”, Dwayne A. Tunstall Jun 2008

Review Of “We Who Are Dark: The Philosophical Foundations Of Black Solidarity”, Dwayne A. Tunstall

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Henry Shue On Basic Rights, Michael Payne Jun 2008

Henry Shue On Basic Rights, Michael Payne

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The End Of Duty, Per Bauhn Jun 2008

The End Of Duty, Per Bauhn

Essays in Philosophy

Justice is often viewed in terms of seeing to it that right-holders are provided with the goods that they are entitled to. Less attention is given to the other dimension of justice, namely, that of duty-holders. If persons are assigned more duties, or more burdensome duties, than fairness requires, then they are victims of injustice just as much as persons whose rights are left unfulfilled. In this essay, I will argue for certain limits to the duty to assist people in need. My argument does not intend to show that we have no positive duties, but rather that these duties ...


From Chaos To Contractarianism: Hobbes, Pojman, And The Case For World Government, Eric Smaw Jun 2008

From Chaos To Contractarianism: Hobbes, Pojman, And The Case For World Government, Eric Smaw

Essays in Philosophy

In this paper, I argue that Louis Pojman fails to justify his conception of a moderate cosmopolitan world government. I illustrate this by highlighting the fact that Pojman fails to articulate adequate justifications for his Principle of Humanity (POH) and Principle of Equality (POE). This is problematic because the POH and POE ground his conception of human rights, which, in turn, grounds his conception of a moderate cosmopolitan world government. Hence, since he fails to justify the POH and the POE, I conclude that his conception of a cosmopolitan world government ultimately fails. But, before I launch this attack on ...


Review Of “Mindsight”, Jim Stone Jun 2008

Review Of “Mindsight”, Jim Stone

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Epistemology, A Contemporary Introduction To The Theory Of Knowledge”, Rohit Parikh Jun 2008

Review Of “Epistemology, A Contemporary Introduction To The Theory Of Knowledge”, Rohit Parikh

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Wittgenstein’S Philosophical Investigations: Critical Essays”, John Schroeder Jun 2008

Review Of “Wittgenstein’S Philosophical Investigations: Critical Essays”, John Schroeder

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Europe: A Nietzschean Perspective”, John Scott Gray Jun 2008

Review Of “Europe: A Nietzschean Perspective”, John Scott Gray

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Moral Repair. Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing”, Anca Gheaus Jun 2008

Review Of “Moral Repair. Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing”, Anca Gheaus

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “The Pursuit Of Comparative Aesthetics: An Interface Between East And West”, David Boersema Jun 2008

Review Of “The Pursuit Of Comparative Aesthetics: An Interface Between East And West”, David Boersema

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Aesthetics And The Philosophy Of Art, An Introduction”, Elmer H. Duncan Jun 2008

Review Of “Aesthetics And The Philosophy Of Art, An Introduction”, Elmer H. Duncan

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Frege's Logic”, A. M. Ungar Jun 2008

Review Of “Frege's Logic”, A. M. Ungar

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Philosophy Of Human Rights, David Heise May 2008

The Philosophy Of Human Rights, David Heise

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Ability, Disability, And The Question Of Philosophy, Scott Deshong Jan 2008

Ability, Disability, And The Question Of Philosophy, Scott Deshong

Essays in Philosophy

This essay treats the field of philosophy and the study of disability such that each may be conceived of in terms of the other, perhaps to the extent that they may be thought of as one. First, it examines the bases and methods of various documents in the study of disability, finding that such study may be conceived of as essentially philosophical, even as the philosophical nature of disability studies threatens such studies’ practice. Then philosophy is depicted as that discourse which necessarily interrogates its bases and methods -that is, as discourse that engages its own ability. The two fields ...


Review Of “Ethics: Contemporary Readings”, Yves Laberge Jan 2008

Review Of “Ethics: Contemporary Readings”, Yves Laberge

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Cognitive Disability, Capabilities, And Justice, Serene Khader Jan 2008

Cognitive Disability, Capabilities, And Justice, Serene Khader

Essays in Philosophy

I argue that capabilities approaches are useful in formulating a political theory that takes seriously the needs of persons with severe cognitive disabilities (PSCD). I establish three adequacy criteria for theories of justice that take seriously the needs of PSCD: A) understanding PSCD as oppressed, B) positing a single standard of what is owed to PSCD abled individuals, and C) concern with flourishing as well as political liberty. I claim that conceiving valued capabilities as the end of social distribution may help a political theory to meet these criteria. I posit three further adequacy criteria: D) refusing to see PSCD ...


