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Hong Kong Baptist University

艾滋病

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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

對當前藥物濫用和艾滋病預防策略的反思, Jian-Hua Li Jan 1998

對當前藥物濫用和艾滋病預防策略的反思, Jian-Hua Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The prospect of drug use and HIV epidemic cannot be optimist in China. More and more people, mainly young men or women use drug and are infected with HIV, while the effective intervention is short. The preventive measures usually are aimed at the target of the general public, but cannot meet the demand of diverse social groups.

Traditional ideology in China is that individual should be subordinated to community, community to the society at large, and marginalized group to mainstream group. It follows from th.is ideology that preventive method is stereotyped with same pattern to everyone and cannot meet ...


艾滋病防治中的倫理和政策問題, Ren-Zong Qiu Jan 1998

艾滋病防治中的倫理和政策問題, Ren-Zong Qiu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The AIDS/HIV prevention and control in China is at crossroad. At present, there are insufficient grounds for us to say that China will definitely become a country with a high HIV infection rate in the future. However, we have much less sufficient grounds for saying that China will never reach that stage. On the contrary, we have much more reason to say that it is very probable for China to become a country with high HIV infection rate if we leave the current policy unchanged. The reasons are: economic reforms associated with large scale population movements in unprecedented way ...


早走,晚走:關於艾滋病中自殺決策的合理性, Margaret P. Battin Jan 1998

早走,晚走:關於艾滋病中自殺決策的合理性, Margaret P. Battin

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

對於那些即將死於艾滋病的人來說,在自殺協助可以得到的地方,如美國西海岸的同性戀社區和荷蘭,我們必須考察醫生和朋友(包括情人、配偶、家庭成員、宗教顧問、支持團體的成員,以及其他熟人)在協助一個艾滋病患者決定和行使自殺的過程中所起的不同作用。本文作出一個中心假定:在自殺協助可以獲得的地方,盡可能地保護和加強選擇的合理性是他人的道德義務。在關於艾滋病中自殺的理性選擇中,可以識別出四種成分--不管它是贊成自殺的選擇還是反對自殺的選擇。艾滋病患者可能自問的問題可以表述如下:(1)“自殺是我想考慮的選擇嗎?”(2)“我應當保留治愈的機會嗎?”(3)“我應如何確定自殺的時間?”(4)“我將給他人的幸福和利益以何種份量?”儘管醫生經常作出與(1) 相關的斷言,但他們恰當地涉及的只是(3);儘管朋友和親密的伙伴經常提供給病人與(3) 相關的趣聞軼事,但他們主要涉及的是(1)。簡言之,醫生和病人經常干預艾滋病患者就自殺所作出的選擇的錯誤部分。


中國大陸的艾滋病與賣淫婦女:女性主義的視角, Jin-Ling Wang Jan 1998

中國大陸的艾滋病與賣淫婦女:女性主義的視角, Jin-Ling Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The conception that commercial sex is a high risky behavior and prostituting women are one of major high risky group has been prevalent in mainland of China and formed one of the conceptual basis on which public policy of HIV prevention was shaped. But it should be challenged as it is not sound and fair.

There are safe protective measures that can reduce HIV infection and control HIV transmission. HIV was transmitted between prostitutes and clients due to the shortage of protective measures. Surveys that there are many cases ranging from 65.6% to 98.4% in which condom is ...