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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

自由主義與婚姻和家庭的變遷:對查瑞教授一文的回應
Liberalism And The Transformation Of Marriage And Family: A Response To Professor Cherry
, Yanliang Zhang
Jan 2018

自由主義與婚姻和家庭的變遷:對查瑞教授一文的回應Liberalism And The Transformation Of Marriage And Family: A Response To Professor Cherry, Yanliang Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This article makes a brief comment on Professor Cherry’s essay. After summarizing his main ideas, I put forward four different points of view. In short, I think his argument places too much emphasis on the impacts of liberalism on the transformation of marriage and family life, and overlooks the immense influences of technological developments and other societal changes.


儒學、還是儒學自由主義?
Confucianism Or Confucian Liberalism?
, Ruiping Fan
Jan 2018

儒學、還是儒學自由主義?Confucianism Or Confucian Liberalism?, Ruiping Fan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In providing his reasons for not objecting to the legalization of same-sex marriage, Professor Fang Xudong fully accepts a robust liberal dichotomy between the right and the good as well as the liberal principle of neutrality. This renders his Confucian reflection essentially liberal rather than authentically Confucian. It is ethically incoherent for him to claim that he does not object to the legalization of same-sex marriage although he believes same-sex couples cannot embody ethical integrity as heterosexual marriages do.


大腦移植對於道德責任歸屬的挑戰:人格同一性判準的反思
Challenges By Brain Transplantation: Criteria For Personal Identity
, Wanling Chou
Jan 2018

大腦移植對於道德責任歸屬的挑戰:人格同一性判準的反思Challenges By Brain Transplantation: Criteria For Personal Identity, Wanling Chou

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Organ transplantation is now accepted as a common medical treatment. However, the potential for the transplantation of the brain, like any other organ, to become technically feasible gives rise to a series of ethical issues. This essay focuses on the challenges to the criteria for personal identity created by medical technology. Does transplantation preserve the integrity of personal identity? If not, how can we define moral accountability? The essay attempts to show that the traditional definition of personal identity in the West is both biologically and psychologically reductive, as it fails to deal with the issue of the preservation of ...


關係契約視野下的婚姻家庭
Marriage And Family From The Perspective Of A Relational Contract
, Dan Han
Jan 2018

關係契約視野下的婚姻家庭Marriage And Family From The Perspective Of A Relational Contract, Dan Han

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

According to relational contract theory, the parties in a marriage and family should not only respect the independence and autonomy of the parties, but also shape the unity of the parties. This constitutes a paradox of modern marriage and family. Contractual intimacy can be expressed in many forms, and can even be expressed freely without form. However, the phenomena of marriage and family life are by no means merely contracts of relations; they are just as much about ideas as about facts.


儒家觀念與現代同性婚姻的可能性--兼及我們對待傳統的態度
Confucian Ideas And The Possibility Of Same-Sex Marriage: Our Attitude Toward Traditions
, Zhiwei Chen
Jan 2018

儒家觀念與現代同性婚姻的可能性--兼及我們對待傳統的態度Confucian Ideas And The Possibility Of Same-Sex Marriage: Our Attitude Toward Traditions, Zhiwei Chen

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor Zhang Xianglong responded to the issue of legalization of same-sex marriage from the perspective of Confucianism, and expounded the possible attitude of Confucianism towards this issue. His ideas are new and important, but he may have neglected the applicability of Confucianism in modern society. If Chinese traditional culture, especially some specific Confucian concepts, such as Yin and Yang, male and female, patriarchal law, etc., does not undergo the transformation of modernity and is weighed against Western concepts, its power to explain the problems in the process of modernization will be greatly reduced.