Listening To Phonocentrism With Deaf Eyes: Derrida’S Mute Philosophy Of (Sign) Language, H-Dirksen Bauman Jan 2008

Listening To Phonocentrism With Deaf Eyes: Derrida’S Mute Philosophy Of (Sign) Language, H-Dirksen Bauman

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Counter-Experiences: Reading Jean-Luc Marion”, L. Sebastian Purcell Jan 2008

Review Of “Counter-Experiences: Reading Jean-Luc Marion”, L. Sebastian Purcell

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Justice And Cognitive Disabilities: Specifying The Problem, Sophia Isako Wong Jan 2008

Justice And Cognitive Disabilities: Specifying The Problem, Sophia Isako Wong

Essays in Philosophy

The question of how to treat people with cognitive disabilities (PCDs) poses an important problem for Rawlsian theories of justice because it is unclear whether PCDs are included within the scope of moral personhood. Rawls’s Standard Solution focuses on nondisabled adults as the fundamental case, while later addressing PCDs as marginal cases. I claim that the Standard Solution has two weaknesses. First, it relies on a dichotomy between nondisabled and disabled that is tenuous and difficult to defend. Second, it makes the theory circular in a vicious way. I argue that Rawls’s theory can be revised so that ...


Review Of “Frontiers Of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership”, Michael Corrado Jan 2008

Review Of “Frontiers Of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership”, Michael Corrado

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


A Rawlsian Perspective On Justice For The Disabled, Adam Cureton Jan 2008

A Rawlsian Perspective On Justice For The Disabled, Adam Cureton

Essays in Philosophy

I aim to identify and describe some basic elements of a Rawlsian approach that may help us to think conscientiously about how, from the standpoint of justice, we should treat the disabled. Rawls has been criticized for largely ignoring issues of this sort. These criticisms lose their appeal, I suggest, when we distinguish between a Rawlsian standpoint and the limited project Rawls mainly undertakes in A Theory of Justice. There his explicit aim is to find principles of justice, which are to govern the basic structures of a closed, well-ordered society that exists under reasonably favorable conditions, that would be ...


Review Of “The Greek Pursuit Of Knowledge”, Peter H. Denton Jan 2008

Review Of “The Greek Pursuit Of Knowledge”, Peter H. Denton

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines”, Neal Deroo Jan 2008

Review Of “Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines”, Neal Deroo

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


A Textual Deconstruction Of Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer: Utilitarian, Mechanistic, And Static Constructions Of Disability In Society And In Schools, Susan Gately, Christy Hammer Jan 2008

A Textual Deconstruction Of Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer: Utilitarian, Mechanistic, And Static Constructions Of Disability In Society And In Schools, Susan Gately, Christy Hammer

Essays in Philosophy

The extremely well-known holiday television special Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer is deconstructed to expose an underlying philosophical paradigm towards people, especially children, with disabilities that is mechanistic and utilitarian. This paradigm includes a static and over-determined view of any disability a person may have, and can be erroneously supported by a philosophy of “radical freedom.” Examples of this philosophy of disability as applied to the K-12 realm of special education are also provided, showing how the lessons learned from the children’s movie are mirrored in the static conceptualization of the notion of disability in the general society and ...


Philosophy Of Disability, Christine A. James Jan 2008

Philosophy Of Disability, Christine A. James

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Mathematics In Kant’S Critical Philosophy: Reflections On Mathematical Practice”, Malek K. Khazaee Jan 2008

Review Of “Mathematics In Kant’S Critical Philosophy: Reflections On Mathematical Practice”, Malek K. Khazaee

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Native American Worldview And The Discourse On Disability, Lavonna Lovern Jan 2008

Native American Worldview And The Discourse On Disability, Lavonna Lovern

Essays in Philosophy

This paper argues that discussions of disability must include the same diversity in worldview as is reflected in the client population. Speaking from the perspective of Native American ontology and epistemology, the author argues that those who are considered by the dominant society as disabled might well find themselves subjugated and oppressed by that definition. The differences between a Native American worldview and that of the dominant culture is addressed. The case is made that if diversity in worldview and voice is not honored, disability-based oppression is replicated and reinforced.


Review Of “Moral Literacy”, Steven Ross Jan 2008

Review Of “Moral Literacy”, Steven Ross

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Review Of “What White Looks Like: African-American Philosophers On The Whiteness Question”, L. Sebastian Purcell Jan 2008

Review Of “What White Looks Like: African-American Philosophers On The Whiteness Question”, L. Sebastian Purcell

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Benny & Joon’S “Alternative Philosophies” Of Emotional (Dis)Ability, Class, Gender, And Sexuality, Diane Wiener Jan 2008

Benny & Joon’S “Alternative Philosophies” Of Emotional (Dis)Ability, Class, Gender, And Sexuality, Diane Wiener

Essays in Philosophy

No abstract provided.