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Hong Kong Baptist University

道家

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

墮胎——道家和道教的觀點, Linchun Quan Jan 2012

墮胎——道家和道教的觀點, Linchun Quan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Daoism, one of China’s major philosophical and religious traditions, emphasizes such notions as holism, organicism, and naturalness, promoting the idea of living in line with the rules and patterns of nature. This essay examines the Daoist ethics of living naturally with special attention given to abortion. It points out that for philosophical Daoism, abortion is not acceptable because it is considered an “artificial” action for a self-serving purpose, such as aborting an unwanted baby girl after a sex test on a fetus. For religious Daoism, abortion is not acceptable because the fetus has a spirit and a soul. Both ...


合成生命的倫理觀:有所為,有所不為, Xinqing Zhang Jan 2011

合成生命的倫理觀:有所為,有所不為, Xinqing Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Modern biotechnology that creates living organisms challenge the traditional definition of life. This paper argues that although we should be very cautious when using synthetic biology, it would be ethically wrong and practically unwise to resist the new biotechnology all together. Daoism is used to discuss the dilemma between being natural (ziran) and being artificial (renwei). Moreover, Daoism calls for the Chinese science community to develop an ethical-regulatory framework to deal with both the potential of biotechnological research and its risks. The paper urges that if we decide to proceed with biotechnology, relevant factors concerning bio-safety and bio-security must be ...


《莊子》的生命倫理觀與臨終關懷, Ellen Y. Zhang Jan 2008

《莊子》的生命倫理觀與臨終關懷, Ellen Y. Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In the past, the term “hospice” was rooted in the centuries-old idea of offering a place of shelter and rest, or “hospitality,” to weary and sick travelers on long journeys. In 1967, Dame Cicely Saunders first applied the term “hospice” to the specialized care of dying patients at St. Christopher's Hospice in London. In the contemporary world, hospice care now refers to care that is targeted specifically at terminally ill patients. Sometimes called “end-of-life” care, hospices aim to provide humane and compassionate care for people in the last phases of an incurable disease, so that they may live as ...


從道家的道德視域看人權與生命倫理, Jonathan Chan Jan 2008

從道家的道德視域看人權與生命倫理, Jonathan Chan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

An international workshop entitled Human Rights and Access to Essential Medicines: The Way Forward was held from September 30 to October 2, 2005 in Montréal, Canada. At the conclusion of the workshop, the participants drafted the Montréal Statement on the Human Right to Essential Medicines, which was reprinted in a paper written by Thomas Pogge. Article 3 of the statement claims that we have a responsibility to achieve a social and international order in which human rights—including the right to essential medicines—are fully realized and that this obligation must be recognized and reflected in the design of institutions ...


中國文化視野中的人與動物關係問題——以異種移植為例, Ruipeng Lei Jan 2007

中國文化視野中的人與動物關係問題——以異種移植為例, Ruipeng Lei

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In different cultures there is a spectrnm of opinions regarding what it is acceptable to do to animals, including whether it is morally acceptable or not to use them as a source of organs or tissues for transplants. This essay attempts to discuss these ethical issues in the Chinese cultural context. Chinese culture is primarily the combination of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. There are diverse attitudes towards nature and differing views about the relationship of humans to animals. Confucianism emphasizes the principle of ren (benevolence) and demonstrates that the method of practicing ren is from near to far, from parents ...


由死而觀生的中醫學, Hongzhong Qiu Jan 1999

由死而觀生的中醫學, Hongzhong Qiu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The theoretical basis of traditional Chinese medicine lies in Confucianism and Daoism. Hence traditional Chinese medicine's perspectives on death have continuity with both the Confucian and the Daoist views on death. This essay analyzes many ancient Chinese medical texts and tries to articulate their views on death and dying.

Concerning the definition of death, traditional Chinese medicine offers two theories. One theory sees death as the loss of shen (spirit) or the separation of shen (spirit) from the body. Shen is located in our vital organs, not just in the brain. Another theory sees death as the dispersion of ...


儒道死亡思想之比較, Fenglin Jin Jan 1999

儒道死亡思想之比較, Fenglin Jin

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay is a comparative and in-depth analysis of the Classical Confucian (Confucius, Mencius) and Classical Daoist (Lao Zi, Zhuang Zi) views on death. Four aspects of these two philosophies of death (attitude toward death, philosophical articulation of the essence of death, valuation of death, and transcending death) are analyzed and critically contrasted.

First, regarding the general attitude toward death, Confucianism is more rational whereas Daoism is more mystical. Confucianism deems that the problem of human life is more important than the problem of human death, and hence speaks little of death. Daoism, however, is strongly against the human tendency ...


道德生死觀下的臨終關懷辨析, Ping Dong, Xiaoyan Wang Jan 1998

道德生死觀下的臨終關懷辨析, Ping Dong, Xiaoyan Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In confronting death there are differences among people regarding their deep concerns. A survey shows that most Chinese Catholics are worried about what will happen to them after death, whereas most other Chinese are concerned about unfinished life plans, unfulfilled familial obligations, and so on. However, most Western and Chinese authors agree that a great number of terminally ill patients suffer from anxiety, sadness, and depression. And no one denies that unease, puzzle, solitude, and even anger are often experienced by many dying patients. Against this background, this essay argues that the mental sufferings of terminally ill patients can appropriately ...