同性婚姻和儒家倫理--回應方旭東教授
Same-Sex Marriage And Confucian Ethics: A Response To Professor Fang Xudong
, Xiaohu Deng
Jan 2018

同性婚姻和儒家倫理--回應方旭東教授Same-Sex Marriage And Confucian Ethics: A Response To Professor Fang Xudong, Xiaohu Deng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Fang Xudong’s paper is in general well-argued. However, I raise two considerations to facilitate further discussion. First, I suggest that Jiang Qing’s idea of particular rights deserves further examination. In particular, it seems reasonable to claim that there are indeed fundamental differences between same-sex marriage and heterosexual marriage. Second, I suggest that Confucianism need not embrace the idea that heterosexual marriage is the only way to fulfil Confucian values.


婚姻與家庭生活僅僅是相互同意的個人之間的契約嗎?不同的道德基礎及社會轉化
Are Marriage And Family Life Merely Contractual Agreements Among Consenting Parties? Shifting Moral Foundations And Social Transformations
, Mark J. Cherry
Jan 2018

婚姻與家庭生活僅僅是相互同意的個人之間的契約嗎?不同的道德基礎及社會轉化Are Marriage And Family Life Merely Contractual Agreements Among Consenting Parties? Shifting Moral Foundations And Social Transformations, Mark J. Cherry

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This paper explores the social and cultural implications of different conceptions of marriage and family life. It compares traditional understandings of marriage and family, set within particular religions and cultures, to a Western secular liberal understanding, which seeks to recast marriage as a sort of egalitarian social contract between autonomous individuals. Rather than appreciating the family as a normative form of social being constituted around the monogamous marriage of husband and wife and their own biological (and perhaps adopted) children, here the family is to be appreciated as an institution legally to be molded more closely in line with currently ...


文化戰爭中的家庭觀與同性婚姻
The Family In The Cultural War And Same-Sex Marriage
, Jue Wang
Jan 2018

文化戰爭中的家庭觀與同性婚姻The Family In The Cultural War And Same-Sex Marriage, Jue Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Mark Cherry’s critical reflection on same-sex marriage is based on a general discussion of the culture war between the traditional view of the family and the liberal view. He discloses three kinds of social and moral risks in the cultural transformation from the traditional family to the post-modern family, and casts doubt on the goal of the legalization of same-sex marriage in contemporary society.


拒絕同性婚姻的制度化--回應張祥龍教授
Rejecting The Institutionalization Of Same-Sex Marriage: A Response To Professor Zhang Xianglong
, Kai Man Kwan
Jan 2018

拒絕同性婚姻的制度化--回應張祥龍教授Rejecting The Institutionalization Of Same-Sex Marriage: A Response To Professor Zhang Xianglong, Kai Man Kwan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor Zhang evaluates the institutionalization of same-sex marriage from the Confucian perspective, and he does not support it. I agree with him, and this commentary provides more evidence to support his arguments. Finally, I raise two minor questions for him.


同性婚姻合法化的社會影響
The Social Impacts Of Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage
, Xiangyuan Cai
Jan 2018

同性婚姻合法化的社會影響The Social Impacts Of Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage, Xiangyuan Cai

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

From the perspective of the difference between Chinese and Western philosophy, Professor Zhang Xianglong demonstrates that Confucianism’s attitude towards same-sex marriage is different from that of liberalism and the Christian tradition. The analysis in this article is deep and inspiring. However, in terms of the social problems that may be caused by the legalization of same-sex marriage, I think the author’s arguments need to be further discussed. In fact, the legalization of same-sex marriage would not have as serious an effect on the marriage system, familial feelings and social ethos as he has supposed.


儒家信仰與同性婚姻:二者能否兼得?
Is Same-Sex Marriage Compatible With Confucianism?
, Guangkuan Xie
Jan 2018

儒家信仰與同性婚姻:二者能否兼得?Is Same-Sex Marriage Compatible With Confucianism?, Guangkuan Xie

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This commentary discusses the problem of the ethical integrity of same-sex marriage raised by Fang. It argues that same-sex marriage does not necessarily have an ethical integrity problem: same-sex couples can be modern Confucians with no conflict with the fundamental doctrines of Confucianism.


