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Articles 31 - 60 of 1113

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin Jun 2016

Aristotle, The Pythagoreans, And Structural Realism, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Aristotle’s main objection to Pythagorean number ontology is that it posits as a basic subject what can exist only as inherent in a subject. I then show how contemporary structural realists posit an ontology much like that of Aristotle’s Pythagoreans. Both take the objects of knowledge to be structure, not the subject of structure. I discuss both how pancomputationalists such as Edward Fredkin approach the Pythagorean account insofar as on their account all reality can in principle be expressed as one (very big) number, made up of discrete units, and even more moderate varieties of structural realism, like ...


Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini Jun 2016

Imprecise Probability And Chance, Anthony F. Peressini

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Understanding probabilities as something other than point values (e.g., as intervals) has often been motivated by the need to find more realistic models for degree of belief, and in particular the idea that degree of belief should have an objective basis in “statistical knowledge of the world.” I offer here another motivation growing out of efforts to understand how chance evolves as a function of time. If the world is “chancy” in that there are non-trivial, objective, physical probabilities at the macro-level, then the chance of an event e that happens at a given time is e goes to ...


Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey Apr 2016

Nature, Feminism, And Flourishing: Human Nature And The Feminist Ethics Of Flourishing, Celeste D. Harvey

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation examines the viability of a feminist ethic of flourishing. The possibility of a eudaimonist, or flourishing-based, ethic adapted for the needs of feminist ethics and politics has recently been raised by a number of feminist moral philosophers. However, in these discussions, the degree to which an ethic of flourishing requires a substantive conception of human nature has not been adequately addressed. Flourishing-based ethical theories appear to require a substantive account of the kind of thing whose flourishing is to be promoted, while contemporary academic feminism is characterized by a strong suspicion toward claims about human nature. Chapter one ...


Review Of Theory And Practice In Aristotle's Natural Science, Owen Goldin Feb 2016

Review Of Theory And Practice In Aristotle's Natural Science, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Seekers And Dwellers: Some Critical Reflections On Charles Taylor’S Account Of Identity, James B. South Jan 2016

Seekers And Dwellers: Some Critical Reflections On Charles Taylor’S Account Of Identity, James B. South

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


War As Morally Unintelligible: Sovereign Agency And The Limits Of Kantian Autonomy, Philip J. Rossi Jan 2016

War As Morally Unintelligible: Sovereign Agency And The Limits Of Kantian Autonomy, Philip J. Rossi

Theology Faculty Research and Publications

Kant’s treatment of war is usually discussed as part of his political philosophy or philosophy of history. In contrast, this essay locates these discussions in direct reference to major elements of his moral philosophy: autonomy, the categorical imperative, and the moral relationality of the kingdom of ends. Within this context, Kant’s account of war, particularly in writings from the 1790s, can be read as affirming war as morally unintelligible: It is the expression of a collective withdrawal from the constitutive relationality of moral community. This results in a radical disparity in the exercise of moral autonomy by the ...


Diversity And Felicity: Hobbes's Science Of Human Flourishing, Ericka L. Tucker Jan 2016

Diversity And Felicity: Hobbes's Science Of Human Flourishing, Ericka L. Tucker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Aristotle As Teacher: His Introduction To A Philosophical Science By Christopher Bruell, Owen Goldin Jan 2016

Review Of Aristotle As Teacher: His Introduction To A Philosophical Science By Christopher Bruell, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Spiritual Violence, Gender, And Sexuality: Implications For Seeking And Dwelling Among Some Catholic Women And Lgbt Catholics, Theresa Tobin Jan 2016

Spiritual Violence, Gender, And Sexuality: Implications For Seeking And Dwelling Among Some Catholic Women And Lgbt Catholics, Theresa Tobin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Marquette’S Haggerty Museum Has A New Director: Off The Cuff With Susan Longhenry, Curtis L. Carter Dec 2015

Marquette’S Haggerty Museum Has A New Director: Off The Cuff With Susan Longhenry, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


The Conceptual Priority Of The Perfect, Matthew Peter Zdon Oct 2015

The Conceptual Priority Of The Perfect, Matthew Peter Zdon

Dissertations (2009 -)

The doctrine of the conceptual priority of the perfect (CPP) is the claim that the concept of the perfect is prior to that of the imperfect insofar as possessing the latter presupposes a grasp of the former, but not vice versa. The goals of this study are to provide an account and defense of the Cartesian argument for CPP, to determine the consequences of this priority for the relationship between our concepts of human and divine properties, and to explore its implications for bottom-up accounts of theological concept formation. I argue that the predicates “perfect” or “infinite” in Descartes’ version ...


Review Of Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, And Race By Emily Lee, Michael J. Monahan Oct 2015

Review Of Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, And Race By Emily Lee, Michael J. Monahan

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Why The Struggle Against Coloniality Is Paramount To Latin American Philosophy, Grant J. Silva Oct 2015

Why The Struggle Against Coloniality Is Paramount To Latin American Philosophy, Grant J. Silva

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, And Primacy In Socratic And Aristotelian Thought By Michael T. Ferejohn, Owen Goldin Oct 2015

Review Of Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, And Primacy In Socratic And Aristotelian Thought By Michael T. Ferejohn, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Virtue, Oppression, And Resistance Struggles, Trevor William Smith Jul 2015

Virtue, Oppression, And Resistance Struggles, Trevor William Smith

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation explores and develops an account of the moral obligation to engage in resistance struggles against oppression and it does so by situating oppression squarely within the framework of neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics. It is argued that when oppression is investigated through the lens of virtue ethics the harmful and damning nature of oppression must be understood as a substantial moral, not merely political, problem. In short, it is shown that oppression acts in a variety of ways as a barrier for the achievement of flourishing for the oppressed. Turning from, and building on, this investigative and largely descriptive analysis ...