“頭”與“身”:可易乎?——中國古代故事中的頭身關係探討
Head-To-Body Transplant? Stories From Ancient China
, Yan Li, Weidong Xie
Jan 2018

“頭”與“身”:可易乎?——中國古代故事中的頭身關係探討Head-To-Body Transplant? Stories From Ancient China, Yan Li, Weidong Xie

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

A head transplant is an experimental surgical operation involving the grafting of one organism’s head onto the body of another. Since 2017, with the announcement of the Heaven project, the possibility of head transplantation has raised public concern and caused heated ethical debate in China. This essay approaches the discussion from the perspective of the relationship between the head and the body in ancient Chinese literature. The study highlights the traditional Chinese belief in the unity of corporeality and spirituality, with the human mind viewed as the foundational element of personal identity. The essay also interprets stories involving head ...


中國“病人自主權”的歷史演變——20 世紀80 年代之前
Patient Autonomy In China Before The 1980s: A Historical Perspective
, Guobin Cheng
Jan 2018

中國“病人自主權”的歷史演變——20 世紀80 年代之前Patient Autonomy In China Before The 1980s: A Historical Perspective, Guobin Cheng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay offers a historical outline of the evolution of patient autonomy and related social and medical concepts in China from the imperial era to the 1980s. The author contends that the idea of patient autonomy was totally absent from traditional Chinese culture, as every area of society, from family to medicine, was structured according to a distinctively paternalistic model and regulated by ritual guidelines (lifa). Although the Western medical practices that arrived in China in the 1840s somewhat altered the Chinese approach to medicine, and the physician-patient relationship was viewed in a more egalitarian manner after the establishment of ...


前言:同性婚姻問題:支持倫理討論
Introduction: The Issue Of Same-Sex Marriage: Supporting Ethical Discussion
, Ruiping Fan
Jan 2018

前言:同性婚姻問題:支持倫理討論Introduction: The Issue Of Same-Sex Marriage: Supporting Ethical Discussion, Ruiping Fan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

同性婚姻是否應當合法化?這不僅是一個法律問題,也是一個倫理問題。不幸的是,倫理討論似乎不受待見,持有不同觀點的學者們樂得三緘其口。本刊本期所登載的三篇主題論文及十五篇回應論文生動顯示,倫理討論富有學術成效,其實大有可為。本刊能夠成功組織這一專題專期,首先需要向積極參與的三位元主題論文作者及十五位評論作者,表示衷心感謝!


儒家會如何看待同性婚姻的合法化?
How Should Confucianism View The Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage?
, Xianglong Zhang
Jan 2018

儒家會如何看待同性婚姻的合法化?How Should Confucianism View The Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage?, Xianglong Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

First, the various attitudes towards homosexuality among Confucianism, Christianity and ancient Greek culture are considered. Distinguished from the Christian harsh repulsion and the Greek slight encouragement, Confucianism has been guardedly tolerant of homosexuality and judged homosexuals according to their personal moral behavior. To reveal the deep reasons for the distinction between Confucianism and Christianity on this issue, the paper examines the differences in thinking between the Western dichotomy and the Confucian genesis by the co-opposites of yin-yang. Confucianism explains homosexuality as one of the possible results of the yin-yang process. It is thereby a natural phenomenon, not an evil thing ...


也談同性戀與婚姻
On Homosexuality And Same-Sex Marriage
, Fei Wu
Jan 2018

也談同性戀與婚姻On Homosexuality And Same-Sex Marriage, Fei Wu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Xianglong Zhang’s position on same-sex marriage is tolerance with reservations. He contends that Confucianism does not affirm or deny homosexuality as ancient Greek culture or Christianity did, because it regards homosexuality and same-sex marriage as two completely separate issues. By distinguishing marriage from homosexuality, the Confucian view proposed by Zhang neither violates the freedom of homosexuals nor affects the order of marriage and family. It can provide a more sensible perspective for people to understand the relationship between homosexuality and marriage in today’s world.


一陰一陽之謂道--評“儒家會如何看待同性婚姻的合法化?”
The Interaction Of Yin And Yang Is Called Dao: On Zhang Xianglong's "How Should Confucianism View The Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage?"
, Qixiang Huang
Jan 2018

一陰一陽之謂道--評“儒家會如何看待同性婚姻的合法化?”The Interaction Of Yin And Yang Is Called Dao: On Zhang Xianglong's "How Should Confucianism View The Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage?", Qixiang Huang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Attitudes towards homosexuality in Western societies, from eliminating it to the legalization of same-sex marriage, can be described as moving from one extreme to another. In contrast, the Confucian attitude, which tolerates but does not encourage homosexuality, is preferable. The legalization of same-sex marriage belongs to the category of social construction. The different social factors in different countries determine their different attitudes toward same-sex marriage. Heterosexual marriage is the most natural marriage and is in line with human nature.


權利與善--論同性婚姻
Rights And Goods: On Same-Sex Marriage
, Xudong Fang
Jan 2018

權利與善--論同性婚姻Rights And Goods: On Same-Sex Marriage, Xudong Fang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This paper consists of two parts. In the first part, the author refutes, one by one, five objections to the legalization of same-sex marriage, including arguments grounded in naturalness, origin, reductio ad absurdum, compromising traditional marriage, and Jiang Qing’s doctrine of particular human rights. The strongest reason for advocating the legalization of same-sex marriage is the doctrine of equal rights. As contemporary people, we have no reason to deny that all individuals have equal rights. The second part discusses why Confucianism prefers heterosexual marriage. The main consideration is that same-sex marriages cannot provide ethical integrity, as heterosexual marriages do ...


中國同性婚姻合法化問題:在名與實之間
The Issue Of Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage In China: Between Name And Reality
, Jian Tang
Jan 2018

中國同性婚姻合法化問題:在名與實之間The Issue Of Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage In China: Between Name And Reality, Jian Tang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor Fang argues that we should clearly distinguish rights and goods to deal with the issue of same-sex marriage. In my opinion, rights are like names, whereas goods are like reality. Fang’s view sounds like a middle-way position. However, a decision on whether Chinese homosexuals should obtain the name of marriage should also consider China’s actual social reality, without simply copying modern Western theories.


儒家和同性婚姻
Confucianism And Same-Sex Marriage
, Yong Li
Jan 2018

儒家和同性婚姻Confucianism And Same-Sex Marriage, Yong Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Fang Xudong argues that there are no successful arguments against same-sex marriage but that Confucianism does not prefer same-sex marriage. In particular, Fang objects to the slippery-slope argument against same-sex marriage, arguing that it is not successful. This commentary contends that the slippery-slope argument cannot be defeated based on the idea of equal marriage rights. I argue that Fang’s reasoning for the Confucian preference to avoid same-sex marriage, based on the importance of natural conception and natural birth, is not valid. Furthermore, I argue that the idea of heterosexual union might not be essential for Confucian key doctrines.


Paul Tillich And Zhāng Zài: Fellow Pilgrims Seeking New Peace In Trembling Worlds, Lauren F. Pfister Aug 2017

Paul Tillich And Zhāng Zài: Fellow Pilgrims Seeking New Peace In Trembling Worlds, Lauren F. Pfister

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Paul Tillich And Asian Religions, Keith Ka-Fu Chan, William Yau-Nang Ng Aug 2017

Paul Tillich And Asian Religions, Keith Ka-Fu Chan, William Yau-Nang Ng

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Pneumatological Sacramentality And Cosmic Humanity, Keith Ka-Fu Chan Aug 2017

Pneumatological Sacramentality And Cosmic Humanity, Keith Ka-Fu Chan

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Ubication: A Phenomenological Study About Making Spaces Sacred, Lauren F. Pfister Aug 2017

Ubication: A Phenomenological Study About Making Spaces Sacred, Lauren F. Pfister

HKBU Staff Publication

Within this paper a phenomenological method for describing sacred spaces/places is justified, characterized and illustrated. Recognizing that particular places within secularized and post-secular cultural contexts may lose and regain their religious status, I have referred to the process and this phenomenological method of “making spaced sacred” by means of the neologism in English, “ubication”. The presentation of this approach occurs here in seven sections. First of all, some basic interpretive questions about why and how humans recognize sacred spaces are addressed in reference to key words by Mircea Eliade (1907–1986) and the more recent anthropological work of Leslie ...