Spinoza's Social Sage: Emotion And The Power Of Reason In Spinoza's Social Theory, Ericka Tucker Jul 2015

Spinoza's Social Sage: Emotion And The Power Of Reason In Spinoza's Social Theory, Ericka Tucker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Remembering The Philosopher Ted Cohen (1939-2014), Curtis L. Carter Jun 2015

Remembering The Philosopher Ted Cohen (1939-2014), Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Off The Cuff With Monica Obniski, Curtis L. Carter May 2015

Off The Cuff With Monica Obniski, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction To The Neo-Kantian Reader, Sebastian Luft May 2015

Editor's Introduction To The Neo-Kantian Reader, Sebastian Luft

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Subversive Humor, Chris A. Kramer Apr 2015

Subversive Humor, Chris A. Kramer

Dissertations (2009 -)

Oppression is easily recognized. That is, at least, when oppression results from overt, consciously professed racism, for example, in which violence, explicit exclusion from economic opportunities, denial of adequate legal access, and open discrimination perpetuate the subjugation of a group of people. There are relatively clear legal remedies to such oppression. But this is not the case with covert oppression where the psychological harms and resulting legal and economic exclusion are every bit as real, but caused by concealed mechanisms subtly and systematically employed. In many cases, those with power and privilege use cultural stereotypes in order to sustain an ...


Health As Embodied Authenticity, Margaret Steele Apr 2015

Health As Embodied Authenticity, Margaret Steele

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation offers a phenomenological and existential account of health. It considers the model of health that is dominant in the contemporary USA. Using the example of fatness, this dissertation argues that the dominant model of health is deeply flawed, because of its largely unexamined commitment to naturalism and positivism (in the Husserlian senses of these terms). It concludes that purported alternatives to the dominant model, such as the Foucault-influenced constructivist approach to health, fail to respond adequately to the problems posed by naturalism and positivism. Instead, this dissertation proposes a model of health as embodied authenticity. This model is ...


Recognition And Political Ontology: Fichte, Hegel, And Honneth, Velimir Stojkovski Apr 2015

Recognition And Political Ontology: Fichte, Hegel, And Honneth, Velimir Stojkovski

Dissertations (2009 -)

The primary focus of my dissertation is to defend the notion of recognition, found in the work of such thinkers as G.W.F. Hegel and Axel Honneth, as a primary concept in contemporary political discourse by emphasizing its ontological foundations. At its most basic, the notion of recognition states that the way one understands her or him-self to be a conscious subject and a full political agent is only through being acknowledged as such by another. Likewise, one must simultaneously reciprocate this acknowledgement in order for both to be elevated to the position of full subject. The general problem ...


Embodying A "New" Color Line: Racism, Anti-Immigrant Sentiment And Racial Identities In The "Postracial" Era, Grant J. Silva Mar 2015

Embodying A "New" Color Line: Racism, Anti-Immigrant Sentiment And Racial Identities In The "Postracial" Era, Grant J. Silva

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

This essay explores the intersection of racism, racial embodiment theory and the recent hostility aimed at immigrants and foreigners in the United States, especially the targeting of people of Latin American descent and Latino/as. Anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiment is racist. It is the embodiment of racial privilege for those who wield it and the materiality of racial difference for those it is used against. This manifestation of racial privilege and difference rests upon a redrawing of the color line that is meant towards preserving exclusive categories of political membership. The charge of racism, however, is elided by the fact ...


"Fashion Is Freedom": Milwaukee Art Museum's '50 Years Of Ebony Fashion', Curtis L. Carter Jan 2015

"Fashion Is Freedom": Milwaukee Art Museum's '50 Years Of Ebony Fashion', Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Troubles With Truth Commissions: Putting The Moral Aims Of Truth Commissions To The Fore, Margaret Urban Walker Jan 2015

Troubles With Truth Commissions: Putting The Moral Aims Of Truth Commissions To The Fore, Margaret Urban Walker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


The Philosophy Of The Marburg School: From The Critique Of Scientific Cognition To The Philosophy Of Culture, Sebastian Luft Jan 2015

The Philosophy Of The Marburg School: From The Critique Of Scientific Cognition To The Philosophy Of Culture, Sebastian Luft

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


After Cassirer: Art And Aesthetic Symbols In Langer And Goodman, Curtis L. Carter Jan 2015

After Cassirer: Art And Aesthetic Symbols In Langer And Goodman, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Philosophical Historiography In Marburg Neo-Kantianism: The Example Of Cassirer’S Erkenntnisproblem, Sebastian Luft Jan 2015

Philosophical Historiography In Marburg Neo-Kantianism: The Example Of Cassirer’S Erkenntnisproblem, Sebastian Luft

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Somaesthetics And Dance, Curtis L. Carter Jan 2015

Somaesthetics And Dance, Curtis L. Carter

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

Dance is proposed as the most representative of somaesthetic arts in Thinking Through the Body: Essays in Somaesthetics and other writings of Richard Shusterman. Shuster- man offers a useful, but incomplete approach to somaesthetics of dance. In the examples provided, dance appears as subordinate to another art form (theater or photography) or as a means to achieving bodily excellence. Missing, for example, are accounts of the role of dance as an independent art form, how somaesthetics would address differences in varying approaches to dance, and attention to the viewer’s somaesthetic dance experience. Three strategies for developing new directions for ...


Making Reparations Possible: Theorizing Reparative Justice, Margaret Urban Walker Jan 2015

Making Reparations Possible: Theorizing Reparative Justice, Margaret Urban Walker

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.