Christian Activism And Political Participation In Hong Kong’S Occupy Movement, Shun-Hing Chan Jun 2017

Christian Activism And Political Participation In Hong Kong’S Occupy Movement, Shun-Hing Chan

HKBU Staff Publication

This article examines the role of Christian activism in facilitating political participation in the Occupy Movement from March 2013 to September 2014. Using Doug McAdam, John McCarthy, and Mayer Zald’s integrated model of social movement theory, this article argues that the political opportunity for constitutional reform, the framing of civil disobedience for the Occupy Central with Love and Peace Movement, and the social mobilization efforts generated by two organizing committees of the movement, together with the support of a number of formal and informal Christian groups, partially accounted for Christians’ political participation and the emergence of collective action. The ...


Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan Jan 2017

Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

The Umbrella Movement in 2014 was an important event in the history of democratic movements in Hong Kong. Christians were an integral part of the Occupy Central with Love and Peace Movement and the subsequent Umbrella Movement. Using the model of religious competition and creative innovation, this paper examines the innovative practices employed by Protestant groups competing for Christian representation and the language of social justice in response to church leaders who disputed the movement. The refutations by the Protestant groups were also acts of opposition in reaction to the Chinese Government’s control of universal suffrage. The case of ...


An Indigenous Cim Medical Missionary And National Hero: Unveiling Complexities In The Story Of Dr. Kao Gin-Cheng, Lauren Pfister, Jihua Liu Jan 2017

An Indigenous Cim Medical Missionary And National Hero: Unveiling Complexities In The Story Of Dr. Kao Gin-Cheng, Lauren Pfister, Jihua Liu

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


誰應為醫療保健買單?——中國城鎮衛生籌資責任主體歷史演進的儒家反思, Jingxian Wu Jan 2017

誰應為醫療保健買單?——中國城鎮衛生籌資責任主體歷史演進的儒家反思, Jingxian Wu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

A morally justifiable health care system should not only ensure that everyone has equal access to basic health care services, but also be financially sustainable. It is normally supposed that governments, individuals and families take joint responsibility for health care in a certain country or region. Their levels of financial responsibility are a significant factor in the effective allocation of healthcare resources and fair delivery of health care services.

This paper divides the historical evolution of health care financing responsibilities in urban China since 1949 into four periods: a planned economy period, an economic system transition period, an initial period ...


“換頭術”的迷思:儒家生命倫理學的視角, Chuyuan Qiu Jan 2017

“換頭術”的迷思:儒家生命倫理學的視角, Chuyuan Qiu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Head transplant surgery has aroused extensive concerns in the field of biomedical ethics since it was put on the clinical medicine agenda a few years ago. This paper shows that analyzing the ethical controversy over head transplant surgery from the perspective of Confucianism not only helps to avoid the intuitive disgust at “Frankenstein” medical action from a Western tradition, but also provides an innovative perspective different from the instrumentalist rationality and individualism that prevails in Western thought. Under the guidance of the Confucian Principle of Life, people must respect the lives of others and should regard the body and mind ...


從《黃帝內經》看健康的中國概念, Zhenliang Li, Qiang Ma Jan 2017

從《黃帝內經》看健康的中國概念, Zhenliang Li, Qiang Ma

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Health is fundamental to the human condition. The concept of health is culture-dependent and historically developed in each culture. The Huangdi Neijing (The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine) is an ancient Chinese masterpiece about human health and medical treatment. Based on the classical Chinese view of the unity of heaven and man, the Huangdi Neijing understands health as somatic and spiritual harmony: it emphasizes the smooth fluxing of the qi essence, the well-structured body, the fullness of vitality, and the equilibrium of yin and yang. In addition, health is an individual and dynamic concept, according to which the ...